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Financing for City Bus Service under JnNURM February 05, 2009 Presented by Delhi Integrated Multi Modal Transit System (DIMTS) Ltd. Ist Floor, Maharana Pratap ISBT Building Kashmere Gate, Delhi – 110006
Presentation Outlines ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Guidelines to Prepare the DPR for Financing of Procurement of City Buses Financing for City Bus Service under JnNURM – Delhi’s Experience About Delhi Integrated Multi Modal Transit System Limited Asset Management Services – Delhi Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) System
Guidelines to Prepare the DPR for Financing of Procurement of  City Buses Section I
Key Points – Additional Central Assistance (ACA) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Key Points – Additional Central Assistance (ACA) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Key Points – Reform in Urban Transport ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Guidelines for Detail Project Report ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Financing for City Bus Service under JnNURM – Delhi’s Experience Section II
Detail Project Report – Key Components There are mainly three components of DPR, comparing Current situation, Improvement Plan and Urban reforms.
Detail Project Report – Key Components Part I - Current Transport and Public Transport Situation in the City There are mainly three components of DPR, comparing Current situation, Improvement Plan and Urban reforms.
Detail Project Report – Key Components Part I - Current Transport and Public Transport Situation in the City Part II – Public Transport Introduction / Improvement Plan for Existing Service There are mainly three components of DPR, comparing Current situation, Improvement Plan and Urban reforms.
Detail Project Report – Key Components Part I - Current Transport and Public Transport Situation in the City Part II – Public Transport Introduction / Improvement Plan for Existing Service Part II – Proposed Reform (Long Term) – City Level There are mainly three components of DPR, comparing Current situation, Improvement Plan and Urban reforms.
Current Transport Situation – Vehicle Growth ,[object Object],Vehicles Registration in Delhi – 1990-2008 (Figures in millions) CAGR 8.12% ,[object Object],[object Object],Source: Transport Department, GNCTD
Modal Split in Delhi Modal Split - % of  Person Trips in Delhi* (Figures in Percent) In last 8 years, Bus ridership has decreased by 17%, whereas number of person trips / day have increased by 22% during the same period. Source: RITES Transport Demand Forecast Study - without walk Trips (2007-08) ,[object Object],[object Object],2000-01 2007-08
Air Pollution in Delhi ,[object Object],[object Object],Between 2002 and 2007 the CO2 emissions from cars have increased by 73% and from two wheelers by 61%. Trends in CO 2  load from Vehicles in Delhi, 2002-07 (Figures in Thousand tons) CO 2  Emission per Passenger – Vehicle Types (Figures in gm/km/passenger)
Current Bus-based Public Transports Situation ,[object Object],[object Object],Number of Permits for Different Types of In-City Transport  S. No. Type Numbers of Permits 1. Contract Carriage 10,277 2. Inter State Contact Carriage Permit 5,435 3. Stage Carriage (DTC & Private) 5,632 4. School Bus 106 5. National Permit 25,760 6. Local Permit 29,049 Total 76,259
Supply of Buses in Public Transport Systems Source: (i) Transport Department, GNCTD; (ii) ‘Route Rationalization and Time Table Formulation Study for Bus System in Delhi’ by RITES (March 1998) Availability of Stage Carriage Buses / Lakhs Population The bus supply has always been inadequate as compared to its demand in Delhi.  ,[object Object],[object Object],Year Population (in Lakhs) Number of Buses Buses / Lakhs Population 1980-81 62.20 3,246 57 1990-91 93.70 4,392 47 1992-93 97.00 7,600 78 1995-96 102.00 2,770 27 2000-01 137.82 7,760 57 2007-08 168.00 5,632 34
Fare Structure ,[object Object],[object Object],Growth of Bus Fare in Delhi After the introduction of CNG in 2002, only marginal revision in the fares. Source: Transport Department, GNCTD
Problem with the Existing System ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Share of Bus in Total Traffic Fatalities Source: Delhi Traffic Police & NCRB; DTC Operational Statistics; * Data available till July 31 st , 2008. Year Traffic Fatalities All City Buses DTC Bus Non-DTC Bus Share of All Buses Share of Non-DTC in City bus Fatalities 2001 1,842 86 26 60 5% 60% 2002 1,696 59 29 30 3% 51% 2003 1,801 110 40 70 6% 64% 2004 1,977 167 57 110 8% 66% 2005 2,049 221 64 157 11% 71% 2006 2,167 162 36 126 7% 78% 2007 2,122 170 37 133 8% 78% 2008* 1,128 87 26 61 8% 70%
Increase Fleet Size by 2010-11 6,955 11,000 Source: STA as of 25 th  October, 2007 and DTC Operational Statistics Bus Fleet Size in Delhi, 2007-2010 (Figures in Number) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],DTC Private Stage Carriage
Scheme of Private Stage Carriage Corportisation ,[object Object],[object Object],Cluster 1 Delhi Geographic Map Cluster 1 – Map Details
Key Milestones July 2007   October 2007   November 2007   February 2008  June 2008   December 2008  January 2009  March-May 2009   1 2 3 6 4 5 7 8 9 April-June 2009   ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Transport Department will issue Letter of Acceptance (LOA) Successful Bidder and the buses will be on the road in the month of  July – August 2009.
Key Objectives of the Scheme The key component of the scheme is to establish a comprehensive, frequent, simple and reliable network of bus service across the city. ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fleet Size Calculation ,[object Object],Bus Fleet Size (Particular Routes)  = Cluster wise Details – Number of Buses (Speed X Frequency) (2 X 120 X Route Lengths)
Bus Specifications ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],DIMTS has in-house expertise in the area of Bus Procurement Advisory and technical specifications for Private Stage buses is done by the experts.
Bus Specifications GNCTD plans to introduce the fleet of Low Floor CNG Buses under the Scheme of Private Stage Carriage Corportisation. S. No. Parameters Details Whether proposed bus meeting Urban – Bus Specification 1 Doors Minimum Width of Service Doors Yes 2 Windows Minimum Width of Windows (clear vision zone) Yes Minimum Height of Windows Yes Type of Window Yes 3 Guard Rails Yes 4 Emergency Exits No. of Emergency Exits & Dimension (min.) Yes 5 Steps Maximum Height of first step from ground Yes Maximum Height of Other Steps Yes 6 # Maximum Floor Height The floor height shall be measured at any one of the service doors of the vehicle in unladen condition Yes 7 Gangway Minimum Height Yes Minimum Width Yes 8 Seats Seat Layout Yes Seating Area/Space Per Passenger (Total Width X Depth) Yes Seat spacing ( AIS 023 ) Yes 9 Destination Board Minimum No. of Destination Board in line with AIS 052 Yes Illumination of destination board Yes Internal Destination Board Yes 10 Pad Material Yes 11 Upholstery Yes
Bus Specifications S. No. Parameters Details Whether proposed bus meeting Urban – Bus Specification 12 Other Features Headrest Yes Stanchion Yes Seat Arm Yes Magazine Pouch Yes Individual Seat Row Fans Yes Air Conditioning Yes Reading Lights Yes Cabin Luggage Carrier Yes Audio visual system in line with AIS 052 Yes 13 Standing Capacity Yes 14 Sitting / Standing Ratio Yes 15 Power Steering  Yes 16 Transmission i.e. Automatic / Manual Yes 17 Seat Belts Requirement Yes 18 Anti Lock Breaking System (ABS) Yes 19 Suspension type for Front / Rear Yes 20 Acceleration Yes 21 Engine Location Yes 22 Side Facing Seats Yes 23 Door Closing Requirements for Bus  Movement Yes 24 Fire Extinguisher Yes 25 Gear Shifting Position Column / Floor Yes
Bus Specifications S. No. Parameters Details Whether proposed bus meeting Urban – Bus Specification 26 Kneeling Requirements Yes 27 Approach Angle (Min) Yes 28 Departure Angle(Min) Yes 29 Passenger Compartment Internal Height (Rear Axle Floor Area) Yes 30 Type of Floor Sloping / Plain Yes 31 Steps on Floor Yes / No Yes 32 Maximum Floor Slope Yes 33 Low Floor Area (% of total floor area) Yes 34 Floor Surface Yes 35 Requirement for passenger with limited Mobility Wheel Chair Anchoring Yes Priority Seats Yes Stop Request Yes Manual Ramp Yes 36 Life cycle Requirements Drive Train Body Structure Yes 37 ITS Related Requirements Ticketing Yes Smart Card Yes Passenger Information Systems Yes Vehicle Tracking Systems Yes 38 Lighting Yes 39 Crashworthiness Requirements Yes 40 Warning Triangle Yes 41 Driver’s working space Yes 42 Rear View Mirrors Yes 43 Safety Glass Yes
Benchmark – Quality & Prices ,[object Object],Low Floor Non-AC CNG Low Floor AC CNG Cost Rs. 5.0 million Rs. 6.0 million Engine 230 HP 250 HP Seating Capacity 34+1 34+1 Total Capacity 55 55 Fuel Efficiency (Kms per Kg) 2.6 2.3
Institutional Framework for the Scheme ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Integrated Mechanism
Business Model ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Business Model  - Net Cost Vs. Gross Cost
Social Cost-Benefit Assessment ,[object Object],Economic Rates of Return for various scenarios ,[object Object],[object Object],Scenario Economic Rate of Return (assuming gradual arrest in decline of bus patronage as most likely) Mode shift from private vehicles 0.5% 1% 1.5% 2.0% Most case Scenario 11% (2020) 16% (2016) 18% (2013) 21% (2013) Worst case scenario Negative Negative 7% (2026) 9% (2021) Best Case scenario Benefits far outweigh costs for this scenario
Proposed Organizational Structure ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Senior Vice President (SVP) General Manager (Operations) General Manager (Planning & Technical) General Manager (Finance) AGM (Legal) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Delhi Urban Transport Development Fund ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],GNCTD has decided to establish a fund to be known as Delhi Urban Transport Development Fund (DUTDF)
Parking Policy ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Operational Control Centre (OCC) ,[object Object],Application & Map rendering Server  (4) Database Servers Multiple Cellular (GSM) Networks  (2) Map  Database Device in the bus GPS Satellites TCP/IP W W W HTTP Communication Hub Gateway Server  (3)  Firewall PIS Application Server  (6) TCP/IP PIS App  Database GPRS (5) (7) TCP/IP (1) Bus Prediction display at stop  (8)
State Taxes and Duties  Currently, both DTC and Private Operators need to pay the tax @ 21.64% on the base price of the bus. Particular Old New Proposed Base Price Rs. 100 Rs. 100 Rs. 100.00 Excise Duty + Automotive Cess Rs. 12.125 (@ 12.125%) Rs. 8.125 (@8.125%) Rs. 0.00 (@0.00%) Net Total Rs. 112.125 Rs. 108.125 Rs. 100.00 Vat @ 12.5% Rs. 14.015 Rs. 13.515 Rs. 0.00 Grand Total Rs. 126.14 Rs. 121.64 Rs. 100.00 Total Tax 26.14% 21.64% 0.00%
About Delhi Integrated Multi Modal Transit System Limited Section III
About DIMTS Ltd ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],DIMTS is a Joint Venture Company set up with equal equity of the GNCTD and Infrastructure Development Finance Company (IDFC).
Strategic Business Units The company has 5 strategic business units (SBU), dealing in different areas. DIMTS is staffed by a team of experts and professionals in the fields of urban transport planning, engineering, public transport operations, PPP advisory and related fields. Strategic Business Unites Business Partnership Corporate Strategy Engineering Road  Transport Operations
Current Services & Projects … 1 Type I Type III Type IV Type II ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Major Projects DIMTS is executing various urban transport infrastructure project in different capacities. Conceptualization/ Project  Development Engineering and Construction Operation Transport Planning Engineering and Construction Operation Conceptualization/ Project  Development Transaction Advisory Conceptualization/ Project  Development Transaction Advisory Independent Engineer Operation
Current Services & Projects … 2  Type V Type VII Type VI ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Major Projects Type VII ,[object Object],[object Object],Conceptualization/ Project  Development Transport Planning Engineering and Construction Procurement Advisory Services
Asset Management Services – Delhi Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) System Section IV
About Delhi BRT System ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],More than 200 buses move on various sections during peak hour catering to a maximum PHPDT of about 12,000 on an average day. Exchange Rate: $1 = INR 44.82565 (September 10, 2008)
Delhi First BRT Corridor Operational Corridor Detail Total Length 14.5 Kms Road Right of Way 28 – 55 Meters Number of Road Junctions 17 Number of Bus Stations 29 Bus Lanes 2 X 3.3 M MV Lanes 2 X 6.75 M NMV Lanes 2 X 2.5 M Footpath 2 X 1.5 M
BRT Operation & Maintenance ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Real-time Bus Location on GIS Map
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Commuters Survey
Lesson Learnt from the First Stretch There are many lessons need to be learnt from the existing BRT Corridor, which will help to increase its acceptability in future. There is a need for special regulation Act for better management and regulation. The act will help to address some key issues like traffic violation, property damage, jaywalking etc.  Special Act Junction Capacity Intelligent traffic signals Restricted movement At BRT corridor, the adequate junction capacity should be created so that there is no bottleneck for other motorized vehicles. BRT system aims to give priority to buses. A successful BRT system requires some special measures like restricting the right movement of the traffic on junctions.  An intelligent traffic signaling system with vehicle tracking facility will increase the throughput. A static system cannot sense the change in traffic pattern, thus result in slow throughput and unutilized green time.  Park and ride facility A efficient ‘park and ride facility’, can compensate the feeder service, enabling people to use their private vehicles till the corridor. FOBs and Subways FOBs or Subways should be planned, connecting directly with the BQS, thus causing little disturbance to the moving traffic in other lanes.
DIMTS’s Expertise ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
 

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JnNURM Bus Financing - Delhi Experience

  • 1. Financing for City Bus Service under JnNURM February 05, 2009 Presented by Delhi Integrated Multi Modal Transit System (DIMTS) Ltd. Ist Floor, Maharana Pratap ISBT Building Kashmere Gate, Delhi – 110006
  • 2.
  • 3. Guidelines to Prepare the DPR for Financing of Procurement of City Buses Section I
  • 4.
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  • 7.
  • 8. Financing for City Bus Service under JnNURM – Delhi’s Experience Section II
  • 9. Detail Project Report – Key Components There are mainly three components of DPR, comparing Current situation, Improvement Plan and Urban reforms.
  • 10. Detail Project Report – Key Components Part I - Current Transport and Public Transport Situation in the City There are mainly three components of DPR, comparing Current situation, Improvement Plan and Urban reforms.
  • 11. Detail Project Report – Key Components Part I - Current Transport and Public Transport Situation in the City Part II – Public Transport Introduction / Improvement Plan for Existing Service There are mainly three components of DPR, comparing Current situation, Improvement Plan and Urban reforms.
  • 12. Detail Project Report – Key Components Part I - Current Transport and Public Transport Situation in the City Part II – Public Transport Introduction / Improvement Plan for Existing Service Part II – Proposed Reform (Long Term) – City Level There are mainly three components of DPR, comparing Current situation, Improvement Plan and Urban reforms.
  • 13.
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  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20.
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  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26. Bus Specifications GNCTD plans to introduce the fleet of Low Floor CNG Buses under the Scheme of Private Stage Carriage Corportisation. S. No. Parameters Details Whether proposed bus meeting Urban – Bus Specification 1 Doors Minimum Width of Service Doors Yes 2 Windows Minimum Width of Windows (clear vision zone) Yes Minimum Height of Windows Yes Type of Window Yes 3 Guard Rails Yes 4 Emergency Exits No. of Emergency Exits & Dimension (min.) Yes 5 Steps Maximum Height of first step from ground Yes Maximum Height of Other Steps Yes 6 # Maximum Floor Height The floor height shall be measured at any one of the service doors of the vehicle in unladen condition Yes 7 Gangway Minimum Height Yes Minimum Width Yes 8 Seats Seat Layout Yes Seating Area/Space Per Passenger (Total Width X Depth) Yes Seat spacing ( AIS 023 ) Yes 9 Destination Board Minimum No. of Destination Board in line with AIS 052 Yes Illumination of destination board Yes Internal Destination Board Yes 10 Pad Material Yes 11 Upholstery Yes
  • 27. Bus Specifications S. No. Parameters Details Whether proposed bus meeting Urban – Bus Specification 12 Other Features Headrest Yes Stanchion Yes Seat Arm Yes Magazine Pouch Yes Individual Seat Row Fans Yes Air Conditioning Yes Reading Lights Yes Cabin Luggage Carrier Yes Audio visual system in line with AIS 052 Yes 13 Standing Capacity Yes 14 Sitting / Standing Ratio Yes 15 Power Steering Yes 16 Transmission i.e. Automatic / Manual Yes 17 Seat Belts Requirement Yes 18 Anti Lock Breaking System (ABS) Yes 19 Suspension type for Front / Rear Yes 20 Acceleration Yes 21 Engine Location Yes 22 Side Facing Seats Yes 23 Door Closing Requirements for Bus Movement Yes 24 Fire Extinguisher Yes 25 Gear Shifting Position Column / Floor Yes
  • 28. Bus Specifications S. No. Parameters Details Whether proposed bus meeting Urban – Bus Specification 26 Kneeling Requirements Yes 27 Approach Angle (Min) Yes 28 Departure Angle(Min) Yes 29 Passenger Compartment Internal Height (Rear Axle Floor Area) Yes 30 Type of Floor Sloping / Plain Yes 31 Steps on Floor Yes / No Yes 32 Maximum Floor Slope Yes 33 Low Floor Area (% of total floor area) Yes 34 Floor Surface Yes 35 Requirement for passenger with limited Mobility Wheel Chair Anchoring Yes Priority Seats Yes Stop Request Yes Manual Ramp Yes 36 Life cycle Requirements Drive Train Body Structure Yes 37 ITS Related Requirements Ticketing Yes Smart Card Yes Passenger Information Systems Yes Vehicle Tracking Systems Yes 38 Lighting Yes 39 Crashworthiness Requirements Yes 40 Warning Triangle Yes 41 Driver’s working space Yes 42 Rear View Mirrors Yes 43 Safety Glass Yes
  • 29.
  • 30.
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  • 32.
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  • 35.
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  • 37. State Taxes and Duties Currently, both DTC and Private Operators need to pay the tax @ 21.64% on the base price of the bus. Particular Old New Proposed Base Price Rs. 100 Rs. 100 Rs. 100.00 Excise Duty + Automotive Cess Rs. 12.125 (@ 12.125%) Rs. 8.125 (@8.125%) Rs. 0.00 (@0.00%) Net Total Rs. 112.125 Rs. 108.125 Rs. 100.00 Vat @ 12.5% Rs. 14.015 Rs. 13.515 Rs. 0.00 Grand Total Rs. 126.14 Rs. 121.64 Rs. 100.00 Total Tax 26.14% 21.64% 0.00%
  • 38. About Delhi Integrated Multi Modal Transit System Limited Section III
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  • 40. Strategic Business Units The company has 5 strategic business units (SBU), dealing in different areas. DIMTS is staffed by a team of experts and professionals in the fields of urban transport planning, engineering, public transport operations, PPP advisory and related fields. Strategic Business Unites Business Partnership Corporate Strategy Engineering Road Transport Operations
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  • 43. Asset Management Services – Delhi Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) System Section IV
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  • 45. Delhi First BRT Corridor Operational Corridor Detail Total Length 14.5 Kms Road Right of Way 28 – 55 Meters Number of Road Junctions 17 Number of Bus Stations 29 Bus Lanes 2 X 3.3 M MV Lanes 2 X 6.75 M NMV Lanes 2 X 2.5 M Footpath 2 X 1.5 M
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  • 49. Lesson Learnt from the First Stretch There are many lessons need to be learnt from the existing BRT Corridor, which will help to increase its acceptability in future. There is a need for special regulation Act for better management and regulation. The act will help to address some key issues like traffic violation, property damage, jaywalking etc. Special Act Junction Capacity Intelligent traffic signals Restricted movement At BRT corridor, the adequate junction capacity should be created so that there is no bottleneck for other motorized vehicles. BRT system aims to give priority to buses. A successful BRT system requires some special measures like restricting the right movement of the traffic on junctions. An intelligent traffic signaling system with vehicle tracking facility will increase the throughput. A static system cannot sense the change in traffic pattern, thus result in slow throughput and unutilized green time. Park and ride facility A efficient ‘park and ride facility’, can compensate the feeder service, enabling people to use their private vehicles till the corridor. FOBs and Subways FOBs or Subways should be planned, connecting directly with the BQS, thus causing little disturbance to the moving traffic in other lanes.
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