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What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
What does open source mean for the
institutional web manager?
Randy Metcalfe
OSS Watch
c University of Oxford
This document is licensed under
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
key messages...
These are the points to take away from this talk:
open source is more than just a copyright licensing
paradigm
no one needs to tell you to use open source software
good policy helps embed best practice
standards, especially open standards, are a good thing
pragmatism is also good
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
openness is...a warm puppy
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
in this talk
OSS Watch is...
open source software is...
policy frameworks
institutional policy versus practice
openness
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
OSS Watch: the UK open source software
advisory service
OSS Watch provides unbiased advice and guidance on free
and open source software for UK higher and further
education.
strategic IT decision-makers
IT managers and technical staff
software developers
academic end-users
OSS Watch is funded by the Joint Information Systems
Committee (JISC) and based within the Research
Technologies Service at the University of Oxford.
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
OSS Watch website and wiki
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
promoting awareness and understanding
OSS Watch is not an advocacy group. There are many
other groups across the world who fulfil the advocacy
function, e.g.:
Free Software Foundation
Open Forum Europe
SchoolForgeUK
and many more
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
open source is...
a copyright licensing paradigm
a marketing term for free software
a software development methodology
all about community
a business model
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
open source is also...a warm puppy
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
open source is a copyright licensing paradigm
Either your software is released under an Open Source
Initiative (OSI) certified licence or it is not open source
software.
The first question you should ask of any software claiming
to be open source is, what licence is this software released
under?
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
open source definition
http://www.opensource.org/docs/definition.php
free redistribution
source code
derived works
integrity of the author’s source code
no discrimination against persons or groups
no discrimation against fields of endeavour
distribution of licence
licence must not be specific to a product
licence must not restrict other software
licence must be technology-neutral
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
open source is about freedom
The freedom to run the program, for any purpose
The freedom to study how the program works, and
adapt it to your needs
The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your
neighbour
The freedom to improve the program, and release your
improvements to the public, so that the whole
community benefits
The Free Software Definition
http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
open source is a development methodology
Open source development may include:
programmer commitment, because the programmer is
also the user
rapid change, because programmers want to see
results
unconstrained specifications, because there is no
external client
collective maintainance of the code
response to change, dictated by (perhaps unexpected)
users
Eric Raymond famously characterised this apparent new
development paradigm in his monograph The Cathedral and
the Bazaar.
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
open source is about community
Those who merely deploy open source software are also
part of the open source community.
It’s the community, not the code, that’s important.
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
open source is a business model
Any business whose business model depends upon the use
or development of open source software is an open source
business.
This leaves plenty of room for many different types of
businesses:
consultation
business process analysis
implementation support
bespoke module development
ongoing support contractor
training
hosting
and more!
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
open source = openness?
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
policy framework in the UK
Open Source Software: Use within UK Government
http://www.govtalk.gov.uk/policydocs/
JISC Policy on Open Source Software for JISC Projects
and Services
http://www.jisc.ac.uk/index.cfm?name=about_policy
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
UK Government open source policy (1)
UK Government will consider OSS solutions alongside
proprietary ones in IT procurements. Contracts will be
awarded on a value for money basis.
UK Government will only use products for
interoperability that support open standards and
specifications in all future IT developments.
UK Government will seek to avoid lock-in to proprietary
IT products and services.
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
UK Government open source policy (2)
UK Government will consider obtaining full rights to
bespoke software code or customisations of
COTS(Commercial Off The Shelf) software it procures
wherever this achieves best value for money.
Publicly funded Research and Development projects
which aim to produce software outputs shall specify a
proposed software exploitation route at the start of the
project. At the completion of the project, the software
shall be exploited either commercially or within an
academic community or as OSS.
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
JISC open source policy (1)
Advice and guidance to the communities JISC serves
must be neutral and unbiased, and must not
discriminate between open source and closed source
software products.
Calls for funding, the bidding process, the award of
funding, the administration of awarded funding and the
evaluation of funded projects and services must not
discriminate between between open source and closed
source software, unless the purpose of the projects or
services specifically requires it.
Where open source and closed source software are
evaluated against one another, value for money over
the expected lifetime of the system must be compared.
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
JISC open source policy (2)
Projects must maintain an IPR register, listing all
contributors to their software and who owns the
copyright on contributions.
The ownership of code which is to be developed in joint
projects must be established before work begins.
Copyright of software, documentation, design
materials, user interface and source code must be
released under an OSI-approved open source licence,
unless the bid explicitly argues why this should not be
the case and proposes an alternative licence.
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
JISC open source policy (3)
Projects must state in their bid whether they foresee the
project continuing beyond the timespan of funding, and
if so whom they see participating in the project.
Projects should engage with end users and other
parties to encourage and build self- sustaining
communities.
Projects should accept bug reports, patches,
translations and feedback from contributors outside the
project.
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
institutional engagement with open source
In October 2003, the open source virtual learning
environment (VLE) Moodle did not even register on OSS
Watch’s initial national scoping study.
By March of 2006
56% of further education colleges reported they are
using Moodle.
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
policy versus practice
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
what will openness mean for institutions?
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
key messages...
These are the points to take away from this talk:
open source is more than just a copyright licensing
paradigm
no one needs to tell you to use open source software
good policy helps embed best practice
standards, especially open standards, are a good thing
pragmatism is also good
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
openness is...a warm puppy
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
Further Information
For more information on open source software development
and deployment, visit http://www.oss-watch.ac.uk/ or write
toinfo@oss-watch.ac.uk
What does
open source
mean for the
institutional
web
manager?
Randy
Metcalfe
Acknowledgements
Images:
warm puppy Steve Starer, http://www.flickr.com/
photos/21044097@N00/129340743/,
Creative Commons Attribution Licence

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What does open source mean for the institutional web manager?

  • 1. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe OSS Watch c University of Oxford This document is licensed under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/
  • 2. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe key messages... These are the points to take away from this talk: open source is more than just a copyright licensing paradigm no one needs to tell you to use open source software good policy helps embed best practice standards, especially open standards, are a good thing pragmatism is also good
  • 3. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe openness is...a warm puppy
  • 4. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe in this talk OSS Watch is... open source software is... policy frameworks institutional policy versus practice openness
  • 5. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe OSS Watch: the UK open source software advisory service OSS Watch provides unbiased advice and guidance on free and open source software for UK higher and further education. strategic IT decision-makers IT managers and technical staff software developers academic end-users OSS Watch is funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) and based within the Research Technologies Service at the University of Oxford.
  • 6. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe OSS Watch website and wiki
  • 7. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe promoting awareness and understanding OSS Watch is not an advocacy group. There are many other groups across the world who fulfil the advocacy function, e.g.: Free Software Foundation Open Forum Europe SchoolForgeUK and many more
  • 8. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe open source is... a copyright licensing paradigm a marketing term for free software a software development methodology all about community a business model
  • 9. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe open source is also...a warm puppy
  • 10. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe open source is a copyright licensing paradigm Either your software is released under an Open Source Initiative (OSI) certified licence or it is not open source software. The first question you should ask of any software claiming to be open source is, what licence is this software released under?
  • 11. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe open source definition http://www.opensource.org/docs/definition.php free redistribution source code derived works integrity of the author’s source code no discrimination against persons or groups no discrimation against fields of endeavour distribution of licence licence must not be specific to a product licence must not restrict other software licence must be technology-neutral
  • 12. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe open source is about freedom The freedom to run the program, for any purpose The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbour The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits The Free Software Definition http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html
  • 13. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe open source is a development methodology Open source development may include: programmer commitment, because the programmer is also the user rapid change, because programmers want to see results unconstrained specifications, because there is no external client collective maintainance of the code response to change, dictated by (perhaps unexpected) users Eric Raymond famously characterised this apparent new development paradigm in his monograph The Cathedral and the Bazaar.
  • 14. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe open source is about community Those who merely deploy open source software are also part of the open source community. It’s the community, not the code, that’s important.
  • 15. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe open source is a business model Any business whose business model depends upon the use or development of open source software is an open source business. This leaves plenty of room for many different types of businesses: consultation business process analysis implementation support bespoke module development ongoing support contractor training hosting and more!
  • 16. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe open source = openness?
  • 17. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe policy framework in the UK Open Source Software: Use within UK Government http://www.govtalk.gov.uk/policydocs/ JISC Policy on Open Source Software for JISC Projects and Services http://www.jisc.ac.uk/index.cfm?name=about_policy
  • 18. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe UK Government open source policy (1) UK Government will consider OSS solutions alongside proprietary ones in IT procurements. Contracts will be awarded on a value for money basis. UK Government will only use products for interoperability that support open standards and specifications in all future IT developments. UK Government will seek to avoid lock-in to proprietary IT products and services.
  • 19. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe UK Government open source policy (2) UK Government will consider obtaining full rights to bespoke software code or customisations of COTS(Commercial Off The Shelf) software it procures wherever this achieves best value for money. Publicly funded Research and Development projects which aim to produce software outputs shall specify a proposed software exploitation route at the start of the project. At the completion of the project, the software shall be exploited either commercially or within an academic community or as OSS.
  • 20. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe JISC open source policy (1) Advice and guidance to the communities JISC serves must be neutral and unbiased, and must not discriminate between open source and closed source software products. Calls for funding, the bidding process, the award of funding, the administration of awarded funding and the evaluation of funded projects and services must not discriminate between between open source and closed source software, unless the purpose of the projects or services specifically requires it. Where open source and closed source software are evaluated against one another, value for money over the expected lifetime of the system must be compared.
  • 21. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe JISC open source policy (2) Projects must maintain an IPR register, listing all contributors to their software and who owns the copyright on contributions. The ownership of code which is to be developed in joint projects must be established before work begins. Copyright of software, documentation, design materials, user interface and source code must be released under an OSI-approved open source licence, unless the bid explicitly argues why this should not be the case and proposes an alternative licence.
  • 22. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe JISC open source policy (3) Projects must state in their bid whether they foresee the project continuing beyond the timespan of funding, and if so whom they see participating in the project. Projects should engage with end users and other parties to encourage and build self- sustaining communities. Projects should accept bug reports, patches, translations and feedback from contributors outside the project.
  • 23. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe institutional engagement with open source In October 2003, the open source virtual learning environment (VLE) Moodle did not even register on OSS Watch’s initial national scoping study. By March of 2006 56% of further education colleges reported they are using Moodle.
  • 24. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe policy versus practice
  • 25. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe what will openness mean for institutions?
  • 26. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe key messages... These are the points to take away from this talk: open source is more than just a copyright licensing paradigm no one needs to tell you to use open source software good policy helps embed best practice standards, especially open standards, are a good thing pragmatism is also good
  • 27. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe openness is...a warm puppy
  • 28. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe Further Information For more information on open source software development and deployment, visit http://www.oss-watch.ac.uk/ or write toinfo@oss-watch.ac.uk
  • 29. What does open source mean for the institutional web manager? Randy Metcalfe Acknowledgements Images: warm puppy Steve Starer, http://www.flickr.com/ photos/21044097@N00/129340743/, Creative Commons Attribution Licence