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PREPOSITIONS,    Little
                things
CONJUNCTIONS,   mean
                   a
     AND          lot!

INTERJECTIONS
A preposition is a word that relates a noun or a pronoun to
                another word in a sentence.



      For example:                 The prepositions here are in
                                   boldface. Notice how these
                                   words express a different
                                   relationship between the boy
The boy is under the desk.
                                   and the desk.

The boy is beside the desk.

  The boy is on the desk.

The boy is against the desk.
Common Prepositions
about       at        despite   like      to

above       before    down      near      toward

across      behind    during    of        under

after       below     except    off       until

against     beneath   for       on        up

along       beside    from      out       with

among       between   in        over      within

around      beyond    inside    past      without

as          by        into      through
Here’s a preposition trick!

  Where can a kitten go?                at            by
                                             across
behind                    toward
             over
  up                           near
           between
 inside                    around
            beside
                                among
under                against
Find the preposition in each sentence.

1.   The flowers along the fence were pretty.
2.   Just wait until tomorrow.
3.   Sam left the house without his jacket.
4.   Have you read the letter from your cousin?
5.   During the past month, I have read ten books.
6.   Sally ran across the street.
7.   The chemist knows the answer to the question.
8.   Drive down the road.
Answers
1.   The flowers along the fence were pretty.
2.   Just wait until tomorrow.
3.   Sam left the house without his jacket.
4.   Have you read the letter from your cousin?
5.   During the past month, I have read ten books.
6.   Sally ran across the street.
7.   The chemist knows the answer to the question.
8.   Drive down the road.
What is a prepositional phrase?

A prepositional phrase is a group of words that
  begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or
  a pronoun, which is called the object of the
  preposition.
                                 prepositional phrase
      The boy near the window is a football player.

                                object of the preposition
    preposition
Now, go back two slides to the “Answers” slide and
  identify the entire prepositional phrase in each
                      sentence.
1.   The flowers along the fence were pretty.
2.   Just wait until tomorrow.
3.   Sam left the house without his jacket.
4.   Have you read the letter from your cousin?
5.   During the past month, I have read ten books.
6.   Sally ran across the street.
7.   The chemist knows the answer to the question.
8.   Drive down the road.
Prepositions
    Part 2
Important Fact
Use between when the object of the preposition refers to two
  people or things, and use among when speaking of three or
  more.


                   EXAMPLES:

             The boy sat between two girls.

           The teacher sat among all the students.
Important Fact #2

Sometimes the same word can be used as a
       preposition or as an adverb.

     If the word has no object, then it is
                 an adverb.


    I went out.             I went out the door.
  adverb
                                      preposition
Using Prepositional Phrases
An adjective prepositional phrase modifies
 a noun or a pronoun. It will tell which one,
        how many, or what kind of.
                   EXAMPLES:

          The girl in the hall is my friend.
                                 tells which girl

          What kind of soda do you like?
                              Prepositional phrases beginning with
                              of are almost always adjective
                              phrases.
An adverb prepositional phrase
modifies a verb, an adjective, or another
adverb. Like an adverb, a prepositional
phrase can tell where, when, how, why,
or to what extent.

 For example:             The dog ran down the street.

   The dog bit the mailman until he bled.

 The dog howled at midnight.
Part 3

       CONJUNCTIONS
….a word used to join words or groups of words.

        Coordinating Conjunctions

         Correlative Conjunctions
Two types of
             CONJUNCTIONS
Coordinating               Correlative
conjunctions              conjunctions
             but          whether…or
  and
               nor             both…and

yet                     neither…nor
        or
                   so         either…or
  for                   not only…but also
Coordinating Conjunctions

  Allison and Samantha have lived in Mexico.

Give your suitcases and packages to Ben or Ryan.

   Tourists shop or relax on the beaches.

Brenda shopped every day, but we toured the city.

I have my research done, yet I haven’t practiced.
Correlative Conjunctions

     Neither Mark nor Aaron speak French.

There are huge buildings in both New York and Chicago.

  His speech was not only interesting, but also well
         organized.

 Emily would get either a red gown or a pink gown
 for the prom.
Part 4
         Interjections
      An interjection is a word or
group of words that expresses emotion.
It has no grammatical connection to
other words in a sentence.          Horray
                            Yes
   Oh             Oops
         No                   Great
Identify the interjection in each
                  sentence.
1.   Good grief! He is a great kicker.
2.   Oh, I need help with my homework.
3.   “Down!” I shouted to the dog.
4.   Mom called, “Help!”
5.   Gee, I am tired.
Answers
1.   Good grief! He is a great kicker.
2.   Oh, I need help with my homework.
3.   “Down!” I shouted to the dog.
4.   Mom called, “Help!”
5.   Gee, I am tired.
Review

A preposition is a word that shows a relationship between a noun
or pronoun and some other word in the sentence.

A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a
preposition and ends with a noun or a pronoun, which is called the
object of the preposition.

A conjunction is a word used to join words or groups of words.

An interjection is a word or phrase used to express emotion.

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Prepositions powerpoint[1]

  • 1. PREPOSITIONS, Little things CONJUNCTIONS, mean a AND lot! INTERJECTIONS
  • 2. A preposition is a word that relates a noun or a pronoun to another word in a sentence. For example: The prepositions here are in boldface. Notice how these words express a different relationship between the boy The boy is under the desk. and the desk. The boy is beside the desk. The boy is on the desk. The boy is against the desk.
  • 3. Common Prepositions about at despite like to above before down near toward across behind during of under after below except off until against beneath for on up along beside from out with among between in over within around beyond inside past without as by into through
  • 4. Here’s a preposition trick! Where can a kitten go? at by across behind toward over up near between inside around beside among under against
  • 5. Find the preposition in each sentence. 1. The flowers along the fence were pretty. 2. Just wait until tomorrow. 3. Sam left the house without his jacket. 4. Have you read the letter from your cousin? 5. During the past month, I have read ten books. 6. Sally ran across the street. 7. The chemist knows the answer to the question. 8. Drive down the road.
  • 6. Answers 1. The flowers along the fence were pretty. 2. Just wait until tomorrow. 3. Sam left the house without his jacket. 4. Have you read the letter from your cousin? 5. During the past month, I have read ten books. 6. Sally ran across the street. 7. The chemist knows the answer to the question. 8. Drive down the road.
  • 7. What is a prepositional phrase? A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or a pronoun, which is called the object of the preposition. prepositional phrase The boy near the window is a football player. object of the preposition preposition
  • 8. Now, go back two slides to the “Answers” slide and identify the entire prepositional phrase in each sentence. 1. The flowers along the fence were pretty. 2. Just wait until tomorrow. 3. Sam left the house without his jacket. 4. Have you read the letter from your cousin? 5. During the past month, I have read ten books. 6. Sally ran across the street. 7. The chemist knows the answer to the question. 8. Drive down the road.
  • 9. Prepositions Part 2
  • 10. Important Fact Use between when the object of the preposition refers to two people or things, and use among when speaking of three or more. EXAMPLES: The boy sat between two girls. The teacher sat among all the students.
  • 11. Important Fact #2 Sometimes the same word can be used as a preposition or as an adverb. If the word has no object, then it is an adverb. I went out. I went out the door. adverb preposition
  • 12. Using Prepositional Phrases An adjective prepositional phrase modifies a noun or a pronoun. It will tell which one, how many, or what kind of. EXAMPLES: The girl in the hall is my friend. tells which girl What kind of soda do you like? Prepositional phrases beginning with of are almost always adjective phrases.
  • 13. An adverb prepositional phrase modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Like an adverb, a prepositional phrase can tell where, when, how, why, or to what extent. For example: The dog ran down the street. The dog bit the mailman until he bled. The dog howled at midnight.
  • 14. Part 3 CONJUNCTIONS ….a word used to join words or groups of words. Coordinating Conjunctions Correlative Conjunctions
  • 15. Two types of CONJUNCTIONS Coordinating Correlative conjunctions conjunctions but whether…or and nor both…and yet neither…nor or so either…or for not only…but also
  • 16. Coordinating Conjunctions Allison and Samantha have lived in Mexico. Give your suitcases and packages to Ben or Ryan. Tourists shop or relax on the beaches. Brenda shopped every day, but we toured the city. I have my research done, yet I haven’t practiced.
  • 17. Correlative Conjunctions Neither Mark nor Aaron speak French. There are huge buildings in both New York and Chicago. His speech was not only interesting, but also well organized. Emily would get either a red gown or a pink gown for the prom.
  • 18. Part 4 Interjections An interjection is a word or group of words that expresses emotion. It has no grammatical connection to other words in a sentence. Horray Yes Oh Oops No Great
  • 19. Identify the interjection in each sentence. 1. Good grief! He is a great kicker. 2. Oh, I need help with my homework. 3. “Down!” I shouted to the dog. 4. Mom called, “Help!” 5. Gee, I am tired.
  • 20. Answers 1. Good grief! He is a great kicker. 2. Oh, I need help with my homework. 3. “Down!” I shouted to the dog. 4. Mom called, “Help!” 5. Gee, I am tired.
  • 21. Review A preposition is a word that shows a relationship between a noun or pronoun and some other word in the sentence. A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or a pronoun, which is called the object of the preposition. A conjunction is a word used to join words or groups of words. An interjection is a word or phrase used to express emotion.