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PHILIPPINES
INDUSTRIAL
RAW MATERIALS
What is RAW MATERIALS?
◍ Are materials that are naturally and locally found in
the environments.
2
◍ Are natural resources used to produce or manufacture
finished products for sale.
3
Almost every family in the
Philippines owns one or
more handicraft products
like baskets, brooms,
feather dusters, bamboo
sofa set, cabinets, and other
furniture's.
4
Accessories like earrings,
bracelets, necklaces, and other
clothing apparel which young
people today are fond of
wearing are also made from
native products like beads,
shells, seeds, and others.
5
BASKETS
6
• Are constructed from bamboo and rattan and often a combination of the two.
Filipinos use baskets for transportation and farm work, food service and
storage, fishing and trapping , clothing and to carry personal items.
7
BROOMS
• is a cleaning tool consisting of usually
stiff fibers a bundle of long, stiff
fibers or straws (originally twigs of
broom) fastened to a long handle,
used for sweeping.
8
2 types of native brooms
9
FEATHER DUSTERS
◍ A feather duster is a stick with bunch of real feathers
attached together. It is used for dusting and cleaning
things.
10
BAMBOO SOFA SET
11
handcrafted with
bamboo dowels that are
glued together for
excellent strength and
beauty.
CABINETS
◍ A cabinet is a piece of
furniture that has doors and
drawers and is often used
for storage, like a kitchen
cabinet that holds your
drinking glasses and plates.
12
FURNITURE
Things such as chairs, tables, beds,
cupboards, etc. that are put into a
house.
13
14
Our country, Philippines is blessed with
rich natural resources that are scattered
throughout its 7,107 islands. These God-
given natural wonders are the sources
of people’s food, shelter, and other basic
needs. After some time, people acquired
many skills that enabled them to tinker
with nature.
15
Today, many Filipinos are
engaged in handicraft businesses.
Handicraft-making has become a
means of livelihood for them, especially
now that many handicraft owners are
exporting their products to Japan,
United states, Canada, Australia, Hong
Kong, Singapore, and other countries
around the world.
16
◍
The Philippines is the second largest
world producer of handicrafts, mainly
baskets out of indigenous materials.
This industry continues to provide a
respectable contribution to foreign
exchange earning of the country
(US$71.9M in 2000) while many
handicraft items are also sold on the
local market.
17
Aside from these, the handicraft industry is
important because of the following reasons:
◍ It promotes our cultural heritage through
the use of indigenous materials
18
◍ Handicraft products show an
individual’s creativity and lofty
imagination.
◍ Producers of raw materials will be
encouraged to produce more.
19
◍ Employment is generated especially for
the undergraduates.
◍ Values of perseverance and industry are
developed.
I have here the materials commonly
needed in making handicrafts:
20
ABACA
Also known as Manila hemp. Abaca
fiber is obtained from the leaf
sheaths of the abaca (Musa textilis
Nee) and is considered as the
strongest among natural fibers. The
length of the fiber varies from 3 to 9
ft or more, depending on the height
of the plant and the age of the leaf
sheath. The color of the fiber ranges
from ivory white to light and dark
brown. 21
ABACA PRODUCT
22
23
24
RATTAN
is superficially similar to bamboo, but
distinct in that the stems are solid, rather
than hollow, and also in their need for some
sort of support. While bamboo can grow on
its own, rattan cannot. Many rattans are also
spiny, the spines acting as hooks to aid
climbing over other plants, and also to deter
herbivores. Rattans have been known to
grow up to hundreds of meters long.
25
RATTAN PRODUCT
26
PASIKING NATIVE EGG CHAIR SEPAK TAKRAW BALL
27
PICNIC BASKET DUYAN RATTAN SLING BAG
BAMBOO
Stems of bamboo plants are
stronger and flexible. Bamboo
grows in all parts of the country
– in plains, forests, hills and
mountains.
28
29
Among the varieties of bamboo are the spiny
bamboo, kawayan China, kawayan kiling, bikal
and buho.
30
SPINY BAMBOO
◍ They are used as scaffolding in construction,
for basketry (baskets are very popular),
furniture, kitchen utensils, chopsticks, hats
and toys.
31
32
KAWAYAN CHINA
WALL DECOR
33
Bolo, on the other hand, is an important material for fishing, furniture
and handicraft making, building construction. The young shoots of bolo
can be cooked as a vegetable dish.
34
KAWAYAN BIKAL
35
KAWAYAN BOLO/BOHO
Uses: house construction, making furniture, rafts, fish
traps,
FIBERS
They come from plants where
fibers or threadlike
substances are extracted.
Fibers from coconut husks,
buri, maguey, pineapple,
abaca, and banana are used
in making mattresses, carpet,
and seat pads.
36
37
38
BURI
It is a palm from which three kinds
of fibers, namely buri, raffia, and
buntal, are obtained. The buri palm
has large fan-shaped leaves with
stout petioles ranging from 2 to 3 m
in length. The palm reaches a height
of 20 to 40 m and its trunk attains a
diameter of 1 to 1.5 m. Of the buri
fiber, buntal is the one with the most
impact in the market.
39
◍ The Buri Palm, also known to the
Ilocanos as century plant or Silag,
flowers only once in its long life
span. After it has produced seeds,
it reaches the end of its life.
Furthermore, the seeds of the Buri
palm being raw materials for beads
and buttons.
40
BUNTAL FIBER
◍ Buntal is a fine Philippine fibre from the
stems of the leaves of the Corypha
(Genus), Talipot or Buri Palm. The fibres
are dried, then dyed and hand woven
into mats, which we use for hat making.
41
42
RAFFIA FIBER
◍ It is the young shoot or leaf of the palm.
Using raffia fibers, the products
manufactured are the following:
placemats, rolls, beach mats, table
runners, coasters and throw pillows.
Others are into the making of raffia bags
and wallets.
43
44
45
BURI SEEDS
46
Buri seed beads are carved
from the seeds of the Buri
palm tree, which is native to
the Philippines. Buri seeds
are dark brown outside and
creamy white inside.
COCONUT SHELLS
Coconut trees are abundant in
the Philippines. Coconut shells
vary in thickness and color
depending on the age of the
nut. They are used for fuel and
for manufacturing articles such
as buttons, pins, coin banks,
lamp shades, and flower vases.
47
48
BUTTONS LAMP SHADES
49
ACCESSORIES
LEATHER
is a material created through the
tanning of hides, skins and kips of
animals. Hides are skins from large
animals like horses and carabaos.
Skins come from such animals like
alligators and goats. Kips are
obtained from undersized animals
like lizards. The tanning process
converts the putrescible skin into a
durable, long-lasting, and versatile
natural material for various uses.
50
TANNING PROCESS
◍ Is simply the process of
treating the skin or hide of
the animal to make leather.
The place where the tanning
process usually happen at
the leather tannery.
51
◍ Leather is a material that comes from the
skin of animals. It is used to make products
such as shoes, bags, wallets, and jackets.
52
CATTLE HIDES
◍ People love to use cattle
leather products because
they’re somehow less
expensive and reliable than
exotic Animal leathers.
53
USES:
Its main uses are shoes, bags, Garments, and Belts.
54
DEERSKIN
◍ It’s expensive and rare in some parts of the
world, and it’s softer than cowhide. Additionally,
deer leather isn’t as moisture-resistant as cow
leather.
55
USES
The main uses of deer hide are gloves, garments, and football.
56
FISH LEATHER
◍ Salmon leather is the
most common among
them all.
57
USES
People love to use bags, belts, and garments made of stingray
and Salmon leather.
58
EXOTIC LEATHER — CROCODILE
OR ALLIGATOR LEATHER
◍ Exotic leathers such as
crocodiles and alligator skins.
Usually, these come from
crocodile farms all around the
world. Crocodile hide is the
rarest and expensive leather
mainly used in designer
handbags or shoes, belts, or hats
59
USES
It’s the most expensive of all, so you’ll only see
handbags, shoes, or hats made up of crocodile leather.
60
PIG OR HOG LEATHER
◍ pig leather is softer than cattle
leather. Mostly, football brands
use pig or hog hides.
61
USES
Due to its softness, the material is used to craft gloves, garments,
bags, shoes.
62
63
64
◍ The difference between the two is that genuine leather is
made from animal hides, skin and kips of animals such as
cattle, buffalo. Faux leather is made from a plastic base and is
then treated with wax, dye or polyurethane to create the color
and texture.
65
66
PANDAN LEAVES
67
also known as screw pine,
is a tropical plant prized
mostly for its long, blade-
like leaves.
68
69
70
CORN HUSK
◍ Are the outside green or brown
leaves on a cob of corn, that we
usually peel off and discard.
71
72
73
WATER LILY LEAVES
◍ It recognized by its large,
floating, circular leaves and
large and white flowers.
74
75
76

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INDUSTRIAL RAW MATERIALS OF PHILIPPINES

  • 2. What is RAW MATERIALS? ◍ Are materials that are naturally and locally found in the environments. 2 ◍ Are natural resources used to produce or manufacture finished products for sale.
  • 3. 3 Almost every family in the Philippines owns one or more handicraft products like baskets, brooms, feather dusters, bamboo sofa set, cabinets, and other furniture's.
  • 4. 4 Accessories like earrings, bracelets, necklaces, and other clothing apparel which young people today are fond of wearing are also made from native products like beads, shells, seeds, and others.
  • 5. 5
  • 6. BASKETS 6 • Are constructed from bamboo and rattan and often a combination of the two. Filipinos use baskets for transportation and farm work, food service and storage, fishing and trapping , clothing and to carry personal items.
  • 7. 7
  • 8. BROOMS • is a cleaning tool consisting of usually stiff fibers a bundle of long, stiff fibers or straws (originally twigs of broom) fastened to a long handle, used for sweeping. 8
  • 9. 2 types of native brooms 9
  • 10. FEATHER DUSTERS ◍ A feather duster is a stick with bunch of real feathers attached together. It is used for dusting and cleaning things. 10
  • 11. BAMBOO SOFA SET 11 handcrafted with bamboo dowels that are glued together for excellent strength and beauty.
  • 12. CABINETS ◍ A cabinet is a piece of furniture that has doors and drawers and is often used for storage, like a kitchen cabinet that holds your drinking glasses and plates. 12
  • 13. FURNITURE Things such as chairs, tables, beds, cupboards, etc. that are put into a house. 13
  • 14. 14 Our country, Philippines is blessed with rich natural resources that are scattered throughout its 7,107 islands. These God- given natural wonders are the sources of people’s food, shelter, and other basic needs. After some time, people acquired many skills that enabled them to tinker with nature.
  • 15. 15 Today, many Filipinos are engaged in handicraft businesses. Handicraft-making has become a means of livelihood for them, especially now that many handicraft owners are exporting their products to Japan, United states, Canada, Australia, Hong Kong, Singapore, and other countries around the world.
  • 16. 16
  • 17. ◍ The Philippines is the second largest world producer of handicrafts, mainly baskets out of indigenous materials. This industry continues to provide a respectable contribution to foreign exchange earning of the country (US$71.9M in 2000) while many handicraft items are also sold on the local market. 17
  • 18. Aside from these, the handicraft industry is important because of the following reasons: ◍ It promotes our cultural heritage through the use of indigenous materials 18 ◍ Handicraft products show an individual’s creativity and lofty imagination.
  • 19. ◍ Producers of raw materials will be encouraged to produce more. 19 ◍ Employment is generated especially for the undergraduates. ◍ Values of perseverance and industry are developed.
  • 20. I have here the materials commonly needed in making handicrafts: 20
  • 21. ABACA Also known as Manila hemp. Abaca fiber is obtained from the leaf sheaths of the abaca (Musa textilis Nee) and is considered as the strongest among natural fibers. The length of the fiber varies from 3 to 9 ft or more, depending on the height of the plant and the age of the leaf sheath. The color of the fiber ranges from ivory white to light and dark brown. 21
  • 23. 23
  • 24. 24
  • 25. RATTAN is superficially similar to bamboo, but distinct in that the stems are solid, rather than hollow, and also in their need for some sort of support. While bamboo can grow on its own, rattan cannot. Many rattans are also spiny, the spines acting as hooks to aid climbing over other plants, and also to deter herbivores. Rattans have been known to grow up to hundreds of meters long. 25
  • 26. RATTAN PRODUCT 26 PASIKING NATIVE EGG CHAIR SEPAK TAKRAW BALL
  • 27. 27 PICNIC BASKET DUYAN RATTAN SLING BAG
  • 28. BAMBOO Stems of bamboo plants are stronger and flexible. Bamboo grows in all parts of the country – in plains, forests, hills and mountains. 28
  • 29. 29 Among the varieties of bamboo are the spiny bamboo, kawayan China, kawayan kiling, bikal and buho.
  • 30. 30 SPINY BAMBOO ◍ They are used as scaffolding in construction, for basketry (baskets are very popular), furniture, kitchen utensils, chopsticks, hats and toys.
  • 31. 31
  • 33. 33 Bolo, on the other hand, is an important material for fishing, furniture and handicraft making, building construction. The young shoots of bolo can be cooked as a vegetable dish.
  • 35. 35 KAWAYAN BOLO/BOHO Uses: house construction, making furniture, rafts, fish traps,
  • 36. FIBERS They come from plants where fibers or threadlike substances are extracted. Fibers from coconut husks, buri, maguey, pineapple, abaca, and banana are used in making mattresses, carpet, and seat pads. 36
  • 37. 37
  • 38. 38
  • 39. BURI It is a palm from which three kinds of fibers, namely buri, raffia, and buntal, are obtained. The buri palm has large fan-shaped leaves with stout petioles ranging from 2 to 3 m in length. The palm reaches a height of 20 to 40 m and its trunk attains a diameter of 1 to 1.5 m. Of the buri fiber, buntal is the one with the most impact in the market. 39
  • 40. ◍ The Buri Palm, also known to the Ilocanos as century plant or Silag, flowers only once in its long life span. After it has produced seeds, it reaches the end of its life. Furthermore, the seeds of the Buri palm being raw materials for beads and buttons. 40
  • 41. BUNTAL FIBER ◍ Buntal is a fine Philippine fibre from the stems of the leaves of the Corypha (Genus), Talipot or Buri Palm. The fibres are dried, then dyed and hand woven into mats, which we use for hat making. 41
  • 42. 42
  • 43. RAFFIA FIBER ◍ It is the young shoot or leaf of the palm. Using raffia fibers, the products manufactured are the following: placemats, rolls, beach mats, table runners, coasters and throw pillows. Others are into the making of raffia bags and wallets. 43
  • 44. 44
  • 45. 45
  • 46. BURI SEEDS 46 Buri seed beads are carved from the seeds of the Buri palm tree, which is native to the Philippines. Buri seeds are dark brown outside and creamy white inside.
  • 47. COCONUT SHELLS Coconut trees are abundant in the Philippines. Coconut shells vary in thickness and color depending on the age of the nut. They are used for fuel and for manufacturing articles such as buttons, pins, coin banks, lamp shades, and flower vases. 47
  • 50. LEATHER is a material created through the tanning of hides, skins and kips of animals. Hides are skins from large animals like horses and carabaos. Skins come from such animals like alligators and goats. Kips are obtained from undersized animals like lizards. The tanning process converts the putrescible skin into a durable, long-lasting, and versatile natural material for various uses. 50
  • 51. TANNING PROCESS ◍ Is simply the process of treating the skin or hide of the animal to make leather. The place where the tanning process usually happen at the leather tannery. 51
  • 52. ◍ Leather is a material that comes from the skin of animals. It is used to make products such as shoes, bags, wallets, and jackets. 52
  • 53. CATTLE HIDES ◍ People love to use cattle leather products because they’re somehow less expensive and reliable than exotic Animal leathers. 53 USES: Its main uses are shoes, bags, Garments, and Belts.
  • 54. 54
  • 55. DEERSKIN ◍ It’s expensive and rare in some parts of the world, and it’s softer than cowhide. Additionally, deer leather isn’t as moisture-resistant as cow leather. 55 USES The main uses of deer hide are gloves, garments, and football.
  • 56. 56
  • 57. FISH LEATHER ◍ Salmon leather is the most common among them all. 57 USES People love to use bags, belts, and garments made of stingray and Salmon leather.
  • 58. 58
  • 59. EXOTIC LEATHER — CROCODILE OR ALLIGATOR LEATHER ◍ Exotic leathers such as crocodiles and alligator skins. Usually, these come from crocodile farms all around the world. Crocodile hide is the rarest and expensive leather mainly used in designer handbags or shoes, belts, or hats 59 USES It’s the most expensive of all, so you’ll only see handbags, shoes, or hats made up of crocodile leather.
  • 60. 60
  • 61. PIG OR HOG LEATHER ◍ pig leather is softer than cattle leather. Mostly, football brands use pig or hog hides. 61 USES Due to its softness, the material is used to craft gloves, garments, bags, shoes.
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  • 63. 63
  • 64. 64
  • 65. ◍ The difference between the two is that genuine leather is made from animal hides, skin and kips of animals such as cattle, buffalo. Faux leather is made from a plastic base and is then treated with wax, dye or polyurethane to create the color and texture. 65
  • 66. 66
  • 67. PANDAN LEAVES 67 also known as screw pine, is a tropical plant prized mostly for its long, blade- like leaves.
  • 68. 68
  • 69. 69
  • 70. 70
  • 71. CORN HUSK ◍ Are the outside green or brown leaves on a cob of corn, that we usually peel off and discard. 71
  • 72. 72
  • 73. 73
  • 74. WATER LILY LEAVES ◍ It recognized by its large, floating, circular leaves and large and white flowers. 74
  • 75. 75
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Editor's Notes

  1. Ito yung mga natural resources na nakikita natin sa forest, mountain at sa ating paligid. Ginagamit sila upang maka pag produce ng mga finished product gaya ng, basket, bags at marami pang iba.
  2. Based on the game you played, can you guess our lesson for today? Our lesson for today is all about the crafts made out of different raw materials. But before we proceed further, let us first define raw materials? What is raw materials class? Surely, every house will not be complete without baskets, brooms, furniture, feather duster, fan, accessories and clothing apparels. All these basic needs are purely made from the hands of the locals. the Philippine handicraft industry’s death is still unseen.
  3. Today, the young generation is also fond of adorning their bodies with accessories made of native materials like beads, shells, and the likes. This is really a mark that the Filipinos are resourceful and …This is a clear indication that our handicraft industry is enjoying the patronage of Filipinos nationwide.
  4. Dowels –cylindrical rod
  5. Because hemp was long major source of fiber.
  6. Boho- ginagamit sa paggawa ng flute
  7. It is the largest and most common palm found in the Philippines.
  8. Hides- examples cow, buffalo Skins- examples goat, sheep, deer primary purpose of tanning is to preserve the skin
  9. Why do we need to tan the animals skin? Is to keep the animals skin or hide from rotting, decomposing and putrefying. It will make the skin mire durable and less likely to decompose. Ro Dyeing leather is the process of applying a colored pigment mixed with a base (usually alcohol, oil, or water) to leather fibers of leather