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Literary History of the Philippines (Pre-Colonialism Period)


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Literary History of the Philippines (Pre-Colonialism Period)

  1. 1. THREE PERIODS IN THE LITERARY HISTORY OF THE PHILIPPINES Pre – Colonialism Colonialism Post - Colonialism
  2. 2. Pre - Colonialism The early literary forms of the Philippines were epics, legends, riddles and proverbs which were told and retold by the natives.  The literature of the pre – colonial Filipinos bore the marks of the community.
  3. 3.  Filipinos managed to preserved laws, legends, songs and epics by inscribing them on barks of trees, palm leaves and bamboos.  Some of the literary forms have managed to survived war and tropical disasters because they retained in the common minds and were later reduced to permanent forms.
  5. 5.  Ex of salawikain  Ang matapat na kaibigan, tunay na maaasahan. - - -You will know a true friend in time of need.
  6. 6.  Ex of Sawikain  kumukulo ang dugo "blood is boiling" = is very angry  isulat sa tubig "write on water" = forget about it Ex of Maxims  Pag hindi ukol, Hindi bubukol. -means What is not intended for one will not bear fruit.
  7. 7. CHANTS (BULONG) used in witchcraft and/or enchantment  Tanaga a quatrain expressing insights and lessons in life Ex. “Tahak ng tingin, tulak ng sulyap, yakap, lapat ng titig sa balikat. hatak pa, kindat, hakat”
  8. 8.  traditional poetry of the Hanunoo Mangyans of Oriental Mindoro which is normally inscribed on bamboo using a pre-Colonial syllabic writing system called the Surat Mangyan .  usually chanted  teaches lessons about life  recited by parents to educate their children, by the youth to express their love, by the old to impart experiences, or by the community in tribal ceremonies
  9. 9.  on some occasions like burial rites, the ambahan is used for entertainment Sugot nga maaw kunman Tangdayan no ma-amban Sabungan no manuywan Impad las yami daywan Hanggan buhok timbangan Hanggan sa balod pangdan Bugkat di way yamungan Bilang dayi bunlagan No kang tinaginduman Kang magpahalimbaw-an Ga bugtong ti bilugan
  10. 10.  Explain how the world was created, how animals possess certain characteristics, why some places have volcanoes, mountains etc. Story of Bathala The Legend of Maria Makiling
  11. 11.  Presence of different deities  Ex. Bathala  Lakambakod  Mythical creatures  Aswang  Dila  Diwata  Dwende  Tikbalang  Mankukulam
  12. 12.  Ifugao – Hudhud hi Aliguyon  Ilocos – Biag ni Lam-ang  Bicol - Ibalon  Mindanao – Darangan  Panay – Hinilawod  Bagobo - Tuwaang  Kalinga – Ulaliim  Manobo – Agyu or Olahing  Subanon - Sandayo
  13. 13.  Aliguyon  the exploits of Aliguyon as he battles his arch-enemy, Pambukhayon  Biag ni Lam-Ang  tells of the adventures of Lam-Ang who exhibits extraordinary powers at a very early age.  Ibalon  the story of three Bicol heroes: Baltog, Handiong, Bantiong  Hinilawod  oldest and longest epic poem in Panay  the exploits of three Sulodnon demigod brothers, LabawDonggon, Humadapnon and Dumalapdap of ancient Panay
  14. 14.  a form of folk lyric which expresses the people’s hopes, aspirations, and lifestyles  traditional songs and melodies  inspired by the reaction of the people to their environment
  15. 15.  uyayi – lullaby  komintang – war song  kundiman – melancholic love song  harana – serenade  Tagay (Cebuano/Waray) – drinking song  mambayu – Kalinga rice-pounding song  subli – dance-ritual song of courtship /marriage  Kanogan (Cebuano) – song of lamentation for the dead.
  17. 17. A. Spanish Religious Works B. Formative Language C. Nationalist Stage
  18. 18. Philippine Literature During American Regime