EVOLUTION OF PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT

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EVOLUTION OF PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT

  1. 1. EVOLUTION OF PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT contents next
  2. 2. VISION contents nextback
  3. 3. MISSION contents nextback
  4. 4. GOALS contents nextback
  5. 5. OBJECTIVES OF BSED contents nextback
  6. 6. RODOLFO B. VALDENARRO Jr. Module Developer GLAIZA R. D CADAPAN Module Developer FOREWORD contents nextback
  7. 7. FOR-IAN V. SANDOVAL Computer Instructor / Adviser Educational Technology 2 Estanislao A. Ramos Module Consultant LYDIA R. CHAVEZ Dean College of Education FOREWORD contents nextback
  8. 8. Acknowledgement contents nextback
  9. 9. Introduction contents nextback
  10. 10. contents nextback
  11. 11. contents nextback
  12. 12. contents nextback General Objectives
  13. 13. TABLE OF CONTENTS nextback
  14. 14. contents nextback
  15. 15. FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC contents nextback
  16. 16. In 1899, after the Malolos Constitution was ratified, the Universidad Literia de Filipinas was established in Malolos, Bulacan. It offered Law as well as Medicine, Surgery and Notary Public; Academia Militar which was established on October 25, 1898; and the Burgos Institute, an exclusive school for boys. The establishment of the Philippine Republic was the culmination of the Philippine Revolution against Spanish rule. Independence was declared on June 12, 1898 and the dictatorial government then in place was replaced by a revolutionary government headed by Emilio Aguinaldo as president on June 23, 1898. The U.S. abolished the Philippine Republic in 1899 and continued its annexation of the islands pursuant to the Treaty of Paris which ended the Spanish-American War. The Philippines was under US sovereignty until 1946, when formal independence was granted by the Treaty of Manila. Temporary triumphal arch commemorating election of Aguinaldo, 1899 contents nextback
  17. 17. Objectives: To identify the role of Katipunan in achieving Philippine independence To share the values and advocacy of Katipunan To recognize the officials and members of the Biak-na Bato Republic Blood compact of the members of Katipunan contents nextback
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  19. 19. THE BIAK-NA BATO REPUBLIC Pact of Biak-na Bato Filipino negotiators Toward the end of October, 1897, during a lull of hostilities, President Aguinaldo convened an assembly of revolutionary generals and leaders of Biak-na bato. This assembly decided to continue the libertarian war at all cost and establish a Biak-na bato Republic. On November 1, 1897, the Biaknabato republic was inaugurated under constitution written by Isabelo Artacho and Felix Ferrer. This constitution was patterned closely after the Cuban constitution of 1895. The officials of Biak-na bato Republic were: contents nextback
  20. 20. President: Emilio Aguinaldo Vice President: Mariano Trias Secretary of Interior: Isabelo Artacho Secretary of Treasury: Baldomero Aguinaldo Secretary of War: Emiliano Riego de Dios Secretary of Foreign Affairs: Antonio Montenegro contents nextback
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  24. 24. Objectives: To show the importance of having a constitution in one country To discuss the making of Malolos Constitution To draw from memory the events on the inauguration of Malolos Constitution Opening of Malolos Congress at the Barasoain Church Malolos , Bulacan on September 15,1898 contents nextback
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  26. 26. THE MAKING OF MALOLOS CONSTITUTION The committee of draft the constitution was composed of 19 members, namely: Felipe G. Calderon (Chairman) Higinio Benitez Mariano Abella Felipe Buencamino Joaquin Gonzales Antonio Luna Geagorio Araneta Hipolito Magsalin Jose Ma. De la Vina Jose Alejandro Tomas G. del Rosario Aguedo Velarde Jose Albert Alberto Barreto Arsenio Cruz Herrera Juan Manday Jose Luna Pedro Ocampo contents nextback
  27. 27. El Verdadero Decalogo "True Decalogue" Apolinario Mabini contents nextback
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  31. 31. FIRST COMMOMWEALTH IN THE PHILIPPINES contents nextback
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  34. 34. Objectives: To discuss different Independence Mission To interpret the effect of World War 1 in the Philippines To draw/illustrate Philippine Independence Missions Filipino soldiers during World War 1 nextbackcontents
  35. 35. Woodrow Wilson President Wilson, in his farewell address to Congress on December 2, 1920, recommended the granting of Philippine independence. Unfortunately, the Republican Party then controlled Congress, so that the recommendation of the outgoing Democratic president was not heeded. nextbackcontents
  36. 36. Manuel Osmenia Manuel Roxas nextbackcontents
  37. 37. Column B a. President Woodrow Wilson b. Ben Wright c. Private Tomas Claudio d. Declaration Purposes e. President Manuel l. Quezon f. Benigno Aquino Sr. g. President Herbert Hoover h. Hare Hawes Cutting Bill i. OSROX Mission j. Philippine National Guard. nextbackcontents
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  39. 39. Objectives: To recall the existence of Military government in the Philippines To differentiate Schurman Commission from Taft Commission To show the importance of United States in the development of Military Government Gen. Wesley Merritt Owing the exigencies of war, a military government was established on August 14, 1898, the day following the capture of Manila, with Gen Wesley Merritt as first Military Governor. The authority of Military Governor came from the powers of President as Commander in Chief of the United States Armed Forces. During the Military rule(1898-1901), the American military commander govern the Philippines for the President of the United States. nextbackcontents
  40. 40. In order to make a survey of Philippine conditions and to achieve the peaceful extension of American sovereignty over the archipelago, President McKinley appointed, on January 20, 1899. Philippine Congress under United States nextbackcontents
  41. 41. First Philippine Commission (1898) The first Philippine commission otherwise known as the “Schurman Commission”. The commission was composed of Dr. Jacob G. Schurman (chairman), president of Cornell University; Maj Gen. Elwell Otis, Military Governor; rear Admiral George Dewey, commander of the American Asiatic squadron; Charles Denby, former American Minister to China; Dr. Dean C. Worcester, professor at the University of Michigan. The Schurman mission arrived in Manila on March 4, 1899, a month after the outbreak of the war. It failed to accomplish its mission owing to the exigencies of war. It conducted some hearings in Manila, received the emissaries of General Aguinaldo, after which it returned to the United States. On January 31, 1900, it submitted its report to President McKinley with the following recommendations: (1) The establishment of a territorial form of government with the legislature of two houses-the lower house to be elective and the upper house to be half-elective and half-appointive. (2) Withdrawal of military rule in the pacified areas (3) The conservation of the natural resources of the Philippines for the Filipinos (4) The organization of autonomous local government (5) Opening of the free elementary schools (6) The appointment of man of high ability and good character to important government offices. nextbackcontents
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  44. 44. Objectives: To discuss how the civil government was enacted To analyze the provisions of Philippine Bill 1902 GENERAL MACARTHUR announces the establishment of the Philippine Civil Government. Seen in the front row, left to right, are: Lt. Gen. George C. Kenney, Vice Adm. Thomas C. Kinkaid, Lt. Gen. Walter Krueger, Lt. Gen. Richard K.Sutherland, General MacArthur and President Sergio Osmeña. The first government established by the Americans in the Philippines followed the surrender of Manila in August 1898. It was a military government. During the duration of the war, the Philippines was ruled by the president of the United States in his capacity as commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. In its brief existence, from 1898 to 1901, the military government established a supreme court composed of six Filipinos and three Americans. The first chief justice was Cayetano Arellano. nextbackcontents
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  47. 47. Objectives: To distinguish the differences of Philippine Constitution to American Constitution To relate the first Election to present day Election To formulate ideas regarding steps of the Philippines to be independent SIGNING THE CONSTITUTION OF THE PHILIPPINE COMMONWEALTH, 23 MARCH 1935. Seated, left to right: George H. Dern, Secretary of War; President Franklin D. Roosevelt, signing the Constitution of the Philippine Commonwealth; Manuel L. Quezon, President, Philippine Senate; standing, left to right: Brig. Gen. Creed F. Cox, Chief, Bureau of Insular Affairs, War Department; Frank Murphy, Governor General of the Philippine Islands; Cordell Hull, Secretary of State; Key Pittman, Chairman, Foreign Relations Committee, U.S. Senate; Pedro Guevara, Philippine Resident Commissioner; Miguel Cuaderno, Vice President, Philippine National Bank, Manila, P. I.; Manuel Roxas, Representative, Philippine Legislature, Delegate, Constitutional Assembly; Francisco A. Delgado, Philippine Resident Commissioner. The 1935 Constitution was one of the noblest documents written by the Filipinos. It embodied the ideals of liberty and democracy which Filipinos had inspired for; an American type of government which they have trained in. The Bill of Rights and the structure of the new government were modeled after the American Constitution. In one respect, the Philippine Constitution was superior to the American Constitution, because the preamble of the first invoked the aid of Divine Providence. contents nextback
  48. 48. FIRST ELECTION UNDER 1935 CONSTITUTION Manuel L. Quezon declares as the President of the Philippines As a respiratory step towards the establishment of the Commonwealth of the Philippines the first national election under constitution was held on September 17, 1936. The party joined the election was namely: (1) the Coalition Party, (2) the National Socialist Party, and (3) the Republican Party. The candidates for President and Vice President were Manuel L. Quezon and Sergio Osmena (Coalition Party); Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo and Raymundo Melliza (National Socialist Party); Bishop Gregorio Aglipay and Norbeto Nabong (Republican Party). By an overwhelming majority vote, the Filipino people elected Quezon and Osmenia of the Coalition Party as President and Vice President respectively, of the Philippines. The majority of the elected members of the National Assembly likewise belong to this party. nextbackcontents
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  52. 52. Objectives: To recall the inauguration of the Philippine Commonwealth To respond to the effect of the Commonwealth Government Manuel L. Quezon on his oath taking as the President of the Commonwealth government On the beautiful morning of November 15, 1935, the Commonwealth of the Philippines was inaugurated amidst colorful ceremonies held on the steps of the Legislative Building in Manila. The historic event was witnessed by a crowd of around 300,000 people. The invocation prayer was read by Archbishop Gabriel M. Reyes of Cebu. After the prayer, Secretary of War George H. Dern, as the personal and official representative of President Roosevelt, delivered an address in which he extolled the progress of democracy in the Philippines. He was followed by Governor- General Murphy, who read the proclamation of the President of the United States. The oath of office was then administered to President-elect Quezon, Vice-President-elect Osmena, and the Members-elect of the National Assembly by Chief Justice Ramon Avancena of the Philippine Supreme Court. After the oath-taking ceremony, Secretary of War Dern, on behalf of the President of the United States, proclaimed the termination of the Government under the Jones Law and the birth of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. Thereupon President Quezon delivered his inaugural address. A long parade ended the inaugural ceremonies. contents nextback
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  56. 56. US Products Use Not Use A. Foods B. Clothes C. Things D. Cosmetics/ Body Decorations E. Machinery contents back
  57. 57. SECOND COMMONWEALTH IN THE PHILIPPINES contents nextback
  58. 58. Japanese soldiers killing a Filipino contents nextback
  59. 59. Objectives: To show how the Japanese invasion begin To rearrange the sequence of events during World War 2 The coming of Japanese troops in the Philippines The Second World War was by far the greatest armed conflict in the history of mankind. Basically, it was a life-and-death struggle between democracy and totalitarianism. The Philippines joined it on December 8, 1941, immediately after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, because of the Filipino’s love of freedom and loyalty to America. The heroic role played by the fighting Filipinos during the war won the esteem of the world and proved their right to be ranked among the free nations of modern times. contents nextback
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  61. 61. Japanese plane used in the first air attacks contents nextback
  62. 62. Planes and hangars burning at Wheeler Army Air Field soon after it was attacked contents nextback
  63. 63. Wold War II 1 2 3 456 B. Essay 1. Why did Japan declare war? Explain their reason. 2. Differentiate democracy from Totalitarian. 3. What are the preparations made by the Philippines before World War II? 4. Is it easy for the Japanese to invade the Philippines? Why? contents nextback
  64. 64. Objectives: To compare the patriotism of the Bataan heroes to the present day heroes To share the experiences of Filipino prisoners on Death March To asses the suffering of the Filipino during World War 2 Americans surrending on Bataan Lt. Gen. Jonathan M. Wainwright succeeded McArthur as commander of Fil- American troops, now changed from USSAFE( United States Armed Forces in the Far East) to USIP (United States Forces in the Philippines). He occupied McArthur’s headquarters in Corregidor, and from he directed the gallant defense of Bataan .The Brave Filipinos and American defenders reeled before the smashing onslaught of the invaders, but they held their ground and fought on with tenacious courage. . contents nextback
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  66. 66. Bataan Death March contents nextback
  67. 67. Grotesque: A prisoner of war, about to be beheaded by a Japanese executioner contents nextback
  68. 68. A Scene in Death March Lt. Ferdinad E. Marcos contents nextback
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  70. 70. Civilian Emergency Administration (CEA) Pearl Harbor Lt. Masaharu Homma 6000 United States Forces in the Philippines (USIP) Pacific Ocean Lt. Gen. Douglas McArthur Capas, Tarlac Sulu Sea Distinguished Service Cross 7000 President Roosevelt contents nextback
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  72. 72. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. E. Give at least five characteristics of an individual that need to acquire in this type of situation. contents nextback
  73. 73. SECOND PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC contents nextback
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  75. 75. Objectives: To recall the 1943 Constitution To positively interpret the laws written in 1943 Constitution To define KALIBAPI The 1943 Constitution was drafted by a committee appointed by the Philippine executive Commission, the body established by the Japanese to administer the Philippines in lieu of the Commonwealth of the Philippines which had established a government-in-exile. In mid-1942 Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo had promised the Filipinos “the honor of independence” which meant that the commission would be supplanted by a formal republic. The Preparatory Committee for Philippines Independence tasked with drafting a new constitution was composed in large part, of members of the prewar National Assembly and of individuals with experience with delegates to the convention that had drafted the 1935 Constitution. Their draft for the republic to be established under the Japanese Occupation, however, would be limited in duration, provide for indirect, legislative elections, and an even stronger executive branch. Upon approval of the draft by the Committee, the new charter was ratified in 1943 by an assembly of appointed, provincial representatives of the KALIBAPI, the organization established by the Japanese to supplant all previous political parties. Upon ratification by the KALIBAPI assembly, the Second Republic was formally proclaimed (1943-1945). Jose P. Laurel was appointed as by the National Assembly and inaugurated into office in October 1943. Laurel was highly regarded by the Japanese for having openly criticized the US for the way they ran the Philippines and because he had a degree from Tokyo International University. contents nextback
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  77. 77. President Jose P. Laurel contents nextback
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  79. 79. Objectives: To know the different changes happened under the new republic To explain the type of living of the Filipino when Japanese come To give important opinion on the government changes To appreciate the comeback of MacArthur and his liberation forces in the Philippines Under the new republic, the Ministries were established, replacing the department of the defunct Philippine Executive Commission. Each ministry was under a minister, assisted by a vice-Minister. New bureaus, boards, and other offices were created. Aside from the Supreme Court, five courts of Appeal were created, one for each of the five Judicial Districts into which the country was divided. To assist the President of the Republic in the administration of the whole country, seven Administrative Districts were established each under a commissioner. THE REPUBLIC IN CRISIS By August 1944, the situation of the Japanese-made Philippine Republic became critical. Its existence depended on the might of Japanese arms. In as much as the tide of war was definitely turning against Japan, it was doomed. Mac Arthur was winning his battles in the Jungle islands of the Southwest Pacific and was leap frogging his way towards the Philippines. contents nextback
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  82. 82. Objectives: To describe the action of Commonwealth government of the Philippines to United States To appreciate the role of MacArthur for the restoration of Commonwealth To discuss the last commonwealth election To draw from memory the impact and ending of World War II From August to October 1944, the tide of war decidedly turned in favor of the United States, as American planes began to bomb targets in the Philippines. On October 20, 1944, the main attack force of 174,000 American troops, ferried by an armada of 700 warships, landed at Leyte. After the first wave of Marine troops had made a beachhead, General MacArthur waded ashore, at Red Beach, near Palo, Leyte, accompanied by President Osmena, General Carlos P. Romulo and General Basilio Valdez. “I have returned,” MacArthur told the jubilant Filipino nation. On October 23, the Commonwealth Government was declared restored, with Tacloban as temporary capital. . LAST COMMONWEALTH ELECTION The last anniversary of the Commonwealth of the Philippines marking the 10th year of its existence was celebrated with appropriate rejoicing throughout the country on November 15, 1945. At that time President Osmena was in Washington, D.C., where he was busy trying to secure aid from the United States government for the relief and rehabilitation of the war-torn Philippines. contents nextback
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  84. 84. The Enola Gay contents nextback
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  88. 88. THIRD COMMONWEALTH AND THIRD PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC contents nextback
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  91. 91. Objectives: To recognized the different Presidents under the 3rd Philippine Republic To compare their contributions to the developments of the country To write a reaction about their service in terms of governing the country Elpidio Quirino On the night of April 16, 1948, President Roxas died of heart attack at Clark Field, Pampanga. In the morning of his fateful date, she delivered a stirring speech before the U.S. 13th Air Force, in which he said: “If war should come, I am certain of one thing- probably the only thing of which I can be certain- and it is this: That America and the Philippines will be found on the same side, and American and Filipino soldiers will again fight side by side in the same trenches or in the air or at sea in defense of justice, of freedom, and other principles which we both love and cherish.” After the speech, he felt dizzy and was brought to the residence of Maj. Gen. e. L. Eubank, where he passed away that night. On April 17, 1948, Vice President Quirino took his oath of office as second President of mourning thoughtful the land for his predecessor. President Elpidio Quirino contents nextback
  92. 92. President Ramon Magasaysay contents nextback
  93. 93. President Carlos P. Garcia contents nextback
  94. 94. President Diosdado Macapagal contents nextback
  95. 95. President Ferdinand E. Marcos contents nextback
  96. 96. President Years of service Province Profession Laws Implemented 1. Manuel Roxas 1946-1948 Manila Lawyer Bell Trade Act, Philippine Rehabilitation Act 2 . Elpidio Quirino 3. Ramon Magsaysay 4. Carlos Garcia 5. Diosdado Macapagal 6. Ferdinand Marcos B. Who among the presidents you like most. Why? Justify your answer. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ contents nextback
  97. 97. Objectives: To compare the new constitution from 1943 Constitution To develop ideas on how constitutions ratified To appreciate the reasons why Pope John Paul VI visited the country To formulate ideas on the roles of the church to our country The Constitutional Convention met in inaugural session on June 1, 1971 at the Fiesta Pavillion of the Manila Hotel, Manila. It was formally opened by Senate President Gil J. Puyat and House Speaker Cornelio Villareal. The highlight of the opening ceremonies was the address of President Marcos in which in which he appealed to the delegates to frame a constitution which would cure the polical and socio – economic ills of the nation. Several delegates walked out during the President’s speech in protest against the Marcos administration. The first convention president by the delegates was Carlos P. Garcia, former President of the Philippine Republic. Unfortunately, he died on June 14, 1971 of heart attack, and was succeeded by Diosdado Macapagal, another former President of the Philippine Republic. contents nextback
  98. 98. Pope John Paul VI contents nextback
  99. 99. * * * * contents nextback
  100. 100. Objectives: To illustrate Plaza Miranda Massacre To share reactions about the massacre To explain why the Liberal Party said to be handicapped in the election of 1971 After the historical visit of Pope Paul VI, the conditions of Philippines worsened. The soaring wave of lawlessness reached its crest in the so-called “Plaza Miranda Massacre” on the evening of August 21, 1971 during the proclamation rally of the LP candidates for the local; elections scheduled on November 8, 1971. Two fragmentations generate, hurled by unidentified persons on the platform, killed 8 persons and injured 120. Among those wounded were senator Gerardo Roxas and his wife, Senator Jovito Salonga (running for election), Senator Sergio Osmeña Jr., Congressman John Osmeña (LP Senatorial candidate), Senator Eva Estrada Kalaw (guest candidate on LP Senatorial ticket) Congressman Ramon Mitra (LP Senatorial candidate), Congressman Bagatsing (LP Candidate for mayoralty of Manila), and Laguna Governor Felicisimo T. San Luis (master-of-ceremonies). The outrageous massacre stirred the indignation of the nation. Plaza Miranda on and before the massacre contents nextback
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  104. 104. Presidential Parliamentary contents nextback
  105. 105. FOURTH PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC contents nextback
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  107. 107. Objectives: To recognized former Senator Benigno S. Aquino Jr. To explain the scenario after the assassination of Ninoy Aquino To write an article about the contributions of former Senator Ninoy Aquino On August 21, 1983, former Senator Benigno S. Aquino Jr. (“Ninoy”), and the leading opposition spokesman, returned from a three-year exile in the United States. He was shot dead at the Manila International Airport while in the custody of guards from the Aviation Security Command. Conflicting reports of the assassination and that of his alleged killer Rolando Galman were assigned to an investigation by a presidential fact-finding board. Meanwhile, Senator Aquino’s funeral from Santo Domingo Church in Quezon City to Manila Memorial Park in Parañaque on August 31, 1983, turned out to be the longest and largest procession in the Philippine history, attended by some two million people from all walks of life. Life and death of Ninoy Aquino contents nextback
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  110. 110. Philippine Congress contents nextback
  111. 111. President Marcos officially ended the Martial Law contents nextback
  112. 112. Martial Law contents nextback
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  130. 130. Rodolfo Buerano Valdenarro Jr. is the youngest son of Mr. Rodolfo K. Valdenarro Sr. and Mrs. Marilou B. Valdenarro. He was born on March 13, 1992 at Gen Cailles Memorial Hospital Pakil, Laguna. He finished Elementary in Buhay Elementary School and finished his high school in Siniloan National High School. He finished his tertiary level in 2012 at Laguna State Polytechnic University with the Degree of Bachelor of Secondary Education major in Social Studies. Glaiza Ruazol Cadapan. is the youngest daugther of Mr. Leandro C. Cadapan (+) and Mrs. Loreta R. Cadapan. She was born on February 9, 1988 at Brgy. Matalatala, Mabitac, Laguna. She finished Elementary in Matalatala Elementary School and finished his high school in Siniloan National High School. She finished his tertiary level in 2012 at Laguna State Polytechnic University with the Degree of Bachelor of Secondary Education major in Social Studies. contents back

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