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Development of a mobile French language learning platform

Masterthesis Graz University of Technology, November 2020

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Development of a mobile French language learning platform

  1. 1. www.tugraz.at ◼ W I S S E N ◼ T E C H N I K ◼ L E I D E N S C H A F T u www.tugraz.at Development of a mobile French language learning platform Michael Planitzer Master’s Thesis
  2. 2. www.tugraz.at ◼ Overview • Motivation • Requirements • Implementation • Evaluation • Outlook Michael Planitzer2
  3. 3. www.tugraz.at ◼ Motivation • Uni Graz, Centre for Language, Plurilingualism and Didactics (Carole Bourgadel) • “to encourage students to actively use sentence structures and to make them aware of the specific problem of interference in French in an unconventional manner” • No adequate self-organizable language learning application for B1 and B2 • Self-organizable, mobile application with focus on lexical, grammatical and syntactical categories. • Scope • Conception, CMS web application, iOS mobile application • Android as part of a Bachelor thesis Michael Planitzer3
  4. 4. www.tugraz.at ◼ Motivation → Develop a prototype to support students during their Language Learning classes (B1 and B2), with the aim to avoid interference errors by providing specific differentiation exercises. Michael Planitzer4
  5. 5. www.tugraz.at ◼ Requirements • Categorized exercises • Categorized quizzes • Multimedia • Glossary • Feedback • Self-organizable Michael Planitzer5 1 2
  6. 6. www.tugraz.at ◼ Requirements • Data management • store, modify, provide and delete data → database • render and access web pages for a user-friendly data management → CMS • Provide data by an interface to be accessible from mobile applications → API, mobile applications • Embedding CMS and database to existing system → TU Graz Learning Lab environment https://learninglab.tugraz.at/ (Accessed 11/22/2020) • Provide tracking possibilities • Multi classes Michael Planitzer6
  7. 7. www.tugraz.at ◼ Implementation Michael Planitzer7 → Distributed software architecture
  8. 8. www.tugraz.at ◼ Implementation – Database Michael Planitzer8 • MySQL 8.0 database • 5 Major Parts • Project • Glossary • Question • Exercise • Type
  9. 9. www.tugraz.at ◼ Implementation – Web application • Zend framework 3 • PHP 5.6 • MVC design pattern • Other components • Apigility Controller to run REST API • Authentication/UserManager • File Management (Link to slides with screenshots) Michael Planitzer9
  10. 10. www.tugraz.at ◼ Implementation – iOS application • General • Swift 4.2 • iOS 11.0 or later • iPhone and iPad • Sends analytics data to Firebase • Main User stories • Registration and Login (Link to slides with screenshots) • Doing exercises (Link to slide with video) • Doing quizzes (Link to slides with screenshots) • Watching learning videos (Link to slides with screenshots) • Glossary – dictionary look-ups (Link to slides with screenshots) • Administrating app settings (Link to slides with screenshots) Michael Planitzer10
  11. 11. www.tugraz.at ◼ Implementation – Firebase analytics • Crash reports & Event analytics • Embedded in iOS application • Individual measurements • parameters send to firebase course, type, pool, exercise,... • on suitable places quiz/exercise started/exited, get info during challenge, view glossary entry,... • Learning Analytics • How long do students need for which exercises? • For which exercises do they need further information? • When and on which exercise do they start and stop studying? • Which glossary entries are how often and how long looked up? • etc. • Standard visualizations Michael Planitzer11
  12. 12. www.tugraz.at ◼ Michael Planitzer12 1 2 3 5 4 MVC Flow
  13. 13. www.tugraz.at ◼ Michael Planitzer13 3 4 1 2 5 6 7 REST API Flow
  14. 14. www.tugraz.at ◼ Tracking Flow Michael Planitzer14 2 1 3 4
  15. 15. www.tugraz.at ◼ Evaluation Used since Summer Semester 2020 • ~90 students (60% Android, 40% iOS) • No crashes registered by Firebase Students • In general intuitive, design could be more friendly • Highly accepted → included into final exam • Most liked feature: multimedia content • Mouth gestures • Listening Comprehension • Can be used everywhere and everytime • Really big improvements only with app not achievable • Exercises too reproductive Michael Planitzer15
  16. 16. www.tugraz.at ◼ Evaluation Teachers • Very high administrative effort • ~350 exercises with images and audio records • 25 videos • 20 pdf description • → ~180h • Colleagues fear about technology • No interest about deep analytics evaluations Keynote at Arqus “Virtual language learning in Europe” (06/24/2020) https://european-university.uni-graz.at/de/neuigkeiten/detail/article/grenzenlos/ (Accessed 11/22/2020) Michael Planitzer16
  17. 17. www.tugraz.at ◼ Evaluation / Outlook • Platform works, if responsible person (teacher)... • ...is behind it. • ...is not afraid about technology. • ...has time to feed the platform with data. • Students are using it… • …if content is part of class and exam. • …because of the mutimedia elements. • …because of the uncomplicated, everywhere/everytime availability. • Platform has to get… • …better thought out, diversified exercises. • …faster setup possibility. → Platform can only be a supporting element to other teaching methods. Michael Planitzer17
  18. 18. www.tugraz.at ◼ Outlook • Educational Paper “Interlingual Interference Phenomena in French Courses” by Carole Bourgadel, (in progress) https://treffpunktsprachen.uni-graz.at/en/research/didactics/projekte0/aktuelleprojekte/interlingual- interference-phenomena-in-french-courses/ (Accessed 11/22/2020) • Two „must” improvements • Faster project setup • Better thought out, diversified exercises. • Would make sense • Administration and organization build on already established systems (TU Graz TeachCenter) • Utilize analytics data Michael Planitzer18
  19. 19. www.tugraz.at ◼ Thank you for your attention iOS: https://apps.apple.com/at/app/appell/id1449511915?l=en (Accessed 11/22/2020) Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=at.tugraz.appell (Accessed 11/22/2020) Michael Planitzer19
  20. 20. www.tugraz.at ◼ Web application - Screens (1|3) https://schule.learninglab.tugraz.at/Appell/ Michael Planitzer20
  21. 21. www.tugraz.at ◼ Web application - Screens (2|3) https://schule.learninglab.tugraz.at/Appell/ Michael Planitzer21
  22. 22. www.tugraz.at ◼ Michael Planitzer22 Web application - Screens (3|3) https://schule.learninglab.tugraz.at/Appell/
  23. 23. www.tugraz.at ◼ Michael Planitzer23 Firebase evaluations
  24. 24. www.tugraz.at ◼ Michael Planitzer24 iOS App – Screens Register/Login
  25. 25. www.tugraz.at ◼ Michael Planitzer25 iOS App – Screens Exercises
  26. 26. www.tugraz.at ◼ Michael Planitzer26 iOS App – Screens Quiz
  27. 27. www.tugraz.at ◼ Michael Planitzer27 iOS App – Screens Videos
  28. 28. www.tugraz.at ◼ Michael Planitzer28 iOS App – Screens Glossary
  29. 29. www.tugraz.at ◼ Michael Planitzer29 iOS App – Screens More
  30. 30. www.tugraz.at ◼ Michael Planitzer30 iOS App – Screens More
  31. 31. www.tugraz.at ◼ Evaluation – Pre-Release • Lot of meetings (agile process) • Functionality • Usability • Usability tests with persons involved during implementation and colleagues/students of Carole • Performance • Compatibility • PHP 5+7, ZF3/Laminar, iOS 11.0, Firebase, UserManager • Maintainability • Portability Michael Planitzer31
  32. 32. www.tugraz.at ◼ Implementation – Technology Stack Michael Planitzer32 • MySQL 8.0 database • Doctrine 1.1 ORM • Zend framework 3 • PHP 5.6 • File storage • Native mobile apps • Android: Java (Bachelor Thesis) • iOS: Swift 4.2 • REST API • Apigility 1.4 • Firebase 5.17

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