Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Migration and Modernity in East Asia (ASPAC 2015)


Published on

A dramatic increase in physical mobility is a hallmark of the transition to modernity in any society. The combination of economic industrialization, mechanization of transportation and proletarianization of labor makes migration necessary for effective development. This paper will examine concepts modernity to elucidate the central role played by migration in transition to economic, social, cultural, and political modernity. Changes in internal and external migration in 19th and 20th century China, Japan, and Korea will be examined along with conventional historiographical periodization to see how understanding modernity as movement can and should alter our understanding of East Asian history.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Migration and Modernity in East Asia (ASPAC 2015)

  1. 1. Migration and Modernity in East Asia Jonathan Dresner Pittsburg State University ASPAC 2015
  2. 2. • History is more sensible when a mobile, not static, population is assumed. • Modernization -- the transition to economic and social modernity -- cannot happen without migration. • In spite of that basic fact, many definitions and descriptions of modernity fail to include new patterns and volumes of human movement as a primary component.
  3. 3. Consensus definition of modernity • industrialization, labor markets, wage labor • rational, scientific and technological development; increasing application of bureaucratic, scientific, and technological methods • constitutionalism, and increasing emphasis on rights and needs of the people • a public sphere • nationalism and imperialism • individualism • anti-traditionalism and opportunistic future-orientation
  4. 4. Osterhammel's 19th C. • Asymmetrical efficiency growth: industrialization and on innovation, frontier development, military might, state control of citizenry • Mobility increased in scale, speed, and infrastructure • asymmetrical reference density: information mobility, rise of "the West" as a discourse, non-Western studies • tension between equality and hierarchy: social and legal equality as an ideal, creation of a new hierarchy of nations and races. • emancipation, including democratization (pressure towards, if not success in), legitimation of colonialism/imperialism as emancipatory
  5. 5. East Asia and Migration • Japan: "successfully modern" and highly mobile despite some attempts at government control. • China: relatively liberal 19th century; traumatic displacements; 20th century communistic control • Korea: relatively low mobility in 19th century, modernization movements, colonial controls. Post-split: liberal, mobile south; communistic north.
  6. 6. Concluding Thoughts • East Asian civilization distinguished by migration studies? • Modernity with technological migration at the core? • History is more sensible when a mobile, not static, population is assumed.
  7. 7. Sources • Background image from Chinese Art: anonymous Song era scroll "Streams and Mountains" • Cartoon: Kiyama, Henry (Yoshitaka). 1998. The Four Immigrants Manga: A Japanese Experience in San Francisco, 1904-1924. Trans. and edited by Frederik L. Schodt. Stone Bridge Press: San Francisco, CA. • Osterhammel, Jürgen. 2014. The Transformation of the World: A Global History of the Nineteenth Century. Translated by Patrick Camiller. Princeton University Press: Princeton, NJ. • Adam McKeown. 2008. Melancholy Order: Asian Migration and the Globalization of Borders. Columbia University Press: New York. • Sztompka, Piotr. 1994. The Sociology Of Social Change. Wiley-Blackwell: Hoboken, NJ. • Patrick Manning. 2003. Navigating World History: Historians Create a Global Past, Palgrave Macmillan.