SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 36
Supplementary Learning
MaterialMiss Riza P.
Velasco
PERIODS OF PHILIPPINE
LITERARY HISTORY
• Pre-Colonial Period
• Spanish Period
• American Period
• Japanese Period
• Contemporary Period & Modern Period
PRE – COLONIAL
PERIOD
• The pre-colonial
literature includes all
literature produced
before the Spanish
colonization like chants,
proverbs, songs, and folk
narratives.
• Ethnic literature may be
classified into three
groups: folk speech,
folk songs, and folk
narratives.
FOLK SPEECH
• Riddle/bugtong/ tigmo/ burburtia/
paktakon/ patotodon
– are like proverbs with one main difference: demand
an answer and are used to test the wits of those
listening to them.
– Rely on talinghaga (metaphor)
– Flippant in nature
Examples:
Heto na si Kaka, bubuka-bukaka
Sa araw ay bungbong, sa gabi ay dahon.
FOLK SPEECH
• Proverbs - Proverbs and aphorisms/ saliwakain/
kasabihan/ aramiga/ sasabihan/ humbaton/
hurobaton/ pagsasao/ kasebian
– are practical observations and philosophy of everyday life
that are written usually in a rhyming scheme.
– meant to entertain while teaching basic skills in
surviving local life.
Examples: Kung ano ang puno, siya ang bunga.
Kung walang tiyaga, walang nilaga
FOLK SONGS
• Lullabies - Sung to put children to sleep
– Called oyayi/ ili-ili/ duayya/ tumaila/ baliwayway and andang
• Love Songs - Frequently concern romantic love
(form or strengthen bonds between lovers)
– Courtship songs are many in ethnic literature.
– Panawagon, balitao, aliri, diona, harana, and ambahan are
other names for love songs in different dialects.
– Ambahan, a poem with seven syllables per line, the ending
syllables following a rhyme scheme; used as form of social
entertainment and as a tool for teaching the young.
FOLK SONGS
• Drinking Songs - Sung during carousals
– Brief, always merry, almost hedonistic
– Many originated in the Bicol area where they are called
tigsik or tagay.
• Work Songs - foster cohesiveness within the community
– depict the different forms of livelihood
– sung to synchronize the movements of workers
• Religious Songs and Death Songs - songs for solemn
affairs - Prayer of Thanksgiving (ambaamba) - Exorcism
chant (bugyaw) - Deaths occasion the singing of dirges or
lamentations, in which the deeds of the dead are
recounted.
FOLKTALES (kwentong
bayan)• Myths - are regarded as sacred, explain origin and
goal of the cosmos
• Legends (alamat) - are believed to be about more
recent events - used to explain certain events or
phenomena in our ancestors’ lives that cannot be
explained by the limited practical kind of science they
knew back then.
• Fables - are short tales, usually involving animals,
which teach a moral lesson
• Trickster Tales – recounts the adventures of a
cleaver hero who outwits authority figures, usually
coming from the upper classes.
EPICS
• Long-winded poems about a hero (usually male) and
his adventures and misadventures.
• The hero is usually born with all the pleasing
qualities that the ancestors like and has superhuman
capabilities.
• The hero is usually paired with a beautiful young
maiden
SPANISH PERIOD
• Colonization was brought about by industrial revolution.
• Age of Voyages and Explorations
• Propelled by 3Gs (God, Gold, and Glory)
• Blood compact with Datus Sikatuna and Gala in Bohol
• Established 1st Spanish settlement in Philippine soil at Cebu
(Ciudad del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus)
• To be civilized meant to stay in a pueblo under the control of the
Spanish king, and be a Christian
SPANISH INFLUENCES IN
LITERATURE
• Replacement of Baybayin to Roman alphabet.
• Teaching of the Christian doctrine became the basis of
religious practices.
• Spanish language became the literary language.
• European legends and traditions brought here became
assimilated in our songs, corridos, and moromoros.
• Ancient literature was collected and translated to
Tagalog and other dialects.
• Many grammar books were printed in Filipino, like
Tagalog, Ilocano and Visayan.
SPANISH INFLUENCES IN
LITERATURE
• Periodicals during these times gained religious tone
• Two distinct classifications: religious and secular.
• Written literature is a legacy of Spanish colonial rule.
• Writing during this time may be classified into
religious prose and poetry and secular prose and
poetry.
• Religious poetry may be grouped into lyrics and
narratives.
• Lyrics include complimentary verses written by so-
called ladino.
SPANISH INFLUENCES IN
LITERATURE
• Another type is meditative verses attached to
religious works such as novenas and catechisms.
• Religious narrative poetry is primarily the pasyon .
• Gaspar Aquino de Belen’s Ang Mahal na Pasion ni
Jesu Cristong Panginoon Natin na Tola (1704) is the
earliest known Filipino pasyon
• Casaysayan nang Pasiong Mahal ni Jesucristong
Panginoon Natin na Sucak Ipag-alab nang Puso nang
Sinomang Babasa (Pasyong Genesis) became the
most popular and was translalted into other
languages.
SPANISH INFLUENCES IN
LITERATURE
• Religious narrative prose consists of the various
kinds of prose narratives written to prescribe proper
behavior.
• These were channels for instruction in the Catholic
faith and for colonization.
• Include forms as the dialogo (dialogue), the manual
de urbanidad (conduct book), ejemplo (exemplum)
and tratado (polemical tract).
SPANISH INFLUENCES IN
LITERATURE
• Pasyon - narrative poem about the life of Jesus Christ,
beginning from his birth up to his death
– usually sung during Lenten season
• Cenaculo - Written in octosyllabic verse
– dramatization of the passion of Christ
– highlights the sufferings and death of Jesus Christ
done during the Lenten season
• Awit - Set in dodecasyllabic quatrains
– Metrical romance
– Colorful tale of chivalry made for singing and chanting
– E. g. Florante at Laura
SPANISH INFLUENCES IN
LITERATURE• Corrido – set in octosyllabic quatrains
– Metrical romance
– Colorful tale of chivalry made for singing and chanting
• Moro-Moro – Comedia de Capa Y Espada
– dramatization of the passion of Christ blood-and-thunder
melodrama depicting the conflict of Christians and Muslims
– Usually about battles to the death and the proofs of faith
• Carillo – play that uses shadows as its main spectacle
– A form of dramatic entertainment performed on a moonless
night during a town fiesta
– Created by animating figures made from cardboard, which
are projected onto a white screen
SPANISH INFLUENCES IN
LITERATURE
• Tibag (to excavate) - dramatic reenactment of St. Helena’s
search for the Holy Cross
• Karagatan - A poetic vehicle of a socio-religious nature
celebrated during the death of a person
– A ritual is performed based on a legend about a princess
who dropped her ring into the middle of the sea who
offered her hand in marriage to anyone who can retrieve it
• Duplo - Replaced the Karagatan
– Poetic joust in speaking and reasoning
– The roles are taken from the Bible and from proverbs and
saying
– Usually played during wakes for the dead
SPANISH INFLUENCES IN
LITERATURE
• Balagtasan - Debate in verse
– Replaced the duplo and is held to honor Francisco
“Balagtas” Baltazar
– Poetical joust done almost spontaneously between
protagonists who debate over the pros and cons of an
issue
• Zarzuela - Considered the father of the drama
– one of the most famous forms of entertainment back in
the Spanish era
– musical comedies or melodramas that deal with the
elemental passions of human beings
– follows a certain plot
THE PROPAGANDA
MOVEMENT• JOSE P. RIZAL - Known for his
pen names Laong Laan and
Dimasalang
– Died by musketry in the hands
of the Spaniards on December
30, 1896 on charges of sedition
and rebellion against the
Spaniards
– NOLI ME TANGERE exposed
the evils in society
– EL FILIBUSTERISMO exposed
the evils in the government and
in the church
THE PROPAGANDA
MOVEMENT
• MARCELO H. DEL PILAR -
Known for his pen names
Plaridel, Pupdoh, Piping
Dilat, and Dolores Manapat
– Established Diariong
Tagalog in 1883 where he
exposed the evils of the
Spanish government in the
Philippines.
THE PROPAGANDA
MOVEMENT
• GRACIANO LOPEZ
JAENA
– Known writer and orator in the
Philippines - Established LA
SOLIDARIDAD (which later
became the official voice of the
Assosacion Hispano de
Filipinas)
PERIOD OF ACTIVE
REVOLUTION• ANDRES BONIFACIO
– Father of Filipino
Democracy;
– Father of the Katipunan
– What he learned he got
from the school of
experience
– Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang
Lupa
PERIOD OF ACTIVE
REVOLUTION• APOLINARIO MABINI
– Sublime Paralytic; Brains
of the Revolution
– Became the right-hand of
Emilio Aguinaldo when the
latter founded his Republic
in Malolos
– El Verdadero Decalogo
(The True Decalogue or
Ten Commandments)
PERIOD OF ACTIVE
REVOLUTION• EMILIO JACINTO
– Intelligent assistant of
Andres Bonifacio
– He edited Kalayaan, a
Katipunan newspaper
– Kartilya ng Katipunan
AMERICAN PERIOD
• Treaty of Paris-ceded the Philipines to the Us, $20M
• 1901 public education was insitutionalized
• 600 educators in the SS Thomas (Thomasites)
• Changes: democracy; Westernization of Filipino
taste in food and clothing; Americanized manners;
deterioration of close family ties; emancipation of
women; popular education
Literature during American
Period
• Period of Re-orientation
–English as a literary vehicle came with the
American occupation in August 13, 1898
–Writers were still adjusting to the
newfound freedom after the paralyzing
effect of repression of thought and speech
under the Spanish
Literature during American
Period• Period of Imitation
– By 1919, the UP College Folio published the literary compositions of the
first Filipino writers in English (pioneers in short story writing)
– Writers were then grouping their way into imitating American and British
models which resulted in a stilted, artificial and unnatural style
– Models included Longfellow and Hawthorne, Emerson and Thoreau,
Wordsworth and Tennyson, Thackeray and Macaulay, Allan Poe, Irving, etc.
– Writers of the folio: Fernando Maramag (best editorial writer), Juan F.
Salazar, Jose M. Fernandez, Vicente del Fierro, Francisco Africa, Victoriano
Yamzon (pioneered English poetry)
– For informal essay, criticism and the journalistic column: Ignacio
Manlapaz, Godefredo Rivera, Federico Mangahas, Francisco B. Icasiano,
Salvador P. Lopez, Jose Lansang and Amando G. Dayrit
– Short Stories: DEAD STARS by Paz Marquez Benitez stand out as a model
of perfection in character delineation, local color, plot and message
Literature during American
Period
• Period of Apprenticeship (1910-1930)
– New literary forms were introduced, chiefly, free
verse, the modern short story, and the critical
essay - Filipino writers imitated English and
American models - Poems were amateurish and
mushy
• Period of Emergence (1920 – 1930)
– Highly influenced by Western literary trends
(Romanticism and Realism)
– Short stories were the most prevalent literary form
Literature during American
Period
• Period of Self-Discovery and Growth
– By this time, Filipino writers had acquired the mastery of English writing
– Competently wrote on a lot of subjects (although old-time favorites: love and youth)
– Went into all forms of writing like the novel and the drama
– Poetry: not only love poems; patriotic, religious, descriptive and reflective
– Free verse, in odes and sonnets
– Poetry was original, spontaneous, competently written, incorporated social
consciousness
– The Short Story: flourished during these times
– Characteristics: still remnants of Spanish influence in the use of expressions
that were florid, sentimental, exaggerated and bombastic
– Influence of the W. culture was also evident
– Essays during this period improved in quality and quantity, in content, subject, and style
– Essayists like Carlos P. Romulo became even more eminent editorial writers -
Political, social reflective; critical; personal or familiar
JAPANESE PERIOD
• Philippine literature in English came to a halt
• This had an advantageous effect on Filipino Literature which
experienced renewed attention because writers in English
turned to writing in Filipino.
• The common theme of poems was nationalism, country, love,
life in barrios, faith, religion, and the arts
• Three types of poem emerged: haiku (free verse with 17
syllables divided into 3 lines [5-7-5]), tanaga (short but had
measure and rhyme, 17 syllables), karaniwang anyo.
• Drama experienced a lull
• The field of the short story widened because many wrote
short stories
JAPANESE PERIOD
• Writings that came out during this period were journalistic in
nature
• Americans returned in 1945
• On July 4, 1946, the Philippines regained its freedom
• “struggle of mind and spirit” posed by the sudden emancipation
from the enemy and the wild desire to see print
• Filipinos had learned to express themselves more confidently
• Proliferation of newspapers
• Gradually, as normality was restored, the tones and themes of the
writings turned to the less pressing problems of economic
survival
• Some Filipinos who had gone abroad came back to publish their
works
JAPANESE PERIOD
• The themes of most poems dealt with the usual love of nature, and of
social and political problems
• Longer and longer pieces were being written by writers
• Philippine literature in Tagalog was revived during this period
• Most themes in the writings dealt with Japanese brutalities, of the
poverty of life under the Japanese government and the brave guerilla
exploits
• Newspapers and magazine publications were re-opened
• Tagalog poetry acquired not only rhyme but substance and meaning
• Short stories had better characters and events based on facts and
realities and themes were more meaningful
• Novels became common but were still read by the people for
recreation
CONTEMPORARY &
MODERN PERIOD
• These periods include all literary works written and
published in the Philippines from 1946. After World War II,
the Philippines had to deal with the economy and the need for
rehabilitation and reconstruction of infrastructures. There
was political, economic, and social confusion, as well as great
poverty, and these issues found their way into the short
stories and novels during that time.
• Popular topics were on happy (or tragic) experiences—
abortion, separation, alternative routes in life and new-found
happiness.
• Short story is still the more popular venue of writers •
Scriptwriting, developing literature form.
• Scriptwriting , developing literature form
CONTEMPORARY &
MODERN PERIOD• Substantial awards in film-making
• Expansion to cater to children’s needs
• Popularity of Taglish
• Notion of seeking popularity and ratings through exposure • Creative
writing workshops
• Novels did not continue to flourish; novel writers settled in their
twilight years
• Contemporary Philippine literature is a product of troubled times, the
see-sawing balance between cosmopolitanism and nationalism, elitism
and democracy, art and politics, leaving a body of writing of
considerable variety.
• Filipino today is no longer a sentimental choice; it is necessary choice
because it is the language that allows writers to communicate with the
masses
Week 1 no. 2  periods of philippine literary history

More Related Content

What's hot

PHILIPPINE LITERATURE DURING PRE-COLONIAL PERIOD
PHILIPPINE LITERATURE DURING PRE-COLONIAL PERIODPHILIPPINE LITERATURE DURING PRE-COLONIAL PERIOD
PHILIPPINE LITERATURE DURING PRE-COLONIAL PERIODAnthon Nick Manlangit
 
Philippines and Philippine Literature in English
Philippines and Philippine Literature in EnglishPhilippines and Philippine Literature in English
Philippines and Philippine Literature in EnglishEzr Acelar
 
Literature during the Spanish period (1565-1898)
Literature during the Spanish period (1565-1898)Literature during the Spanish period (1565-1898)
Literature during the Spanish period (1565-1898)Mhia Lu
 
21st Century Literary Genres
21st Century Literary Genres21st Century Literary Genres
21st Century Literary GenresMaestrang Techy
 
Philippine literature during the spanish period
Philippine literature during the spanish periodPhilippine literature during the spanish period
Philippine literature during the spanish periodBelle Pajutagana
 
Period of the new society
Period of the new societyPeriod of the new society
Period of the new societyJoan Barcelona
 
Literary History of the Philippines (Pre-Colonialism Period)
Literary History of the Philippines (Pre-Colonialism Period)Literary History of the Philippines (Pre-Colonialism Period)
Literary History of the Philippines (Pre-Colonialism Period)Jessa Irinco Cerbito
 
Philippine Literature during the Pre- Colonial Period
Philippine Literature during the Pre- Colonial PeriodPhilippine Literature during the Pre- Colonial Period
Philippine Literature during the Pre- Colonial PeriodIvan Jayson Macabenta
 
"Spanish Period" Philippine Literature
"Spanish Period"   Philippine Literature"Spanish Period"   Philippine Literature
"Spanish Period" Philippine LiteratureRoj Eusala
 
Philippine literature during spanish era
Philippine literature during spanish eraPhilippine literature during spanish era
Philippine literature during spanish eraTrisha Dizon
 
Philippine Literature: The Contemporary Period
Philippine Literature: The Contemporary PeriodPhilippine Literature: The Contemporary Period
Philippine Literature: The Contemporary PeriodIgnatius Joseph Estroga
 
Various dimensions of Philippine literary history from pre- colonial to conte...
Various dimensions of Philippine literary history from pre- colonial to conte...Various dimensions of Philippine literary history from pre- colonial to conte...
Various dimensions of Philippine literary history from pre- colonial to conte...Maestrang Techy
 
PHILIPPINE PRE-COLONIAL LITERATURE (incomplete)
PHILIPPINE PRE-COLONIAL LITERATURE (incomplete)PHILIPPINE PRE-COLONIAL LITERATURE (incomplete)
PHILIPPINE PRE-COLONIAL LITERATURE (incomplete)Miss Ivy
 
Pre-colonial and Spanish colonial Philippine Literature
Pre-colonial and Spanish colonial Philippine LiteraturePre-colonial and Spanish colonial Philippine Literature
Pre-colonial and Spanish colonial Philippine LiteratureBrian_Enero
 
Japanese Period of the Philippine Literature
Japanese Period of the Philippine Literature Japanese Period of the Philippine Literature
Japanese Period of the Philippine Literature Eileen Aycardo
 
Japanese Period of Philippine Literature
Japanese Period of Philippine LiteratureJapanese Period of Philippine Literature
Japanese Period of Philippine LiteratureDK Padua
 
Philippine Literature and Texts (Pre-colonial Times and Spanish Colonizations)
Philippine Literature and Texts (Pre-colonial Times and Spanish Colonizations)Philippine Literature and Texts (Pre-colonial Times and Spanish Colonizations)
Philippine Literature and Texts (Pre-colonial Times and Spanish Colonizations)Atthea Jane Lepiten
 
Period of activism (1970 1972)
Period of activism (1970 1972)Period of activism (1970 1972)
Period of activism (1970 1972)Arnold Manucdoc
 
Precolonial literature
Precolonial literaturePrecolonial literature
Precolonial literatureschool
 

What's hot (20)

PHILIPPINE LITERATURE DURING PRE-COLONIAL PERIOD
PHILIPPINE LITERATURE DURING PRE-COLONIAL PERIODPHILIPPINE LITERATURE DURING PRE-COLONIAL PERIOD
PHILIPPINE LITERATURE DURING PRE-COLONIAL PERIOD
 
Philippines and Philippine Literature in English
Philippines and Philippine Literature in EnglishPhilippines and Philippine Literature in English
Philippines and Philippine Literature in English
 
Literature during the Spanish period (1565-1898)
Literature during the Spanish period (1565-1898)Literature during the Spanish period (1565-1898)
Literature during the Spanish period (1565-1898)
 
21st Century Literary Genres
21st Century Literary Genres21st Century Literary Genres
21st Century Literary Genres
 
Philippine literature during the spanish period
Philippine literature during the spanish periodPhilippine literature during the spanish period
Philippine literature during the spanish period
 
Period of the new society
Period of the new societyPeriod of the new society
Period of the new society
 
Literary History of the Philippines (Pre-Colonialism Period)
Literary History of the Philippines (Pre-Colonialism Period)Literary History of the Philippines (Pre-Colonialism Period)
Literary History of the Philippines (Pre-Colonialism Period)
 
Philippine Literature during the Pre- Colonial Period
Philippine Literature during the Pre- Colonial PeriodPhilippine Literature during the Pre- Colonial Period
Philippine Literature during the Pre- Colonial Period
 
"Spanish Period" Philippine Literature
"Spanish Period"   Philippine Literature"Spanish Period"   Philippine Literature
"Spanish Period" Philippine Literature
 
Philippine literature during spanish era
Philippine literature during spanish eraPhilippine literature during spanish era
Philippine literature during spanish era
 
Philippine Literature: The Contemporary Period
Philippine Literature: The Contemporary PeriodPhilippine Literature: The Contemporary Period
Philippine Literature: The Contemporary Period
 
Various dimensions of Philippine literary history from pre- colonial to conte...
Various dimensions of Philippine literary history from pre- colonial to conte...Various dimensions of Philippine literary history from pre- colonial to conte...
Various dimensions of Philippine literary history from pre- colonial to conte...
 
The Philippine Literary History
The Philippine Literary HistoryThe Philippine Literary History
The Philippine Literary History
 
PHILIPPINE PRE-COLONIAL LITERATURE (incomplete)
PHILIPPINE PRE-COLONIAL LITERATURE (incomplete)PHILIPPINE PRE-COLONIAL LITERATURE (incomplete)
PHILIPPINE PRE-COLONIAL LITERATURE (incomplete)
 
Pre-colonial and Spanish colonial Philippine Literature
Pre-colonial and Spanish colonial Philippine LiteraturePre-colonial and Spanish colonial Philippine Literature
Pre-colonial and Spanish colonial Philippine Literature
 
Japanese Period of the Philippine Literature
Japanese Period of the Philippine Literature Japanese Period of the Philippine Literature
Japanese Period of the Philippine Literature
 
Japanese Period of Philippine Literature
Japanese Period of Philippine LiteratureJapanese Period of Philippine Literature
Japanese Period of Philippine Literature
 
Philippine Literature and Texts (Pre-colonial Times and Spanish Colonizations)
Philippine Literature and Texts (Pre-colonial Times and Spanish Colonizations)Philippine Literature and Texts (Pre-colonial Times and Spanish Colonizations)
Philippine Literature and Texts (Pre-colonial Times and Spanish Colonizations)
 
Period of activism (1970 1972)
Period of activism (1970 1972)Period of activism (1970 1972)
Period of activism (1970 1972)
 
Precolonial literature
Precolonial literaturePrecolonial literature
Precolonial literature
 

Similar to Week 1 no. 2 periods of philippine literary history

The-Devt-of-Phil-Litt.pptx
The-Devt-of-Phil-Litt.pptxThe-Devt-of-Phil-Litt.pptx
The-Devt-of-Phil-Litt.pptxGennalynDelaCruz
 
SPANISH AND PRE-COLONIAL TEXT PHILIPPINE LITERATURE
SPANISH AND PRE-COLONIAL TEXT PHILIPPINE LITERATURESPANISH AND PRE-COLONIAL TEXT PHILIPPINE LITERATURE
SPANISH AND PRE-COLONIAL TEXT PHILIPPINE LITERATUREgesha027
 
Spanish colonial text and Pre-colonial text
Spanish colonial text and Pre-colonial textSpanish colonial text and Pre-colonial text
Spanish colonial text and Pre-colonial textEdarGrezeil
 
Spanish and Pre-Colonial Text
Spanish and Pre-Colonial TextSpanish and Pre-Colonial Text
Spanish and Pre-Colonial TextEdarGrezeil
 
Pre-colonial and Spanish Colonial Text
Pre-colonial and Spanish Colonial TextPre-colonial and Spanish Colonial Text
Pre-colonial and Spanish Colonial TextMicheal_123
 
PHILIPPINE LITERARY WORKS BEFORE AND DURING SPANISH COLONIZATION
PHILIPPINE LITERARY WORKS BEFORE AND DURING SPANISH COLONIZATIONPHILIPPINE LITERARY WORKS BEFORE AND DURING SPANISH COLONIZATION
PHILIPPINE LITERARY WORKS BEFORE AND DURING SPANISH COLONIZATIONMaica Malingin
 
Presentation-4.pptx 21st literature of the Philippines
Presentation-4.pptx 21st literature of the PhilippinesPresentation-4.pptx 21st literature of the Philippines
Presentation-4.pptx 21st literature of the Philippinesbinuaangelica
 
Philippine Literature during Spanish and American period (Grade 11 21st Centu...
Philippine Literature during Spanish and American period (Grade 11 21st Centu...Philippine Literature during Spanish and American period (Grade 11 21st Centu...
Philippine Literature during Spanish and American period (Grade 11 21st Centu...Nicole Angelique Pangilinan
 
Literature of Pre colonial and Spanish colonization
Literature of Pre colonial and Spanish colonizationLiterature of Pre colonial and Spanish colonization
Literature of Pre colonial and Spanish colonizationrezeill jumao-as
 
Lesson 1 - VARIOUS DIMENSIONS of LIT.pptx
Lesson 1 - VARIOUS DIMENSIONS of LIT.pptxLesson 1 - VARIOUS DIMENSIONS of LIT.pptx
Lesson 1 - VARIOUS DIMENSIONS of LIT.pptxFrancisNinoLariza
 
Philippie lit during Spanish Time
Philippie lit during Spanish TimePhilippie lit during Spanish Time
Philippie lit during Spanish TimeBelle Anasario
 
440120991-21st-Century-Literature-REVIEWER.pdf
440120991-21st-Century-Literature-REVIEWER.pdf440120991-21st-Century-Literature-REVIEWER.pdf
440120991-21st-Century-Literature-REVIEWER.pdfAryanJovicDomingo
 
1. Week1-LITknnbsxhxnxvnhxzmx xncmcbbc cnc
1. Week1-LITknnbsxhxnxvnhxzmx xncmcbbc cnc1. Week1-LITknnbsxhxnxvnhxzmx xncmcbbc cnc
1. Week1-LITknnbsxhxnxvnhxzmx xncmcbbc cncHannahRoseDTripulca
 
21st Cen.Literature-Week 1.pptx
21st Cen.Literature-Week 1.pptx21st Cen.Literature-Week 1.pptx
21st Cen.Literature-Week 1.pptxLieLanieNavarro
 
Features of Philippine Literature
Features of Philippine LiteratureFeatures of Philippine Literature
Features of Philippine LiteratureMaria de Guzman
 
Spanish Colonial text and PreColonial text
Spanish Colonial text and PreColonial textSpanish Colonial text and PreColonial text
Spanish Colonial text and PreColonial textJarzky
 

Similar to Week 1 no. 2 periods of philippine literary history (20)

week 1 21st century.pptx
week 1 21st century.pptxweek 1 21st century.pptx
week 1 21st century.pptx
 
week 1 21st century.pptx
week 1 21st century.pptxweek 1 21st century.pptx
week 1 21st century.pptx
 
week 1 21st century.pptx
week 1 21st century.pptxweek 1 21st century.pptx
week 1 21st century.pptx
 
week 1 21st century.pptx
week 1 21st century.pptxweek 1 21st century.pptx
week 1 21st century.pptx
 
The-Devt-of-Phil-Litt.pptx
The-Devt-of-Phil-Litt.pptxThe-Devt-of-Phil-Litt.pptx
The-Devt-of-Phil-Litt.pptx
 
SPANISH AND PRE-COLONIAL TEXT PHILIPPINE LITERATURE
SPANISH AND PRE-COLONIAL TEXT PHILIPPINE LITERATURESPANISH AND PRE-COLONIAL TEXT PHILIPPINE LITERATURE
SPANISH AND PRE-COLONIAL TEXT PHILIPPINE LITERATURE
 
Spanish colonial text and Pre-colonial text
Spanish colonial text and Pre-colonial textSpanish colonial text and Pre-colonial text
Spanish colonial text and Pre-colonial text
 
Spanish and Pre-Colonial Text
Spanish and Pre-Colonial TextSpanish and Pre-Colonial Text
Spanish and Pre-Colonial Text
 
Pre-colonial and Spanish Colonial Text
Pre-colonial and Spanish Colonial TextPre-colonial and Spanish Colonial Text
Pre-colonial and Spanish Colonial Text
 
PHILIPPINE LITERARY WORKS BEFORE AND DURING SPANISH COLONIZATION
PHILIPPINE LITERARY WORKS BEFORE AND DURING SPANISH COLONIZATIONPHILIPPINE LITERARY WORKS BEFORE AND DURING SPANISH COLONIZATION
PHILIPPINE LITERARY WORKS BEFORE AND DURING SPANISH COLONIZATION
 
Presentation-4.pptx 21st literature of the Philippines
Presentation-4.pptx 21st literature of the PhilippinesPresentation-4.pptx 21st literature of the Philippines
Presentation-4.pptx 21st literature of the Philippines
 
Philippine Literature during Spanish and American period (Grade 11 21st Centu...
Philippine Literature during Spanish and American period (Grade 11 21st Centu...Philippine Literature during Spanish and American period (Grade 11 21st Centu...
Philippine Literature during Spanish and American period (Grade 11 21st Centu...
 
Literature of Pre colonial and Spanish colonization
Literature of Pre colonial and Spanish colonizationLiterature of Pre colonial and Spanish colonization
Literature of Pre colonial and Spanish colonization
 
Lesson 1 - VARIOUS DIMENSIONS of LIT.pptx
Lesson 1 - VARIOUS DIMENSIONS of LIT.pptxLesson 1 - VARIOUS DIMENSIONS of LIT.pptx
Lesson 1 - VARIOUS DIMENSIONS of LIT.pptx
 
Philippie lit during Spanish Time
Philippie lit during Spanish TimePhilippie lit during Spanish Time
Philippie lit during Spanish Time
 
440120991-21st-Century-Literature-REVIEWER.pdf
440120991-21st-Century-Literature-REVIEWER.pdf440120991-21st-Century-Literature-REVIEWER.pdf
440120991-21st-Century-Literature-REVIEWER.pdf
 
1. Week1-LITknnbsxhxnxvnhxzmx xncmcbbc cnc
1. Week1-LITknnbsxhxnxvnhxzmx xncmcbbc cnc1. Week1-LITknnbsxhxnxvnhxzmx xncmcbbc cnc
1. Week1-LITknnbsxhxnxvnhxzmx xncmcbbc cnc
 
21st Cen.Literature-Week 1.pptx
21st Cen.Literature-Week 1.pptx21st Cen.Literature-Week 1.pptx
21st Cen.Literature-Week 1.pptx
 
Features of Philippine Literature
Features of Philippine LiteratureFeatures of Philippine Literature
Features of Philippine Literature
 
Spanish Colonial text and PreColonial text
Spanish Colonial text and PreColonial textSpanish Colonial text and PreColonial text
Spanish Colonial text and PreColonial text
 

More from Riza Velasco

Week 1 no. 8 Post Test
Week 1 no. 8 Post TestWeek 1 no. 8 Post Test
Week 1 no. 8 Post TestRiza Velasco
 
Week 1 no. 7 Authoritarianism
Week 1 no. 7 AuthoritarianismWeek 1 no. 7 Authoritarianism
Week 1 no. 7 AuthoritarianismRiza Velasco
 
Week 1 no. 6 The Death of A Hero
Week 1 no. 6 The Death of A HeroWeek 1 no. 6 The Death of A Hero
Week 1 no. 6 The Death of A HeroRiza Velasco
 
Week 1 no. 5 literary texts
Week 1 no. 5 literary textsWeek 1 no. 5 literary texts
Week 1 no. 5 literary textsRiza Velasco
 
Week 1 no. 3 philippine representative texts and authors from each region
Week 1 no. 3 philippine representative texts and authors from each regionWeek 1 no. 3 philippine representative texts and authors from each region
Week 1 no. 3 philippine representative texts and authors from each regionRiza Velasco
 
Week 1 no. 1 literature & dimensions of phil. lit. history
Week 1 no. 1  literature & dimensions of phil. lit. historyWeek 1 no. 1  literature & dimensions of phil. lit. history
Week 1 no. 1 literature & dimensions of phil. lit. historyRiza Velasco
 
Overview & Pre-Test
Overview &  Pre-TestOverview &  Pre-Test
Overview & Pre-TestRiza Velasco
 
Week 1 no. 4 fiction vs. non fiction & 21st Century Literary Genres
Week 1 no. 4 fiction vs. non fiction & 21st Century Literary GenresWeek 1 no. 4 fiction vs. non fiction & 21st Century Literary Genres
Week 1 no. 4 fiction vs. non fiction & 21st Century Literary GenresRiza Velasco
 

More from Riza Velasco (8)

Week 1 no. 8 Post Test
Week 1 no. 8 Post TestWeek 1 no. 8 Post Test
Week 1 no. 8 Post Test
 
Week 1 no. 7 Authoritarianism
Week 1 no. 7 AuthoritarianismWeek 1 no. 7 Authoritarianism
Week 1 no. 7 Authoritarianism
 
Week 1 no. 6 The Death of A Hero
Week 1 no. 6 The Death of A HeroWeek 1 no. 6 The Death of A Hero
Week 1 no. 6 The Death of A Hero
 
Week 1 no. 5 literary texts
Week 1 no. 5 literary textsWeek 1 no. 5 literary texts
Week 1 no. 5 literary texts
 
Week 1 no. 3 philippine representative texts and authors from each region
Week 1 no. 3 philippine representative texts and authors from each regionWeek 1 no. 3 philippine representative texts and authors from each region
Week 1 no. 3 philippine representative texts and authors from each region
 
Week 1 no. 1 literature & dimensions of phil. lit. history
Week 1 no. 1  literature & dimensions of phil. lit. historyWeek 1 no. 1  literature & dimensions of phil. lit. history
Week 1 no. 1 literature & dimensions of phil. lit. history
 
Overview & Pre-Test
Overview &  Pre-TestOverview &  Pre-Test
Overview & Pre-Test
 
Week 1 no. 4 fiction vs. non fiction & 21st Century Literary Genres
Week 1 no. 4 fiction vs. non fiction & 21st Century Literary GenresWeek 1 no. 4 fiction vs. non fiction & 21st Century Literary Genres
Week 1 no. 4 fiction vs. non fiction & 21st Century Literary Genres
 

Recently uploaded

Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1GloryAnnCastre1
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parentsnavabharathschool99
 
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataMeasures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataBabyAnnMotar
 
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxkarenfajardo43
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxSayali Powar
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxHumphrey A Beña
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfTechSoup
 
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptxweek 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptxJonalynLegaspi2
 
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptxDIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptxMichelleTuguinay1
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4JOYLYNSAMANIEGO
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfPrerana Jadhav
 
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP ModuleMulti Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP ModuleCeline George
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptxiammrhaywood
 
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...MerlizValdezGeronimo
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Mark Reed
 
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young mindsMental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young mindsPooky Knightsmith
 
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxMULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxAnupkumar Sharma
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseCeline George
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvRicaMaeCastro1
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptxmary850239
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
 
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataMeasures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
 
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
 
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptxweek 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptx
 
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptxDIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
 
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP ModuleMulti Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
 
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
 
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young mindsMental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
 
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxMULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
 

Week 1 no. 2 periods of philippine literary history

  • 2.
  • 3. PERIODS OF PHILIPPINE LITERARY HISTORY • Pre-Colonial Period • Spanish Period • American Period • Japanese Period • Contemporary Period & Modern Period
  • 4. PRE – COLONIAL PERIOD • The pre-colonial literature includes all literature produced before the Spanish colonization like chants, proverbs, songs, and folk narratives. • Ethnic literature may be classified into three groups: folk speech, folk songs, and folk narratives.
  • 5. FOLK SPEECH • Riddle/bugtong/ tigmo/ burburtia/ paktakon/ patotodon – are like proverbs with one main difference: demand an answer and are used to test the wits of those listening to them. – Rely on talinghaga (metaphor) – Flippant in nature Examples: Heto na si Kaka, bubuka-bukaka Sa araw ay bungbong, sa gabi ay dahon.
  • 6. FOLK SPEECH • Proverbs - Proverbs and aphorisms/ saliwakain/ kasabihan/ aramiga/ sasabihan/ humbaton/ hurobaton/ pagsasao/ kasebian – are practical observations and philosophy of everyday life that are written usually in a rhyming scheme. – meant to entertain while teaching basic skills in surviving local life. Examples: Kung ano ang puno, siya ang bunga. Kung walang tiyaga, walang nilaga
  • 7. FOLK SONGS • Lullabies - Sung to put children to sleep – Called oyayi/ ili-ili/ duayya/ tumaila/ baliwayway and andang • Love Songs - Frequently concern romantic love (form or strengthen bonds between lovers) – Courtship songs are many in ethnic literature. – Panawagon, balitao, aliri, diona, harana, and ambahan are other names for love songs in different dialects. – Ambahan, a poem with seven syllables per line, the ending syllables following a rhyme scheme; used as form of social entertainment and as a tool for teaching the young.
  • 8. FOLK SONGS • Drinking Songs - Sung during carousals – Brief, always merry, almost hedonistic – Many originated in the Bicol area where they are called tigsik or tagay. • Work Songs - foster cohesiveness within the community – depict the different forms of livelihood – sung to synchronize the movements of workers • Religious Songs and Death Songs - songs for solemn affairs - Prayer of Thanksgiving (ambaamba) - Exorcism chant (bugyaw) - Deaths occasion the singing of dirges or lamentations, in which the deeds of the dead are recounted.
  • 9. FOLKTALES (kwentong bayan)• Myths - are regarded as sacred, explain origin and goal of the cosmos • Legends (alamat) - are believed to be about more recent events - used to explain certain events or phenomena in our ancestors’ lives that cannot be explained by the limited practical kind of science they knew back then. • Fables - are short tales, usually involving animals, which teach a moral lesson • Trickster Tales – recounts the adventures of a cleaver hero who outwits authority figures, usually coming from the upper classes.
  • 10. EPICS • Long-winded poems about a hero (usually male) and his adventures and misadventures. • The hero is usually born with all the pleasing qualities that the ancestors like and has superhuman capabilities. • The hero is usually paired with a beautiful young maiden
  • 11. SPANISH PERIOD • Colonization was brought about by industrial revolution. • Age of Voyages and Explorations • Propelled by 3Gs (God, Gold, and Glory) • Blood compact with Datus Sikatuna and Gala in Bohol • Established 1st Spanish settlement in Philippine soil at Cebu (Ciudad del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus) • To be civilized meant to stay in a pueblo under the control of the Spanish king, and be a Christian
  • 12. SPANISH INFLUENCES IN LITERATURE • Replacement of Baybayin to Roman alphabet. • Teaching of the Christian doctrine became the basis of religious practices. • Spanish language became the literary language. • European legends and traditions brought here became assimilated in our songs, corridos, and moromoros. • Ancient literature was collected and translated to Tagalog and other dialects. • Many grammar books were printed in Filipino, like Tagalog, Ilocano and Visayan.
  • 13. SPANISH INFLUENCES IN LITERATURE • Periodicals during these times gained religious tone • Two distinct classifications: religious and secular. • Written literature is a legacy of Spanish colonial rule. • Writing during this time may be classified into religious prose and poetry and secular prose and poetry. • Religious poetry may be grouped into lyrics and narratives. • Lyrics include complimentary verses written by so- called ladino.
  • 14. SPANISH INFLUENCES IN LITERATURE • Another type is meditative verses attached to religious works such as novenas and catechisms. • Religious narrative poetry is primarily the pasyon . • Gaspar Aquino de Belen’s Ang Mahal na Pasion ni Jesu Cristong Panginoon Natin na Tola (1704) is the earliest known Filipino pasyon • Casaysayan nang Pasiong Mahal ni Jesucristong Panginoon Natin na Sucak Ipag-alab nang Puso nang Sinomang Babasa (Pasyong Genesis) became the most popular and was translalted into other languages.
  • 15. SPANISH INFLUENCES IN LITERATURE • Religious narrative prose consists of the various kinds of prose narratives written to prescribe proper behavior. • These were channels for instruction in the Catholic faith and for colonization. • Include forms as the dialogo (dialogue), the manual de urbanidad (conduct book), ejemplo (exemplum) and tratado (polemical tract).
  • 16. SPANISH INFLUENCES IN LITERATURE • Pasyon - narrative poem about the life of Jesus Christ, beginning from his birth up to his death – usually sung during Lenten season • Cenaculo - Written in octosyllabic verse – dramatization of the passion of Christ – highlights the sufferings and death of Jesus Christ done during the Lenten season • Awit - Set in dodecasyllabic quatrains – Metrical romance – Colorful tale of chivalry made for singing and chanting – E. g. Florante at Laura
  • 17. SPANISH INFLUENCES IN LITERATURE• Corrido – set in octosyllabic quatrains – Metrical romance – Colorful tale of chivalry made for singing and chanting • Moro-Moro – Comedia de Capa Y Espada – dramatization of the passion of Christ blood-and-thunder melodrama depicting the conflict of Christians and Muslims – Usually about battles to the death and the proofs of faith • Carillo – play that uses shadows as its main spectacle – A form of dramatic entertainment performed on a moonless night during a town fiesta – Created by animating figures made from cardboard, which are projected onto a white screen
  • 18. SPANISH INFLUENCES IN LITERATURE • Tibag (to excavate) - dramatic reenactment of St. Helena’s search for the Holy Cross • Karagatan - A poetic vehicle of a socio-religious nature celebrated during the death of a person – A ritual is performed based on a legend about a princess who dropped her ring into the middle of the sea who offered her hand in marriage to anyone who can retrieve it • Duplo - Replaced the Karagatan – Poetic joust in speaking and reasoning – The roles are taken from the Bible and from proverbs and saying – Usually played during wakes for the dead
  • 19. SPANISH INFLUENCES IN LITERATURE • Balagtasan - Debate in verse – Replaced the duplo and is held to honor Francisco “Balagtas” Baltazar – Poetical joust done almost spontaneously between protagonists who debate over the pros and cons of an issue • Zarzuela - Considered the father of the drama – one of the most famous forms of entertainment back in the Spanish era – musical comedies or melodramas that deal with the elemental passions of human beings – follows a certain plot
  • 20. THE PROPAGANDA MOVEMENT• JOSE P. RIZAL - Known for his pen names Laong Laan and Dimasalang – Died by musketry in the hands of the Spaniards on December 30, 1896 on charges of sedition and rebellion against the Spaniards – NOLI ME TANGERE exposed the evils in society – EL FILIBUSTERISMO exposed the evils in the government and in the church
  • 21. THE PROPAGANDA MOVEMENT • MARCELO H. DEL PILAR - Known for his pen names Plaridel, Pupdoh, Piping Dilat, and Dolores Manapat – Established Diariong Tagalog in 1883 where he exposed the evils of the Spanish government in the Philippines.
  • 22. THE PROPAGANDA MOVEMENT • GRACIANO LOPEZ JAENA – Known writer and orator in the Philippines - Established LA SOLIDARIDAD (which later became the official voice of the Assosacion Hispano de Filipinas)
  • 23. PERIOD OF ACTIVE REVOLUTION• ANDRES BONIFACIO – Father of Filipino Democracy; – Father of the Katipunan – What he learned he got from the school of experience – Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa
  • 24. PERIOD OF ACTIVE REVOLUTION• APOLINARIO MABINI – Sublime Paralytic; Brains of the Revolution – Became the right-hand of Emilio Aguinaldo when the latter founded his Republic in Malolos – El Verdadero Decalogo (The True Decalogue or Ten Commandments)
  • 25. PERIOD OF ACTIVE REVOLUTION• EMILIO JACINTO – Intelligent assistant of Andres Bonifacio – He edited Kalayaan, a Katipunan newspaper – Kartilya ng Katipunan
  • 26. AMERICAN PERIOD • Treaty of Paris-ceded the Philipines to the Us, $20M • 1901 public education was insitutionalized • 600 educators in the SS Thomas (Thomasites) • Changes: democracy; Westernization of Filipino taste in food and clothing; Americanized manners; deterioration of close family ties; emancipation of women; popular education
  • 27. Literature during American Period • Period of Re-orientation –English as a literary vehicle came with the American occupation in August 13, 1898 –Writers were still adjusting to the newfound freedom after the paralyzing effect of repression of thought and speech under the Spanish
  • 28. Literature during American Period• Period of Imitation – By 1919, the UP College Folio published the literary compositions of the first Filipino writers in English (pioneers in short story writing) – Writers were then grouping their way into imitating American and British models which resulted in a stilted, artificial and unnatural style – Models included Longfellow and Hawthorne, Emerson and Thoreau, Wordsworth and Tennyson, Thackeray and Macaulay, Allan Poe, Irving, etc. – Writers of the folio: Fernando Maramag (best editorial writer), Juan F. Salazar, Jose M. Fernandez, Vicente del Fierro, Francisco Africa, Victoriano Yamzon (pioneered English poetry) – For informal essay, criticism and the journalistic column: Ignacio Manlapaz, Godefredo Rivera, Federico Mangahas, Francisco B. Icasiano, Salvador P. Lopez, Jose Lansang and Amando G. Dayrit – Short Stories: DEAD STARS by Paz Marquez Benitez stand out as a model of perfection in character delineation, local color, plot and message
  • 29. Literature during American Period • Period of Apprenticeship (1910-1930) – New literary forms were introduced, chiefly, free verse, the modern short story, and the critical essay - Filipino writers imitated English and American models - Poems were amateurish and mushy • Period of Emergence (1920 – 1930) – Highly influenced by Western literary trends (Romanticism and Realism) – Short stories were the most prevalent literary form
  • 30. Literature during American Period • Period of Self-Discovery and Growth – By this time, Filipino writers had acquired the mastery of English writing – Competently wrote on a lot of subjects (although old-time favorites: love and youth) – Went into all forms of writing like the novel and the drama – Poetry: not only love poems; patriotic, religious, descriptive and reflective – Free verse, in odes and sonnets – Poetry was original, spontaneous, competently written, incorporated social consciousness – The Short Story: flourished during these times – Characteristics: still remnants of Spanish influence in the use of expressions that were florid, sentimental, exaggerated and bombastic – Influence of the W. culture was also evident – Essays during this period improved in quality and quantity, in content, subject, and style – Essayists like Carlos P. Romulo became even more eminent editorial writers - Political, social reflective; critical; personal or familiar
  • 31. JAPANESE PERIOD • Philippine literature in English came to a halt • This had an advantageous effect on Filipino Literature which experienced renewed attention because writers in English turned to writing in Filipino. • The common theme of poems was nationalism, country, love, life in barrios, faith, religion, and the arts • Three types of poem emerged: haiku (free verse with 17 syllables divided into 3 lines [5-7-5]), tanaga (short but had measure and rhyme, 17 syllables), karaniwang anyo. • Drama experienced a lull • The field of the short story widened because many wrote short stories
  • 32. JAPANESE PERIOD • Writings that came out during this period were journalistic in nature • Americans returned in 1945 • On July 4, 1946, the Philippines regained its freedom • “struggle of mind and spirit” posed by the sudden emancipation from the enemy and the wild desire to see print • Filipinos had learned to express themselves more confidently • Proliferation of newspapers • Gradually, as normality was restored, the tones and themes of the writings turned to the less pressing problems of economic survival • Some Filipinos who had gone abroad came back to publish their works
  • 33. JAPANESE PERIOD • The themes of most poems dealt with the usual love of nature, and of social and political problems • Longer and longer pieces were being written by writers • Philippine literature in Tagalog was revived during this period • Most themes in the writings dealt with Japanese brutalities, of the poverty of life under the Japanese government and the brave guerilla exploits • Newspapers and magazine publications were re-opened • Tagalog poetry acquired not only rhyme but substance and meaning • Short stories had better characters and events based on facts and realities and themes were more meaningful • Novels became common but were still read by the people for recreation
  • 34. CONTEMPORARY & MODERN PERIOD • These periods include all literary works written and published in the Philippines from 1946. After World War II, the Philippines had to deal with the economy and the need for rehabilitation and reconstruction of infrastructures. There was political, economic, and social confusion, as well as great poverty, and these issues found their way into the short stories and novels during that time. • Popular topics were on happy (or tragic) experiences— abortion, separation, alternative routes in life and new-found happiness. • Short story is still the more popular venue of writers • Scriptwriting, developing literature form. • Scriptwriting , developing literature form
  • 35. CONTEMPORARY & MODERN PERIOD• Substantial awards in film-making • Expansion to cater to children’s needs • Popularity of Taglish • Notion of seeking popularity and ratings through exposure • Creative writing workshops • Novels did not continue to flourish; novel writers settled in their twilight years • Contemporary Philippine literature is a product of troubled times, the see-sawing balance between cosmopolitanism and nationalism, elitism and democracy, art and politics, leaving a body of writing of considerable variety. • Filipino today is no longer a sentimental choice; it is necessary choice because it is the language that allows writers to communicate with the masses