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Urban Planning Revisited.
New Inputs For Smart Cities!
(4-HrWorkshopwithtwoFrenchArchitecturalFirms)
Kleio Anastasiadou, Architect
Phillip Andrews, Smart Cities Consultant
August 2019
“The Future Of The City”
“New Directions In
Urban Planning”
From Peter Wolf’s Book
1974
1974 Directions To Urban Planners
• Plan for people, not cars
• Forget growth as a goal; concentrate on the quality of life
• Build and renovate urban housing for all income groups in
locations served by (mass) transit
• Maintain public spaces and services
• Urban clusters should be tight, integrated with transit, and
designed for pedestrians and should contain a variety of spaces
and activities
• The available capacity downtown – older buildings, districts,
waterfronts, streets, empty spaces, and transit – will be renewed
1974 Directions To Urban Planners
(cont’d)
• Make downtown the regional center where cultural,
educational, medical, financial and other institutions,
businesses, and government (agencies) are tightly clustered
• Downtown will increasingly attract residents and investment
WhatHasChangedSinceThen(1974)
Revised Directions To Urban
Planners
• Plan for people, not cars ➔ Plan for people and vehicles of all types.
Smart Mobility is a key magnet to attract Smart People
• Forget growth as a goal; concentrate on the quality of life ➔ Growth is a
main goal. Plan for massive Urbanization. And yes, QOL still matters!
• Build and renovate urban housing for all income groups in locations served
by (mass) transit ➔ Still true today
• Maintain public spaces and services ➔ Increase public spaces and
services; add many digital/online services
• Urban clusters should be tight, integrated with transit, and designed for
pedestrians and should contain a variety of spaces and activities ➔
Cluster like activities in Zones/Districts (Cultural Zone, Entertainment
Zone, Sports Zone, Innovation Zone, Business/Industry Zone, Medical
Zone, etc.)
AnExampleOfASmartZone
ForASmartCity:Paris
The Cité des Sciences et de l’Industrie
"City of Science and Industry" (abbreviated CSI)
• CSI is the biggest science museum in Europe. Located in Parc de la
Villette in Paris, France, it is one of the three dozen French Cultural
Centers of Science, Technology and Industry (CCSTI), promoting
science and science culture.
• About five million people visit the Cité each year. Attractions include
a planetarium, a submarine (the Argonaute), an IMAX theatre, an
Employment Center, an Innovation Center, … and special areas for
children and teenagers.
• CSI is classified as a public establishment of an industrial and
commercial character, an establishment specializing in the fostering of
scientific and technical culture. The goal of the CSI is to spread scientific
and technical knowledge among the public, particularly for youth, and to
promote public interest in science, research, innovation, and industry.
Two Major Points About Citè
1. Innovation is at the forefront and center of all those “Cities”,
sending the strong message that innovation matters.
2. 36 such “Cities” send another subliminal message: Innovation
is part of the fabric and culture of Paris … and the entire
country of France.
These two overt and loud messages are part of the approach of
creating a nationwide Culture Of Innovation, which is a critical
ingredient in having thriving and robust Smart Cities. The Culture Of
Innovation is another strong magnet of attracting Smart People!!!
10
12
13
BTW, here is
Valencia’s version of
Cité
14
Revised Directions To Urban
Planners (cont’d)
• The available capacity downtown – older buildings, districts,
waterfronts, streets, empty spaces, and transit – will (and should) be
renewed ➔ But with added emphasis on the planned zones and
other imperatives, such as becoming a Smart, Green, and
Sustainable City
• Make downtown the regional center where cultural, educational,
medical, financial and other institutions, businesses, and government
(agencies) are tightly clustered ➔ Per the Zone/District concept
• Downtown (should and) will increasingly attract residents and
investment ➔ Per a Master Plan that offers the right “magnets” to
attract the right residents, the right investment, the right
industries …
The Biggest
Change Since
1974:
The
Emergence
of Smart
Cities
Combining
Architecture
with Science
& State-Of-
The-Art
Technologies
Kleio Anastasiadou - Phillip Andrews 16
What Must Be Added
Per UN Habitat Direction
• Engaging stakeholders in Urban Planning and the co-
financing of urban infrastructure and services ➔ Encourage
PPPs
• Enhancing the sense of ownership and responsibility
amongst all stakeholders for improved maintenance and
operation of urban infrastructure and services
• Improving the technical quality of urban project proposals
and management
• Improving Urban Management practices
• Making Urban Planning transparent and accountable
What Else Is Missing
• Always plan based on a Vision of The Future City (= Smart City)
• See next slide
• Visit: https://reset.org/node/27044
• Always plan for Sustainable, Green and Clean Development
• Always plan for an Advanced Technical Infrastructure. The
Technical Infrastructure is as important or even more important
than all other infrastructure. In the very near future the technical
infrastructure will be as important and as essential as the electrical
and water grids or infrastructures
• Always plan for Creativity, Innovation … and Differentiation
because they are some of the best magnets for attracting the best
of the best. Smart Cities cannot exist w/o Smart People!
Malaysia’s Future (Smart) City
Another View
London’s Future City
Another View
Dallas’ Future City
Same as
2019?
An Important Point
• Strategic Urban Planning
should reflect the
complex and continuous
process of city change.
• The following attributes,
(see next two slides) when
combined effectively, define
a successful and
comprehensive strategic
planning process
The Top Two Imperatives For
Smart City Planning
1. Architecture and Art matter. They are among the Top 3
magnets for cities all over the world. (The other two are
Smart People and Smart Culture).
• Therefore it is imperative that public buildings (incl. stadiums,
hospitals, libraries, train stations, schools, etc.) to have the appealing
look and image that the city wants to portray to the rest of the world.
Functionality and costs are secondary issues. Of course, it would be
nice if one could be perfect on all dimensions.
• This implies that the city must approve the designs of buildings, not
only for the traditional standards and guidelines, but also for the
desired architecture that draws people in, mesmerizes them, lifts
their spirits … and inspires minds to be expecting even more!
The Top Two Imperatives For
Smart City Planning (cont’d)
2. Combine Architecture with State-Of-The-Art
Technologies. Buildings should integrate and incorporate
the best technologies, such 5G, IoT, Sensor Technologies
(of all types), AI, Cybersecurity, etc. (https://builtworlds.com/insights/50-
hottest-technologies-products-systems-smart-buildings/)
• Smart Buildings integrate and abide by the guidelines of LEED
Certification
• Smart Buildings (by definition) are Green, Clean, and Sustainable
buildings (incl. provisions made for vertical gardens and farms)
• Smart Buildings encourage the use of smart devices, appliances and
other equipment
• Smart buildings also provide smart parking for smart cars and
provide access to smart public transportation
Smart Hospital Design
And State-Of-The-Art
Technologies
Parkland Hospital Did It Right!!!
Nice Zen Garden
Available Public Transportation
Planning Attributes
• It is oriented towards the future and attempts to foresee
how the world could be different five to ten 20 – 30 years
from now. It is aimed at setting the city’s development
direction based on what this future is likely to look like.
Please connect the dots! The future is not as invisible as
most people think
• It is flexible and oriented towards the larger picture
(including global and local megatrends and
undercurrents). It aligns the city with its environment, setting
a context for meeting goals and providing a framework and
direction to achieve the city’s desired future
Kleio Anastasiadou - Phillip Andrews 32
A Vision
For
Paris
For
2050
calibeau paris
Planning Attributes (Cont’d)
• It creates a framework for competitive advantage through
thorough analysis of the city, its internal and external environment,
and its potential. This enables cities to respond to the emerging
trends, events, challenges, and opportunities within the framework
of the vision and mission they have developed through the
strategic planning process
• It is a qualitative, idea-driven process. It integrates “soft” data
that are not always supported quantitatively, such as experiences,
intuition and ideas, and involves stakeholders in the ongoing
dialogue with the aim of providing a clear vision and focus for the
city
• It allows a city to focus because it is a process of dynamic,
continuous self-analysis (and self-improvement)
And Don’t Forget That There Is An
Urban Crisis Going On
This puts additional pressure on
cities like Dallas to come up
with the right solutions.
This topic is addressed in
another presentation.
From: https://reset.org/node/27044
• It is generally believed that the boom in urbanisation is
strongly linked to economic growth, industrialisation and the
perception of better employment prospects. The United
Nations views cities as drivers of economic and human
development and argues that "a critical mass of people, ideas,
infrastructure and resources acts as a magnet
of development, attracting migrants, private firms, investors
and developers. All of this enhances the prospects for
more employment opportunities, wealth creation, innovation
and knowledge, which are all major factors of prosperity."
While this may certainly be the case in some areas, it does
not have a blanket effect.
Clarification
• Although a critical mass of people, ideas, infrastructure and
resources acts as magnets of development, it does not
mean that the city is smart, or it has the potential to become
smart. There is a huge difference between attracting general
masses of people, and attracting the best and smartest
people. There are plenty of examples of cities growing fast
(due to unfettered Urbanization), but have zero potential for a
bright future.
• Yes, they will have a lot of problems in the future! Why?
• Pollution, Congestion, Crime, Employment, Poor Health,
Subpar Services, etc.
Most Important Point
•Every Industrial Revolution had
winners and losers.
• When I mover to Detroit, it was the 4th largest city in America.
Today it’s 17th, and may drop even further.
• For the first time since before the Civil War, Detroit is not among the
nation’s 20 most populous cities.
• Detroit’s population was 677,116 as of last summer (2015), a loss of 3,107
residents from the previous year, according to estimates released Thursday
by the U.S. Census Bureau.
• That’s the smallest decline in decades, but it was enough to drop the city to
21st in the nation, surpassed by Seattle, Denver and El Paso, Texas.
• https://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/detroit-city/2016/05/19/detroit-
population-rank-lowest-since/84574198/
There will be winners and losers
with this Industrial Revolution
massive digital transformations!
Five Big Misunderstandings
#1 Misunderstanding
• Urban Planning and Development is separate from
Economic Development. No, it is NOT! They are the two
sides of the same coin.
• Academics
Ecosystems
• Innovation Culture
• Services and QOS
• Entrepreneur and Existing
Business Development
• Workforce and Leadership
Development
#2 Misunderstanding
• Technology is the end game. No, it is NOT! Although technology
improves a city’s performance, differentiation … and level of
smartness, it is not the end game.
• The game is NOT The Techno-Fix, but rather The Wisdom-Fix (that
among other “fixes” it leverages the Techno-Fix)
• Installing 1,000 smart parking garages, 1M smart poles, 3B smart lights,
and an infinite number of other sensors do NOT make a city a “Smart City”.
• “Smart” is the combination of the chosen political system, types of
technologies and systems, art, culture, types of exciting services … and
QOL.
• “Smart” is also the aggregate and combination of smart transportation,
smart education, smart health care, smart retail, smart industries, smart
energy, smart water, smart roads, smart buildings, smart society … smart
everything!
#3 Misunderstanding
• The Cultural Zone is simply an aggregation of museums
and art galleries. No, it is NOT! The Cultural Zone should
be the focal point for inspiration aimed at lifting the human
spirit, thrilling the soul, and energizing the creative mind. The
Culture Zone should support and reinforce the theme of
Innovation. Haphazard art does very little to raise the
collective culture. The culture must be purposeful and
persistent, focused on specific (Smart) City imperatives.
Pleasant and beautiful art depictions are no longer enough to
trigger images and quests of grandeur!
• Architecture must equally support and reinforce the
culture of creativity and innovation!
Key Point The Parthenon was
more than an architectural
marvel and an engineering
wonder!
It also represented the
culture, religious beliefs
(captured in mythologies),
and the virtues of society.
It reflected the Athenian
society – an aide memoire to
what the city stood for
(sort of a constant reminder)
Atlanta’s Ugly Library
U. Of Cincinnati Ugly Campus
A Key
Reminder
• Architecture is art. It can
enthuse and excite people, or
it can turn them off! It can
enhance the “Smart” image,
or it can kill it!
• Architecture always was a
key “magnet” and it will
always remain a key
“magnet” to attract Smart
Citizens.
https://commonpurpose.org/knowledge-hub-archive/all-articles/smart-cities-cities-as-magnets/
• A Unique Silhouette
• Great Design Outside and
Inside
• Amazing Engineering
• Perfect Symmetry or
Tantalizing Asymmetry
• It becomes an Agent of
Change
• It reflects the Values and
Beliefs of the Smart
Community/City
• It uplifts the Human Spirit
• It supports Sustainable
Development & Living
https://architizer.com/blog/inspiration/industry/your-magnum-opus/
A Poetic Metaphor
A Unique Silhouette
Great Design, Amazing
Engineering, and
Perfect Symmetry
Different Tastes For Different People
Great Design, Amazing
Engineering, and
Tantalizing Asymmetry
All Architectural Key Ingredients
Integrated into One Design
A Moment of Courage
Eco Friendly
People Friendly and Eco Friendly
New Megatrend:
Vertical Farms, Vertical
Gardens, Indoor Gardens,
Rooftop Gardens.
Goal or Purpose:
Bringing people back close to
Mother Nature.
Concrete jungles are NOT
good for people.
Combining Urban and Rural
environments is good for
people!
64
This 14,000m² farm is set to open in the south-west of Paris early 2020An Agent of Change.
Combining Urban and Rural Environments!
https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/aug/13/worlds-
largest-urban-farm-to-open-on-a-paris-rooftop
Kleio Anastasiadou - Phillip Andrews 66
Amazon and Seattle Got It Right!
Smart People ➔ Smart Business ➔ Smart Industry ➔ Smart City ➔ More Smart People ➔ …
Apple’s New HQ
Google’s Future HQ
#4 Misunderstanding
• Art is not critical to Smart Cities. Yes, it is!
• Art (just like Architecture) must equally support and
reinforce the culture of creativity and innovation!
• Because it is creativity and innovation that will create
the prosperity, wealth, and sustainable growth for the
city!
• Isn’t this the core issue and major challenge for all
Economic Development efforts and plans?
76
Office designs and decors should be considered manifestations of art!
#5 Misunderstanding
• The same-old, same-old style of governance will NOT cut
it in the future. Smart Cities require a new style of
governance. It is called:
What Participatory Democracy
Implies
• It implies that:
• The citizens are involved in decision making (affecting the
direction, design, and the future of their cities).
• The citizens and their well-being (and QoL) are the focal
point of most decisions.
• It’s OK to take power away from the bureaucrats and pen
pushers. Most of them don’t really care about the future.
• It’s smart to move faster towards the future --- no more foot
dragging and procrastination. No more political games and
silly posturing.
A Key Realization
• The future of our society and civilization is very promising and very
challenging at the same time. The foundational organizations of
our society today are slow and inefficient, so they are ideal
candidates for disruption because there is a lot of room for
improvement. This is the main reason why Smart Cities are
crucial in shaping our future. They represent the best vehicle for
creative disruption and the main trigger to create a new civilization
that is better than all previous civilizations! We are watching the
emergence of a new civilization --- and very few politicians
understand it, can lead it, or can design it the right way!
• We are the hope of the world! … We are the world, we are the
children …!
Discussion Points
Kleio Anastasiadou - Phillip Andrews 80
Thought Prompters
• All civilizations rise and fall … and most of them all they leave
behind is their art and architecture. What does that tell us?
• Is Art History? Is Architecture History?
• From the documentary “CIVILIZATION”:
• “The urge to make things beyond the demands of shelter
or sustenance pushed us to build something greater and
more lasting than ourselves”
• Why?
Thought Prompters (Cont’d)
• From the documentary “CIVILIZATION”:
• “All around the world objects, images and buildings that
startle us out of the daily routine, transforming what it feels
like to be human, and to live richly and fully engaged with
the world around us.”
• Does this still matter today?
• Do we need reminders that life is more than just work and
a series of boring routines?
Get out and enjoy life!
Life is visiting and enjoying
Mother Nature!
Life is enjoying all the beautiful
things around us!
Life is a song waiting to be
sung!
Life is being happy with your
family!
Life is seeing things that elevate
your mind and soul!
Life is understanding life!
Thought Prompters (Cont’d)
• From the documentary “CIVILIZATION”:
• “(Humans need) to create cultures and communities, to
build civilizations.” “(Architectural) miracles opened our
eyes , provoked us to think, moved our emotions.” “
• Does this still matter today?
• Do we need reminders that life is more than just work and
a series of boring routines?
Key Reminders
• Art and Architecture change the world around us! They are as
powerful as Mother Nature because they remind us of our
inner beauty!
• Art and Architecture are very foundational to our civilization …
an expression of our humanity!
• Art and Architecture are manifestations of our collective
wisdom and monuments to our values & beliefs (our culture)!
Something To Mediate About
• Great Art and Architecture can and should
spur/stimulate/provoke Innovation and Creativity!
• Bad Art and Architecture dampen the minds and kill Creativity!
• So, what is your city doing with Art & Architecture?
• Are you proud of what you have?
• Do you feel that your Art and Architecture denotes,
symbolizes, and “screams” SMAAAAAART?
• Afterall, there ART in SMART!
And Final Reminders
• The future is all about Innovation and Creativity!
• The future will be won (yes, won) by the ones that can
innovate and create faster, better, cheaper!
• The future will create a bigger gap between “The Haves (=
the ones that “get it”) and “The Have-Nots (= the ones that
don’t get it)
The Time Machine story got it backwards.
The Morlocks are the good people that “get it” and become “The Haves”,
while the Eloi are the morons that “don’t get it” and become “The Have-Nots”.
Case Study 1
What’s wrong with these pictures?
Let’s discuss.
Conclusion
• The Sussex Innovation Centre (in UK) is nothing more than a
low-level incubator catering mostly to graduate students.
• Ugly building.
• Interior settings similar to traditional classrooms and library
conference rooms.
• Old equipment.
• No art.
• Nothing exciting.
This is typical of most Innovation
Centers that we have seen in many
cities, States, and countries.
This is NOT a surprise!
It is traditional thinking!
Case Study 2
Proposed Smart City Called Frisco Station.
Question: Does It Look Smart?
Almost --- it is sort of
eye-pleasing, but it
could have been so, so
much better
The Key and Strategic Questions
Are:
• Does 5G make Frisco Station smart?
• Do autonomous vehicles make it smart?
• Do flying taxis make it smart?
• Does IOT coupled with 1000 sensors make it smart?
• The answer is:
… Because
• The primary emphasis is on technology, NOT on:
• People
• Culture
• Future sustainable development and growth
• Ecosystems (see next slide)
• The introduction of exciting zones (as they were mentioned earlier)
• Combining the best of Green, Clean, Resilient, and
Sustainable solutions
• QOL (see the slide after next)
Smart
City
Reminder: Without the right ecosystems,
innovation is dead upon arrival
And there is a 4th one & a 5th one:
The Government and
Socioeconomic Ecosystems
Key Point About Technology
• Technology improves people’s lives. We have already seen
the dramatic improvements in society and civilization due to
technological advancements in the last 150 years. However,
technology always needs to be focused on the needs and
wants of people. But now we are reaching the point of
pursuing technology for the sake of technology, to the point of
spoiling and even harming people’s lives, mental and physical
abilities, social skills, …
• Does anyone really believe that technology alone will
really improve our QoL?
Here’s an insight from T. S. Eliot’s
1934 poem “The Rock”
Where is the Life we have lost in living?
Where is the wisdom we have lost in knowledge?
Where is the knowledge we have lost in the information?
• https://placesjournal.org/article/a-city-is-not-a-computer/?gclid=CjwKCAjw-
7LrBRB6EiwAhh1yX61fePjFxyYKbwsXmmNzhjxrT6S85ScMf-0Re7pNioQhAvEu0Q2NlRoCcZIQAvD_BwE&cn-reloaded=1
• https://charterforcompassion.org/problem-solving/against-the-smart-city
BackupSlides
For Additional Discussion
A Delicate Balance
Where would you rather work?
93% Cities are getting better!
Another Key Realizationhttps://slate.com/technology/2015/11/psychology-of-boring-architecture-the-damaging-impact-of-big-ugly-buildings-on-mental-
health.html
https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/sep/16/bad-buildings-damage-mental-health-research-anxiety-depression
• Most buildings pay attention to functionality, rather than
beauty and art. The thinking is that beautiful and artistic
buildings cost more to design and build, which will deter most
buyers. Although this is true, no one puts a price tag on the
negative impact of trivial and mundane buildings that have on
people and society, such as:
• Physical Health Decline
• Mental Health Decline
• Crime Escalations and Proliferations
• Culture Deterioration
• Environmental Damages and Losses
In other words, the damage and negative effects
surpass by far the benefits of “functional” (and
mundane, dull, and ordinary) buildings.
The sad reality is that governments do NOT know
how to quantify the negative impacts and help
citizens make better choices, nor do they pass
the right laws to prevent more damage!
We all pay for the bad impacts!
…and that is not the only
penalty that New Yorkers
pay.
It is time to rethink what we
are doing to ourselves.
Another Key Realization:
All cities change and
evolve!
This is NYC
approximately 100 years
ago!
We’ve come a long way in the last 100 years,
and we will get a lot further along in the next 100 years!
What London Looked
Like 100 Years Ago
Kleio Anastasiadou - Phillip Andrews 110
What London Looks
Like Today
Kleio Anastasiadou - Phillip Andrews 111
What
London
May
Look
Like 100
Years
From
Now
Or This!
Kleio Anastasiadou - Phillip Andrews 113
Are cities preparing
for such changes?
Revelation:
The changes of the
future will be more
drastic than all
previous changes
combined!
Reminder
https://www.eweek.com/innovation/nine-steps-to-future-
proofing-smart-cities
This Is What People in 1899
Thought Will Happen By 2000!
Fear of being
wrong prevents
99.0% of all
politicians of
taking any risks
and preparing
for the future!
This is why the
future is
typically left up
to the
businesspeople!
Some Predictions Were Accurate!
Drones can do that today! Skype and FaceTime can do that today!
More Predictions That Became Or
Will Become Reality Soon
Participatory Management Is Even
More Essential For The Emerging
4th Type Of Smart Cities:
The Self-Managed Smart Cities

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原版制作(英国Southampton毕业证书)南安普顿大学毕业证录取通知书一模一样
 

Urban planning 4 smart cities v4

  • 1. Urban Planning Revisited. New Inputs For Smart Cities! (4-HrWorkshopwithtwoFrenchArchitecturalFirms) Kleio Anastasiadou, Architect Phillip Andrews, Smart Cities Consultant August 2019
  • 2. “The Future Of The City” “New Directions In Urban Planning” From Peter Wolf’s Book 1974
  • 3. 1974 Directions To Urban Planners • Plan for people, not cars • Forget growth as a goal; concentrate on the quality of life • Build and renovate urban housing for all income groups in locations served by (mass) transit • Maintain public spaces and services • Urban clusters should be tight, integrated with transit, and designed for pedestrians and should contain a variety of spaces and activities • The available capacity downtown – older buildings, districts, waterfronts, streets, empty spaces, and transit – will be renewed
  • 4. 1974 Directions To Urban Planners (cont’d) • Make downtown the regional center where cultural, educational, medical, financial and other institutions, businesses, and government (agencies) are tightly clustered • Downtown will increasingly attract residents and investment
  • 6. Revised Directions To Urban Planners • Plan for people, not cars ➔ Plan for people and vehicles of all types. Smart Mobility is a key magnet to attract Smart People • Forget growth as a goal; concentrate on the quality of life ➔ Growth is a main goal. Plan for massive Urbanization. And yes, QOL still matters! • Build and renovate urban housing for all income groups in locations served by (mass) transit ➔ Still true today • Maintain public spaces and services ➔ Increase public spaces and services; add many digital/online services • Urban clusters should be tight, integrated with transit, and designed for pedestrians and should contain a variety of spaces and activities ➔ Cluster like activities in Zones/Districts (Cultural Zone, Entertainment Zone, Sports Zone, Innovation Zone, Business/Industry Zone, Medical Zone, etc.)
  • 8. The Cité des Sciences et de l’Industrie "City of Science and Industry" (abbreviated CSI) • CSI is the biggest science museum in Europe. Located in Parc de la Villette in Paris, France, it is one of the three dozen French Cultural Centers of Science, Technology and Industry (CCSTI), promoting science and science culture. • About five million people visit the Cité each year. Attractions include a planetarium, a submarine (the Argonaute), an IMAX theatre, an Employment Center, an Innovation Center, … and special areas for children and teenagers. • CSI is classified as a public establishment of an industrial and commercial character, an establishment specializing in the fostering of scientific and technical culture. The goal of the CSI is to spread scientific and technical knowledge among the public, particularly for youth, and to promote public interest in science, research, innovation, and industry.
  • 9. Two Major Points About Citè 1. Innovation is at the forefront and center of all those “Cities”, sending the strong message that innovation matters. 2. 36 such “Cities” send another subliminal message: Innovation is part of the fabric and culture of Paris … and the entire country of France. These two overt and loud messages are part of the approach of creating a nationwide Culture Of Innovation, which is a critical ingredient in having thriving and robust Smart Cities. The Culture Of Innovation is another strong magnet of attracting Smart People!!!
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  • 14. BTW, here is Valencia’s version of Cité 14
  • 15. Revised Directions To Urban Planners (cont’d) • The available capacity downtown – older buildings, districts, waterfronts, streets, empty spaces, and transit – will (and should) be renewed ➔ But with added emphasis on the planned zones and other imperatives, such as becoming a Smart, Green, and Sustainable City • Make downtown the regional center where cultural, educational, medical, financial and other institutions, businesses, and government (agencies) are tightly clustered ➔ Per the Zone/District concept • Downtown (should and) will increasingly attract residents and investment ➔ Per a Master Plan that offers the right “magnets” to attract the right residents, the right investment, the right industries …
  • 16. The Biggest Change Since 1974: The Emergence of Smart Cities Combining Architecture with Science & State-Of- The-Art Technologies Kleio Anastasiadou - Phillip Andrews 16
  • 17. What Must Be Added
  • 18. Per UN Habitat Direction • Engaging stakeholders in Urban Planning and the co- financing of urban infrastructure and services ➔ Encourage PPPs • Enhancing the sense of ownership and responsibility amongst all stakeholders for improved maintenance and operation of urban infrastructure and services • Improving the technical quality of urban project proposals and management • Improving Urban Management practices • Making Urban Planning transparent and accountable
  • 19. What Else Is Missing • Always plan based on a Vision of The Future City (= Smart City) • See next slide • Visit: https://reset.org/node/27044 • Always plan for Sustainable, Green and Clean Development • Always plan for an Advanced Technical Infrastructure. The Technical Infrastructure is as important or even more important than all other infrastructure. In the very near future the technical infrastructure will be as important and as essential as the electrical and water grids or infrastructures • Always plan for Creativity, Innovation … and Differentiation because they are some of the best magnets for attracting the best of the best. Smart Cities cannot exist w/o Smart People!
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  • 26. An Important Point • Strategic Urban Planning should reflect the complex and continuous process of city change. • The following attributes, (see next two slides) when combined effectively, define a successful and comprehensive strategic planning process
  • 27. The Top Two Imperatives For Smart City Planning 1. Architecture and Art matter. They are among the Top 3 magnets for cities all over the world. (The other two are Smart People and Smart Culture). • Therefore it is imperative that public buildings (incl. stadiums, hospitals, libraries, train stations, schools, etc.) to have the appealing look and image that the city wants to portray to the rest of the world. Functionality and costs are secondary issues. Of course, it would be nice if one could be perfect on all dimensions. • This implies that the city must approve the designs of buildings, not only for the traditional standards and guidelines, but also for the desired architecture that draws people in, mesmerizes them, lifts their spirits … and inspires minds to be expecting even more!
  • 28. The Top Two Imperatives For Smart City Planning (cont’d) 2. Combine Architecture with State-Of-The-Art Technologies. Buildings should integrate and incorporate the best technologies, such 5G, IoT, Sensor Technologies (of all types), AI, Cybersecurity, etc. (https://builtworlds.com/insights/50- hottest-technologies-products-systems-smart-buildings/) • Smart Buildings integrate and abide by the guidelines of LEED Certification • Smart Buildings (by definition) are Green, Clean, and Sustainable buildings (incl. provisions made for vertical gardens and farms) • Smart Buildings encourage the use of smart devices, appliances and other equipment • Smart buildings also provide smart parking for smart cars and provide access to smart public transportation
  • 29. Smart Hospital Design And State-Of-The-Art Technologies
  • 30. Parkland Hospital Did It Right!!! Nice Zen Garden Available Public Transportation
  • 31. Planning Attributes • It is oriented towards the future and attempts to foresee how the world could be different five to ten 20 – 30 years from now. It is aimed at setting the city’s development direction based on what this future is likely to look like. Please connect the dots! The future is not as invisible as most people think • It is flexible and oriented towards the larger picture (including global and local megatrends and undercurrents). It aligns the city with its environment, setting a context for meeting goals and providing a framework and direction to achieve the city’s desired future
  • 32. Kleio Anastasiadou - Phillip Andrews 32 A Vision For Paris For 2050 calibeau paris
  • 33. Planning Attributes (Cont’d) • It creates a framework for competitive advantage through thorough analysis of the city, its internal and external environment, and its potential. This enables cities to respond to the emerging trends, events, challenges, and opportunities within the framework of the vision and mission they have developed through the strategic planning process • It is a qualitative, idea-driven process. It integrates “soft” data that are not always supported quantitatively, such as experiences, intuition and ideas, and involves stakeholders in the ongoing dialogue with the aim of providing a clear vision and focus for the city • It allows a city to focus because it is a process of dynamic, continuous self-analysis (and self-improvement)
  • 34. And Don’t Forget That There Is An Urban Crisis Going On This puts additional pressure on cities like Dallas to come up with the right solutions. This topic is addressed in another presentation.
  • 35. From: https://reset.org/node/27044 • It is generally believed that the boom in urbanisation is strongly linked to economic growth, industrialisation and the perception of better employment prospects. The United Nations views cities as drivers of economic and human development and argues that "a critical mass of people, ideas, infrastructure and resources acts as a magnet of development, attracting migrants, private firms, investors and developers. All of this enhances the prospects for more employment opportunities, wealth creation, innovation and knowledge, which are all major factors of prosperity." While this may certainly be the case in some areas, it does not have a blanket effect.
  • 36. Clarification • Although a critical mass of people, ideas, infrastructure and resources acts as magnets of development, it does not mean that the city is smart, or it has the potential to become smart. There is a huge difference between attracting general masses of people, and attracting the best and smartest people. There are plenty of examples of cities growing fast (due to unfettered Urbanization), but have zero potential for a bright future. • Yes, they will have a lot of problems in the future! Why? • Pollution, Congestion, Crime, Employment, Poor Health, Subpar Services, etc.
  • 37. Most Important Point •Every Industrial Revolution had winners and losers. • When I mover to Detroit, it was the 4th largest city in America. Today it’s 17th, and may drop even further. • For the first time since before the Civil War, Detroit is not among the nation’s 20 most populous cities. • Detroit’s population was 677,116 as of last summer (2015), a loss of 3,107 residents from the previous year, according to estimates released Thursday by the U.S. Census Bureau. • That’s the smallest decline in decades, but it was enough to drop the city to 21st in the nation, surpassed by Seattle, Denver and El Paso, Texas. • https://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/detroit-city/2016/05/19/detroit- population-rank-lowest-since/84574198/
  • 38. There will be winners and losers with this Industrial Revolution massive digital transformations!
  • 40. #1 Misunderstanding • Urban Planning and Development is separate from Economic Development. No, it is NOT! They are the two sides of the same coin.
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  • 42. • Academics Ecosystems • Innovation Culture • Services and QOS • Entrepreneur and Existing Business Development • Workforce and Leadership Development
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  • 44. #2 Misunderstanding • Technology is the end game. No, it is NOT! Although technology improves a city’s performance, differentiation … and level of smartness, it is not the end game. • The game is NOT The Techno-Fix, but rather The Wisdom-Fix (that among other “fixes” it leverages the Techno-Fix) • Installing 1,000 smart parking garages, 1M smart poles, 3B smart lights, and an infinite number of other sensors do NOT make a city a “Smart City”. • “Smart” is the combination of the chosen political system, types of technologies and systems, art, culture, types of exciting services … and QOL. • “Smart” is also the aggregate and combination of smart transportation, smart education, smart health care, smart retail, smart industries, smart energy, smart water, smart roads, smart buildings, smart society … smart everything!
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  • 46. #3 Misunderstanding • The Cultural Zone is simply an aggregation of museums and art galleries. No, it is NOT! The Cultural Zone should be the focal point for inspiration aimed at lifting the human spirit, thrilling the soul, and energizing the creative mind. The Culture Zone should support and reinforce the theme of Innovation. Haphazard art does very little to raise the collective culture. The culture must be purposeful and persistent, focused on specific (Smart) City imperatives. Pleasant and beautiful art depictions are no longer enough to trigger images and quests of grandeur! • Architecture must equally support and reinforce the culture of creativity and innovation!
  • 47. Key Point The Parthenon was more than an architectural marvel and an engineering wonder! It also represented the culture, religious beliefs (captured in mythologies), and the virtues of society. It reflected the Athenian society – an aide memoire to what the city stood for (sort of a constant reminder)
  • 49. U. Of Cincinnati Ugly Campus
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  • 52. A Key Reminder • Architecture is art. It can enthuse and excite people, or it can turn them off! It can enhance the “Smart” image, or it can kill it! • Architecture always was a key “magnet” and it will always remain a key “magnet” to attract Smart Citizens. https://commonpurpose.org/knowledge-hub-archive/all-articles/smart-cities-cities-as-magnets/
  • 53. • A Unique Silhouette • Great Design Outside and Inside • Amazing Engineering • Perfect Symmetry or Tantalizing Asymmetry • It becomes an Agent of Change • It reflects the Values and Beliefs of the Smart Community/City • It uplifts the Human Spirit • It supports Sustainable Development & Living https://architizer.com/blog/inspiration/industry/your-magnum-opus/
  • 54. A Poetic Metaphor A Unique Silhouette Great Design, Amazing Engineering, and Perfect Symmetry
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  • 57. Different Tastes For Different People
  • 58. Great Design, Amazing Engineering, and Tantalizing Asymmetry
  • 59. All Architectural Key Ingredients Integrated into One Design
  • 60. A Moment of Courage Eco Friendly People Friendly and Eco Friendly
  • 61. New Megatrend: Vertical Farms, Vertical Gardens, Indoor Gardens, Rooftop Gardens. Goal or Purpose: Bringing people back close to Mother Nature. Concrete jungles are NOT good for people. Combining Urban and Rural environments is good for people!
  • 62. 64 This 14,000m² farm is set to open in the south-west of Paris early 2020An Agent of Change. Combining Urban and Rural Environments! https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/aug/13/worlds- largest-urban-farm-to-open-on-a-paris-rooftop
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  • 64. Kleio Anastasiadou - Phillip Andrews 66
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  • 66. Amazon and Seattle Got It Right! Smart People ➔ Smart Business ➔ Smart Industry ➔ Smart City ➔ More Smart People ➔ …
  • 69. #4 Misunderstanding • Art is not critical to Smart Cities. Yes, it is! • Art (just like Architecture) must equally support and reinforce the culture of creativity and innovation! • Because it is creativity and innovation that will create the prosperity, wealth, and sustainable growth for the city! • Isn’t this the core issue and major challenge for all Economic Development efforts and plans?
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  • 74. 76 Office designs and decors should be considered manifestations of art!
  • 75. #5 Misunderstanding • The same-old, same-old style of governance will NOT cut it in the future. Smart Cities require a new style of governance. It is called:
  • 76. What Participatory Democracy Implies • It implies that: • The citizens are involved in decision making (affecting the direction, design, and the future of their cities). • The citizens and their well-being (and QoL) are the focal point of most decisions. • It’s OK to take power away from the bureaucrats and pen pushers. Most of them don’t really care about the future. • It’s smart to move faster towards the future --- no more foot dragging and procrastination. No more political games and silly posturing.
  • 77. A Key Realization • The future of our society and civilization is very promising and very challenging at the same time. The foundational organizations of our society today are slow and inefficient, so they are ideal candidates for disruption because there is a lot of room for improvement. This is the main reason why Smart Cities are crucial in shaping our future. They represent the best vehicle for creative disruption and the main trigger to create a new civilization that is better than all previous civilizations! We are watching the emergence of a new civilization --- and very few politicians understand it, can lead it, or can design it the right way! • We are the hope of the world! … We are the world, we are the children …!
  • 78. Discussion Points Kleio Anastasiadou - Phillip Andrews 80
  • 79. Thought Prompters • All civilizations rise and fall … and most of them all they leave behind is their art and architecture. What does that tell us? • Is Art History? Is Architecture History? • From the documentary “CIVILIZATION”: • “The urge to make things beyond the demands of shelter or sustenance pushed us to build something greater and more lasting than ourselves” • Why?
  • 80. Thought Prompters (Cont’d) • From the documentary “CIVILIZATION”: • “All around the world objects, images and buildings that startle us out of the daily routine, transforming what it feels like to be human, and to live richly and fully engaged with the world around us.” • Does this still matter today? • Do we need reminders that life is more than just work and a series of boring routines?
  • 81. Get out and enjoy life! Life is visiting and enjoying Mother Nature! Life is enjoying all the beautiful things around us! Life is a song waiting to be sung! Life is being happy with your family! Life is seeing things that elevate your mind and soul! Life is understanding life!
  • 82. Thought Prompters (Cont’d) • From the documentary “CIVILIZATION”: • “(Humans need) to create cultures and communities, to build civilizations.” “(Architectural) miracles opened our eyes , provoked us to think, moved our emotions.” “ • Does this still matter today? • Do we need reminders that life is more than just work and a series of boring routines?
  • 83. Key Reminders • Art and Architecture change the world around us! They are as powerful as Mother Nature because they remind us of our inner beauty! • Art and Architecture are very foundational to our civilization … an expression of our humanity! • Art and Architecture are manifestations of our collective wisdom and monuments to our values & beliefs (our culture)!
  • 84. Something To Mediate About • Great Art and Architecture can and should spur/stimulate/provoke Innovation and Creativity! • Bad Art and Architecture dampen the minds and kill Creativity! • So, what is your city doing with Art & Architecture? • Are you proud of what you have? • Do you feel that your Art and Architecture denotes, symbolizes, and “screams” SMAAAAAART? • Afterall, there ART in SMART!
  • 85. And Final Reminders • The future is all about Innovation and Creativity! • The future will be won (yes, won) by the ones that can innovate and create faster, better, cheaper! • The future will create a bigger gap between “The Haves (= the ones that “get it”) and “The Have-Nots (= the ones that don’t get it)
  • 86. The Time Machine story got it backwards. The Morlocks are the good people that “get it” and become “The Haves”, while the Eloi are the morons that “don’t get it” and become “The Have-Nots”.
  • 88. What’s wrong with these pictures? Let’s discuss.
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  • 90. Conclusion • The Sussex Innovation Centre (in UK) is nothing more than a low-level incubator catering mostly to graduate students. • Ugly building. • Interior settings similar to traditional classrooms and library conference rooms. • Old equipment. • No art. • Nothing exciting. This is typical of most Innovation Centers that we have seen in many cities, States, and countries. This is NOT a surprise! It is traditional thinking!
  • 92. Proposed Smart City Called Frisco Station. Question: Does It Look Smart? Almost --- it is sort of eye-pleasing, but it could have been so, so much better
  • 93. The Key and Strategic Questions Are: • Does 5G make Frisco Station smart? • Do autonomous vehicles make it smart? • Do flying taxis make it smart? • Does IOT coupled with 1000 sensors make it smart? • The answer is:
  • 94. … Because • The primary emphasis is on technology, NOT on: • People • Culture • Future sustainable development and growth • Ecosystems (see next slide) • The introduction of exciting zones (as they were mentioned earlier) • Combining the best of Green, Clean, Resilient, and Sustainable solutions • QOL (see the slide after next)
  • 95. Smart City Reminder: Without the right ecosystems, innovation is dead upon arrival And there is a 4th one & a 5th one: The Government and Socioeconomic Ecosystems
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  • 97. Key Point About Technology • Technology improves people’s lives. We have already seen the dramatic improvements in society and civilization due to technological advancements in the last 150 years. However, technology always needs to be focused on the needs and wants of people. But now we are reaching the point of pursuing technology for the sake of technology, to the point of spoiling and even harming people’s lives, mental and physical abilities, social skills, … • Does anyone really believe that technology alone will really improve our QoL?
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  • 99. Here’s an insight from T. S. Eliot’s 1934 poem “The Rock” Where is the Life we have lost in living? Where is the wisdom we have lost in knowledge? Where is the knowledge we have lost in the information? • https://placesjournal.org/article/a-city-is-not-a-computer/?gclid=CjwKCAjw- 7LrBRB6EiwAhh1yX61fePjFxyYKbwsXmmNzhjxrT6S85ScMf-0Re7pNioQhAvEu0Q2NlRoCcZIQAvD_BwE&cn-reloaded=1 • https://charterforcompassion.org/problem-solving/against-the-smart-city
  • 102. Where would you rather work?
  • 103. 93% Cities are getting better!
  • 104. Another Key Realizationhttps://slate.com/technology/2015/11/psychology-of-boring-architecture-the-damaging-impact-of-big-ugly-buildings-on-mental- health.html https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/sep/16/bad-buildings-damage-mental-health-research-anxiety-depression • Most buildings pay attention to functionality, rather than beauty and art. The thinking is that beautiful and artistic buildings cost more to design and build, which will deter most buyers. Although this is true, no one puts a price tag on the negative impact of trivial and mundane buildings that have on people and society, such as: • Physical Health Decline • Mental Health Decline • Crime Escalations and Proliferations • Culture Deterioration • Environmental Damages and Losses In other words, the damage and negative effects surpass by far the benefits of “functional” (and mundane, dull, and ordinary) buildings. The sad reality is that governments do NOT know how to quantify the negative impacts and help citizens make better choices, nor do they pass the right laws to prevent more damage! We all pay for the bad impacts!
  • 105. …and that is not the only penalty that New Yorkers pay. It is time to rethink what we are doing to ourselves.
  • 106. Another Key Realization: All cities change and evolve! This is NYC approximately 100 years ago!
  • 107. We’ve come a long way in the last 100 years, and we will get a lot further along in the next 100 years!
  • 108. What London Looked Like 100 Years Ago Kleio Anastasiadou - Phillip Andrews 110
  • 109. What London Looks Like Today Kleio Anastasiadou - Phillip Andrews 111
  • 111. Or This! Kleio Anastasiadou - Phillip Andrews 113 Are cities preparing for such changes? Revelation: The changes of the future will be more drastic than all previous changes combined!
  • 113. This Is What People in 1899 Thought Will Happen By 2000! Fear of being wrong prevents 99.0% of all politicians of taking any risks and preparing for the future! This is why the future is typically left up to the businesspeople!
  • 114. Some Predictions Were Accurate! Drones can do that today! Skype and FaceTime can do that today!
  • 115. More Predictions That Became Or Will Become Reality Soon
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  • 120. Participatory Management Is Even More Essential For The Emerging 4th Type Of Smart Cities: The Self-Managed Smart Cities