SlideShare a Scribd company logo
PLAYING FOR IMPACT
Implementing Organization
Moldovan Environmental Governance
Academy (MEGA):
Social entrepreneurial organization focused
on delivering services of gamification with
environmental and social value.
MEGA Game: The Game with Impact:
The core product of MEGA; a web platform
with elements of gamification that connects
individuals with Green Tech companies &
environmental organizations.
Problem Addressed
Problem:
Degradation of the Codru forest and other
forest ecosystems in the Republic of
Moldova and their biodiversity.
Targeted cause:
Lack of awareness about indirect use and
non-use values of forest ecosystems for
society and their undervaluation in land
use planning and policy making.
Remaining forest cover in Moldova (~11%) ->
Targeted Values of Forests
Direct Use Values Indirect Use Values Non-use Values
• Timber
• Firewood / charcoal
• Non-timber products
• Recreation / tourism
• Hunting
• Grazing
• Cultivation
• Soil fertility
• Watershed protection
• Nutrient cycling
• Insect pollination
• Landscape quality
• Carbon sequestration
• Pure existence of
biodiversity and its
habitats
• Natural resources and
their benefits for
future generations
• Historical and cultural
significance of
landscape and nature
Values targeted in the Codru Quest
Study Area
Codru Nature Reserve:
• Oldest protected area in Moldova
• Located in Straseni, Hincesti, and
Ialoveni
• Administered by state agency Moldsilva
• Covers 5175.8 ha of the Codru forest
Codru forest:
• Dominantly oak forest
• 1 000 protected species of plants
• 8 000 protected species of insects
• Habitat of 2 targeted endangered species
Targeted Endangered Species
Small-flowered black hawthorn
(Crataegus pentagyna)
Stag beetle
(Lucanus cervus)
Threats to the Codru Forest
Prioritization of direct use resources of the
forest ecosystem
State-level corruption
Insufficient financial resources and rangers
Illegal logging and deforestation
Illegal collection of endangered plant species
Poaching and biodiversity loss
Disturbance by human interventions
Waste pollution
Goal and Objectives
Goal:
Estimate and present the indirect use and non-use economic values of
ecosystem services and biodiversity conservation in the Codru Nature Reserve
and the Codru forest in the Republic of Moldova.
Objectives:
1. Estimate economic valuation
data for ecosystem services
2. Prepare and present the
results to key stakeholders
3. Organize educational and
nature conservation activities
Methodology
Stated preference (SP) methodology:
• Based on interviews and surveys
• Asks respondents for willingness to
pay for environmental good / service
• Can elicit non-use values of
ecosystem services
Choice modelling (CM) technique:
• One of the SP methods
• Offers respondents to choose the
most preferred alternative scenario
or status quo with changing
characteristics of the good / service
Example of a choice set from the CM survey
offered to respondents
Surveying Methods
1. On-line survey delivered to
100 respondents from the capital
city Chisinau
2. Computer-assisted personal
interviews administered among
101 respondents from 9 villages
3. Experiment with using
gamification for surveying 100
respondents via MEGA Game
Surveying Methods
Gamification:
• Concept of applying game design
and mechanics to a non-game
context
• Aimed to increase motivation,
engagement, and contribution of the
target audience to a certain cause
Gamification in surveying:
• Lottery with virtual currency and web
shop
• On-line gamification as a quest with
missions in MEGA Game
Screenshot from the MEGA Game platform
showing the Codru Quest missions
Data Analysis
Final population sample size:
• Among 201 responses, 94 had to be
removed as non-valid
• Final sample size analyzed: 107
respondents
Econometric model used:
• Mixed logit model
• Statistical model for examining
discrete choices
• Estimates aggregated to 3 500 visitors
to the Codru Nature Reserve per year
Estimated willingness-to-pay values
from the mixed logit model
Challenges and Constraints
Very small sample size and
surveying challenges
Data analysis issues and lack of
benefit transfer equation
Time constraint of only
10 months
Budget limitation of only
8 000 EUR
Population Sample
Sample size:
201 respondents from:
• Chisinau
• Lozova
• Stejareni
• Capriana
• Micleuseni
• Huzun
• Horodca
• Bursuc
• Dragusenii Noi
• Condrita9 villages around the Codru forest, where the respondents
come from
Respondents’ Profile
Average age:
20 – 30 years
Dominant gender:
women
Prevailing education level:
High school or Bachelor degree
Prevailing income level:
3 000 MDL (140 EUR) per month
Respondents’ Use of the Forest
Average distance to the Codru forest:
• 1 – 5 km
Average frequency of visits:
• 1 – 5 visits per person per year
Average duration of a visit:
• 2 – 3 hours
Main uses of the Codru forest:
• Recreation (walking, picnics)
• Collection of non-timber products
Respondents’ Attitude
Values of Ecosystem Services
Mean willingness-to-pay of city residents, MDL
Legend: size – WTP magnitude, colour – sign (positive and negative), transparency – significance
Values of Ecosystem Services
Mean willingness-to-pay of village residents, MDL
Legend: size – WTP magnitude, colour – sign (positive and negative), transparency – significance
Values of Ecosystem Services
Mean willingness-to-pay of sample average, MDL
Legend: size – WTP magnitude, colour – sign (positive and negative), transparency – significance
Values of Ecosystem Services
Mean willingness-to-pay of aggregated sample average, MDL
Legend: size – WTP magnitude, colour – sign (positive and negative), transparency – significance
Reasons for Willingness-to-pay
Bequest value:
preservation of nature for future generations
Loss aversion:
preservation of endangered species
Existence value:
pleasure of knowing that the forest exists
Use values:
personal use of the forest for recreation
Recommendations
Local communities and
citizens concerned about
the Codru forest
Administration of the Codru
Nature Reserve and other
protected areas in Moldova
• Use the results to raise awareness
and claim participation in decision-
making regarding the forest
• Account for values of ecosystem
services in forest management
plans
• Work together with local
communities and frequent visitors
• Use WTP values to establish
payment for ecosystem services
scheme
Recommendations
Environmental
organizations (NGOs)
Ministry of Environment
and policy makers
• Include values of ecosystem
services into raising awareness and
educational initiatives
• Approach and collaborate with local
communities in tree planting and
nature conservation activities
• Use WTP values as objective
economic input to decision- and
policy-making
• Consider attitudes and preferences
of citizens and local communities in
nature conservation
Acknowledgements
Partners and sponsors:
• The Rufford Foundation
• The Austrian Federal Ministry for Science, Research and Economy (BMWFW)
• The Institute for the Danube Region and Central Europe (IDM)
• The German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)
• Spark Research Labs
• The Codru Nature Reserve administration
Contributors:
• Tim de Kruiff
• Felipe Fausto
• Evdokia Roidou
On-line Resources
• Official website of the Codru Quest
• On-line survey “The Codru Quest: Your Choice”
• Preliminary results “The Codru Quest. Phase I Results”
• Final dataset with the respondents’ answers and WTP data
• Final dataset with the respondents’ socio-economic data
• Final WTP data processed with the R software
• Methodological guidebook “The Codru Quest: Methodology”
• Final report with the results “The Codru Quest: Final Report”
Contacts
Alexandr Iscenco
alexander@megageneration.com
Elena Ungureanu
elena@megageneration.com
Website: www.megageneration.com
E-mail: hello@megageneration.com

More Related Content

Similar to MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (ENG)

Eco logic - G.L.A.S. Project
Eco logic - G.L.A.S. Project Eco logic - G.L.A.S. Project
Eco logic - G.L.A.S. Project Simone Petrucci
 
Experience of ASEAN and ROK Cooperation on Forest Education and Some Thoughts...
Experience of ASEAN and ROK Cooperation on Forest Education and Some Thoughts...Experience of ASEAN and ROK Cooperation on Forest Education and Some Thoughts...
Experience of ASEAN and ROK Cooperation on Forest Education and Some Thoughts...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Comparative Framework on Forest Landscape Restoration
Comparative Framework on Forest Landscape RestorationComparative Framework on Forest Landscape Restoration
Comparative Framework on Forest Landscape RestorationGPFLR
 
Final_ENGLISH_Day_2_morning_with_Big_sheet_guidance_in_comments.pptx
Final_ENGLISH_Day_2_morning_with_Big_sheet_guidance_in_comments.pptxFinal_ENGLISH_Day_2_morning_with_Big_sheet_guidance_in_comments.pptx
Final_ENGLISH_Day_2_morning_with_Big_sheet_guidance_in_comments.pptxlizzybanda
 
D shurland summer_school_iceland_oct2016
D shurland summer_school_iceland_oct2016D shurland summer_school_iceland_oct2016
D shurland summer_school_iceland_oct2016FEST
 
Society for the Protection of Prespa
Society for the Protection of PrespaSociety for the Protection of Prespa
Society for the Protection of PrespaFutureleadersGR
 
Environmentalsustainabilityandtourism 100122111356-phpapp02
Environmentalsustainabilityandtourism 100122111356-phpapp02Environmentalsustainabilityandtourism 100122111356-phpapp02
Environmentalsustainabilityandtourism 100122111356-phpapp02crth25
 
Testing Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES): Experience of the Conservatio...
Testing Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES):  Experience of the Conservatio...Testing Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES):  Experience of the Conservatio...
Testing Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES): Experience of the Conservatio...Ecotourism_Romania
 
Empowering Education for SDGs on the Regional Level
Empowering Education for SDGs on the Regional LevelEmpowering Education for SDGs on the Regional Level
Empowering Education for SDGs on the Regional LevelESD UNU-IAS
 
Country presentation, Georgia
Country presentation, GeorgiaCountry presentation, Georgia
Country presentation, GeorgiaENPI FLEG
 
Final presentation spain quattro
Final presentation spain quattroFinal presentation spain quattro
Final presentation spain quattroHenk Massink
 
Presentation - Workshop on Scaling-up the implementation of nature-based solu...
Presentation - Workshop on Scaling-up the implementation of nature-based solu...Presentation - Workshop on Scaling-up the implementation of nature-based solu...
Presentation - Workshop on Scaling-up the implementation of nature-based solu...OECD Environment
 
Berardi community owned solutions
Berardi community owned solutionsBerardi community owned solutions
Berardi community owned solutionsAndrea Berardi
 
1 deirdre shurland - unep windhoek-guideline_eursummerschool_2jul2015
1 deirdre shurland - unep windhoek-guideline_eursummerschool_2jul20151 deirdre shurland - unep windhoek-guideline_eursummerschool_2jul2015
1 deirdre shurland - unep windhoek-guideline_eursummerschool_2jul2015FEST
 
N3 Gateway Tourism Association Member Workshop Feb - Mar 2017
N3 Gateway Tourism Association Member Workshop Feb - Mar 2017N3 Gateway Tourism Association Member Workshop Feb - Mar 2017
N3 Gateway Tourism Association Member Workshop Feb - Mar 2017N3 Gateway Tourism Association
 

Similar to MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (ENG) (20)

Eco logic - G.L.A.S. Project
Eco logic - G.L.A.S. Project Eco logic - G.L.A.S. Project
Eco logic - G.L.A.S. Project
 
Experience of ASEAN and ROK Cooperation on Forest Education and Some Thoughts...
Experience of ASEAN and ROK Cooperation on Forest Education and Some Thoughts...Experience of ASEAN and ROK Cooperation on Forest Education and Some Thoughts...
Experience of ASEAN and ROK Cooperation on Forest Education and Some Thoughts...
 
Comparative Framework on Forest Landscape Restoration
Comparative Framework on Forest Landscape RestorationComparative Framework on Forest Landscape Restoration
Comparative Framework on Forest Landscape Restoration
 
Luke in Forest Bioeconomy - Lauri Sikanen
Luke in Forest Bioeconomy - Lauri SikanenLuke in Forest Bioeconomy - Lauri Sikanen
Luke in Forest Bioeconomy - Lauri Sikanen
 
FUTURE CITIES
FUTURE CITIESFUTURE CITIES
FUTURE CITIES
 
Final_ENGLISH_Day_2_morning_with_Big_sheet_guidance_in_comments.pptx
Final_ENGLISH_Day_2_morning_with_Big_sheet_guidance_in_comments.pptxFinal_ENGLISH_Day_2_morning_with_Big_sheet_guidance_in_comments.pptx
Final_ENGLISH_Day_2_morning_with_Big_sheet_guidance_in_comments.pptx
 
D shurland summer_school_iceland_oct2016
D shurland summer_school_iceland_oct2016D shurland summer_school_iceland_oct2016
D shurland summer_school_iceland_oct2016
 
Society for the Protection of Prespa
Society for the Protection of PrespaSociety for the Protection of Prespa
Society for the Protection of Prespa
 
Environmentalsustainabilityandtourism 100122111356-phpapp02
Environmentalsustainabilityandtourism 100122111356-phpapp02Environmentalsustainabilityandtourism 100122111356-phpapp02
Environmentalsustainabilityandtourism 100122111356-phpapp02
 
Testing Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES): Experience of the Conservatio...
Testing Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES):  Experience of the Conservatio...Testing Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES):  Experience of the Conservatio...
Testing Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES): Experience of the Conservatio...
 
Fao 02
Fao 02Fao 02
Fao 02
 
Empowering Education for SDGs on the Regional Level
Empowering Education for SDGs on the Regional LevelEmpowering Education for SDGs on the Regional Level
Empowering Education for SDGs on the Regional Level
 
Country presentation, Georgia
Country presentation, GeorgiaCountry presentation, Georgia
Country presentation, Georgia
 
Business and NGO Collaboration Wwf roxas
Business and NGO Collaboration   Wwf   roxasBusiness and NGO Collaboration   Wwf   roxas
Business and NGO Collaboration Wwf roxas
 
Final presentation spain quattro
Final presentation spain quattroFinal presentation spain quattro
Final presentation spain quattro
 
Presentation - Workshop on Scaling-up the implementation of nature-based solu...
Presentation - Workshop on Scaling-up the implementation of nature-based solu...Presentation - Workshop on Scaling-up the implementation of nature-based solu...
Presentation - Workshop on Scaling-up the implementation of nature-based solu...
 
Berardi community owned solutions
Berardi community owned solutionsBerardi community owned solutions
Berardi community owned solutions
 
1 deirdre shurland - unep windhoek-guideline_eursummerschool_2jul2015
1 deirdre shurland - unep windhoek-guideline_eursummerschool_2jul20151 deirdre shurland - unep windhoek-guideline_eursummerschool_2jul2015
1 deirdre shurland - unep windhoek-guideline_eursummerschool_2jul2015
 
N3 Gateway Tourism Association Member Workshop Feb - Mar 2017
N3 Gateway Tourism Association Member Workshop Feb - Mar 2017N3 Gateway Tourism Association Member Workshop Feb - Mar 2017
N3 Gateway Tourism Association Member Workshop Feb - Mar 2017
 
Luke presentation
Luke presentationLuke presentation
Luke presentation
 

More from MEGA Generation

MEGA - Climate Impact for Startups
MEGA - Climate Impact for StartupsMEGA - Climate Impact for Startups
MEGA - Climate Impact for StartupsMEGA Generation
 
MEGA - Pitch Deck - Energy Globe Award
MEGA - Pitch Deck - Energy Globe AwardMEGA - Pitch Deck - Energy Globe Award
MEGA - Pitch Deck - Energy Globe AwardMEGA Generation
 
MEGA - Pitch Deck - Green Talents
MEGA - Pitch Deck - Green TalentsMEGA - Pitch Deck - Green Talents
MEGA - Pitch Deck - Green TalentsMEGA Generation
 
MEGA - Nature the Entrepreneur
MEGA - Nature the EntrepreneurMEGA - Nature the Entrepreneur
MEGA - Nature the EntrepreneurMEGA Generation
 
ENVERACE: Connecting People for a Sustainable World
ENVERACE: Connecting People for a Sustainable WorldENVERACE: Connecting People for a Sustainable World
ENVERACE: Connecting People for a Sustainable WorldMEGA Generation
 
MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (ROM)
MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (ROM)MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (ROM)
MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (ROM)MEGA Generation
 
MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (RUS)
MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (RUS)MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (RUS)
MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (RUS)MEGA Generation
 
Innovative Pedagogies for ESD and GCED - UNESCO
Innovative Pedagogies for ESD and GCED - UNESCOInnovative Pedagogies for ESD and GCED - UNESCO
Innovative Pedagogies for ESD and GCED - UNESCOMEGA Generation
 
MEGA - Hands On, Minds On - UNESCO
MEGA - Hands On, Minds On - UNESCOMEGA - Hands On, Minds On - UNESCO
MEGA - Hands On, Minds On - UNESCOMEGA Generation
 
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Finals and Closing
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Finals and ClosingMEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Finals and Closing
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Finals and ClosingMEGA Generation
 
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Level I
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Level IMEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Level I
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Level IMEGA Generation
 
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016MEGA Generation
 
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0: Gamification
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0: GamificationOperation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0: Gamification
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0: GamificationMEGA Generation
 
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Game Development
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Game DevelopmentOperation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Game Development
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Game DevelopmentMEGA Generation
 
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Conflict Resolution
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Conflict ResolutionOperation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Conflict Resolution
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Conflict ResolutionMEGA Generation
 
MEGA - Closing of MEGA Impact 2015 Championship
MEGA - Closing of MEGA Impact 2015 ChampionshipMEGA - Closing of MEGA Impact 2015 Championship
MEGA - Closing of MEGA Impact 2015 ChampionshipMEGA Generation
 
MEGA - MEGA Game Intermediary Report
MEGA - MEGA Game Intermediary ReportMEGA - MEGA Game Intermediary Report
MEGA - MEGA Game Intermediary ReportMEGA Generation
 
MEGA - Presentation for ClimateLaunchpad Finals
MEGA - Presentation for ClimateLaunchpad FinalsMEGA - Presentation for ClimateLaunchpad Finals
MEGA - Presentation for ClimateLaunchpad FinalsMEGA Generation
 
MEGA - MEGA Impact 2015 Championship
MEGA - MEGA Impact 2015 ChampionshipMEGA - MEGA Impact 2015 Championship
MEGA - MEGA Impact 2015 ChampionshipMEGA Generation
 
MEGA - MEGA Generation Overview
MEGA - MEGA Generation OverviewMEGA - MEGA Generation Overview
MEGA - MEGA Generation OverviewMEGA Generation
 

More from MEGA Generation (20)

MEGA - Climate Impact for Startups
MEGA - Climate Impact for StartupsMEGA - Climate Impact for Startups
MEGA - Climate Impact for Startups
 
MEGA - Pitch Deck - Energy Globe Award
MEGA - Pitch Deck - Energy Globe AwardMEGA - Pitch Deck - Energy Globe Award
MEGA - Pitch Deck - Energy Globe Award
 
MEGA - Pitch Deck - Green Talents
MEGA - Pitch Deck - Green TalentsMEGA - Pitch Deck - Green Talents
MEGA - Pitch Deck - Green Talents
 
MEGA - Nature the Entrepreneur
MEGA - Nature the EntrepreneurMEGA - Nature the Entrepreneur
MEGA - Nature the Entrepreneur
 
ENVERACE: Connecting People for a Sustainable World
ENVERACE: Connecting People for a Sustainable WorldENVERACE: Connecting People for a Sustainable World
ENVERACE: Connecting People for a Sustainable World
 
MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (ROM)
MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (ROM)MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (ROM)
MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (ROM)
 
MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (RUS)
MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (RUS)MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (RUS)
MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (RUS)
 
Innovative Pedagogies for ESD and GCED - UNESCO
Innovative Pedagogies for ESD and GCED - UNESCOInnovative Pedagogies for ESD and GCED - UNESCO
Innovative Pedagogies for ESD and GCED - UNESCO
 
MEGA - Hands On, Minds On - UNESCO
MEGA - Hands On, Minds On - UNESCOMEGA - Hands On, Minds On - UNESCO
MEGA - Hands On, Minds On - UNESCO
 
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Finals and Closing
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Finals and ClosingMEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Finals and Closing
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Finals and Closing
 
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Level I
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Level IMEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Level I
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016: Level I
 
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016
MEGA - MEGA Impact Championship 2016
 
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0: Gamification
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0: GamificationOperation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0: Gamification
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0: Gamification
 
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Game Development
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Game DevelopmentOperation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Game Development
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Game Development
 
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Conflict Resolution
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Conflict ResolutionOperation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Conflict Resolution
Operation P.E.A.C.E. 2.0 - Conflict Resolution
 
MEGA - Closing of MEGA Impact 2015 Championship
MEGA - Closing of MEGA Impact 2015 ChampionshipMEGA - Closing of MEGA Impact 2015 Championship
MEGA - Closing of MEGA Impact 2015 Championship
 
MEGA - MEGA Game Intermediary Report
MEGA - MEGA Game Intermediary ReportMEGA - MEGA Game Intermediary Report
MEGA - MEGA Game Intermediary Report
 
MEGA - Presentation for ClimateLaunchpad Finals
MEGA - Presentation for ClimateLaunchpad FinalsMEGA - Presentation for ClimateLaunchpad Finals
MEGA - Presentation for ClimateLaunchpad Finals
 
MEGA - MEGA Impact 2015 Championship
MEGA - MEGA Impact 2015 ChampionshipMEGA - MEGA Impact 2015 Championship
MEGA - MEGA Impact 2015 Championship
 
MEGA - MEGA Generation Overview
MEGA - MEGA Generation OverviewMEGA - MEGA Generation Overview
MEGA - MEGA Generation Overview
 

Recently uploaded

IPCC Vice Chair Ladislaus Change Central Asia Climate Change Conference 27 Ma...
IPCC Vice Chair Ladislaus Change Central Asia Climate Change Conference 27 Ma...IPCC Vice Chair Ladislaus Change Central Asia Climate Change Conference 27 Ma...
IPCC Vice Chair Ladislaus Change Central Asia Climate Change Conference 27 Ma...ipcc-media
 
一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单yegohah
 
Gender and Climate Change in Viet Nam.pdf
Gender and Climate Change in Viet Nam.pdfGender and Climate Change in Viet Nam.pdf
Gender and Climate Change in Viet Nam.pdfTruongPhan43
 
一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单pcoow
 
SUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptx
SUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptxSUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptx
SUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptxKrish DS
 
Micro RNA genes and their likely influence in rice (Oryza sativa L.) dynamic ...
Micro RNA genes and their likely influence in rice (Oryza sativa L.) dynamic ...Micro RNA genes and their likely influence in rice (Oryza sativa L.) dynamic ...
Micro RNA genes and their likely influence in rice (Oryza sativa L.) dynamic ...Open Access Research Paper
 
Paper: Man and Environmental relationship
Paper: Man and Environmental relationshipPaper: Man and Environmental relationship
Paper: Man and Environmental relationshipSANTU GUCHHAIT
 
CHLORITE( a phyllosilicate clay mineral)
CHLORITE( a phyllosilicate clay mineral)CHLORITE( a phyllosilicate clay mineral)
CHLORITE( a phyllosilicate clay mineral)malleshmalli2994
 
DESERT ECOSYSTEM AND ITS CHARACTERISTICS AND TYPES
DESERT ECOSYSTEM AND ITS CHARACTERISTICS AND TYPESDESERT ECOSYSTEM AND ITS CHARACTERISTICS AND TYPES
DESERT ECOSYSTEM AND ITS CHARACTERISTICS AND TYPESSumayyaSayeeda
 
Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974
Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974
Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974linciy03
 
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单qogbuux
 
Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...
Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...
Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...Open Access Research Paper
 
Genetic diversity and association analysis for different morphological traits...
Genetic diversity and association analysis for different morphological traits...Genetic diversity and association analysis for different morphological traits...
Genetic diversity and association analysis for different morphological traits...Open Access Research Paper
 
New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)
New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)
New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)susannedejong
 
一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单tyvaq
 
The State Board for Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974 .pptx
The State Board for  Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974  .pptxThe State Board for  Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974  .pptx
The State Board for Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974 .pptxlinciy03
 
一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单pcoow
 
WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024
WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024
WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024Cluster H2O
 
Powers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdf
Powers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdfPowers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdf
Powers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdflinciy03
 

Recently uploaded (20)

IPCC Vice Chair Ladislaus Change Central Asia Climate Change Conference 27 Ma...
IPCC Vice Chair Ladislaus Change Central Asia Climate Change Conference 27 Ma...IPCC Vice Chair Ladislaus Change Central Asia Climate Change Conference 27 Ma...
IPCC Vice Chair Ladislaus Change Central Asia Climate Change Conference 27 Ma...
 
一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Southern Cross毕业证)南十字星大学毕业证成绩单
 
Gender and Climate Change in Viet Nam.pdf
Gender and Climate Change in Viet Nam.pdfGender and Climate Change in Viet Nam.pdf
Gender and Climate Change in Viet Nam.pdf
 
一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(SUT毕业证)斯威本科技大学毕业证成绩单
 
SUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptx
SUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptxSUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptx
SUNDERBANS-a case study(E.V.S. PROJECT).pptx
 
Micro RNA genes and their likely influence in rice (Oryza sativa L.) dynamic ...
Micro RNA genes and their likely influence in rice (Oryza sativa L.) dynamic ...Micro RNA genes and their likely influence in rice (Oryza sativa L.) dynamic ...
Micro RNA genes and their likely influence in rice (Oryza sativa L.) dynamic ...
 
Paper: Man and Environmental relationship
Paper: Man and Environmental relationshipPaper: Man and Environmental relationship
Paper: Man and Environmental relationship
 
CHLORITE( a phyllosilicate clay mineral)
CHLORITE( a phyllosilicate clay mineral)CHLORITE( a phyllosilicate clay mineral)
CHLORITE( a phyllosilicate clay mineral)
 
DESERT ECOSYSTEM AND ITS CHARACTERISTICS AND TYPES
DESERT ECOSYSTEM AND ITS CHARACTERISTICS AND TYPESDESERT ECOSYSTEM AND ITS CHARACTERISTICS AND TYPES
DESERT ECOSYSTEM AND ITS CHARACTERISTICS AND TYPES
 
Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974
Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974
Powers of State Pollution Control Board - The Water Act 1974
 
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证成绩单
 
Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...
Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...
Use of Raffias’ species (Raphia spp.) and its impact on socioeconomic charact...
 
Genetic diversity and association analysis for different morphological traits...
Genetic diversity and association analysis for different morphological traits...Genetic diversity and association analysis for different morphological traits...
Genetic diversity and association analysis for different morphological traits...
 
A systematic review of the implementation of Industry 4.0 in human resources
A systematic review of the implementation of Industry 4.0 in human resourcesA systematic review of the implementation of Industry 4.0 in human resources
A systematic review of the implementation of Industry 4.0 in human resources
 
New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)
New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)
New Metrics for Sustainable Prosperity: Options for GDP+3 (preliminary study)
 
一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Lincoln毕业证)新西兰林肯大学毕业证成绩单
 
The State Board for Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974 .pptx
The State Board for  Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974  .pptxThe State Board for  Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974  .pptx
The State Board for Water Pollution - The Water Act 1974 .pptx
 
一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单
一比一原版(Monash毕业证)莫纳什大学毕业证成绩单
 
WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024
WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024
WhatsUpp In... Alpine Region concerning Hydrogen Valleys - 16 mai 2024
 
Powers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdf
Powers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdfPowers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdf
Powers and Functions of CPCB - The Water Act 1974.pdf
 

MEGA - The Codru Quest - Final Report (ENG)

  • 2. Implementing Organization Moldovan Environmental Governance Academy (MEGA): Social entrepreneurial organization focused on delivering services of gamification with environmental and social value. MEGA Game: The Game with Impact: The core product of MEGA; a web platform with elements of gamification that connects individuals with Green Tech companies & environmental organizations.
  • 3. Problem Addressed Problem: Degradation of the Codru forest and other forest ecosystems in the Republic of Moldova and their biodiversity. Targeted cause: Lack of awareness about indirect use and non-use values of forest ecosystems for society and their undervaluation in land use planning and policy making. Remaining forest cover in Moldova (~11%) ->
  • 4. Targeted Values of Forests Direct Use Values Indirect Use Values Non-use Values • Timber • Firewood / charcoal • Non-timber products • Recreation / tourism • Hunting • Grazing • Cultivation • Soil fertility • Watershed protection • Nutrient cycling • Insect pollination • Landscape quality • Carbon sequestration • Pure existence of biodiversity and its habitats • Natural resources and their benefits for future generations • Historical and cultural significance of landscape and nature Values targeted in the Codru Quest
  • 5. Study Area Codru Nature Reserve: • Oldest protected area in Moldova • Located in Straseni, Hincesti, and Ialoveni • Administered by state agency Moldsilva • Covers 5175.8 ha of the Codru forest Codru forest: • Dominantly oak forest • 1 000 protected species of plants • 8 000 protected species of insects • Habitat of 2 targeted endangered species
  • 6. Targeted Endangered Species Small-flowered black hawthorn (Crataegus pentagyna) Stag beetle (Lucanus cervus)
  • 7. Threats to the Codru Forest Prioritization of direct use resources of the forest ecosystem State-level corruption Insufficient financial resources and rangers Illegal logging and deforestation Illegal collection of endangered plant species Poaching and biodiversity loss Disturbance by human interventions Waste pollution
  • 8. Goal and Objectives Goal: Estimate and present the indirect use and non-use economic values of ecosystem services and biodiversity conservation in the Codru Nature Reserve and the Codru forest in the Republic of Moldova. Objectives: 1. Estimate economic valuation data for ecosystem services 2. Prepare and present the results to key stakeholders 3. Organize educational and nature conservation activities
  • 9. Methodology Stated preference (SP) methodology: • Based on interviews and surveys • Asks respondents for willingness to pay for environmental good / service • Can elicit non-use values of ecosystem services Choice modelling (CM) technique: • One of the SP methods • Offers respondents to choose the most preferred alternative scenario or status quo with changing characteristics of the good / service Example of a choice set from the CM survey offered to respondents
  • 10. Surveying Methods 1. On-line survey delivered to 100 respondents from the capital city Chisinau 2. Computer-assisted personal interviews administered among 101 respondents from 9 villages 3. Experiment with using gamification for surveying 100 respondents via MEGA Game
  • 11. Surveying Methods Gamification: • Concept of applying game design and mechanics to a non-game context • Aimed to increase motivation, engagement, and contribution of the target audience to a certain cause Gamification in surveying: • Lottery with virtual currency and web shop • On-line gamification as a quest with missions in MEGA Game Screenshot from the MEGA Game platform showing the Codru Quest missions
  • 12. Data Analysis Final population sample size: • Among 201 responses, 94 had to be removed as non-valid • Final sample size analyzed: 107 respondents Econometric model used: • Mixed logit model • Statistical model for examining discrete choices • Estimates aggregated to 3 500 visitors to the Codru Nature Reserve per year Estimated willingness-to-pay values from the mixed logit model
  • 13. Challenges and Constraints Very small sample size and surveying challenges Data analysis issues and lack of benefit transfer equation Time constraint of only 10 months Budget limitation of only 8 000 EUR
  • 14. Population Sample Sample size: 201 respondents from: • Chisinau • Lozova • Stejareni • Capriana • Micleuseni • Huzun • Horodca • Bursuc • Dragusenii Noi • Condrita9 villages around the Codru forest, where the respondents come from
  • 15. Respondents’ Profile Average age: 20 – 30 years Dominant gender: women Prevailing education level: High school or Bachelor degree Prevailing income level: 3 000 MDL (140 EUR) per month
  • 16. Respondents’ Use of the Forest Average distance to the Codru forest: • 1 – 5 km Average frequency of visits: • 1 – 5 visits per person per year Average duration of a visit: • 2 – 3 hours Main uses of the Codru forest: • Recreation (walking, picnics) • Collection of non-timber products
  • 18. Values of Ecosystem Services Mean willingness-to-pay of city residents, MDL Legend: size – WTP magnitude, colour – sign (positive and negative), transparency – significance
  • 19. Values of Ecosystem Services Mean willingness-to-pay of village residents, MDL Legend: size – WTP magnitude, colour – sign (positive and negative), transparency – significance
  • 20. Values of Ecosystem Services Mean willingness-to-pay of sample average, MDL Legend: size – WTP magnitude, colour – sign (positive and negative), transparency – significance
  • 21. Values of Ecosystem Services Mean willingness-to-pay of aggregated sample average, MDL Legend: size – WTP magnitude, colour – sign (positive and negative), transparency – significance
  • 22. Reasons for Willingness-to-pay Bequest value: preservation of nature for future generations Loss aversion: preservation of endangered species Existence value: pleasure of knowing that the forest exists Use values: personal use of the forest for recreation
  • 23. Recommendations Local communities and citizens concerned about the Codru forest Administration of the Codru Nature Reserve and other protected areas in Moldova • Use the results to raise awareness and claim participation in decision- making regarding the forest • Account for values of ecosystem services in forest management plans • Work together with local communities and frequent visitors • Use WTP values to establish payment for ecosystem services scheme
  • 24. Recommendations Environmental organizations (NGOs) Ministry of Environment and policy makers • Include values of ecosystem services into raising awareness and educational initiatives • Approach and collaborate with local communities in tree planting and nature conservation activities • Use WTP values as objective economic input to decision- and policy-making • Consider attitudes and preferences of citizens and local communities in nature conservation
  • 25. Acknowledgements Partners and sponsors: • The Rufford Foundation • The Austrian Federal Ministry for Science, Research and Economy (BMWFW) • The Institute for the Danube Region and Central Europe (IDM) • The German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) • Spark Research Labs • The Codru Nature Reserve administration Contributors: • Tim de Kruiff • Felipe Fausto • Evdokia Roidou
  • 26. On-line Resources • Official website of the Codru Quest • On-line survey “The Codru Quest: Your Choice” • Preliminary results “The Codru Quest. Phase I Results” • Final dataset with the respondents’ answers and WTP data • Final dataset with the respondents’ socio-economic data • Final WTP data processed with the R software • Methodological guidebook “The Codru Quest: Methodology” • Final report with the results “The Codru Quest: Final Report”