SlideShare a Scribd company logo
LESSON 1
TYPES OF SPEECH STYLE
Prepared by:
Claire Anne Requina
Jl anino
Rhynnier Dave France Cuenca
Speech or communication has been
categorized into different style or modes. One
widely-quoted classification is that of Joos (1959,
as cited in Beeching, Armstrong, & Gadet, 2009).
His five styles, although relatively old, are usually
used in studies of style-shifting not only in
spoken language but also in written language.
Characteristics of Speech Styles
( Berk- Selingson, 2012; Schaffner, 2002; Normet,
2005; Szynalski, 2015; Bartley. 2015)
1. FROZEN STYLE
This is a style for declamation
and for print. The listener or
reader is not allowed to question
the speaker (or writer).
a. Its extreme, impersonal style is clearly planned and
marked by social distance, which may probably caused by
sociocultural differences between speaker (or writer) and
listener (or reader).
b. This style is more characteristic of writing than speech,
reserved for the most formal occasion when spoken, and
then read.
c. The writing reflects the efforts of revision. It is here that
some items like careful development of thought, logical
panning, attention to stylistic features, word
appropriateness, rules of usage, and so come into full play.
d. The style invites the reader to enter into a personal
experience of creative discovery, such as literary texts, like
poetry, which he may memorize, replay, and refeel, and to
find more profound values and meanings with each
repetition, transforming the texts into a frozen one
(Broderick, 1976).
e. As the most highly formal style. It uses the most complex
grammatical sentence structure and vocabulary known only
to experts in a particular field.
f. it utilizes customary, ritualized expressions that allow
listeners (or readers) to identify the large speech event in
which it is embedded (e.g., a marriage vow, a judicial
sentencing).
g. Documents written in this style practically have no
variation in the range of their expression, no deviation
from preset norms (e.g., statutes, briefs, appellate
opinions, insurance policies, contracts, leases, and wills).
2. FORMAL STYLE
This style, whose aim is to
inform, is intended for a captive
audience.
a. Like the frozen style, this is impersonal and marked for
social distances.
b. it required advance planning and preparation because
the speaker (or writer) is “under obligation to provide a
plan for the whole sentence before he begins uttering it,
and a delimitation of field for his whole discourse before
he embarks on it.”
c. Formal style of writing needs careful editing.
d. In speaking, what the speaker says is something that
has been prepared beforehand (e.g., reading the news or
delivering a speech).
e. Formal English is used in “serious” texts and situations
–for example, in official documents, books, news reports,
magazine or journal articles, business letters, or official
speeches.
f. Its usually elaborate complex sentences and noun
phrases are well structured, logically sequenced, and
strongly coherent. It uses formal words and expressions.
Study this example :
“Toyota’s sales bounced back in March as substantial
discounts helped to win back customers who had been shaken by the
firm’s mass safety recalls.”
Compare it with its casually or informally expressed counterpart:
“ Did you see Toyota’s sale figures? Look like the discounts
have actually worked.”
g. The standard of correctness in this style is high.
Some phrases, which are considered correct (or at
least acceptable) in casual, informal English, are
wrong in formal English. For instance, refer to the
following sentences:
“We have made less mistakes.”
(formal: “We made less mistakes.”)
“She’s liking it.” (formal: “ She likes it.”)
“I feel real good.” (formal: I feel really good.”)
3. CONSULTATIVE STYLE
This is the normal style for speaking to
strangers or persons who are neither
acquaintances nor friends or relatives (e.g., in a
dialog or interview).
a. The two defining features of this style are (a) “the
speaker supplies background information– he does
not assume that he will be understood without it, and
(b) the listener participates continuously.”
b. This speech style uses feedback and listener
participation. The information provided by the
communicators in their responses is just enough for
participation and cooperation in the exchange, and the
speaker depends on the listener’s responses in deciding
whether he is being understood, should be more specific,
or should reformulate what he is going to say next while
he is speaking.
c. It is more or less the self-imposed style for
communicating with strangers with whom we feel we share
sociocultural and situational assumptions or opinions in a
general way.
d. It is unplanned speech; it is “unmarked” or the baseline
and ordinary type of speech in American English among
persons who do not know each other.
For instance, the business exchange or dialog that
takes place via telephone, which is filled with
contractions (e.g., “we’re” for “we are,” “that’s” for “that
is”), fillers and hedges (e.g., “oh, ”I see,” ”ah” and "well”)
4. CASUAL OR INFORMAL STYLE
This style is used in conservations
between friends and insiders who
have something to share and have
shared background information.
a. It is marked by various degrees of implicitness
because of intimacy between speaker (or writer)
and listener (or reader).
b. There is free and easy participation of both
speaker (or writer) and listener (or reader).
c. Casual or informal language is a carefree way of
communicating , and one in which those who know
you can easily understand or relate to.
d. It is appropriate to use casual language in situations
where speech is improved and not prepared ahead of time,
or when the writer is writing quickly without editing (e.g.,
internet chat rooms, blogs , personal emails, or tweets).
e. You also use casual language when you want to get to
know someone on a more personal level, or you want the
personal level, or you want the person to feel at ease.
 (example from E.)
 For example, a simple greeting with those you know well
might probably be the casual “Hi,” “Hey, What’s up?” or
“How’s it going?” not the formal “How do you do?” or
“Nice to meet you, Mr./Mrs./Ms.,Dr., Rev.” When you are
in a dinner party with friends, and you need to leave for
an urgent phone call , you might say, “One sec” or “I’ll be
back,” not the formal “Would you please excuse me for a
moment?” or “Excuse me,” which might perhaps use with
your teacher or your boss.
f. The defining devices of casual or informal style are
ellipsis, slang, profanity, and unconventional English;
ellipsis comes in the form of omission of phonological,
grammatical, or lexical units.
For example , instead of saying “ I believe that I can go
with you,” you might say to a friend “ I believe I can go with
you ,” omitting “that,” or “ Believe c’n go with you,” omitting
both “I” and “a” of “can.”
g. The diction or vocabulary is informal , colloquial.
Some of the vocabulary used only in casual situations
are “dude” (a person); “ freaking out” (getting scared;
wondering what was happening); “uh-huh” (yes);
“nope” (no); “puke” (throw up); “stuff” (things); “to tick
someone off” (to upset someone); “like crazy” (a lot or
excessively; usually with a verb).
h. Its casual language uses words/phrases that are
shortened like “I’m doin’ it my way” (doing); “Lemme
go!” (let me go); “Whatcha gonna do?” (what are
you going to do?); “Whassup?” (what’s up?); “ I
kinda wanna go to the movies” (kind of want to).
4. INTIMATE STYLE
This style is used in conversations
between people who are very close and
know each other quite well because of
having maximum of shared
background information.
a. it is characterized by an economy of words, with a high
incidence of significant nonverbal communication, such as
gesture, facial expression, eye contact, and so on.
b. There is free and easy participation of both speaker and
listener, and is far from elliptical than the casual, informal.
Ex: If the sentence “Coffee’s cold” is used as an example
in casual speech style, then “Cold” is the equivalent sentence
in intimate style.
c. Intimate style is often not heard in court
proceedings although the affirmative “Uh-huh” is
sometimes used by witnesses.
d. Intimate style, however, may be used among
jurors during their out-of-the-courtroom
deliberations after their intense, highly formal
interaction inside the courtroom.
Joo’s styles are ranked in terms of the
relationship between speaker (or writer) and
listener (or reader) on a level of formality, from
the most formal to the least formal style:
(a) frozen style- like a cold form of communication meant
to discourage someone from participating.
(b) formal style- for instance, a speech in an official setting.
(c) consultative style- with “a conversation between
strangers” as example.
(d) casual style- such as a conversation between friends.
(e) intimate style- such as a private conversation between
two persons who know each other extremely well.
Try it Out!
A 20-year-old employee is suspended of having
kidnapped the four-year-old son of the owner of the
factory where the employee is working. Pretend that
you are a news reporter assigned to interview both
the suspect and the mother of the victim. Which of
the speech style will you use to gain the suspect’s
trust and cooperation? On the other hand, which
style can you use to make the victim’s mother feel
better and lessen her suffering?

More Related Content

What's hot

KOmunikasyon at Pananaliksik
KOmunikasyon at PananaliksikKOmunikasyon at Pananaliksik
KOmunikasyon at Pananaliksik
Alexis Torio
 
FORMULATING ASSERTIONS
FORMULATING ASSERTIONSFORMULATING ASSERTIONS
FORMULATING ASSERTIONS
Vanessa Ramones
 
Lesson 18 principles of speech delivery 2
Lesson 18 principles of speech delivery 2Lesson 18 principles of speech delivery 2
Lesson 18 principles of speech delivery 2
sheira jimenez
 
Communicative styles
Communicative stylesCommunicative styles
Communicative styles
Kristine Anne Evangelista
 
Nature and Elements of Communication: Oral Communication in Context
Nature and Elements of Communication: Oral Communication in ContextNature and Elements of Communication: Oral Communication in Context
Nature and Elements of Communication: Oral Communication in Context
marisolaquino18
 
Tekstong deskriptibo - Grade 11
Tekstong deskriptibo - Grade 11Tekstong deskriptibo - Grade 11
Tekstong deskriptibo - Grade 11
Nicole Angelique Pangilinan
 
Types of Speech Context
Types of Speech ContextTypes of Speech Context
Types of Speech Context
Ericka Ann Tayag
 
What is 21st Century Literature?
What is 21st Century Literature?What is 21st Century Literature?
What is 21st Century Literature?
Jahwella Ocay
 
Gamit ng Wika sa Lipunan
Gamit ng Wika sa LipunanGamit ng Wika sa Lipunan
Gamit ng Wika sa Lipunan
Jennifer Gonzales
 
Communication strategies
Communication strategiesCommunication strategies
Communication strategies
May Francisco
 
Social media at internet
Social media at internetSocial media at internet
Social media at internet
Rezifrans
 
Mga sitwasyong pangwika
Mga sitwasyong pangwikaMga sitwasyong pangwika
Mga sitwasyong pangwika
john emil estera
 
lesson 6 Cohesive-Devices FINAL.pptx
lesson 6 Cohesive-Devices FINAL.pptxlesson 6 Cohesive-Devices FINAL.pptx
lesson 6 Cohesive-Devices FINAL.pptx
Marife Culaba
 
Kakayahang pragmatiko
Kakayahang pragmatikoKakayahang pragmatiko
Kakayahang pragmatiko
RheaDelaCruz11
 
Mga Konseptong Pangwika
Mga Konseptong PangwikaMga Konseptong Pangwika
Mga Konseptong Pangwika
Karen Fajardo
 
Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika sa Pilipinas - GRADE 11
Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika sa Pilipinas - GRADE 11Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika sa Pilipinas - GRADE 11
Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika sa Pilipinas - GRADE 11
Nicole Angelique Pangilinan
 
Kakayahang Lingguwistiko sa Wikang Filipino
Kakayahang Lingguwistiko sa Wikang FilipinoKakayahang Lingguwistiko sa Wikang Filipino
Kakayahang Lingguwistiko sa Wikang Filipino
Rochelle Nato
 
Antas ng salita
Antas ng salitaAntas ng salita
Antas ng salita
PRINTDESK by Dan
 
Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika
Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika
Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika
RosetteMarcos
 
Bilingguwalismo at Multilingguwalismo
Bilingguwalismo at MultilingguwalismoBilingguwalismo at Multilingguwalismo
Bilingguwalismo at Multilingguwalismo
Rochelle Nato
 

What's hot (20)

KOmunikasyon at Pananaliksik
KOmunikasyon at PananaliksikKOmunikasyon at Pananaliksik
KOmunikasyon at Pananaliksik
 
FORMULATING ASSERTIONS
FORMULATING ASSERTIONSFORMULATING ASSERTIONS
FORMULATING ASSERTIONS
 
Lesson 18 principles of speech delivery 2
Lesson 18 principles of speech delivery 2Lesson 18 principles of speech delivery 2
Lesson 18 principles of speech delivery 2
 
Communicative styles
Communicative stylesCommunicative styles
Communicative styles
 
Nature and Elements of Communication: Oral Communication in Context
Nature and Elements of Communication: Oral Communication in ContextNature and Elements of Communication: Oral Communication in Context
Nature and Elements of Communication: Oral Communication in Context
 
Tekstong deskriptibo - Grade 11
Tekstong deskriptibo - Grade 11Tekstong deskriptibo - Grade 11
Tekstong deskriptibo - Grade 11
 
Types of Speech Context
Types of Speech ContextTypes of Speech Context
Types of Speech Context
 
What is 21st Century Literature?
What is 21st Century Literature?What is 21st Century Literature?
What is 21st Century Literature?
 
Gamit ng Wika sa Lipunan
Gamit ng Wika sa LipunanGamit ng Wika sa Lipunan
Gamit ng Wika sa Lipunan
 
Communication strategies
Communication strategiesCommunication strategies
Communication strategies
 
Social media at internet
Social media at internetSocial media at internet
Social media at internet
 
Mga sitwasyong pangwika
Mga sitwasyong pangwikaMga sitwasyong pangwika
Mga sitwasyong pangwika
 
lesson 6 Cohesive-Devices FINAL.pptx
lesson 6 Cohesive-Devices FINAL.pptxlesson 6 Cohesive-Devices FINAL.pptx
lesson 6 Cohesive-Devices FINAL.pptx
 
Kakayahang pragmatiko
Kakayahang pragmatikoKakayahang pragmatiko
Kakayahang pragmatiko
 
Mga Konseptong Pangwika
Mga Konseptong PangwikaMga Konseptong Pangwika
Mga Konseptong Pangwika
 
Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika sa Pilipinas - GRADE 11
Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika sa Pilipinas - GRADE 11Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika sa Pilipinas - GRADE 11
Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika sa Pilipinas - GRADE 11
 
Kakayahang Lingguwistiko sa Wikang Filipino
Kakayahang Lingguwistiko sa Wikang FilipinoKakayahang Lingguwistiko sa Wikang Filipino
Kakayahang Lingguwistiko sa Wikang Filipino
 
Antas ng salita
Antas ng salitaAntas ng salita
Antas ng salita
 
Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika
Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika
Mga Sitwasyong Pangwika
 
Bilingguwalismo at Multilingguwalismo
Bilingguwalismo at MultilingguwalismoBilingguwalismo at Multilingguwalismo
Bilingguwalismo at Multilingguwalismo
 

Similar to Types of Speech Style

What-Are-Speech-Styles.pdf
What-Are-Speech-Styles.pdfWhat-Are-Speech-Styles.pdf
What-Are-Speech-Styles.pdf
JacobLabrador
 
Week 7 unit 10- style, context and register
Week 7  unit 10- style, context and register Week 7  unit 10- style, context and register
Week 7 unit 10- style, context and register
Mar Iam
 
Style
StyleStyle
Style, Context and Register.pptx
Style, Context and Register.pptxStyle, Context and Register.pptx
Style, Context and Register.pptx
rabiahvirgo
 
Style, Context and Register.pptx
Style, Context and Register.pptxStyle, Context and Register.pptx
Style, Context and Register.pptx
rabiahvirgo
 
Oral assignment l.w.e 4 (1)
Oral assignment l.w.e 4 (1)Oral assignment l.w.e 4 (1)
Oral assignment l.w.e 4 (1)
PaulaChapelet
 
Basic Communicative of Styles in English
Basic Communicative of Styles in EnglishBasic Communicative of Styles in English
Basic Communicative of Styles in English
JessaBejer1
 
Formal vs informal_english
Formal vs informal_englishFormal vs informal_english
Formal vs informal_english
Joyce Twotown
 
LANE422ch5.ppt
LANE422ch5.pptLANE422ch5.ppt
LANE422ch5.ppt
Misurata University
 
1ST PURPOSIVE COMM 2nd prelim.pptx
1ST PURPOSIVE COMM 2nd prelim.pptx1ST PURPOSIVE COMM 2nd prelim.pptx
1ST PURPOSIVE COMM 2nd prelim.pptx
EpiPhanyOrcullo
 
Chapter 10 style, context and register
Chapter 10 style, context and registerChapter 10 style, context and register
Chapter 10 style, context and register
rebassabouri
 
style,context, and register.pptx
style,context, and register.pptxstyle,context, and register.pptx
style,context, and register.pptx
DellaZalfiaangraini
 
Style & audience
Style & audienceStyle & audience
Style & audience
munsif123
 
Language in society
Language in societyLanguage in society
Language in society
nada abdulsalam
 
Presentation1.pptx
Presentation1.pptxPresentation1.pptx
Presentation1.pptx
JohnVincentJornadal
 
Stylistics.pdf
Stylistics.pdfStylistics.pdf
Stylistics.pdf
Shoaib86728
 
Levels & Types of Diction
Levels & Types of DictionLevels & Types of Diction
Levels & Types of Diction
Jo Bartolata
 
Nuevo documento de microsoft office word (5)
Nuevo documento de microsoft office word (5)Nuevo documento de microsoft office word (5)
Nuevo documento de microsoft office word (5)
Cindy_27
 
Social variation in language
Social variation in language Social variation in language
Social variation in language
AhedAlhariri
 
Lesson 7
Lesson 7Lesson 7
Lesson 7
VinanaAlquizar
 

Similar to Types of Speech Style (20)

What-Are-Speech-Styles.pdf
What-Are-Speech-Styles.pdfWhat-Are-Speech-Styles.pdf
What-Are-Speech-Styles.pdf
 
Week 7 unit 10- style, context and register
Week 7  unit 10- style, context and register Week 7  unit 10- style, context and register
Week 7 unit 10- style, context and register
 
Style
StyleStyle
Style
 
Style, Context and Register.pptx
Style, Context and Register.pptxStyle, Context and Register.pptx
Style, Context and Register.pptx
 
Style, Context and Register.pptx
Style, Context and Register.pptxStyle, Context and Register.pptx
Style, Context and Register.pptx
 
Oral assignment l.w.e 4 (1)
Oral assignment l.w.e 4 (1)Oral assignment l.w.e 4 (1)
Oral assignment l.w.e 4 (1)
 
Basic Communicative of Styles in English
Basic Communicative of Styles in EnglishBasic Communicative of Styles in English
Basic Communicative of Styles in English
 
Formal vs informal_english
Formal vs informal_englishFormal vs informal_english
Formal vs informal_english
 
LANE422ch5.ppt
LANE422ch5.pptLANE422ch5.ppt
LANE422ch5.ppt
 
1ST PURPOSIVE COMM 2nd prelim.pptx
1ST PURPOSIVE COMM 2nd prelim.pptx1ST PURPOSIVE COMM 2nd prelim.pptx
1ST PURPOSIVE COMM 2nd prelim.pptx
 
Chapter 10 style, context and register
Chapter 10 style, context and registerChapter 10 style, context and register
Chapter 10 style, context and register
 
style,context, and register.pptx
style,context, and register.pptxstyle,context, and register.pptx
style,context, and register.pptx
 
Style & audience
Style & audienceStyle & audience
Style & audience
 
Language in society
Language in societyLanguage in society
Language in society
 
Presentation1.pptx
Presentation1.pptxPresentation1.pptx
Presentation1.pptx
 
Stylistics.pdf
Stylistics.pdfStylistics.pdf
Stylistics.pdf
 
Levels & Types of Diction
Levels & Types of DictionLevels & Types of Diction
Levels & Types of Diction
 
Nuevo documento de microsoft office word (5)
Nuevo documento de microsoft office word (5)Nuevo documento de microsoft office word (5)
Nuevo documento de microsoft office word (5)
 
Social variation in language
Social variation in language Social variation in language
Social variation in language
 
Lesson 7
Lesson 7Lesson 7
Lesson 7
 

Recently uploaded

Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
nitinpv4ai
 
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
Kalna College
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Accounting for Restricted Grants When and How To Record Properly
Accounting for Restricted Grants  When and How To Record ProperlyAccounting for Restricted Grants  When and How To Record Properly
Accounting for Restricted Grants When and How To Record Properly
TechSoup
 
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
PsychoTech Services
 
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
IsmaelVazquez38
 
Simple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Simple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxSimple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Simple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
RandolphRadicy
 
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
EduSkills OECD
 
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdfREASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
giancarloi8888
 
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two HeartsA Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
Steve Thomason
 
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptxA Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
OH TEIK BIN
 
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
ImMuslim
 
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brubPharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
danielkiash986
 
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
Mohammad Al-Dhahabi
 
BPSC-105 important questions for june term end exam
BPSC-105 important questions for june term end examBPSC-105 important questions for june term end exam
BPSC-105 important questions for june term end exam
sonukumargpnirsadhan
 
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.pptLevel 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Henry Hollis
 
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
khuleseema60
 
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
deepaannamalai16
 
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptxSWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
zuzanka
 
Electric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger Hunt
Electric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger HuntElectric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger Hunt
Electric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger Hunt
RamseyBerglund
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
 
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
78 Microsoft-Publisher - Sirin Sultana Bora.pptx
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 8 - CẢ NĂM - FRIENDS PLUS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (B...
 
Accounting for Restricted Grants When and How To Record Properly
Accounting for Restricted Grants  When and How To Record ProperlyAccounting for Restricted Grants  When and How To Record Properly
Accounting for Restricted Grants When and How To Record Properly
 
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
 
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
 
Simple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Simple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxSimple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Simple-Present-Tense xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
 
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
 
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdfREASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
 
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two HeartsA Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
 
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptxA Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
 
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
 
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brubPharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
Pharmaceutics Pharmaceuticals best of brub
 
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
skeleton System.pdf (skeleton system wow)
 
BPSC-105 important questions for june term end exam
BPSC-105 important questions for june term end examBPSC-105 important questions for june term end exam
BPSC-105 important questions for june term end exam
 
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.pptLevel 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
 
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
 
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
 
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptxSWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
 
Electric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger Hunt
Electric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger HuntElectric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger Hunt
Electric Fetus - Record Store Scavenger Hunt
 

Types of Speech Style

  • 1. LESSON 1 TYPES OF SPEECH STYLE Prepared by: Claire Anne Requina Jl anino Rhynnier Dave France Cuenca
  • 2. Speech or communication has been categorized into different style or modes. One widely-quoted classification is that of Joos (1959, as cited in Beeching, Armstrong, & Gadet, 2009). His five styles, although relatively old, are usually used in studies of style-shifting not only in spoken language but also in written language.
  • 3. Characteristics of Speech Styles ( Berk- Selingson, 2012; Schaffner, 2002; Normet, 2005; Szynalski, 2015; Bartley. 2015)
  • 4. 1. FROZEN STYLE This is a style for declamation and for print. The listener or reader is not allowed to question the speaker (or writer).
  • 5. a. Its extreme, impersonal style is clearly planned and marked by social distance, which may probably caused by sociocultural differences between speaker (or writer) and listener (or reader). b. This style is more characteristic of writing than speech, reserved for the most formal occasion when spoken, and then read. c. The writing reflects the efforts of revision. It is here that some items like careful development of thought, logical panning, attention to stylistic features, word appropriateness, rules of usage, and so come into full play.
  • 6. d. The style invites the reader to enter into a personal experience of creative discovery, such as literary texts, like poetry, which he may memorize, replay, and refeel, and to find more profound values and meanings with each repetition, transforming the texts into a frozen one (Broderick, 1976). e. As the most highly formal style. It uses the most complex grammatical sentence structure and vocabulary known only to experts in a particular field.
  • 7. f. it utilizes customary, ritualized expressions that allow listeners (or readers) to identify the large speech event in which it is embedded (e.g., a marriage vow, a judicial sentencing). g. Documents written in this style practically have no variation in the range of their expression, no deviation from preset norms (e.g., statutes, briefs, appellate opinions, insurance policies, contracts, leases, and wills).
  • 8. 2. FORMAL STYLE This style, whose aim is to inform, is intended for a captive audience.
  • 9. a. Like the frozen style, this is impersonal and marked for social distances. b. it required advance planning and preparation because the speaker (or writer) is “under obligation to provide a plan for the whole sentence before he begins uttering it, and a delimitation of field for his whole discourse before he embarks on it.”
  • 10. c. Formal style of writing needs careful editing. d. In speaking, what the speaker says is something that has been prepared beforehand (e.g., reading the news or delivering a speech). e. Formal English is used in “serious” texts and situations –for example, in official documents, books, news reports, magazine or journal articles, business letters, or official speeches.
  • 11. f. Its usually elaborate complex sentences and noun phrases are well structured, logically sequenced, and strongly coherent. It uses formal words and expressions. Study this example : “Toyota’s sales bounced back in March as substantial discounts helped to win back customers who had been shaken by the firm’s mass safety recalls.” Compare it with its casually or informally expressed counterpart: “ Did you see Toyota’s sale figures? Look like the discounts have actually worked.”
  • 12. g. The standard of correctness in this style is high. Some phrases, which are considered correct (or at least acceptable) in casual, informal English, are wrong in formal English. For instance, refer to the following sentences: “We have made less mistakes.” (formal: “We made less mistakes.”) “She’s liking it.” (formal: “ She likes it.”) “I feel real good.” (formal: I feel really good.”)
  • 13. 3. CONSULTATIVE STYLE This is the normal style for speaking to strangers or persons who are neither acquaintances nor friends or relatives (e.g., in a dialog or interview). a. The two defining features of this style are (a) “the speaker supplies background information– he does not assume that he will be understood without it, and (b) the listener participates continuously.”
  • 14. b. This speech style uses feedback and listener participation. The information provided by the communicators in their responses is just enough for participation and cooperation in the exchange, and the speaker depends on the listener’s responses in deciding whether he is being understood, should be more specific, or should reformulate what he is going to say next while he is speaking.
  • 15. c. It is more or less the self-imposed style for communicating with strangers with whom we feel we share sociocultural and situational assumptions or opinions in a general way. d. It is unplanned speech; it is “unmarked” or the baseline and ordinary type of speech in American English among persons who do not know each other. For instance, the business exchange or dialog that takes place via telephone, which is filled with contractions (e.g., “we’re” for “we are,” “that’s” for “that is”), fillers and hedges (e.g., “oh, ”I see,” ”ah” and "well”)
  • 16. 4. CASUAL OR INFORMAL STYLE This style is used in conservations between friends and insiders who have something to share and have shared background information.
  • 17. a. It is marked by various degrees of implicitness because of intimacy between speaker (or writer) and listener (or reader). b. There is free and easy participation of both speaker (or writer) and listener (or reader). c. Casual or informal language is a carefree way of communicating , and one in which those who know you can easily understand or relate to.
  • 18. d. It is appropriate to use casual language in situations where speech is improved and not prepared ahead of time, or when the writer is writing quickly without editing (e.g., internet chat rooms, blogs , personal emails, or tweets). e. You also use casual language when you want to get to know someone on a more personal level, or you want the personal level, or you want the person to feel at ease.
  • 19.  (example from E.)  For example, a simple greeting with those you know well might probably be the casual “Hi,” “Hey, What’s up?” or “How’s it going?” not the formal “How do you do?” or “Nice to meet you, Mr./Mrs./Ms.,Dr., Rev.” When you are in a dinner party with friends, and you need to leave for an urgent phone call , you might say, “One sec” or “I’ll be back,” not the formal “Would you please excuse me for a moment?” or “Excuse me,” which might perhaps use with your teacher or your boss.
  • 20. f. The defining devices of casual or informal style are ellipsis, slang, profanity, and unconventional English; ellipsis comes in the form of omission of phonological, grammatical, or lexical units. For example , instead of saying “ I believe that I can go with you,” you might say to a friend “ I believe I can go with you ,” omitting “that,” or “ Believe c’n go with you,” omitting both “I” and “a” of “can.”
  • 21. g. The diction or vocabulary is informal , colloquial. Some of the vocabulary used only in casual situations are “dude” (a person); “ freaking out” (getting scared; wondering what was happening); “uh-huh” (yes); “nope” (no); “puke” (throw up); “stuff” (things); “to tick someone off” (to upset someone); “like crazy” (a lot or excessively; usually with a verb).
  • 22. h. Its casual language uses words/phrases that are shortened like “I’m doin’ it my way” (doing); “Lemme go!” (let me go); “Whatcha gonna do?” (what are you going to do?); “Whassup?” (what’s up?); “ I kinda wanna go to the movies” (kind of want to).
  • 23. 4. INTIMATE STYLE This style is used in conversations between people who are very close and know each other quite well because of having maximum of shared background information.
  • 24. a. it is characterized by an economy of words, with a high incidence of significant nonverbal communication, such as gesture, facial expression, eye contact, and so on. b. There is free and easy participation of both speaker and listener, and is far from elliptical than the casual, informal. Ex: If the sentence “Coffee’s cold” is used as an example in casual speech style, then “Cold” is the equivalent sentence in intimate style.
  • 25. c. Intimate style is often not heard in court proceedings although the affirmative “Uh-huh” is sometimes used by witnesses. d. Intimate style, however, may be used among jurors during their out-of-the-courtroom deliberations after their intense, highly formal interaction inside the courtroom.
  • 26. Joo’s styles are ranked in terms of the relationship between speaker (or writer) and listener (or reader) on a level of formality, from the most formal to the least formal style:
  • 27. (a) frozen style- like a cold form of communication meant to discourage someone from participating. (b) formal style- for instance, a speech in an official setting. (c) consultative style- with “a conversation between strangers” as example. (d) casual style- such as a conversation between friends. (e) intimate style- such as a private conversation between two persons who know each other extremely well.
  • 28. Try it Out! A 20-year-old employee is suspended of having kidnapped the four-year-old son of the owner of the factory where the employee is working. Pretend that you are a news reporter assigned to interview both the suspect and the mother of the victim. Which of the speech style will you use to gain the suspect’s trust and cooperation? On the other hand, which style can you use to make the victim’s mother feel better and lessen her suffering?