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The Fall of Rome Historiography
Did Rome Fall?
Emperors  <ul><li>erratic behavior  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lead-induced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>radioactive brick theory...
Army <ul><li>professionalization </li></ul><ul><li>personal loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>barbarization </li></ul><ul><li>incr...
Tribes/Barbarians <ul><li>external pressure </li></ul><ul><li>internal corruption </li></ul>
Privilege and decadence <ul><li>Entertainment Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gladiatorial death as entertainment </li></ul>...
Culture <ul><li>&quot;Spiritual aridity&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christianity, cause and/or effect? </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Privatization <ul><li>Withdrawal from public life </li></ul><ul><li>Tax farming and tax free estates </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
&quot;Logic of Empire&quot;  <ul><li>overexpansion and overextension </li></ul><ul><li>Over-bureacratization </li></ul><ul...
Disease <ul><li>William McNeill,  Plagues and Peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Smallpox, Measles </li></ul><ul><li>Depopulation, ...
Sources <ul><li>Roman coin image and statues from Cedar Rapids Museum of Art. Pictures by Jonathan Dresner. </li></ul><ul>...
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Fall of Rome Historiography

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A brief outline of some of the theories regarding the "Fall of Rome" question, though without much indication of which ones are correct or not.

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Fall of Rome Historiography

  1. 1. The Fall of Rome Historiography
  2. 2. Did Rome Fall?
  3. 3. Emperors <ul><li>erratic behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lead-induced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>radioactive brick theory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>apotheosis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>family ancestor worship at the imperial level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not a sound foundation for politics? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Army <ul><li>professionalization </li></ul><ul><li>personal loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>barbarization </li></ul><ul><li>increasing expense </li></ul><ul><li>political involvement </li></ul>
  5. 5. Tribes/Barbarians <ul><li>external pressure </li></ul><ul><li>internal corruption </li></ul>
  6. 6. Privilege and decadence <ul><li>Entertainment Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gladiatorial death as entertainment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>failure of citizenship under Emperors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bread and Circuses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>honestiores v. humiliores </li></ul>
  7. 7. Culture <ul><li>&quot;Spiritual aridity&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christianity, cause and/or effect? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intellectual stagnation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;failure of reason&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;failure of creativity&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tyche </li></ul><ul><ul><li>god of good and bad fortune </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capricious fate </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Privatization <ul><li>Withdrawal from public life </li></ul><ul><li>Tax farming and tax free estates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>decreasing tax base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasants: mobility v. oppression </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. &quot;Logic of Empire&quot; <ul><li>overexpansion and overextension </li></ul><ul><li>Over-bureacratization </li></ul><ul><li>Spengler's Life Cycle model </li></ul>
  10. 10. Disease <ul><li>William McNeill, Plagues and Peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Smallpox, Measles </li></ul><ul><li>Depopulation, migration, cultural effects </li></ul>
  11. 11. Sources <ul><li>Roman coin image and statues from Cedar Rapids Museum of Art. Pictures by Jonathan Dresner. </li></ul><ul><li>Maps from Stearns, et al., World Civilizations: the Global Experience, 6e </li></ul>

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