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POLITICS AND GOVERNANCE WITH
CONSTITUTION
VISION : ST. PAUL UNIVERSITY DUMAGUETE IS THE PREMIER PAULINIAN INSTITUTION IN THE PHILIPPINES,
COMMITTED TO EVANGELIZATION THROUGH CATHOLIC EDUCATION. IMPELLED BY THE CHARITY OF
CHRIST AND IMBUED WITH THE ZEAL OF ST. PAUL, THE UNIVERSITY FORMS INTEGRAL PERSONS
DEDICATED IN BUILDING A JUST AND HUMANE SOCIETY.
MISSION : ST. PAUL UNIVERSITY DUMAGUETE WILL BECOME A CENTER OF EXCELLENCE IN CATHOLIC
EDUCATION RENOWNED FOR VALUE-LADEN AND INNOVATIVE ACADEMIC PROGRAMS, RELEVANT TO
RESEARCH AND MEANINGFUL COMMUNITY EXTENSION INITIATIVES. IN A CHRIST-CENTERED, DYNAMIC,
CARING, SERVICE-ORIENTED AND AUTHENTIC TEACHING-LEARNING COMMUNITY, THE UNIVERSITY FORMS
COMPETENT PAULINIANS AND RESPONSIBLE STEWARDS WITH PASSION FOR EXCELLENCE AND SERVICE.
2015 UNIVERSITY THEME : SPUD GO ASEAN : LIVE THE WORD & LIGHT UP THE WORLD.
OBJECTIVES
 To understand the basic concept of political
science
 To develop a critical way of thinking in
interpreting Politics and Government
 To evaluate how they know and understand the
topic
POLITICAL SCIENCE
(DE LEON, 1999)
 Systematic study of state and government
 POLITICAL- derived from the Greek word “POLIS” –meaning a city
or the sovereign state
 SCIENCE- comes from the Latin “SCIRE”-means “to know”
SCIENCE OF POLITICS
1. It is the basic knowledge and understanding of the
state and the principles and ideals which underlie
its organization and activities
2. It is primarily concerned with the association of
human beings into ‘body politic’ or in a political
community
3. It deals with those relations among men and groups
which are subject to control by the state with the
relations of men and groups to the state itself and
the relations of the state to other state
HISTORY AND THE
RELATIONSHIP IN POLITICAL
SCIENCE
 History is a study of the various facts of human
life and is closely linked with other social
sciences which make a specific study of different
facts of human life.
HISTORY AND THE
RELATIONSHIP IN
POLITICAL SCIENCE
 the relationship between history and political science
beautifully that, “History without political science has
no fruit and political science without history has no
root.” A historian is not merely concerned with the
tracing of the history of the political process by a
narration of the episodes.
 But he has to learn the nature of fundamental political
principles and basic forms of political institution. In
the view of this closeness between two subjects, the
development of political institutions, rules,
regulations, right and duties, law and mode of justice,
executive, legislative and administrative functions,
economic and financial implications, nature of
bureaucracy, fundamental principles of state policy
are all defined under the constitution history.
 POLITICS and GOVERNANCE with CONSTITUTION
INTERPRETATION OF THE
DIAGRAM
PEOPLE as the FOCAL of all areas of POLITICS,
GOVERNMENT and CONSTITUTION because it is
the human individual who is the revolving actor
of the state, it is to people why there is an
existent laws. The right is vested to and it simply
denotes that the he/she is the MAIN ACTOR.
SCOPE OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
1. Political Theory-the entire body of the doctrines relating to the
form, behavior and purposes of the state are dealt with in this
study
2. Public Law- the
a. Organization of governments
b. Limitations upon government authority
c. Powers and Duty of government offices and officers
STAGES IN THE STUDY OF
POLITICAL SCIENCE
 Religious Stage – the government, it’s leaders
and laws was considered as divine or divinely
inspired.
 Metaphysical Stage – the state was considered
as a human institution and it is therefore
absolute (cannot be changed).
 Modern Stage – the state was deemed capable
of being improved by rulers and subjects
according to certain principles and laws.
DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL
SCIENCE
 Aristotle
 wrote “Politics”, the first systematic work on political
affairs.
 Father of Political Science
 Niccolo Machiavelli
 wrote “The Prince”, a handbook for rulers in the art of
government.
 Father of Modern Political Science
 Prof. Francis Lieber
 wrote “Manual of Political Ethics”; the first systematic
treatise in political science
WHAT IS A STATE?
 A group of persons, more or less numerous, permanently
occupying a definite portion of territory, independent of
external control, and possessing a government to which a
great body of inhabitants render habitual obedience.
ELEMENTS OF A STATE
 People
 Territory
 Government
 Sovereignty
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE
BETWEEN NATION AND STATE?
 State is a legal or juristic concept, while Nation is an ethnic or
racial concept.
 Nasci = to be born indicates a relation of birth or origin and
implies a common race.
 Thus, a nation may comprise several states Example: Egypt,
Iraq, Saudi, Lebanon, Jordan, etc. belong to Arab nation.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE
BETWEEN NATION AND STATE?
 It is also possible for a single state to be made up of more
than one nation, e.g. US which was the “melting pot” of many
nations that were eventually combined into the “American
nation”
A. PEOPLE
 Different meanings as used in the 1987 Constitution:
– Inhabitants (sec. 2, Art III; sec. 1, Art. XIII);
– Citizens (secs. 1 & 4, Art II; sec 7, art. III);
– Electors (sec. 4, Art. VII)
 As a requisite for Statehood, there should be an adequate
number for self-sufficiency and defense; of both sexes for
perpetuity.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE
BETWEEN CITIZENSHIP AND
NATIONALITY?
Citizenship
• Legal or juristic
• Can be
changed or
taken-back
Nationality
• Ethnic or racial
• Absolute,
Innate
B. TERRITORY
The National Territory
Sec. 1, Art. I: The national territory comprises the
Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and
waters embraced therein, and all other
territories over which the Philippines has
sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its
terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, including
its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the
insular shelves, and other submarine areas.”
COMPONENTS OF PHILIPPINE
TERRITORY :
 Terrestrial = land
 Fluvial = internal waters
 Aerial domains = aerospace
 Marine = external waters both
surface and sub-aquatic
C. GOVERNMENT
 The agency or instrumentality through which the will of the
State is formulated, expressed and realized.
 Our Constitution, however, requires our government to be
democratic and republican.
C. GOVERNMENT
Section 1, Art II. The Philippines is a democratic and
republican State. Sovereignty resides in the
people and all government authority emanates
from them.
REPUBLICAN
 It is one wherein all government authority
emanates from the people and is exercised by
representatives chosen by the people.
C. GOVERNMENT
DEMOCRATIC
 This emphasizes that the Philippines has some aspects of
direct democracy such as initiative and referendum.
D. SOVEREIGNTY
 The supreme and uncontrollable power innate in a State by
which that State is governed.
 Sovereignty resides in the people and all government
authority emanates from them. (Sec. 1 Art.II)
DUTIES OF THE STATE
 Peace and Order
 Political Harmony (Good
Laws)
 Social Justice
 Economic Development
THEORIES OF STATE
ORIGIN
 Divine Theory – the state is of divine origin, all
political authority emanates from God.
 Social Contract Theory - this theory states that
men agreed among themselves to live under one
civil society or body politic. A person surrendered
his natural liberty but gained in return the
protection and civil rights guaranteed by the
governments.
 Force Theory – the state has arisen through
sheer force; a tribe conquering other tribes to
form a kingdom.
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
 Public administration is the implementation of
government policy and also an academic
discipline that studies this implementation and
prepares civil servants for working in the public
service.
ONE ASEAN & ONE REGION
GOD BLESS YOU
THANK YOU SO MUCH

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POLITICS and GOVERNANCE with CONSTITUTION

  • 1. POLITICS AND GOVERNANCE WITH CONSTITUTION
  • 2. VISION : ST. PAUL UNIVERSITY DUMAGUETE IS THE PREMIER PAULINIAN INSTITUTION IN THE PHILIPPINES, COMMITTED TO EVANGELIZATION THROUGH CATHOLIC EDUCATION. IMPELLED BY THE CHARITY OF CHRIST AND IMBUED WITH THE ZEAL OF ST. PAUL, THE UNIVERSITY FORMS INTEGRAL PERSONS DEDICATED IN BUILDING A JUST AND HUMANE SOCIETY. MISSION : ST. PAUL UNIVERSITY DUMAGUETE WILL BECOME A CENTER OF EXCELLENCE IN CATHOLIC EDUCATION RENOWNED FOR VALUE-LADEN AND INNOVATIVE ACADEMIC PROGRAMS, RELEVANT TO RESEARCH AND MEANINGFUL COMMUNITY EXTENSION INITIATIVES. IN A CHRIST-CENTERED, DYNAMIC, CARING, SERVICE-ORIENTED AND AUTHENTIC TEACHING-LEARNING COMMUNITY, THE UNIVERSITY FORMS COMPETENT PAULINIANS AND RESPONSIBLE STEWARDS WITH PASSION FOR EXCELLENCE AND SERVICE. 2015 UNIVERSITY THEME : SPUD GO ASEAN : LIVE THE WORD & LIGHT UP THE WORLD.
  • 3. OBJECTIVES  To understand the basic concept of political science  To develop a critical way of thinking in interpreting Politics and Government  To evaluate how they know and understand the topic
  • 4. POLITICAL SCIENCE (DE LEON, 1999)  Systematic study of state and government  POLITICAL- derived from the Greek word “POLIS” –meaning a city or the sovereign state  SCIENCE- comes from the Latin “SCIRE”-means “to know”
  • 5. SCIENCE OF POLITICS 1. It is the basic knowledge and understanding of the state and the principles and ideals which underlie its organization and activities 2. It is primarily concerned with the association of human beings into ‘body politic’ or in a political community 3. It deals with those relations among men and groups which are subject to control by the state with the relations of men and groups to the state itself and the relations of the state to other state
  • 6. HISTORY AND THE RELATIONSHIP IN POLITICAL SCIENCE  History is a study of the various facts of human life and is closely linked with other social sciences which make a specific study of different facts of human life.
  • 7. HISTORY AND THE RELATIONSHIP IN POLITICAL SCIENCE  the relationship between history and political science beautifully that, “History without political science has no fruit and political science without history has no root.” A historian is not merely concerned with the tracing of the history of the political process by a narration of the episodes.  But he has to learn the nature of fundamental political principles and basic forms of political institution. In the view of this closeness between two subjects, the development of political institutions, rules, regulations, right and duties, law and mode of justice, executive, legislative and administrative functions, economic and financial implications, nature of bureaucracy, fundamental principles of state policy are all defined under the constitution history.
  • 9. INTERPRETATION OF THE DIAGRAM PEOPLE as the FOCAL of all areas of POLITICS, GOVERNMENT and CONSTITUTION because it is the human individual who is the revolving actor of the state, it is to people why there is an existent laws. The right is vested to and it simply denotes that the he/she is the MAIN ACTOR.
  • 10. SCOPE OF POLITICAL SCIENCE 1. Political Theory-the entire body of the doctrines relating to the form, behavior and purposes of the state are dealt with in this study 2. Public Law- the a. Organization of governments b. Limitations upon government authority c. Powers and Duty of government offices and officers
  • 11. STAGES IN THE STUDY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE  Religious Stage – the government, it’s leaders and laws was considered as divine or divinely inspired.  Metaphysical Stage – the state was considered as a human institution and it is therefore absolute (cannot be changed).  Modern Stage – the state was deemed capable of being improved by rulers and subjects according to certain principles and laws.
  • 12. DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE  Aristotle  wrote “Politics”, the first systematic work on political affairs.  Father of Political Science  Niccolo Machiavelli  wrote “The Prince”, a handbook for rulers in the art of government.  Father of Modern Political Science  Prof. Francis Lieber  wrote “Manual of Political Ethics”; the first systematic treatise in political science
  • 13. WHAT IS A STATE?  A group of persons, more or less numerous, permanently occupying a definite portion of territory, independent of external control, and possessing a government to which a great body of inhabitants render habitual obedience.
  • 14. ELEMENTS OF A STATE  People  Territory  Government  Sovereignty
  • 15. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN NATION AND STATE?  State is a legal or juristic concept, while Nation is an ethnic or racial concept.  Nasci = to be born indicates a relation of birth or origin and implies a common race.  Thus, a nation may comprise several states Example: Egypt, Iraq, Saudi, Lebanon, Jordan, etc. belong to Arab nation.
  • 16. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN NATION AND STATE?  It is also possible for a single state to be made up of more than one nation, e.g. US which was the “melting pot” of many nations that were eventually combined into the “American nation”
  • 17. A. PEOPLE  Different meanings as used in the 1987 Constitution: – Inhabitants (sec. 2, Art III; sec. 1, Art. XIII); – Citizens (secs. 1 & 4, Art II; sec 7, art. III); – Electors (sec. 4, Art. VII)  As a requisite for Statehood, there should be an adequate number for self-sufficiency and defense; of both sexes for perpetuity.
  • 18. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CITIZENSHIP AND NATIONALITY? Citizenship • Legal or juristic • Can be changed or taken-back Nationality • Ethnic or racial • Absolute, Innate
  • 19. B. TERRITORY The National Territory Sec. 1, Art. I: The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas.”
  • 20. COMPONENTS OF PHILIPPINE TERRITORY :  Terrestrial = land  Fluvial = internal waters  Aerial domains = aerospace  Marine = external waters both surface and sub-aquatic
  • 21. C. GOVERNMENT  The agency or instrumentality through which the will of the State is formulated, expressed and realized.  Our Constitution, however, requires our government to be democratic and republican.
  • 22. C. GOVERNMENT Section 1, Art II. The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them. REPUBLICAN  It is one wherein all government authority emanates from the people and is exercised by representatives chosen by the people.
  • 23. C. GOVERNMENT DEMOCRATIC  This emphasizes that the Philippines has some aspects of direct democracy such as initiative and referendum.
  • 24. D. SOVEREIGNTY  The supreme and uncontrollable power innate in a State by which that State is governed.  Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them. (Sec. 1 Art.II)
  • 25. DUTIES OF THE STATE  Peace and Order  Political Harmony (Good Laws)  Social Justice  Economic Development
  • 26. THEORIES OF STATE ORIGIN  Divine Theory – the state is of divine origin, all political authority emanates from God.  Social Contract Theory - this theory states that men agreed among themselves to live under one civil society or body politic. A person surrendered his natural liberty but gained in return the protection and civil rights guaranteed by the governments.  Force Theory – the state has arisen through sheer force; a tribe conquering other tribes to form a kingdom.
  • 27. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION  Public administration is the implementation of government policy and also an academic discipline that studies this implementation and prepares civil servants for working in the public service.
  • 28. ONE ASEAN & ONE REGION
  • 30. THANK YOU SO MUCH