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Progressive Era Brought to you by One Crazy Lady with a Hatchet Damn the Demon’s Rum “ Men are nicotine soaked, beer besmirched, whiskey greased, red-eyed devils."
Big business excesses strain environment, economy & people Huge trusts created by industrial capitalism Many immigrants forced to work in sweatshops Immigrants living in squalid conditions in crowded cities Threats to the natural resources and wildlife by the industrialists Women’s suffrage  Protecting right of the black vote (eliminate Jim Crow laws) End child labor Regulate factory working hours and conditions Prohibition of Alcohol (Demon’s Nectar) What Needs Reforming
Goals of Progressivism Protecting social welfare Promoting moral improvement Creating economic reform Fostering industrial & gov’t efficiency However, Its Not a Unified Movement Some progressives concentrate on  business regulation   No single objective or set of objectives Some focus on  laws to protect labor and the poor   Other seek  municipal-government reform  and  social control
I’m the Government and I’m Here to Help! Liberalism Government should be more active  Social problems are susceptible to government legislation and action  Throw money at the problem
1. Protecting Social Welfare Social Gospel and settlement house movements sought to help the poor YMCA offered activities to city dwellers The Salvation Army fed the poor and cared for children Illinois Factory Act prohibited child labor and limited women’s working hours
Protecting Working Children Cigar Makers
 
2. Promoting Moral Improvement Women’s Christian Temperance Union led crusade for  prohibition Women supported Households where women didn’t work could be put in economic jeopardy by males abusing alcohol
3. Creating Economic Reform American Socialist Party  forms in opposition to capitalist system Muckrakers  expose corruption in business and public life
4. Fostering Efficiency in Industry and Government Scientific Management Progressives attempt to be "scientific"--conduct social research, gather statistical data and expert testimony to back demands for reform   The attempt to make workers more productive and efficient
Pioneered Assembly Line Production Model T Production 1910: 12 hours 1913: 2 Hours Henry Ford “ I want to pay my workers so that they can afford my product!” Henry Ford & the Model T Ford dispensed with consumer choice:  Buyers can have “any color so long as its  black .”
“ Model T” Prices & Sales
The Reorganization of Work Frederick W. Taylor The Principles of Scientific Management  (1911) “ Taylorism” Breaking down manufacturing into simple, repetitive tasks. The Assembly Line : Workers as Machines
 
•  City government becomes more efficient •  State & Federal governments become more democratic
Reform Governor  Robert M. La Follette   Governor of Wisconsin Ended party boss control – direct primaries to nominate candidates Made state taxes more fair and equitable Closed business loopholes, and strongly regulated railroad rates. Sought presidency in 1908  (Taft nominated)   “ The will of the people shall be the law of the land.”
Citizens Directly Create Laws Initiative  -  A procedure whereby ordinary citizens could propose laws for consideration by their state legislatures or by the voters directly.   (Think Question 1: Wine Sales in Grocery Stores) Referendum   -  A procedure whereby citizens could vote directly on whether to approve proposed laws.   (Think Question 1: Wine Sales in Grocery Stores) Recall  -  A procedure by which a public official could be removed from office by a direct vote of the citizens.
Secret Ballot A procedure by which citizens could keep their votes secret Previously, voting was a public act witnessed by others. The voting records of individual citizens were recorded and made public
Seventeenth Amendment A procedure to allow the citizens in each state to directly elect their Senators Previously, Senators were chosen by the state legislatures
Progressive Presidents Theodore Roosevelt William H. Taft Woodrow Wilson 1901 - 1909 1909 - 1913 1913 - 1921

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Progressive Era

  • 1. Progressive Era Brought to you by One Crazy Lady with a Hatchet Damn the Demon’s Rum “ Men are nicotine soaked, beer besmirched, whiskey greased, red-eyed devils."
  • 2. Big business excesses strain environment, economy & people Huge trusts created by industrial capitalism Many immigrants forced to work in sweatshops Immigrants living in squalid conditions in crowded cities Threats to the natural resources and wildlife by the industrialists Women’s suffrage Protecting right of the black vote (eliminate Jim Crow laws) End child labor Regulate factory working hours and conditions Prohibition of Alcohol (Demon’s Nectar) What Needs Reforming
  • 3. Goals of Progressivism Protecting social welfare Promoting moral improvement Creating economic reform Fostering industrial & gov’t efficiency However, Its Not a Unified Movement Some progressives concentrate on business regulation No single objective or set of objectives Some focus on laws to protect labor and the poor Other seek municipal-government reform and social control
  • 4. I’m the Government and I’m Here to Help! Liberalism Government should be more active Social problems are susceptible to government legislation and action Throw money at the problem
  • 5. 1. Protecting Social Welfare Social Gospel and settlement house movements sought to help the poor YMCA offered activities to city dwellers The Salvation Army fed the poor and cared for children Illinois Factory Act prohibited child labor and limited women’s working hours
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  • 8. 2. Promoting Moral Improvement Women’s Christian Temperance Union led crusade for prohibition Women supported Households where women didn’t work could be put in economic jeopardy by males abusing alcohol
  • 9. 3. Creating Economic Reform American Socialist Party forms in opposition to capitalist system Muckrakers expose corruption in business and public life
  • 10. 4. Fostering Efficiency in Industry and Government Scientific Management Progressives attempt to be "scientific"--conduct social research, gather statistical data and expert testimony to back demands for reform The attempt to make workers more productive and efficient
  • 11. Pioneered Assembly Line Production Model T Production 1910: 12 hours 1913: 2 Hours Henry Ford “ I want to pay my workers so that they can afford my product!” Henry Ford & the Model T Ford dispensed with consumer choice: Buyers can have “any color so long as its black .”
  • 12. “ Model T” Prices & Sales
  • 13. The Reorganization of Work Frederick W. Taylor The Principles of Scientific Management (1911) “ Taylorism” Breaking down manufacturing into simple, repetitive tasks. The Assembly Line : Workers as Machines
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  • 15. • City government becomes more efficient • State & Federal governments become more democratic
  • 16. Reform Governor Robert M. La Follette Governor of Wisconsin Ended party boss control – direct primaries to nominate candidates Made state taxes more fair and equitable Closed business loopholes, and strongly regulated railroad rates. Sought presidency in 1908 (Taft nominated) “ The will of the people shall be the law of the land.”
  • 17. Citizens Directly Create Laws Initiative - A procedure whereby ordinary citizens could propose laws for consideration by their state legislatures or by the voters directly. (Think Question 1: Wine Sales in Grocery Stores) Referendum - A procedure whereby citizens could vote directly on whether to approve proposed laws. (Think Question 1: Wine Sales in Grocery Stores) Recall - A procedure by which a public official could be removed from office by a direct vote of the citizens.
  • 18. Secret Ballot A procedure by which citizens could keep their votes secret Previously, voting was a public act witnessed by others. The voting records of individual citizens were recorded and made public
  • 19. Seventeenth Amendment A procedure to allow the citizens in each state to directly elect their Senators Previously, Senators were chosen by the state legislatures
  • 20. Progressive Presidents Theodore Roosevelt William H. Taft Woodrow Wilson 1901 - 1909 1909 - 1913 1913 - 1921