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On Philippine Elections
and Political Parties
Overview
What are the historical
underpinnings of elections in the
Philippines?
How did the Philippine party
system deve...
The Electoral System
Periodic election of officials by
single-ballot plurality vote
Executive and senators elected at
la...
Pre-Colonial Philippines
No elections for ruling authorities
Government was based more on
intangibles
– Kinship
– Custom...
Colonial Government
In colonizing the Philippines,
Spain effectively formalized and
modernized government rule
To be abl...
American Colonial Rule
American colonial rule set the
foundation for elections in the
Philippines
Government institution...
Commonwealth
Introduced a more
accommodating electoral system
Over time, Philippine elections
were dominated by a single...
1973 Constitution
Consolidation of power under
Martial Rule
Less electoral safeguards
– Weakening of the powers of the
C...
The Filipino Party System
American Colonial Rule
– Initial dominance of the Federal Party
Party advocating Philippine st...
The Filipino Party System
Post-War Period
– Split of the Liberal Party from the
Nacionalista Party
Encouraged by the Ame...
The Filipino Party System
Martial Law
– Clampdown on political institutions
– Rise of the Kilusang Bagong
Lipunan (KBL) a...
The Filipino Party System
Post-EDSA (1986)
– Development of a multi-party
system
Lessons
Effective checks and balances are
needed over the electoral system
Elections are used to lend
legitimacy to a re...
More Lessons
Parties have generally been
ineffective as political institutions
that lend predictability to politics in
th...
Some Contemporary Issues
Party-list
Absentee Voting
Election Fraud
Political Dynasties
Nuisance Candidates
Etc.
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On Philippine Elections and Political Parties

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Lecture slide deck on Philippine Elections and Political Parties.

This is from a class on Philippine Politics and Governance that I taught from 2003-2005.

Published in: Education, News & Politics
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On Philippine Elections and Political Parties

  1. 1. On Philippine Elections and Political Parties
  2. 2. Overview What are the historical underpinnings of elections in the Philippines? How did the Philippine party system develop and perform? What are some of the pressing issues surrounding the Philippine electoral and party systems?
  3. 3. The Electoral System Periodic election of officials by single-ballot plurality vote Executive and senators elected at large Existence of legislative districts and local government units Electorate: duly registered citizens 18 years of age and above
  4. 4. Pre-Colonial Philippines No elections for ruling authorities Government was based more on intangibles – Kinship – Customs/Traditions – Favors – Unwritten laws
  5. 5. Colonial Government In colonizing the Philippines, Spain effectively formalized and modernized government rule To be able to administer the colony effectively, the colonial government created pockets of local authority across the country
  6. 6. American Colonial Rule American colonial rule set the foundation for elections in the Philippines Government institutions and the electoral system were patterned after the American system Filipinos could run for public office in a limited capacity
  7. 7. Commonwealth Introduced a more accommodating electoral system Over time, Philippine elections were dominated by a single-party Creation of the COMELEC to oversee the conduct of elections
  8. 8. 1973 Constitution Consolidation of power under Martial Rule Less electoral safeguards – Weakening of the powers of the COMELEC – Lack of checks and balances within the electoral system
  9. 9. The Filipino Party System American Colonial Rule – Initial dominance of the Federal Party Party advocating Philippine statehood within the United States – Rise and subsequent preponderance of the Nacionalista Party Coalition of different groups advocating Philippine independence
  10. 10. The Filipino Party System Post-War Period – Split of the Liberal Party from the Nacionalista Party Encouraged by the Americans to avoid single-party hegemony Over time, the distinction between the two became blurred Growing importance of personalities
  11. 11. The Filipino Party System Martial Law – Clampdown on political institutions – Rise of the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL) as the dominant political party – Eventual emergence of regional political parties
  12. 12. The Filipino Party System Post-EDSA (1986) – Development of a multi-party system
  13. 13. Lessons Effective checks and balances are needed over the electoral system Elections are used to lend legitimacy to a regime There are very few distinguishing characteristics between political parties in the Philippines
  14. 14. More Lessons Parties have generally been ineffective as political institutions that lend predictability to politics in the Philippines Personalities overpower parties as political entities
  15. 15. Some Contemporary Issues Party-list Absentee Voting Election Fraud Political Dynasties Nuisance Candidates Etc.

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