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Revolutions
English, American,
French, Latin American
English Revolutions
• 1640-1660 Civil War and Commonwealth
• 1688 "Glorious Revolution" establishing
constitutional monarchy with popular
sovereignty
– English Bill of Rights (1689)
American Revolution:
Layers of Interpretation
Economic (taxes and property owners)
failed revolution (Marxist)
British Civil War v. International Incident
inevitability (Enlightenment, overstretch)
moment of destiny/"unique" moment
(exceptionalism/originalism, military)
• Creolism
•
•
•
•
•

– Declaration of Independence (1776)
– Articles of Confederation and US Constitution (1789)
French Revolution: Stages
• Uprising and Moderate Reform
– Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen (1789)

• Commune and Radicalization
• Foreign Pressure

•
•
•
•
•

Terror: Maxmilien Robespierre
Over-reach: Cult of Reason, etc.
Thermidorian Reaction
Constitution of the Year III
Napoleon
– Code Napoléon
Latin American Revolutions
•
•
•
•
•

Imperial Collapse
Enlightenment Thought
Creolism
Post-Colonial Development
Simon Bolivar, El Libertador (1783-1830)
Sources
• background: "Native American Beaded Vest
c1890 Lakota Teton Sioux" from NelsonAtkins collection, photograph by Jonathan
Dresner

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Revolutions and Historiography

  • 2. English Revolutions • 1640-1660 Civil War and Commonwealth • 1688 "Glorious Revolution" establishing constitutional monarchy with popular sovereignty – English Bill of Rights (1689)
  • 3. American Revolution: Layers of Interpretation Economic (taxes and property owners) failed revolution (Marxist) British Civil War v. International Incident inevitability (Enlightenment, overstretch) moment of destiny/"unique" moment (exceptionalism/originalism, military) • Creolism • • • • • – Declaration of Independence (1776) – Articles of Confederation and US Constitution (1789)
  • 4. French Revolution: Stages • Uprising and Moderate Reform – Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen (1789) • Commune and Radicalization • Foreign Pressure • • • • • Terror: Maxmilien Robespierre Over-reach: Cult of Reason, etc. Thermidorian Reaction Constitution of the Year III Napoleon – Code Napoléon
  • 5. Latin American Revolutions • • • • • Imperial Collapse Enlightenment Thought Creolism Post-Colonial Development Simon Bolivar, El Libertador (1783-1830)
  • 6. Sources • background: "Native American Beaded Vest c1890 Lakota Teton Sioux" from NelsonAtkins collection, photograph by Jonathan Dresner