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Art of Photography
Learning Outcomes
Early History
Camera Use beginning
• 1717, Johann Heinrich
Schulze
• captured cut-out
letters on a bottle of a
light-sensitive slurry,
but he apparently
never thought of
making the results
durable
A pioneer of photography
• Around
1800, Thomas
Wedgwood made the
first reliably
documented,
although
unsuccessful attempt
at capturing camera
images in permanent
form.
View from the Window at Le Gras 1826 or 1827, believed to be the
earliest surviving camera photograph. Original (left)
& colorized reoriented enhancement (right).
First Studio Camera
The 6 Things To Know
• Know your camera
• Hold the camera still
• The 2-second rule
• Take a few more
• Tell a “story”
• Capture the “mood”
C . E . L . L .
• C omposition
• E xposure
• L ens
• L ight
Composition
Principle 1
Un-clutter the picture. Zoom in.
A good photograph is a subject, a context, and nothing else.
Remove any clutter that detracts from your message. Get closer --
zoom in -- and crop as tightly as possible
Composition
Principle 2
Put subject off-centre / Rule of thirds
The center of the frame is the weakest place -- it's static, dull,
and gives no value to the context. The more you move the subject
away from the center, the more relevance you give to the context
unless it’s
a reflection
Composition
Principle 3
Use of frames, lines & diagonals
Create impact by using frames and real or inferred lines that
lead the viewer's eye into and around the picture
Composition
Principle 4
Dramatic Perspective
Create impact by photographing your subjects from unexpected
angles. Imagine yourself as an electron spinning around the
subject, which is the nucleus of an atom
Exposure
• Aperture
• Shutter speed
• ISO
Aperture: General Rules and tips
• A larger lens opening (f1.8-3.5) offers the
following advantages:
– Allows you to shoot more often with just
natural lighting  helps to reduce harsh
shadows and red-eye caused by flash.
– Allows more light to pass through, the camera
will be able to choose a slightly higher
shutter speed  helps to reduce motion blur.
– Helps to reduce "depth-of-field“ (for effect).
Aperture
Principle
Affect depth of field (range of distance in focus)
When shooting a landscape, as much of the photograph in sharp
focus as possible (f11 to f22). In a portrait, shallower dof (f2.8-8)
will isolate your subject from distracting backgrounds
Shutter speed: General Rules and tips
• To capture blur-free "action" photographs
(e.g. Sports), you need to make sure the camera
is using a high shutter speed, e.g.1/125th of a
second or more.
• Less light gets through to the imager as shutter
speed is increased, thus difficult to use higher
shutter speeds in lower light situations.
• Alternatives: Allow more light to pass through the
lens (larger aperture setting), the other is to
increase the ISO
Shutter Speed
Principle
Freezing motion (achieve the desired effect)
Absolutely sharp images are not always the best. They can look static
and dull. At slow shutter speeds the camera blurs the image of moving
objects, and can create a more convincing image of movement.
ISO: General Rules and tips
• ISO settings are often rated at 100, 200, 400,
800, 1600, and even 3200 on some models
• Use an ISO of 100 or 200 when taking
photographs outside in sunny conditions.
• If the sky is overcast or it is evening time, or in a
darkened room, then use an ISO within the
range of 400 to 800.
• Night time or in cases of low light you might
need to set your digital camera ISO to 1600. If
not your photo will appear too dark, if at all.
ISO Setting
Principle
Set the lowest setting
possible to avoid noise
ISO measures
the sensitivity
of the image
sensor. The
lower the
number the less
sensitive your
camera is to
light and the
finer the grain.
ISO 100 ISO 3200
Lens
Principle
Wide Angle (35mm) or Telephoto (70mm)
Wide-angle lenses allow more of a picture to be captured (need
focal point) while telephoto lenses tighten the scene and isolate the
subject (but affect the depth of field & increase camera shake)
Light
Principle 1
Avoid using flash, even
for night shots
The
indiscriminate
blast of flash
destroys the
intimate mood
of existing
light
Light
Principle 2
Side Lighting instead of
front or overhead
(noon-time) lighting
The use of frontal flash
lighting tends to flatten faces.
Use side lighting as much as possible, even moving
your subject, if necessary, next to a window.
Light
Principle 3
Use fill-in flash, for
backlit situations or
overhead sun.
Overhead sun creates dark eye sockets and unattractive
shadows, which can be reduced by using a flash. Use
fill-in flash also for situations where the subject is
backlit (camera auto exposure will be confused)
Restoration
Portrait Photography
Phone Photography
PS : I Love You Proud Pinoy
Street Photography
The Pedicab and a Girl Kol pasakay!
Rural Photography
Passion
is in all great searches and is necessary
to all creative endeavors.
W. Eugene Smith
THANK YOU

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Arts & Photography

  • 4. Camera Use beginning • 1717, Johann Heinrich Schulze • captured cut-out letters on a bottle of a light-sensitive slurry, but he apparently never thought of making the results durable
  • 5. A pioneer of photography • Around 1800, Thomas Wedgwood made the first reliably documented, although unsuccessful attempt at capturing camera images in permanent form.
  • 6. View from the Window at Le Gras 1826 or 1827, believed to be the earliest surviving camera photograph. Original (left) & colorized reoriented enhancement (right).
  • 8.
  • 9. The 6 Things To Know • Know your camera • Hold the camera still • The 2-second rule • Take a few more • Tell a “story” • Capture the “mood”
  • 10. C . E . L . L . • C omposition • E xposure • L ens • L ight
  • 11. Composition Principle 1 Un-clutter the picture. Zoom in. A good photograph is a subject, a context, and nothing else. Remove any clutter that detracts from your message. Get closer -- zoom in -- and crop as tightly as possible
  • 12. Composition Principle 2 Put subject off-centre / Rule of thirds The center of the frame is the weakest place -- it's static, dull, and gives no value to the context. The more you move the subject away from the center, the more relevance you give to the context unless it’s a reflection
  • 13. Composition Principle 3 Use of frames, lines & diagonals Create impact by using frames and real or inferred lines that lead the viewer's eye into and around the picture
  • 14. Composition Principle 4 Dramatic Perspective Create impact by photographing your subjects from unexpected angles. Imagine yourself as an electron spinning around the subject, which is the nucleus of an atom
  • 16. Aperture: General Rules and tips • A larger lens opening (f1.8-3.5) offers the following advantages: – Allows you to shoot more often with just natural lighting  helps to reduce harsh shadows and red-eye caused by flash. – Allows more light to pass through, the camera will be able to choose a slightly higher shutter speed  helps to reduce motion blur. – Helps to reduce "depth-of-field“ (for effect).
  • 17. Aperture Principle Affect depth of field (range of distance in focus) When shooting a landscape, as much of the photograph in sharp focus as possible (f11 to f22). In a portrait, shallower dof (f2.8-8) will isolate your subject from distracting backgrounds
  • 18. Shutter speed: General Rules and tips • To capture blur-free "action" photographs (e.g. Sports), you need to make sure the camera is using a high shutter speed, e.g.1/125th of a second or more. • Less light gets through to the imager as shutter speed is increased, thus difficult to use higher shutter speeds in lower light situations. • Alternatives: Allow more light to pass through the lens (larger aperture setting), the other is to increase the ISO
  • 19. Shutter Speed Principle Freezing motion (achieve the desired effect) Absolutely sharp images are not always the best. They can look static and dull. At slow shutter speeds the camera blurs the image of moving objects, and can create a more convincing image of movement.
  • 20. ISO: General Rules and tips • ISO settings are often rated at 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, and even 3200 on some models • Use an ISO of 100 or 200 when taking photographs outside in sunny conditions. • If the sky is overcast or it is evening time, or in a darkened room, then use an ISO within the range of 400 to 800. • Night time or in cases of low light you might need to set your digital camera ISO to 1600. If not your photo will appear too dark, if at all.
  • 21. ISO Setting Principle Set the lowest setting possible to avoid noise ISO measures the sensitivity of the image sensor. The lower the number the less sensitive your camera is to light and the finer the grain. ISO 100 ISO 3200
  • 22. Lens Principle Wide Angle (35mm) or Telephoto (70mm) Wide-angle lenses allow more of a picture to be captured (need focal point) while telephoto lenses tighten the scene and isolate the subject (but affect the depth of field & increase camera shake)
  • 23. Light Principle 1 Avoid using flash, even for night shots The indiscriminate blast of flash destroys the intimate mood of existing light
  • 24. Light Principle 2 Side Lighting instead of front or overhead (noon-time) lighting The use of frontal flash lighting tends to flatten faces. Use side lighting as much as possible, even moving your subject, if necessary, next to a window.
  • 25. Light Principle 3 Use fill-in flash, for backlit situations or overhead sun. Overhead sun creates dark eye sockets and unattractive shadows, which can be reduced by using a flash. Use fill-in flash also for situations where the subject is backlit (camera auto exposure will be confused)
  • 28. Phone Photography PS : I Love You Proud Pinoy
  • 29. Street Photography The Pedicab and a Girl Kol pasakay!
  • 31. Passion is in all great searches and is necessary to all creative endeavors. W. Eugene Smith