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POVERTY
Poverty
Meaning of Poverty
• Poverty is a situation that gives rise to a feeling of discrepancy between what
one ‘has’ and what one ‘should have’.
• Each person’s feeling and experience of poverty is individual and unique. But
the feeling of ‘powerlessness’ and ‘resourcelessness’ is possessed by all poor
people.
• Poverty indirects a condition in which a person fails to maintain a living
standard adequate for his physical and mental efficiency.
Dimensions of poverty
Berstein Henry (1992) has identified the following dimensions of poverty :
• Lack of livelihood strategies
• Inability to maintain and develop social relations with others as
consequences of lack of resources
• Feeling of insecurity and frustrations
• Inaccessibility to resources (money, land, credit)
Here are some pictures depicting poverty
Definition
• Adan Smith – “Man is rich or poor according to the degree in which he can
afford to enjoy the necessaries, the conveniences and the amusements of
human life”.
• Godard – “Poverty is an insufficient supply of those things which are
requisite for an individual to maintain himself and those dependants upon
him in health and vigour”.
Theories Of Poverty
Malthus Theory
• According to Malthus, growth of
population is the main cause of
poverty.
Karl Marx Theory
• According to Marx, the cause of
poverty is – Exploitation of
workers by capitalists.
Causes Of Poverty
CAUSES
Sickness
Accidents
Abnormal
personality
Alcoholism
Gambling
Crime
Main causes of poverty
• Over population
• Unemployment
• Poor income
• Mental diseases
• Parents death
• Political reasons & Government
Cont…
• Poor natural resources
• Illiteracy
• Socio-economic reasons
• Failure of monsoon
• Old customs and traditions
• Unequal distribution
Impacts / Problems of poverty
• Malnutrition and health
• Anti-social activities
• Beggary
• Terrorism
• Child labour
• Prostitution
• Growth of slums
Cont…
• Poor status
• Corruption
• Family disorganization
• Suicide
• Juvenile delinquency
• Crime
• Failure of people to adjust
Control of poverty
• Develop standard of living
• Social welfare services
• Rehabilitation programmes
• Development of agriculture
• Development of industrties
• Employment
• Free education
Cont…
• Equal distribution
• Free training programme
• Counselling programme
• Youth social service programme
• Government plans and programmes
Poverty

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Poverty

  • 3. Meaning of Poverty • Poverty is a situation that gives rise to a feeling of discrepancy between what one ‘has’ and what one ‘should have’. • Each person’s feeling and experience of poverty is individual and unique. But the feeling of ‘powerlessness’ and ‘resourcelessness’ is possessed by all poor people. • Poverty indirects a condition in which a person fails to maintain a living standard adequate for his physical and mental efficiency.
  • 4. Dimensions of poverty Berstein Henry (1992) has identified the following dimensions of poverty : • Lack of livelihood strategies • Inability to maintain and develop social relations with others as consequences of lack of resources • Feeling of insecurity and frustrations • Inaccessibility to resources (money, land, credit)
  • 5. Here are some pictures depicting poverty
  • 6. Definition • Adan Smith – “Man is rich or poor according to the degree in which he can afford to enjoy the necessaries, the conveniences and the amusements of human life”. • Godard – “Poverty is an insufficient supply of those things which are requisite for an individual to maintain himself and those dependants upon him in health and vigour”.
  • 7. Theories Of Poverty Malthus Theory • According to Malthus, growth of population is the main cause of poverty. Karl Marx Theory • According to Marx, the cause of poverty is – Exploitation of workers by capitalists.
  • 10. Main causes of poverty • Over population • Unemployment • Poor income • Mental diseases • Parents death • Political reasons & Government
  • 11. Cont… • Poor natural resources • Illiteracy • Socio-economic reasons • Failure of monsoon • Old customs and traditions • Unequal distribution
  • 12. Impacts / Problems of poverty • Malnutrition and health • Anti-social activities • Beggary • Terrorism • Child labour • Prostitution • Growth of slums
  • 13. Cont… • Poor status • Corruption • Family disorganization • Suicide • Juvenile delinquency • Crime • Failure of people to adjust
  • 14. Control of poverty • Develop standard of living • Social welfare services • Rehabilitation programmes • Development of agriculture • Development of industrties • Employment • Free education
  • 15. Cont… • Equal distribution • Free training programme • Counselling programme • Youth social service programme • Government plans and programmes