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U N C A C
Implementation Review
Sujanarko (sujanarko@kpk.go.id)
Direktur Pembinaan Jaringan Kerja Antar Komisi dan Instansi
Proses UNCAC
Implementation
Review Indonesia
Pengisian Self -
Asessment Checklist
(Omnibus)
Desember 2010
Desk Review
Outcome
Februari 2011
Country Visit
April 2011
[Draft] Country
Report
August 2011
[Final Draft]
Country Report
January 2012
Executive
Summary (Report)
May 2012
1. Ruang Lingkup: Bab 3
(Kriminalisasi & Penegakan
Hukum) dan Bab 4 (Kerjasama
Internasional) UNCAC
2. Review bersifat non-rating,
berorientasi memberi
rekomendasi dan technical
asisstance
3. Rekomendasi digunakan untuk
perbaikan legislasi nasional,
perbaikan sistem dan
kelembagaan serta capacity
buiding
Keterlibatan semua pemangku kepentingan
• POLRI
• Kejaksaan Agung
• Mahkamah Agung
• Kementerian Hukum dan HAM
• Kementerian PPN / Bappenas
• Kementerian Luar Negeri
• KPK
• PPATK
• LPSK
• Bank Indonesia
• Ombudsman
• LSM/NGO
Executive Summary
• 5 recommendations in Criminalization
• 14 recommendation in Law Enforcement
• 3 recommendation in Extradition
• 10 recommendation in MLA
• KPK & the Court of Corruption were considered good practices
• Challenges & Technical Assistance
Chapter 3 Recommendations
CRIMINALIZATION AND LAW
ENFORCEMENT
RUU Tipikor
RUU KUHP
RUU Perampasan Aset
Kerjasama pemangku kepentingan
Pengetatan remisi
Perlindungan pelapor
Justice collaborator
Criminal court for minor bribery cases
by policemen
Chapter 4 Review & Recommendations
INTERNATIONAL
COOPERATION
RUU Ekstradisi
RUU MLA
• KPK
– Kemitraan formal dengan 20 institusi
dari 15 negara
• PPATK
– Kerjasama dengan 30 FIUs negara lain
• Kepolisian
– LO di 20 negara
– Atase kepolisian 15 negara di Jakarta
– 7 perjanjian kerjasama dengan apgakum
negara lain
– pengalaman investigasi bersama untuk
kasus terorisme --> perlu dikembangkan
di bidang korupsi
Criminalization & Law Enforcement
NO RECOMMENDATION
1 Consider reassessing the penalties applicable to the bribery and embezzlement offences
2
Criminalize active bribery of public officials and officials of public international organizations, and consider
criminalizing passive bribery of these officials
3 Remove articles 12B and 12C from Law No. 31/1999 as amended by Law No. 20/2001
4
Ensure that the terminology used in the legislation about embezzlement covers clearly any property or any
other thing of value, in accordance with article 17 of the convention
5
Ensure that the existing norms on abuse of functions cover also non-material advantage, and consider
revising the laws to remove the reference to state loss
6 Consider using the criminal courts to prosecute minor cases of bribery committed by policemen
7
Consider establishing procedures through which a public official accused of an offence established in
accordance with the Convention may be removed, suspended or reassigned at the point of investigation
and post conviction
Criminalization & Law Enforcement
NO RECOMMENDATION
8
Consider reviewing the information gathering powers of the PPATK in the light of Law No.8/2010, taking
into account good practices in other countries
9
Consider carrying out a study on the implementation of provisions on obstruction of justice to identify
enforcement issues and technical assistance requirements
10
Consider amending the statute of limitations so that (i) the period starts only when the crime comes to the
notice of the prosecutor, and (ii) the period will be interrupted in cases where the alleged offender has
evaded the administration of justice
11
Consider allowing also the AGO and the Police to investigate high-ranking officials without seeking prior
permission
12
Consider either abolishing the power of an investigator to change the type of detention from imprisonment
to city arrest or exercising such power under strict judicial supervision
13 Ensure a complete management of seized, frozen and confiscated property
Criminalization & Law Enforcement
NO RECOMMENDATION
14
Ensure that the gravity of the offence of corruption is taken into account when early release or parole of
convicted persons is considered
15 Ensure the protection of reporting persons
16
Consider taking additional measures so that corruption may be considered a relevant factor in legal
proceedings to annul or rescind a contract, withdraw a concession or other similar instruments or take any
other remedial action
17
Ensure that entities or persons who have suffered damage as a result of an act of corruption have the right
to initiate legal proceedings against those responsible for that damage in order to obtain compensation
18
Explore the possibility of guaranteeing non-punishment or mitigated sanctions for perpetrators of
corruption offences who spontaneously and actively cooperate with law enforcement authorities
19 Ensure that bank secrecy can be overridden by other agencies effectively
Extradition
NO RECOMMENDATION
20 Consider indicating in the law a time limit for deciding to extradite to ensure expeditious procedure
21
When denying an extradition request against a national, ensure that the case is considered for prosecution
in Indonesia
22
With regard to extradition requests against a national and relating to the enforcement of a sentence,
ensuring enforcing the sentence in Indonesia if the extradition request is denied
Mutual Legal Assistance
NO RECOMMENDATION
23
Explore the possibility of reconsidering the conditions on which mutual legal assistance can be afforded
without a treaty in order to enable, at least, non-coercive measures of mutual legal assistance to be
provided
24 Enable mutual legal assistance in relation to offences for which a legal person may be held liable
25 Ensure that information can be transmitted to another State party without prior request
26
Explore the possibility of providing the KPK, NPO and AGO with the authority to override bank secrecy in
the execution of mutual legal assistance requests
27 Explore the possibility of designating the KPK as the central authority for all corruption cases
Mutual Legal Assistance
NO RECOMMENDATION
28
In consistency with the practice, specify in the laws that the condition of indicating a desired time limit for
request execution is not mandatory, and that Indonesia shall consult with the requesting State when the
information contained in the request is not sufficient for approval
29
Explore the possibility of ensuring that the execution of a request can be postponed on the ground that it
interferes with an ongoing investigation, prosecution or judicial proceeding in Indonesia
30
Ensure that mutual legal assistance cannot be refused on the ground that it may burden the assets of the
state by providing that the costs will be borne by the requested State, unless otherwise agreed
31
Although information available to the general public has been transmitted to a requesting State, ensure
that such practice is specified in the law
32
Explore the possibility of transmission of information and documents which are not available to the general
public to a requesting State
Usulan Technical Assistance
TECHNICAL
ASSISTANCE
Liability of legal
persons
Obstruction of
justice
Bribery of
foreign public
officials
Transfer of
criminal
proceeding
Special
investigation
techniques
Joint
investigation
ADOPSI UNCAC
PROLEGNAS
DRAFT RUU
RANCANGAN
UU
UNDANG
UNDANG
LEGISLASI
STRANAS PK
INPRES PK
AKSI PK
NON
STRANAS PK
NON
LEGISLASI
Tindak Lanjut – Strategi Nasional
• Inpres No 9/2011
tentang Rencana Aksi Pencegahan & Pemberantasan
Korupsi tahun 2011
• Inpres No 17/2011
tentang Rencana Aksi Pencegahan & Pemberantasan
Korupsi tahun 2012
• Perpres Nomor 55 Tahun 2012
tentang Strategi Nasional Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan
Korupsi Jangka Panjang Tahun 2012-2025 dan Jangka
Menengah Tahun 2012-2014
• Inpres Nomor 1 tahun 2013
tentang Aksi Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Korupsi Tahun
2013
• Inpres Nomor 2 Tahun 2014
tentang Aksi Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Korupsi tahun
2014
(a) Pencegahan
(b) Penegakan hukum
(c) Harmonisasi peraturan
perundang-undangan
(d) Kerjasama internasional dan
penyelamatan asset hasil
tindak pidana korupsi
(e) Pendidikan dan budaya anti
korupsi
(f) Mekanisme pelaporan
Fokus Strategi Pencegahan
Peningkatan transparansi & akuntabilitas dalam layanan publik, pengelolaan keuangan negara,
penanganan perkara berbasis TI;
•Peningkatan efektivitas sistem pengawasan dan partisipasi masyarakat dalam penyelenggaraan
pemerintahan dan keuangan negara;
•Perbaikan sistem rekrutmen/mutasi/ promosi dan Reformasi Birokrasi;
•Peningkatan pengawasan internal dan eksternal serta partisipasi publik;
•Penguatan komitmen anti korupsi;
•Pelaksanaan e-government;
2012-2025
Fokus Strategi Penegakan Hukum 2012-2025
Memperkuat penanganan perkara
korupsi (termasuk koordinasi antar
penegak hukum);
Penerapan e-law enforcement;
Penerapan zero tolerance dan sanksi
hukum yang lebih tegas untuk tipikor;
Fokus Strategi Harmonisasi Regulasi
Harmonisasi dan sinkronisasi peraturan perundang-undangan terkait masalah SDA dan modernisasi
penegakan hukum dalam sistem peradilan pidana;
•Pemetaan dan perbaikan peraturan terkait penegakan hukum (termasuk perlindungan whistle
blowers dan justice collaborators, serta terkait obstruction of justice)
•Harmonisasi dan penyusunan peraturan untuk mengimplementasi UNCAC dan peraturan
pendukungnya.
•Kemudahan akses masyarakat dalam pembuatan peraturan perundangan.
•Penyederhanaan jumlah dan jenis perizinan dalam kapasitas daerah.
2012-2025
Fokus Strategi Kerjasama Internasional &
Perampasan Aset 2012-2025
Optimalisasi kelembagaan dalam rangka pelaksanaan MLA
dengan fokus pada pemantapan Otoritas Pusat.
•Penataan lembaga pengelola aset hasil korupsi.
•Pemahaman di antara lembaga penegak hukum dalam
rangka penyelamatan aset hasil korupsi.
•Sosialisasi peraturan perundang-undangan berkenaan
dengan penyelamatan aset.
•Kerjasama internasional MLA dan ekstradisi.
Fokus Strategi Pendidikan dan Budaya
Anti Korupsi 2012-2025
Pengembangan sistem nilai dan sikap antikorupsi dalam tiga pilar PPK: masyarakat, sektor swasta, dan
aparat pemerintah.
•Pengembangan dan penerapan nilai-nilai antikorupsi, kejujuran, dan keterbukaan, di sekolah,
perguruan tinggi dan lingkup sosial dalam rangka menciptakan karakter bangsa yang berintegritas.
•Kampanye antikorupsi.
•Memperluas ruang partisipasi masyarakat dalam rangka PPK.
Fokus Strategi Mekanisme Pelaporan
Penyusunan dan penerapan standar informasi, dokumentasi, dan pelaporan pihak terkait, terutama
berbasis TI.
•Mekanisme pelaporan PPK Nasional secara terpadu.
•Partisipasi masyarakat dalam pemantauan dan pelaporan.
•Pengawasan dan pelaksanaan implementasi UU 14/2008 (Keterbukaan Informasi Publik),
termasuk mekanisme verifikasi dan klarifikasi dalam pelaksanaan PPK.
•Perluasan akses informasi menyangkut pelaksanaan PPK dan ketentuan UNCAC.
2012-2025
Tantangan vs Potensi
TANTANGAN
• Implementasi UNCAC belum semuanya
tertuang dalam UU Pemberlakukan Tindak
pidana di Indonesia seperti : “illicit
enrichment” , “trading in influence”, ”bribery
in the private sector” dll
• Kurangnya Political Will dalam
mengimplementasikan UNCAC dalam upaya
pemberantasan korupsi
• Koordinasi antar lembaga
• Belum efektifnya upaya penerapan UNCAC
dan Stranas PPK dalam pelibatan masyarakat
• Urgensi UU Tipikor vs UU KUHP/KUHAP
• Keterbatasan kapasitas KPK
POTENSI
• Dukungan Publik dan Peran aktif dan
kapabilitas CSO (termasuk universitas)
• Indonesia melalui KPK dijadikan salah satu
benchmark internasional dalam
pemberantasan korupsi
• Kemudahan bantuan teknis dari dunia
internasional dalam peningkatan kapasitas
TERIMA KASIH
http://www.unodc/unodc/en/treaties/CAC/IRG-session3.html

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Kpk sujanarko uncac_review(acforum)

  • 1. U N C A C Implementation Review Sujanarko (sujanarko@kpk.go.id) Direktur Pembinaan Jaringan Kerja Antar Komisi dan Instansi
  • 2. Proses UNCAC Implementation Review Indonesia Pengisian Self - Asessment Checklist (Omnibus) Desember 2010 Desk Review Outcome Februari 2011 Country Visit April 2011 [Draft] Country Report August 2011 [Final Draft] Country Report January 2012 Executive Summary (Report) May 2012 1. Ruang Lingkup: Bab 3 (Kriminalisasi & Penegakan Hukum) dan Bab 4 (Kerjasama Internasional) UNCAC 2. Review bersifat non-rating, berorientasi memberi rekomendasi dan technical asisstance 3. Rekomendasi digunakan untuk perbaikan legislasi nasional, perbaikan sistem dan kelembagaan serta capacity buiding
  • 3. Keterlibatan semua pemangku kepentingan • POLRI • Kejaksaan Agung • Mahkamah Agung • Kementerian Hukum dan HAM • Kementerian PPN / Bappenas • Kementerian Luar Negeri • KPK • PPATK • LPSK • Bank Indonesia • Ombudsman • LSM/NGO
  • 4. Executive Summary • 5 recommendations in Criminalization • 14 recommendation in Law Enforcement • 3 recommendation in Extradition • 10 recommendation in MLA • KPK & the Court of Corruption were considered good practices • Challenges & Technical Assistance
  • 5. Chapter 3 Recommendations CRIMINALIZATION AND LAW ENFORCEMENT RUU Tipikor RUU KUHP RUU Perampasan Aset Kerjasama pemangku kepentingan Pengetatan remisi Perlindungan pelapor Justice collaborator Criminal court for minor bribery cases by policemen
  • 6. Chapter 4 Review & Recommendations INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION RUU Ekstradisi RUU MLA • KPK – Kemitraan formal dengan 20 institusi dari 15 negara • PPATK – Kerjasama dengan 30 FIUs negara lain • Kepolisian – LO di 20 negara – Atase kepolisian 15 negara di Jakarta – 7 perjanjian kerjasama dengan apgakum negara lain – pengalaman investigasi bersama untuk kasus terorisme --> perlu dikembangkan di bidang korupsi
  • 7. Criminalization & Law Enforcement NO RECOMMENDATION 1 Consider reassessing the penalties applicable to the bribery and embezzlement offences 2 Criminalize active bribery of public officials and officials of public international organizations, and consider criminalizing passive bribery of these officials 3 Remove articles 12B and 12C from Law No. 31/1999 as amended by Law No. 20/2001 4 Ensure that the terminology used in the legislation about embezzlement covers clearly any property or any other thing of value, in accordance with article 17 of the convention 5 Ensure that the existing norms on abuse of functions cover also non-material advantage, and consider revising the laws to remove the reference to state loss 6 Consider using the criminal courts to prosecute minor cases of bribery committed by policemen 7 Consider establishing procedures through which a public official accused of an offence established in accordance with the Convention may be removed, suspended or reassigned at the point of investigation and post conviction
  • 8. Criminalization & Law Enforcement NO RECOMMENDATION 8 Consider reviewing the information gathering powers of the PPATK in the light of Law No.8/2010, taking into account good practices in other countries 9 Consider carrying out a study on the implementation of provisions on obstruction of justice to identify enforcement issues and technical assistance requirements 10 Consider amending the statute of limitations so that (i) the period starts only when the crime comes to the notice of the prosecutor, and (ii) the period will be interrupted in cases where the alleged offender has evaded the administration of justice 11 Consider allowing also the AGO and the Police to investigate high-ranking officials without seeking prior permission 12 Consider either abolishing the power of an investigator to change the type of detention from imprisonment to city arrest or exercising such power under strict judicial supervision 13 Ensure a complete management of seized, frozen and confiscated property
  • 9. Criminalization & Law Enforcement NO RECOMMENDATION 14 Ensure that the gravity of the offence of corruption is taken into account when early release or parole of convicted persons is considered 15 Ensure the protection of reporting persons 16 Consider taking additional measures so that corruption may be considered a relevant factor in legal proceedings to annul or rescind a contract, withdraw a concession or other similar instruments or take any other remedial action 17 Ensure that entities or persons who have suffered damage as a result of an act of corruption have the right to initiate legal proceedings against those responsible for that damage in order to obtain compensation 18 Explore the possibility of guaranteeing non-punishment or mitigated sanctions for perpetrators of corruption offences who spontaneously and actively cooperate with law enforcement authorities 19 Ensure that bank secrecy can be overridden by other agencies effectively
  • 10. Extradition NO RECOMMENDATION 20 Consider indicating in the law a time limit for deciding to extradite to ensure expeditious procedure 21 When denying an extradition request against a national, ensure that the case is considered for prosecution in Indonesia 22 With regard to extradition requests against a national and relating to the enforcement of a sentence, ensuring enforcing the sentence in Indonesia if the extradition request is denied
  • 11. Mutual Legal Assistance NO RECOMMENDATION 23 Explore the possibility of reconsidering the conditions on which mutual legal assistance can be afforded without a treaty in order to enable, at least, non-coercive measures of mutual legal assistance to be provided 24 Enable mutual legal assistance in relation to offences for which a legal person may be held liable 25 Ensure that information can be transmitted to another State party without prior request 26 Explore the possibility of providing the KPK, NPO and AGO with the authority to override bank secrecy in the execution of mutual legal assistance requests 27 Explore the possibility of designating the KPK as the central authority for all corruption cases
  • 12. Mutual Legal Assistance NO RECOMMENDATION 28 In consistency with the practice, specify in the laws that the condition of indicating a desired time limit for request execution is not mandatory, and that Indonesia shall consult with the requesting State when the information contained in the request is not sufficient for approval 29 Explore the possibility of ensuring that the execution of a request can be postponed on the ground that it interferes with an ongoing investigation, prosecution or judicial proceeding in Indonesia 30 Ensure that mutual legal assistance cannot be refused on the ground that it may burden the assets of the state by providing that the costs will be borne by the requested State, unless otherwise agreed 31 Although information available to the general public has been transmitted to a requesting State, ensure that such practice is specified in the law 32 Explore the possibility of transmission of information and documents which are not available to the general public to a requesting State
  • 13. Usulan Technical Assistance TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE Liability of legal persons Obstruction of justice Bribery of foreign public officials Transfer of criminal proceeding Special investigation techniques Joint investigation
  • 14. ADOPSI UNCAC PROLEGNAS DRAFT RUU RANCANGAN UU UNDANG UNDANG LEGISLASI STRANAS PK INPRES PK AKSI PK NON STRANAS PK NON LEGISLASI
  • 15. Tindak Lanjut – Strategi Nasional • Inpres No 9/2011 tentang Rencana Aksi Pencegahan & Pemberantasan Korupsi tahun 2011 • Inpres No 17/2011 tentang Rencana Aksi Pencegahan & Pemberantasan Korupsi tahun 2012 • Perpres Nomor 55 Tahun 2012 tentang Strategi Nasional Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Korupsi Jangka Panjang Tahun 2012-2025 dan Jangka Menengah Tahun 2012-2014 • Inpres Nomor 1 tahun 2013 tentang Aksi Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Korupsi Tahun 2013 • Inpres Nomor 2 Tahun 2014 tentang Aksi Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Korupsi tahun 2014 (a) Pencegahan (b) Penegakan hukum (c) Harmonisasi peraturan perundang-undangan (d) Kerjasama internasional dan penyelamatan asset hasil tindak pidana korupsi (e) Pendidikan dan budaya anti korupsi (f) Mekanisme pelaporan
  • 16. Fokus Strategi Pencegahan Peningkatan transparansi & akuntabilitas dalam layanan publik, pengelolaan keuangan negara, penanganan perkara berbasis TI; •Peningkatan efektivitas sistem pengawasan dan partisipasi masyarakat dalam penyelenggaraan pemerintahan dan keuangan negara; •Perbaikan sistem rekrutmen/mutasi/ promosi dan Reformasi Birokrasi; •Peningkatan pengawasan internal dan eksternal serta partisipasi publik; •Penguatan komitmen anti korupsi; •Pelaksanaan e-government; 2012-2025
  • 17. Fokus Strategi Penegakan Hukum 2012-2025 Memperkuat penanganan perkara korupsi (termasuk koordinasi antar penegak hukum); Penerapan e-law enforcement; Penerapan zero tolerance dan sanksi hukum yang lebih tegas untuk tipikor;
  • 18. Fokus Strategi Harmonisasi Regulasi Harmonisasi dan sinkronisasi peraturan perundang-undangan terkait masalah SDA dan modernisasi penegakan hukum dalam sistem peradilan pidana; •Pemetaan dan perbaikan peraturan terkait penegakan hukum (termasuk perlindungan whistle blowers dan justice collaborators, serta terkait obstruction of justice) •Harmonisasi dan penyusunan peraturan untuk mengimplementasi UNCAC dan peraturan pendukungnya. •Kemudahan akses masyarakat dalam pembuatan peraturan perundangan. •Penyederhanaan jumlah dan jenis perizinan dalam kapasitas daerah. 2012-2025
  • 19. Fokus Strategi Kerjasama Internasional & Perampasan Aset 2012-2025 Optimalisasi kelembagaan dalam rangka pelaksanaan MLA dengan fokus pada pemantapan Otoritas Pusat. •Penataan lembaga pengelola aset hasil korupsi. •Pemahaman di antara lembaga penegak hukum dalam rangka penyelamatan aset hasil korupsi. •Sosialisasi peraturan perundang-undangan berkenaan dengan penyelamatan aset. •Kerjasama internasional MLA dan ekstradisi.
  • 20. Fokus Strategi Pendidikan dan Budaya Anti Korupsi 2012-2025 Pengembangan sistem nilai dan sikap antikorupsi dalam tiga pilar PPK: masyarakat, sektor swasta, dan aparat pemerintah. •Pengembangan dan penerapan nilai-nilai antikorupsi, kejujuran, dan keterbukaan, di sekolah, perguruan tinggi dan lingkup sosial dalam rangka menciptakan karakter bangsa yang berintegritas. •Kampanye antikorupsi. •Memperluas ruang partisipasi masyarakat dalam rangka PPK.
  • 21. Fokus Strategi Mekanisme Pelaporan Penyusunan dan penerapan standar informasi, dokumentasi, dan pelaporan pihak terkait, terutama berbasis TI. •Mekanisme pelaporan PPK Nasional secara terpadu. •Partisipasi masyarakat dalam pemantauan dan pelaporan. •Pengawasan dan pelaksanaan implementasi UU 14/2008 (Keterbukaan Informasi Publik), termasuk mekanisme verifikasi dan klarifikasi dalam pelaksanaan PPK. •Perluasan akses informasi menyangkut pelaksanaan PPK dan ketentuan UNCAC. 2012-2025
  • 22. Tantangan vs Potensi TANTANGAN • Implementasi UNCAC belum semuanya tertuang dalam UU Pemberlakukan Tindak pidana di Indonesia seperti : “illicit enrichment” , “trading in influence”, ”bribery in the private sector” dll • Kurangnya Political Will dalam mengimplementasikan UNCAC dalam upaya pemberantasan korupsi • Koordinasi antar lembaga • Belum efektifnya upaya penerapan UNCAC dan Stranas PPK dalam pelibatan masyarakat • Urgensi UU Tipikor vs UU KUHP/KUHAP • Keterbatasan kapasitas KPK POTENSI • Dukungan Publik dan Peran aktif dan kapabilitas CSO (termasuk universitas) • Indonesia melalui KPK dijadikan salah satu benchmark internasional dalam pemberantasan korupsi • Kemudahan bantuan teknis dari dunia internasional dalam peningkatan kapasitas