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Travel Documentation
Dr. Sumit Kumar Singh
Introduction
• Each tourist must carry the valid travel documents while travelling into
foreign countries or restricted areas in their own countries.
• The processing of travel documents involves some technical formalities that
generally take time for travel agents to get them issued on behalf of clients
or customers.
• Travel agents are authorized to deal with travel documents with authorized
money exchangers, foreign consulate offices, passport offices, income tax
offices, insurance office etc.
Passport
• A passport is a document, issued by a national government for the purpose of the
identity and nationality of its citizens.
• It is used for obtaining visa for international travel.
• A passport contains the name, date of birth, sex and place of birth.
• A passport normally entitles the passport holder to present for identification and
return to the country.
• Rights to consular protection arise from international agreements and the right to
return arises from the laws of the issuing country.
Types of Passport
Regular Passport
• It is issued for normal travel purposes such as business or vacation. The colour of the
passport cover is Navy Blue.
Diplomatic Passport
• It is issued especially for Indian diplomats and top ranking government officers for visiting
overseas for official tours. The colour of this passport cover is Maroon.
Official Passport
• It is issued to those Indian who represent the government for official or business purposes.
The colour of this passport cover is White.
Visa
• A visa is a certificate prepared by the immigration officials of the foreign
country with stamp marked on a passport after verifying the person’s
credentials.
• It gives the person the right to enter a country and stay for a temporary
period.
• Applying for visa to India must be submitted to the High Commission of
India in the country of the person who wishes to travel to India.
Procedures to Apply for Visa
• The applicant may either go in person or apply through the post.
• The Visa to India is applied to the High Commission of India in the country
of the person who wishes to travel to India.
• Non-resident Indians (NRI) and Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) do not
require a visa to enter India if they possess an Overseas Indian Citizenship
(OCI) or a PIO card.
Categories of Visa
• Tourist Visa
• Diplomatic/Official/UN Official Visa
• Transit Visa
• Entry Visa
• Employment Visa
• Project Visa
• Gratis Visa
• Universal Visa
• Student Visa
• Journalist Visa
• Business Visa
• Missionary Visa
• Mountaineering Visa
• Conference/Seminar Visa
• Research Visa
• Medical & Medical Attendant Visa
Temporary Landing Permit
• The Immigration Officer has the right to issue a Temporary Landing Permit
(TLP) for a time period of 72 hours by retentions of the passport to any
foreign national.
• A TLP is granted if foreigner does not have a valid visa and the officer is
satisfied of the person’s purpose of visit and also the transiting foreigner has
an onward journey ticket within 72 hours.
Protected Area Permit (PAP)/Restricted Area
Permit (RAP)
• The areas covered by the Protected Area Permit (PAP)/Restricted Area
Permit (RAP) regime.
• Under the Foreigners (Protected Areas) Order, 1958, all areas falling between
the ‘Inner Line’, as defined in the said order, and the International Border of
the State is declared as a Protected Area.
Customs Rules
• Free import (import by non-residents, however, is only permitted if they
enter India for a stay of not less than 24 hours and not more than 6 months,
provided they visit India not more than once a month).
• The jewellery, up to a combined value of INR 50,000, for male travellers or
INR 100,000, for female travellers is permitted to be carried.
Currency Rules
• Foreign currencies include currency notes, traveller’s cheques, cheques, drafts
etc. (Re) exchange only through banks and authorized money exchange
points.
• Unlimited amount foreign currencies can be imported. However, amounts
exceeding USD 5,000 (or equivalent) in cash, or USD 10,000 (or equivalent)
in traveller’s cheques must be declared. Only up to the amount is imported
and is declared.
Local Currency (Indian Rupee-INR)
• INR 7,500 for residents of India, except when arriving or departing, to or
from Bhutan and Nepal.
• For residents arriving from Bhutan and Nepal, there is no limit in amount of
INR only the INR 100 may be carried not of higher denomination.
Health Regulation
• Any person, Foreigner or Indian, (excluding infants below six months)
arriving by air or sea without a vaccination certificate of yellow fever shall be
kept in quarantine isolation for a period up to six days.
• There is no health check requirement by Indian Government on passengers
leaving India.
• Persons leaving for a yellow fever infected area are advised to get vaccinated
themselves and to be possession of valid yellow fever vaccination certificates
before they leave the country.
Travel Baggage Rules
• Baggage is the belongings which a passenger carries on his/her journey. A person
can carry a fixed weight of baggage while on their travel in airlines.
• There may be marginal differences in the number of items check in though almost
all the airlines of all the countries.
• The traveller must get the clearance from the customs officer and this must be made
with a declaration by the traveller after filling up the prescribed form.
• The baggage rules may vary based on the duration of the persons stay, age or their
country.
Check-in Baggage
• The price of an airline ticket may include not only transportation for the
passenger, but also personal baggage.
• The fare paid reflects the kind of seat and service and also the baggage
allowance. It is called the Free Baggage Allowance.
• This allowance comprises the checked baggage and also the cabin baggage.
• Each airline determines their own baggage allowances and charges.
• The baggage allowance shall differ depending on airline, route, class, fare, etc.
Checked Baggage
• The Weight Concept defines the amount of baggage entitled by the
passenger’s ticket in kilos.
• For example, an economy class passenger is entitled to 15 kilos of baggage
and a business class passenger to 30 kilos in international sector.
• The piece concept is generally in use on flights within, to and from Canada
and the United States.
• Each piece weighing no more than 23 kilos (50 lb) and measuring no more
than 158 cm (62 in) adding the dimensions: height + width + length.
Cabin Baggage
• Carry-on baggage must be fit in the aircraft cabin which limits baggage to a
size, weight and shape to fit under a passenger seat or in a storage
compartment.
• Cabin baggage should have maximum length of 22 inch (56 cm), width of 18
inch (45 cm) and depth of 10 inch (25 cm).
• These dimensions include wheels, handles, side pockets, etc.
• Carry-on items must remain with the passenger at all times and are the
responsibility of the passenger.
Dangerous Goods and Baggage
• For safety reasons, all types of knives, sharp objects or cutting implements
of any kind and of any length.
• Whether of metal or other material, and some sporting goods must be
packed in checked baggage.
• They cannot be carried in the cabin baggage or with self.
Travel documentation
Travel Insurance
• The insurance includes trip cancellation and interruption, medical,
evacuation, baggage and flight insurance.
• Supplemental policies can be added to cover specific concerns such as
identity theft or political evacuation.
• Travel insurance coverage can minimize the considerable financial risks of
travelling, accidents, illness, missed flights, cancelled tours, lost baggage,
theft, terrorism, travel-company bankruptcies, emergency evacuation and
getting body home if death occurs in travelling.
Trip-Cancellation or Interruption Insurance
Coverage
• A standard trip-cancellation or interruption insurance policy covers the non-
refundable financial penalties or losses the traveller incurs on cancel a
prepaid tour or flight for an acceptable reason.
• Trip cancellation is when traveller doesn’t go on trip at all.
• Trip interruption is when traveller begins a journey but have to cut it short;
in this case, it will be reimbursed only for the portion of the trip that
traveller didn’t complete.
IATA Accreditation
• International Air Transport Association is an apex organization to give
approval to the travel agents to sell the tickets of international airlines.
• As per the agreements of airlines, travel agents are authorized to issue the
tickets to passengers and collect the fare for the same.
• This has become a feasible way of increasing the sale of tickets and help
airlines fill the seats of aircrafts.
• It is a profitable and attractive business and it is the target of each travel
agent to get IATA accreditation.
Recognition from Government
• The Department of Tourism gives approval to travel agents after
verifications of documents and premises along with track record of business.
• Recognition is also a certification issued by the government and it helps the
agents in getting the travel documents issued.
• This lesson will present the need, procedures and benefits of IATA
accreditation and government recognitions.
Summary
• Carrying valid travel documents is mandatory to ensure hassle-free travel
within the country and foreign countries.
• Processing of travel documents takes its own time and people face
inordinate delay due to the technical formalities.
• Thus, the need of the travel agents arose hundred years ago for making the
travel more comfortable and ensuring the issue of travel documents from the
competent authority for clients or customers.

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Travel documentation

  • 2. Introduction • Each tourist must carry the valid travel documents while travelling into foreign countries or restricted areas in their own countries. • The processing of travel documents involves some technical formalities that generally take time for travel agents to get them issued on behalf of clients or customers. • Travel agents are authorized to deal with travel documents with authorized money exchangers, foreign consulate offices, passport offices, income tax offices, insurance office etc.
  • 3. Passport • A passport is a document, issued by a national government for the purpose of the identity and nationality of its citizens. • It is used for obtaining visa for international travel. • A passport contains the name, date of birth, sex and place of birth. • A passport normally entitles the passport holder to present for identification and return to the country. • Rights to consular protection arise from international agreements and the right to return arises from the laws of the issuing country.
  • 4. Types of Passport Regular Passport • It is issued for normal travel purposes such as business or vacation. The colour of the passport cover is Navy Blue. Diplomatic Passport • It is issued especially for Indian diplomats and top ranking government officers for visiting overseas for official tours. The colour of this passport cover is Maroon. Official Passport • It is issued to those Indian who represent the government for official or business purposes. The colour of this passport cover is White.
  • 5. Visa • A visa is a certificate prepared by the immigration officials of the foreign country with stamp marked on a passport after verifying the person’s credentials. • It gives the person the right to enter a country and stay for a temporary period. • Applying for visa to India must be submitted to the High Commission of India in the country of the person who wishes to travel to India.
  • 6. Procedures to Apply for Visa • The applicant may either go in person or apply through the post. • The Visa to India is applied to the High Commission of India in the country of the person who wishes to travel to India. • Non-resident Indians (NRI) and Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) do not require a visa to enter India if they possess an Overseas Indian Citizenship (OCI) or a PIO card.
  • 7. Categories of Visa • Tourist Visa • Diplomatic/Official/UN Official Visa • Transit Visa • Entry Visa • Employment Visa • Project Visa • Gratis Visa • Universal Visa • Student Visa • Journalist Visa • Business Visa • Missionary Visa • Mountaineering Visa • Conference/Seminar Visa • Research Visa • Medical & Medical Attendant Visa
  • 8. Temporary Landing Permit • The Immigration Officer has the right to issue a Temporary Landing Permit (TLP) for a time period of 72 hours by retentions of the passport to any foreign national. • A TLP is granted if foreigner does not have a valid visa and the officer is satisfied of the person’s purpose of visit and also the transiting foreigner has an onward journey ticket within 72 hours.
  • 9. Protected Area Permit (PAP)/Restricted Area Permit (RAP) • The areas covered by the Protected Area Permit (PAP)/Restricted Area Permit (RAP) regime. • Under the Foreigners (Protected Areas) Order, 1958, all areas falling between the ‘Inner Line’, as defined in the said order, and the International Border of the State is declared as a Protected Area.
  • 10. Customs Rules • Free import (import by non-residents, however, is only permitted if they enter India for a stay of not less than 24 hours and not more than 6 months, provided they visit India not more than once a month). • The jewellery, up to a combined value of INR 50,000, for male travellers or INR 100,000, for female travellers is permitted to be carried.
  • 11. Currency Rules • Foreign currencies include currency notes, traveller’s cheques, cheques, drafts etc. (Re) exchange only through banks and authorized money exchange points. • Unlimited amount foreign currencies can be imported. However, amounts exceeding USD 5,000 (or equivalent) in cash, or USD 10,000 (or equivalent) in traveller’s cheques must be declared. Only up to the amount is imported and is declared.
  • 12. Local Currency (Indian Rupee-INR) • INR 7,500 for residents of India, except when arriving or departing, to or from Bhutan and Nepal. • For residents arriving from Bhutan and Nepal, there is no limit in amount of INR only the INR 100 may be carried not of higher denomination.
  • 13. Health Regulation • Any person, Foreigner or Indian, (excluding infants below six months) arriving by air or sea without a vaccination certificate of yellow fever shall be kept in quarantine isolation for a period up to six days. • There is no health check requirement by Indian Government on passengers leaving India. • Persons leaving for a yellow fever infected area are advised to get vaccinated themselves and to be possession of valid yellow fever vaccination certificates before they leave the country.
  • 14. Travel Baggage Rules • Baggage is the belongings which a passenger carries on his/her journey. A person can carry a fixed weight of baggage while on their travel in airlines. • There may be marginal differences in the number of items check in though almost all the airlines of all the countries. • The traveller must get the clearance from the customs officer and this must be made with a declaration by the traveller after filling up the prescribed form. • The baggage rules may vary based on the duration of the persons stay, age or their country.
  • 15. Check-in Baggage • The price of an airline ticket may include not only transportation for the passenger, but also personal baggage. • The fare paid reflects the kind of seat and service and also the baggage allowance. It is called the Free Baggage Allowance. • This allowance comprises the checked baggage and also the cabin baggage. • Each airline determines their own baggage allowances and charges. • The baggage allowance shall differ depending on airline, route, class, fare, etc.
  • 16. Checked Baggage • The Weight Concept defines the amount of baggage entitled by the passenger’s ticket in kilos. • For example, an economy class passenger is entitled to 15 kilos of baggage and a business class passenger to 30 kilos in international sector. • The piece concept is generally in use on flights within, to and from Canada and the United States. • Each piece weighing no more than 23 kilos (50 lb) and measuring no more than 158 cm (62 in) adding the dimensions: height + width + length.
  • 17. Cabin Baggage • Carry-on baggage must be fit in the aircraft cabin which limits baggage to a size, weight and shape to fit under a passenger seat or in a storage compartment. • Cabin baggage should have maximum length of 22 inch (56 cm), width of 18 inch (45 cm) and depth of 10 inch (25 cm). • These dimensions include wheels, handles, side pockets, etc. • Carry-on items must remain with the passenger at all times and are the responsibility of the passenger.
  • 18. Dangerous Goods and Baggage • For safety reasons, all types of knives, sharp objects or cutting implements of any kind and of any length. • Whether of metal or other material, and some sporting goods must be packed in checked baggage. • They cannot be carried in the cabin baggage or with self.
  • 20. Travel Insurance • The insurance includes trip cancellation and interruption, medical, evacuation, baggage and flight insurance. • Supplemental policies can be added to cover specific concerns such as identity theft or political evacuation. • Travel insurance coverage can minimize the considerable financial risks of travelling, accidents, illness, missed flights, cancelled tours, lost baggage, theft, terrorism, travel-company bankruptcies, emergency evacuation and getting body home if death occurs in travelling.
  • 21. Trip-Cancellation or Interruption Insurance Coverage • A standard trip-cancellation or interruption insurance policy covers the non- refundable financial penalties or losses the traveller incurs on cancel a prepaid tour or flight for an acceptable reason. • Trip cancellation is when traveller doesn’t go on trip at all. • Trip interruption is when traveller begins a journey but have to cut it short; in this case, it will be reimbursed only for the portion of the trip that traveller didn’t complete.
  • 22. IATA Accreditation • International Air Transport Association is an apex organization to give approval to the travel agents to sell the tickets of international airlines. • As per the agreements of airlines, travel agents are authorized to issue the tickets to passengers and collect the fare for the same. • This has become a feasible way of increasing the sale of tickets and help airlines fill the seats of aircrafts. • It is a profitable and attractive business and it is the target of each travel agent to get IATA accreditation.
  • 23. Recognition from Government • The Department of Tourism gives approval to travel agents after verifications of documents and premises along with track record of business. • Recognition is also a certification issued by the government and it helps the agents in getting the travel documents issued. • This lesson will present the need, procedures and benefits of IATA accreditation and government recognitions.
  • 24. Summary • Carrying valid travel documents is mandatory to ensure hassle-free travel within the country and foreign countries. • Processing of travel documents takes its own time and people face inordinate delay due to the technical formalities. • Thus, the need of the travel agents arose hundred years ago for making the travel more comfortable and ensuring the issue of travel documents from the competent authority for clients or customers.