THE CAUSES AND RESULTS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION WHAT I SHOULD KNOW: 6TH GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES Created By: S. Grey- SOL US 1.6a,b,c,d
Essential Knowledge• As Great Britain expanded control over the American colonies, many colonists became dissatisfied and rebellious.
KEY WORDS AND DEFINITIONS• Stamp Act: passed by the British Parliament in 1765 that required a tax on all printed items such as newspaper and legal documents
Key Words and Definitions• Parliament: the British legislature made up of the House of Lords and the House of commons
Key Words• House of Burgesses: The House of Burgesses of VA was the first representative government in the New World, and was formed in 1619-1620.
Five Sources of Colonial Dissatisfaction• Colonies had no representation in Parliament• Some colonist resented the power of colonial governors• England wanted control over colonial legislatures• Colonies opposed taxes• Proclamation of 1763 hampered western movement of settlers
Sources of Colonial Dissatisfaction• Colonies had no representation in Parliament.
Sources of Colonial Dissatisfaction• Some colonists resented the power of colonial governors
Sources of Colonial Dissatisfaction• Great Britain wanted control over colonial legislatures. The House of Burgesses, Williamsburg, VA.
Sources of Colonial Dissatisfaction• Colonies opposed taxes.
Sources of Colonial Dissatisfaction• Proclamation of 1763, which followed the French and Indian war, restricted western movement of settlers.
John Locke and the Philosophies in the Declaration of Independence• John Locke: English philosopher who stated that people have inherent rights to life, liberty, and property.
Key Philosophies of the Declaration of Independence• People have certain “unalienable rights” to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness• People establish government to protect those rights• Government derives power from the people• People have a right and duty to change a government
Key Individuals of the American Revolution• King George III: British king during the American Revolution era
Key Individuals• Lord Cornwallis: British general who surrendered at Yorktown
Key Individuals• John Adams: championed the cause of independence
Key Individuals• George Washington: Commander of the Continental Army
Key Individuals• Thomas Jefferson: major author of the Declaration of Independence
Key Individuals• Patrick Henry: outspoken member of the House of Burgesses; inspired colonial patriotism with “Give me liberty or give me death” speech.
Key Individuals• Benjamin Franklin: prominent member of the Continental Congress; helped frame the Declaration of Independence
Key Individuals• Thomas Paine: colonial journalist, and author of Common Sense.
Key Events of the American Revolution• Boston Massacre: In 1770, colonists in Boston were shot after taunting British soldiers.
Key Events• Boston Tea Party: In 1773, Samuel Adams and Paul Revere led Patriots in throwing tea into Boston Harbor to protest tea taxes.
Key Events• First Continental Congress: In 1774, delegates from all the colonies met to discuss problems with England and to promote independence
Key Event• Battle of Lexington and Concord: This was the site of the first armed conflict of the Revolutionary war in 1775
Key Events• Approval of the Declaration of Independence: Colonies declared independence from England on July 4, 1776.
Key Events• Battle of Saratoga: The American victory in 1777 was a turning point in the war.
Key Events during the RevolutionSurrender at Yorktown:the American andFrench forces defeatedthe forces of LordCornwallis and markedthe end of theRevolutionary War.
Key Events during the Revolution• Signing of the Treaty of Paris: in 1783, Great Britain recognized American independence in this treaty.
Advantages that helped colonist win the Revolutionary War• Colonists’ defense of their own land, principles, and strong beliefs• Support from France and Spain• Strong leadership