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From	
  Emo'onal	
  Consciousness	
  to	
  Buddy	
  Devices	
  
Dr.	
  Aladdin	
  Ayesh	
  
	
  
	
  
Department	
  of	
  Informa'cs,	
  De	
  Mon?ort	
  University	
  
email:	
  aayesh@dmu.ac.uk;	
  URL:	
  www.aladdin-­‐ayesh.info	
  	
  
	
  
Social	
  Robots	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Agenda	
  
•  Introduc'on	
  
•  From	
  theory	
  to	
  prac'ce	
  
•  Provocateurs	
  
•  Day	
  to	
  day	
  devices	
  
•  Ethical	
  issues	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
INTRODUCTION	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Social	
  Robots?	
  
•  Social	
  robots	
  merges	
  several	
  fields	
  together:	
  
– Sociology	
  
– Psychology	
  
– Biology	
  
– Physiology	
  
– Art	
  
– Ar'ficial	
  Intelligence	
  
– Engineering	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Social	
  Robots	
  
•  Examples:	
  
– Aibo	
  plays	
  with	
  a	
  cat:	
  
hSp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NKAeihiy5Ck	
  
	
  
– NAO	
  walking:	
  
hSp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2STTNYNF4lk	
  
	
  
– Our	
  AIBO	
  playing	
  football:	
  
hSp://blip.tv/file/2174008/	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Dimensions	
  
•  There	
  are	
  3	
  par'cular	
  aspects	
  of	
  the	
  social	
  
side	
  of	
  social	
  robots	
  that	
  are	
  s'll	
  challenging:	
  
– Emo'ons	
  
– Personality	
  
– Social	
  norms	
  
•  However,	
  emo'ons	
  are	
  the	
  most	
  challenging	
  
of	
  them	
  all,	
  why?	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Ar'ficial	
  Consciousness	
  	
  
•  Oscillators,	
  electro	
  signals,	
  moving	
  organisms,	
  
cells,	
  connec'ons:	
  neural	
  system	
  
•  Within	
  our	
  neural	
  system	
  all	
  aspects	
  of	
  
cogni'on,	
  e.g.	
  thinking,	
  learning,	
  memorizing,	
  
happen	
  without	
  explana'on.	
  
•  BUT	
  …	
  
We	
  have	
  an	
  explana'on	
  system,	
  a	
  self-­‐diagnosis	
  
system	
  enables	
  us	
  to	
  trace	
  the	
  process,	
  really?	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Ar'ficial	
  Consciousness	
  	
  
•  Well	
  most	
  of	
  the	
  'me!	
  
•  We	
  can	
  break	
  the	
  signal	
  into	
  a	
  smaller	
  chunks	
  
and	
  associate	
  these	
  chunks	
  with	
  concepts	
  
•  We	
  can	
  translate	
  the	
  hardwired	
  neurons	
  into	
  
spa'al	
  maps,	
  structured	
  proposi'ons,	
  
sequence	
  of	
  events	
  and	
  ac'ons,	
  etc.	
  	
  
•  This	
  is	
  the	
  process	
  of	
  reasoning	
  that	
  is	
  the	
  
elementary	
  results	
  of	
  being	
  conscious.	
  So	
  …	
  	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Ar'ficial	
  Consciousness	
  	
  
•  What	
  does	
  consciousness	
  mean?	
  
•  No	
  precise	
  single	
  defini'on!	
  
•  Why	
  is	
  it	
  important	
  to	
  social	
  robots?	
  
•  Because	
  Sonny	
  from	
  iRobot	
  says	
  so	
  J	
  
•  Seriously	
  …	
  
One	
  needs	
  to	
  know	
  one’s	
  self	
  before	
  recognizing	
  
others	
  and	
  the	
  rela'onships	
  in-­‐between.	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
FROM	
  THEORY	
  TO	
  PRACTICE	
  
	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
What	
  is	
  a	
  Buddy	
  Device?	
  
•  What	
  is	
  the	
  device	
  you	
  most	
  use?	
  
– Mobile	
  phone	
  
– Sat	
  Nav	
  
– TV	
  remote	
  control	
  
•  How	
  could	
  these	
  be	
  social	
  robots?	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Intelligent	
  Spaces	
  
•  Robots	
  =>	
  Agents	
  
•  Intelligent	
  spaces	
  have	
  embedded	
  agents	
  	
  to	
  
manage	
  them.	
  
•  One	
  of	
  these	
  agents	
  is	
  a	
  social	
  agent	
  that	
  
knows	
  your	
  name	
  and	
  preferences.	
  
•  What	
  problems	
  do	
  you	
  think	
  we	
  may	
  have?	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Virtual	
  World	
  
•  Second	
  Life	
  
•  Game	
  consoles	
  
•  The	
  future	
  is	
  in-­‐between	
  
Augmented	
  Reali'es	
  	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Medical	
  Devices	
  –	
  Cyborg	
  
•  Social	
  robots	
  applica'ons	
  in	
  medical	
  area	
  are	
  
many,	
  specially	
  medical	
  care.	
  
•  Ar'ficial	
  limbs	
  are	
  an	
  important	
  one,	
  
especially,	
  limbs	
  that	
  func'on	
  fully.	
  	
  
– Sensing	
  
– Motor	
  mo'on	
  
– Physiology	
  	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
PROVOCATEURS	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Emo'on	
  is	
  Consciousness	
  
•  What	
  is	
  the	
  difference	
  between:	
  
– Sensa'on	
  
– Feeling	
  
– Emo'on	
  
•  In	
  my	
  opinion,	
  the	
  answer	
  is	
  the	
  level	
  of	
  
consciousness	
  and	
  self-­‐awareness	
  each	
  
requires.	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Ar'ficial	
  Skin	
  and	
  Nano-­‐material	
  
•  Look	
  at	
  your	
  hand	
  what	
  do	
  you	
  see?	
  
– Skin	
  
– Sensing	
  pads	
  
– Sensor	
  network	
  
– All	
  of	
  the	
  above?	
  
•  We	
  can	
  create	
  a	
  sensate	
  network	
  to	
  simulate	
  
the	
  skin,	
  but	
  how	
  can	
  it	
  self-­‐repair?	
  	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
DAY	
  TO	
  DAY	
  DEVICES	
  
	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Mobile	
  Telephones	
  
•  Socializing	
  with	
  your	
  Phone	
  
•  Socializing	
  through	
  your	
  Phone	
  
•  Your	
  phone	
  socializes	
  on	
  your	
  behave	
  
•  Falling	
  in	
  love	
  with	
  your	
  phone	
  and	
  living	
  in	
  
harmony	
  forever!	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Avatars	
  
•  What	
  do	
  you	
  think	
  an	
  Avatar	
  is?	
  
– Movie	
  'tle	
  
– Graphic	
  representa'on	
  from	
  my	
  picture	
  
– Graphic	
  projec'on	
  of	
  what	
  I	
  think	
  or	
  like	
  to	
  be	
  
– My	
  Facebook,	
  MySpace,	
  Bebo	
  profile	
  
•  What	
  is	
  the	
  social	
  norms	
  of	
  your	
  social	
  
(e-­‐)life?	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
ETHICAL	
  ISSUES	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Free	
  Will	
  and	
  Responsibility	
  
•  If	
  the	
  machine	
  has	
  emo'ons,	
  does	
  that	
  mean	
  
it	
  has	
  free	
  will?	
  
•  If	
  the	
  machine	
  has	
  free	
  will,	
  can	
  we	
  prosecute	
  
a	
  machine?	
  
•  If	
  we	
  can	
  prosecute	
  a	
  machine,	
  does	
  that	
  
mean	
  no	
  responsibility	
  fall	
  upon	
  the	
  maker,	
  
the	
  operator,	
  the	
  owner?	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
ASachment	
  and	
  Death	
  
•  The	
  story	
  of	
  the	
  switched-­‐off	
  AIBO!	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Other	
  Legal	
  Issues	
  
•  Nano	
  material	
  out	
  of	
  labs	
  
•  Merging	
  human	
  and	
  machine	
  
•  Liability	
  
•  Status	
  –	
  Bicentarian	
  Man!	
  
•  Rights	
  –	
  rights	
  of	
  the	
  machine,	
  human	
  owns	
  it	
  
or	
  represented	
  by,	
  rela'ves,	
  and	
  neighbors	
  
(which	
  ones?)	
  
•  Etc.	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
CONCLUSION	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
Summary	
  
•  Introduc'on	
  –	
  dimensions	
  of	
  social	
  robots	
  
•  From	
  theory	
  to	
  prac'ce	
  –	
  ideas	
  for	
  projects	
  
•  Provocateurs	
  –	
  being	
  argumenta've	
  and	
  
futuris'c	
  
•  Day	
  to	
  day	
  devices	
  –	
  reality	
  	
  
•  Ethical	
  issues	
  –	
  from	
  simple	
  robot	
  to	
  
responsible	
  ethical	
  agent	
  
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  
?	
  QUESTIONS	
  ?	
  
Dr.Aladdin	
  Ayesh	
  	
  
	
  
email:	
  aayesh@dmu.ac.uk;	
  URL:	
  www.aladdin-­‐ayesh.info	
  	
  
AISB2010 Convention:
http://www.aisb.org.uk/convention/aisb10/Welcome.html
Invited	
  talk	
  given	
  at	
  Eton	
  College	
  -­‐	
  2010	
  

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Social Robots: From Emotional Consciousness to Buddy Devices

  • 1. From  Emo'onal  Consciousness  to  Buddy  Devices   Dr.  Aladdin  Ayesh       Department  of  Informa'cs,  De  Mon?ort  University   email:  aayesh@dmu.ac.uk;  URL:  www.aladdin-­‐ayesh.info       Social  Robots   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 2. Agenda   •  Introduc'on   •  From  theory  to  prac'ce   •  Provocateurs   •  Day  to  day  devices   •  Ethical  issues   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 3. INTRODUCTION   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 4. Social  Robots?   •  Social  robots  merges  several  fields  together:   – Sociology   – Psychology   – Biology   – Physiology   – Art   – Ar'ficial  Intelligence   – Engineering   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 5. Social  Robots   •  Examples:   – Aibo  plays  with  a  cat:   hSp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NKAeihiy5Ck     – NAO  walking:   hSp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2STTNYNF4lk     – Our  AIBO  playing  football:   hSp://blip.tv/file/2174008/   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 6. Dimensions   •  There  are  3  par'cular  aspects  of  the  social   side  of  social  robots  that  are  s'll  challenging:   – Emo'ons   – Personality   – Social  norms   •  However,  emo'ons  are  the  most  challenging   of  them  all,  why?   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 7. Ar'ficial  Consciousness     •  Oscillators,  electro  signals,  moving  organisms,   cells,  connec'ons:  neural  system   •  Within  our  neural  system  all  aspects  of   cogni'on,  e.g.  thinking,  learning,  memorizing,   happen  without  explana'on.   •  BUT  …   We  have  an  explana'on  system,  a  self-­‐diagnosis   system  enables  us  to  trace  the  process,  really?   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 8. Ar'ficial  Consciousness     •  Well  most  of  the  'me!   •  We  can  break  the  signal  into  a  smaller  chunks   and  associate  these  chunks  with  concepts   •  We  can  translate  the  hardwired  neurons  into   spa'al  maps,  structured  proposi'ons,   sequence  of  events  and  ac'ons,  etc.     •  This  is  the  process  of  reasoning  that  is  the   elementary  results  of  being  conscious.  So  …     Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 9. Ar'ficial  Consciousness     •  What  does  consciousness  mean?   •  No  precise  single  defini'on!   •  Why  is  it  important  to  social  robots?   •  Because  Sonny  from  iRobot  says  so  J   •  Seriously  …   One  needs  to  know  one’s  self  before  recognizing   others  and  the  rela'onships  in-­‐between.   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 10. FROM  THEORY  TO  PRACTICE     Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 11. What  is  a  Buddy  Device?   •  What  is  the  device  you  most  use?   – Mobile  phone   – Sat  Nav   – TV  remote  control   •  How  could  these  be  social  robots?   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 12. Intelligent  Spaces   •  Robots  =>  Agents   •  Intelligent  spaces  have  embedded  agents    to   manage  them.   •  One  of  these  agents  is  a  social  agent  that   knows  your  name  and  preferences.   •  What  problems  do  you  think  we  may  have?   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 13. Virtual  World   •  Second  Life   •  Game  consoles   •  The  future  is  in-­‐between   Augmented  Reali'es     Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 14. Medical  Devices  –  Cyborg   •  Social  robots  applica'ons  in  medical  area  are   many,  specially  medical  care.   •  Ar'ficial  limbs  are  an  important  one,   especially,  limbs  that  func'on  fully.     – Sensing   – Motor  mo'on   – Physiology     Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 15. PROVOCATEURS   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 16. Emo'on  is  Consciousness   •  What  is  the  difference  between:   – Sensa'on   – Feeling   – Emo'on   •  In  my  opinion,  the  answer  is  the  level  of   consciousness  and  self-­‐awareness  each   requires.   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 17. Ar'ficial  Skin  and  Nano-­‐material   •  Look  at  your  hand  what  do  you  see?   – Skin   – Sensing  pads   – Sensor  network   – All  of  the  above?   •  We  can  create  a  sensate  network  to  simulate   the  skin,  but  how  can  it  self-­‐repair?     Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 18. DAY  TO  DAY  DEVICES     Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 19. Mobile  Telephones   •  Socializing  with  your  Phone   •  Socializing  through  your  Phone   •  Your  phone  socializes  on  your  behave   •  Falling  in  love  with  your  phone  and  living  in   harmony  forever!   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 20. Avatars   •  What  do  you  think  an  Avatar  is?   – Movie  'tle   – Graphic  representa'on  from  my  picture   – Graphic  projec'on  of  what  I  think  or  like  to  be   – My  Facebook,  MySpace,  Bebo  profile   •  What  is  the  social  norms  of  your  social   (e-­‐)life?   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 21. ETHICAL  ISSUES   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 22. Free  Will  and  Responsibility   •  If  the  machine  has  emo'ons,  does  that  mean   it  has  free  will?   •  If  the  machine  has  free  will,  can  we  prosecute   a  machine?   •  If  we  can  prosecute  a  machine,  does  that   mean  no  responsibility  fall  upon  the  maker,   the  operator,  the  owner?   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 23. ASachment  and  Death   •  The  story  of  the  switched-­‐off  AIBO!   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 24. Other  Legal  Issues   •  Nano  material  out  of  labs   •  Merging  human  and  machine   •  Liability   •  Status  –  Bicentarian  Man!   •  Rights  –  rights  of  the  machine,  human  owns  it   or  represented  by,  rela'ves,  and  neighbors   (which  ones?)   •  Etc.   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 25. CONCLUSION   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 26. Summary   •  Introduc'on  –  dimensions  of  social  robots   •  From  theory  to  prac'ce  –  ideas  for  projects   •  Provocateurs  –  being  argumenta've  and   futuris'c   •  Day  to  day  devices  –  reality     •  Ethical  issues  –  from  simple  robot  to   responsible  ethical  agent   Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010  
  • 27. ?  QUESTIONS  ?   Dr.Aladdin  Ayesh       email:  aayesh@dmu.ac.uk;  URL:  www.aladdin-­‐ayesh.info     AISB2010 Convention: http://www.aisb.org.uk/convention/aisb10/Welcome.html Invited  talk  given  at  Eton  College  -­‐  2010