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Work is defined as the product of the applied force and the distance moved in the direction of the force. Work is done when a force causes an object to move, such as a girl pushing a chair or a waiter carrying a tray. Work can be calculated using the formula: Work (W) = Force (F) x Distance (d). Work is a method of transferring energy and doing work can increase the kinetic energy of an object. Kinetic energy is the energy of motion and is calculated using the formula: Kinetic Energy = 1/2 x Mass x Velocity^2. Potential energy is the energy of an object due to its position or state, such as the energy stored when an object is raised above the ground

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- 1. What is work is an abstract idea related to energy. when work is done it is accompanied by a change in energy. a work is done when a force applied and distance travelled by an object is the same direction. is the product of force and distance. • W = Fd where, F = Force (N) d = distance (m)
- 2. A girl pushing a chair
- 3. A boy pushing a wall
- 4. A waiter carrying a tray
- 6. Calculating Work Given: Force = 500 N distance= 7 m Work = ? Solution:
- 7. Solve the following problems:
- 8. Work is a method of transferring energy A ball and a plastic bottle
- 9. Work is a method of transferring energy A ball and a plastic bottle Is there a work done on the ball?
- 10. Work is a method of transferring energy A ball and a plastic bottle What can a moving ball do?
- 11. Work is a method of transferring energy
- 13. Solution: KE = 1 2 𝑚𝑣2 KE = 1 2 1000𝑘𝑔x(17𝑚/𝑠)2 KE = 1 2 1000𝑘𝑔x(289𝑚2 /𝑠2 ) KE = 1 2 289,000𝑘𝑔x(289𝑚2 /𝑠2 ) KE = 1 2 289,000𝑘𝑔 ∙ 𝑚2 /𝑠2 KE = 𝟏𝟒𝟒, 𝟓𝟎𝟎𝒌𝒈 ∙ 𝒎 𝟐 /𝒔 𝟐
- 14. Column B ___1. If you want to increase the kinetic energy of an object, you must increase its ____and _____ ___2. It is the ability to do work ___3. It means moving ___4. It is the energy of motion ___5. Energy is the ability to do ___. a. Work b. Energy c. Kinetic Energy d. mass and acceleration e. kinetikos
- 18. A Man lifting a box 0.5 m 2 kg Given: d = 0.5 m g = 9.8 𝑚 𝑠2 m = 2 kg PE = ? Solution: PE = mgh = (0.5m)(9.8 𝑚 𝑠2) 2kg = (4.9 𝑚2 𝑠2 )(2kg) = 9.8 Nm = 9.8 J
- 20. Column B ___1. It is energy at rest ___2. It is the ability to do work ___3. It means moving ___4. It is the energy of motion ___5. An acceleration of an object due to gravity. a. 9.8 𝒎 𝒔 𝟐 b. Energy c. Kinetic Energy d. Potential Energy e. kinetikos