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planting
   washing
   typing
   singing
   writing
   reading
When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present
participle. It is important to understand that they are not
the same.
-When we use a verb in -ing form more like a noun, it is
  usually a gerund:
   Ex.



-When we use a verb in -ing form more like a verb or an
  adjective, it is usually a present participle. On the other
  hand, complete progressive verbs or act as modifiers.
     Ex.    I have a                               teacher.
It looks like a verb;
it doesn’t act like a verb;
        it’s a VERBAL!!
• Gerunds

• Participles

• Infinitives
What are Gerunds


are verbal forms ending in
that functions as a noun.



 –   How do they function?
SU B JECT
D IR E C T O B JE C T
S U B J E C T IV E C O M P L E M E N T
O B JECT O F P R EP O SITIO N
A P P O SITIV E
Points to Remember:

Subjects Tell us whom or what a sentence is about.
Direct Objects receive the action of certain action
  verbs called "transitive active verbs."
Indirect Objects receive the direct object.
Predicate      Nouns(Nominative)or          subjective
  complements come after linking verbs. They
  rename the subject of the sentence.
Objects of the Preposition are nouns that follow a
  preposition. They are a necessary part of
  prepositional phrases.
Appositives-     are  nouns (sometimes
 modified by an adjective) that follows
 another noun (in commas) and which
 describes that noun.



A gerund phrase consists of a gerund
 together with its modifiers. It may be
 modified by adjectives and adverbs or by
 phrases and by clauses.
What activity makes Mr.Cruz      What is Mrs. Cruz hobby
          healthy?            that improves her vocabulary?
What is Fran'z favorite hobby?   What is Erlie's pastime?
What does Lolo Genie enjoy   What does Lola Amy love
doing?                       doing?
Values Integration




There are many             – good and bad
ones. What do good hobbies give us?
(Good hobbies give us enjoyment; make us
healthy and sharpen our knowledge.)
Directions: Locate the gerund (gerund phrase) in each
sentence. Then identify the gerund's function in the sentence
as subject, direct object, subjective complement, object of
preposition, or appositive
1.    The maintenance workers continued cleaning up the
     debris from the storm.
         gerund phrase =    cleaning up the debris from the storm

         Function =            direct object



2. A problem that continually plagues me is remembering
  people's  names.
        gerund phrase =         remembering people's names

         function =       subjective complement
3.  Clarence has a real talent for putting people at ease.
  gerund phrase =       putting people at ease

  function =         object of the preposition for



4. Keeping the crowds orderly during the celebration will
  be a difficult task.
                                Keeping the crowds orderly during the celebration
        gerund phrase =
        function =                      subject




5.  The woman insisted on paying for her own meal.
        gerund phrase =                  paying for her own meal

        function =
                                     object of the preposition on
6.  His hobby, collecting stamps, keeps him busy.
       gerund phrase =                   collecting stamps


       function =            appositive



7.  Planning can make the difference between a good and 
    a bad trip.
       gerund  =              Planning


         function =                       subject




8.  The decorator suggested papering the wall with a floral 
    design.
                                   papering the wall with a floral design
       gerund phrase =  
       function =           direct object
9.  By  cooperating,  you  will  encourage  a  friendly  atmosphere  at  the 
   office.
       gerund  =                 cooperating

       function =                 preposition By

10. One attraction of this lake is fishing for large trout.
        gerund phrase =                 fishing for large trout

           function =              subjective complement




           Complete each sentence with a gerund formed from the word before
                                  the sentence.

             (teach) 1)    It is often said that ________ is the noblest profession.

             (dive)   2)   Leo loves ________ into deep pools.

             (drink) 3)    ________ eight to ten glasses of water is a healthy
                  habit.
(smoke)    4) Most men’s hobby is ________.


(attend)   5) ________  flag  ceremony  every  day  shows  love  for 
              one’s country.


  Underline the gerund in the following sentences and give its
  use as a noun.
  _____________ 6. Crying is a kind of therapy.


  _______________ 7. He needs little exercising.


  _______________ 8. Her plan is going abroad someday.


  _______________ 9. Vegetable raising is profitable.


  ________________ 10. Washing our clothes is my problem.
Change these words into gerunds then use
  them in meaningful sentences.
1. invest
2. cook
3. collect
4. sleep 
5. seek
6. break
7. smoke
8. buy
9. study
10.learn
Thank you for listening!




Prepared by: Richelle M. Galicia
  (Student teacher)AB-English PhilSCA-VAB

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Verbals[1]

  • 1. planting washing typing singing writing reading When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle. It is important to understand that they are not the same.
  • 2. -When we use a verb in -ing form more like a noun, it is usually a gerund: Ex. -When we use a verb in -ing form more like a verb or an adjective, it is usually a present participle. On the other hand, complete progressive verbs or act as modifiers. Ex. I have a teacher.
  • 3. It looks like a verb; it doesn’t act like a verb; it’s a VERBAL!!
  • 5. What are Gerunds are verbal forms ending in that functions as a noun. – How do they function?
  • 7. D IR E C T O B JE C T
  • 8. S U B J E C T IV E C O M P L E M E N T
  • 9. O B JECT O F P R EP O SITIO N
  • 10. A P P O SITIV E
  • 11. Points to Remember: Subjects Tell us whom or what a sentence is about. Direct Objects receive the action of certain action verbs called "transitive active verbs." Indirect Objects receive the direct object. Predicate Nouns(Nominative)or subjective complements come after linking verbs. They rename the subject of the sentence. Objects of the Preposition are nouns that follow a preposition. They are a necessary part of prepositional phrases.
  • 12. Appositives- are nouns (sometimes modified by an adjective) that follows another noun (in commas) and which describes that noun. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund together with its modifiers. It may be modified by adjectives and adverbs or by phrases and by clauses.
  • 13. What activity makes Mr.Cruz What is Mrs. Cruz hobby healthy? that improves her vocabulary?
  • 14. What is Fran'z favorite hobby? What is Erlie's pastime?
  • 15. What does Lolo Genie enjoy What does Lola Amy love doing? doing?
  • 16. Values Integration There are many – good and bad ones. What do good hobbies give us? (Good hobbies give us enjoyment; make us healthy and sharpen our knowledge.)
  • 17. Directions: Locate the gerund (gerund phrase) in each sentence. Then identify the gerund's function in the sentence as subject, direct object, subjective complement, object of preposition, or appositive 1. The maintenance workers continued cleaning up the debris from the storm. gerund phrase = cleaning up the debris from the storm Function = direct object 2. A problem that continually plagues me is remembering people's names. gerund phrase = remembering people's names function = subjective complement
  • 18. 3.  Clarence has a real talent for putting people at ease. gerund phrase = putting people at ease function = object of the preposition for 4. Keeping the crowds orderly during the celebration will be a difficult task. Keeping the crowds orderly during the celebration gerund phrase = function = subject 5.  The woman insisted on paying for her own meal. gerund phrase = paying for her own meal function = object of the preposition on
  • 19. 6.  His hobby, collecting stamps, keeps him busy.    gerund phrase =   collecting stamps     function =   appositive 7.  Planning can make the difference between a good and  a bad trip.    gerund  =   Planning     function =   subject 8.  The decorator suggested papering the wall with a floral  design. papering the wall with a floral design    gerund phrase =       function =   direct object
  • 20. 9.  By  cooperating,  you  will  encourage  a  friendly  atmosphere  at  the  office.    gerund  =   cooperating    function =   preposition By 10. One attraction of this lake is fishing for large trout.    gerund phrase =   fishing for large trout     function =   subjective complement Complete each sentence with a gerund formed from the word before the sentence. (teach) 1) It is often said that ________ is the noblest profession. (dive) 2) Leo loves ________ into deep pools. (drink) 3) ________ eight to ten glasses of water is a healthy habit.
  • 21. (smoke) 4) Most men’s hobby is ________. (attend) 5) ________  flag  ceremony  every  day  shows  love  for  one’s country. Underline the gerund in the following sentences and give its use as a noun. _____________ 6. Crying is a kind of therapy. _______________ 7. He needs little exercising. _______________ 8. Her plan is going abroad someday. _______________ 9. Vegetable raising is profitable. ________________ 10. Washing our clothes is my problem.
  • 22. Change these words into gerunds then use them in meaningful sentences. 1. invest 2. cook 3. collect 4. sleep  5. seek 6. break 7. smoke 8. buy 9. study 10.learn
  • 23. Thank you for listening! Prepared by: Richelle M. Galicia (Student teacher)AB-English PhilSCA-VAB