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David Brin’s

                Holocene/Epocene
               Interaction Interface

          Real-time Conversation Spaces
          Real-time Conversation Spaces
              Useful Virtual Worlds
               Useful Virtual Worlds
               Information Services
                Information Services
          Collaboration & Meeting-ware
          Collaboration & Meeting-ware

                   Presentation#2: More Details
                   Presentation#2: More Details
                  Moving online conversation
                   Moving online conversation
               from the 60’s to the 21st Century
                from the 60’s to the 21st Century
Holocene

                   Overview of a Patented Breakthrough
                    Overview of a Patented Breakthrough
                   In Real Time Communications
                    In Real Time Communications
                              In This Presentation We Will Cover --
                               In This Presentation We Will Cover
• •The real “digital divide”: Useful asynchronous communication vs. synchronous silliness.
    The real “digital divide”: Useful asynchronous communication vs. synchronous silliness.
• •The Problem: Today’s real time interfaces dumb-down thought and conversation.
    The Problem: Today’s real time interfaces dumb-down thought and conversation.
• •The Clue: Sophisticated conversation tools that we humans all use in real life. None ever made it online!
    The Clue: Sophisticated conversation tools that we humans all use in real life. None ever made it online!
• •The Solution: Holocene’s broad range of patented and fundamental tools can revolutionize online
    The Solution: Holocene’s broad range of patented and fundamental tools can revolutionize online
communication, letting hosts offer new, attractive services to visitors, users, clients, collaborators.
  communication, letting hosts offer new, attractive services to visitors, users, clients, collaborators.
• •Immediate Market Opportunities: Only IP-protected Holocene can replace or transform online chat,
    Immediate Market Opportunities: Only IP-protected Holocene can replace or transform online chat,
Instant Messaging (IM), avatar worlds, meeting-ware, collaboration-ware, user-generated gaming and
  Instant Messaging (IM), avatar worlds, meeting-ware, collaboration-ware, user-generated gaming and
“augmented reality” overlays upon real world locales.
  “augmented reality” overlays upon real world locales.


                                        Other Presentations --
                                        Other Presentations
• •The Dismal Competition: Tour today’s state-of-the-art in “chat,” avatar worlds, VR, “myWorld” sites,
    The Dismal Competition: Tour today’s state-of-the-art in “chat,” avatar worlds, VR, “myWorld” sites,
meeting-ware, collaboration-ware… fields where “competitors” are making billions with inferior products.
  meeting-ware, collaboration-ware… fields where “competitors” are making billions with inferior products.
• •Our Prototype: Glimpse the early proof-of-concept - already functional! And sign up for a demo.
    Our Prototype: Glimpse the early proof-of-concept - already functional! And sign up for a demo.
The Real Digital Divide
                   The Real Digital Divide
Asynchronous Realm
Asynchronous Realm                                                               Synchronous Realm
                                                                                 Synchronous Realm
     web browsing
      web browsing                                                                         Chat & Instant Messaging
                                                                                            Chat & Instant Messaging
     email
      email                                                                                interactive gaming
                                                                                            interactive gaming
     file sharing //downloads
      file sharing downloads                                                               virtual worlds
                                                                                            virtual worlds
     search, research, collaboration
      search, research, collaboration                                                      avataring
                                                                                            avataring
     weblogs
      weblogs                                                                              telepresence
                                                                                            telepresence
Content provider and recipient not present
 Content provider and recipient not present                                      Content provider and recipient are present
                                                                                  Content provider and recipient are present
at the same time.
 at the same time.                                                               at the same time.
                                                                                  at the same time.

Advanced interfaces assist information
 Advanced interfaces assist information                                          Primitive interfaces dumb-down discourse to
                                                                                 Primitive interfaces dumb-down discourse to
flow, expression of complex thoughts.
 flow, expression of complex thoughts.                                           the level of flirting, grunts, mayhem…
                                                                                  the level of flirting, grunts, mayhem…

Useful to grownups!
Useful to grownups!                                                              Almost useless to serious people!
                                                                                 Almost useless to serious people!

Holocene improves this realm.                                                     This realm needs utter transformation!
                                                                                   This realm needs utter transformation!
Holocene improves this realm.



Notes:   • Despite overlap, these realms involve different expectations, customers, discourse.
         • Both realms should benefit from advances in social networking.
         • Some interactions, like instant Messaging have both synchronous and asynchronous traits. Crippled by worst combination.
         • High-end collaboration & “meeting-ware”point to a future when synchronous presence will be attractive to adults.
         • Just because high-quality is “allowed” doesn’t guarantee it happens. Still, shouldn’t quality be possible?
Summary: The dismal competition…
 Summary: The dismal competition…

                                            Millions of teens on Facebook type
                                            billions of words! Immense market!
                                            But shallow… hopeless for grownup
                                            conversation, work or collaboration.
                                            Yes, some like it shallow. But must
                                            shallowness be a law of cyberspace?




Contemporary “chat” --dreadful!            “Avatar Worlds” like There and Second Life are worse!
                                            “Avatar Worlds” like There and Second Life are worse!
 Contemporary “chat” dreadful!             Limit interaction to grunt flirtation, violence and “ROFL.”
Still uses 1960s format!
 Still uses 1960s format!                   Limit interaction to grunt flirtation, violence and “ROFL.”




                    Billions are spent on fine rendering.
                    Billions are spent on fine rendering.
                                 Cool stuff!
                                  Cool stuff!
                    But meanwhile, tools to usefully
                    But meanwhile, tools to usefully
                    exchange thoughts and information
                    exchange thoughts and information
                    have languished, undeveloped.
                    have languished, undeveloped.

                         Can we do better?
                         Can we do better?
                                                            (Also see presentation #2: “the state-of the-art.”)
                                                             (Also see presentation #2: “the state-of the-art.”)
A Close-up Look: Second Life - a company worth billions - sells “realms” to businesses,
to link with employees, partners, customers. Only where is the communication and
creative exchange that businesses (and sober users) want?




Down here, in the lower left. See it? The same scroll/interrupting "chat” used on teletypes
back in the 1970s. Thoughts limited to one sentence, at best. Yet, nobody considered this
part - actual information exchange - to be worth improving. Till now.
The exception:
            The exception:
“Meeting-ware” delivers sophisticated real-time
 “Meeting-ware” delivers sophisticated real-time
   (synchronous) interaction… at a price…
    (synchronous) interaction… at a price…
            Advantages:
            •  Some advanced teleconferences allow file exchange/comparison.
            •  Collaboration assistance.
            •  information services and some analytic tools in real time.
            •  Mid-price systems like Groove can connect adults in useful ways.

            Yet there are countless faults / deficiencies
            •   Emphasis on elites ignores the trend toward small screens, mobility.
            •   Even high end products ignore lessons from real life / human nature.
            •   Vast market for real time conversation/collaboration goes un-tapped.


            Even stationary meetings
             Even stationary meetings
            need efficient tools, to use
             need efficient tools, to use
            scarce resources: time,
             scarce resources: time,
            screen space & human
             screen space & human
            attention.
             attention.
            Shall we take a hint from
             Shall we take a hint from
            real life?
             real life?
Discourse & Conversation -
Cro-Magnon Style!


How far back do discourse talents go? To ancient folk who argued, chatted
 How far back do discourse talents go? To ancient folk who argued, chatted
and planned, learning skills to get the most out of face-to-face interaction…
 and planned, learning skills to get the most out of face-to-face interaction…


                            The “attention economy”
                             The “attention economy”
                            isn’t new! Our ancestors
                             isn’t new! Our ancestors
                          practiced selective focus by - -
                           practiced selective focus by
                                 - -adjusting distance
                                     adjusting distance
                           - -turning to or away from others
                               turning to or away from others
                                   - -heeding reputation
                                       heeding reputation
                               - -favoring what’s interesting
                                   favoring what’s interesting
                           - -remembering what’s important
                               remembering what’s important
                             - -adopting rules of courtesy
                                 adopting rules of courtesy
                             - -keeping a train of thought       Discourse depends on attention,
                                 keeping a train of thought
                             - -staying alert for surprise.      selective focus, prioritization,
                                 staying alert for surprise.     and countless mental skills we
                                                                 take for granted.
We still do all of those things!

            We track the “gist” of conversation,   Time has effects, but doesn’t lobotomize!
            but can also make careful notes.       Casual talk doesn’t have to be shallow.




We adjust attention by criteria -                                     We divide attention, shift tracks, adapt
topic, time, reputation                                               new priorities.
(global /personal), direction,
distance.
                                                                       High priority attention goes
Least attention paid to those                                          to people you chose to face
who are away/behind.                                                   or get close to.
Yet, you notice if folks mention
your name - or other hot words                                        Rules of courtesy matter . There are
- even far away!                                                      consequences to reputation!



                                And this is just a cocktail party!
               Inborn attention-agility skyrockets when matters seem important.


            Few of these basic skills have usefully arrived onscreen.
             Few of these basic skills have usefully arrived onscreen.
                Even “social network” designers ignore basics.
                 Even “social network” designers ignore basics.
Holocene

 Why Have Designers Neglected all this?
Fads and “honey pot” concepts draw attention &investment.
Fads and “honey pot” concepts draw attention &investment.

        Gaudy virtual worlds
        Gaudy virtual worlds      Avatars
                                  Avatars
        Social networking
        Social networking         Games
                                  Games
        Web exhibitionism
        Web exhibitionism         Flirtation
                                  Flirtation


     These are fine! But designers assume that
     synchronous users will never want more.
     In fact, some real-time users may want to work
     or converse at a higher level than “ROFL.”
A Wish List of services to boost Online Discourse
A Wish List of services to boost Online Discourse
    In life, we assign scarce attention by priority.

Traits that affect priority           Attributes affected by priority
•Orientation (attention-facing)       • Volume or size of speech
•Proximity                            • Rendering (of avatars, video etc.)

•Time                                 • Gisting of contents:(font, size, sift-
                                           retain hi-impact words/meanings…)
•Reputation                           • Semantic Services (alerts, smart-
                                           transcripts, omni-search.)
•Topic/syntax
                                      • Info & action availability.


 Let’s Illustrate These Wishes As Simply As Possible.
                          (Using “rectangles on a screen…”)
Basics of our demo




Actually quite intuitive once you try it!
Trait #1: Separation of attention among other individuals
                                                                                   Another way…
The “Chat” Mode since 1967…
                                                                                                  Joe:
…alternating-interrupting upward-scrolling snippets of text.



                                                                   Used on                               Carol:
                                                                   “Second Life”
                             QuickTime™ and a
                  TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
                     are needed to see this picture.




                                                                                               Alice:

NO correlation with the way that humans actually talk
to one another. No chance of expressing whole thoughts.

                                                                                   Heed people as distinct individuals!
Avatars with speech balloons.
                                                                                   The human way of dividing attention.
                                                                                   Let each person finish a sentence, even
                                                                                   whole thoughts!
                                                                                   Note: This separation is EXACTLY what folks
                                                                                   now do (crudely) in IM (instant messaging)!
                                                                  Used on          It is the reason why serious people prefer IM for
                                                                  “There”          their rapid exchanges.
                                                                                   Only why not do this separation inside real-time
                                                                                   virtual worlds?
                                                                                   Yes, this open many further problems...
  …not much of an improvement.                                                     …but because it is the human way, there are
  Still limits conversation to broken snippets!                                    also solutions at hand…
Trait #2: Orientation of Attention (viewing angle) affects prioritization (two slides)

                                                                              Our second neglected trait is
                                                                              attention angle. It should do more
                                                                              than just turn an avatar’s viewpoint.


                                                                        Joe




                                                                                   Mary




                                                                                  Try clicking to the next slide, then back to this one,
                                                                                  back and forth a few times!




                                                                                Here, priority affects the size of a
                                                                                Here, priority affects the size of a
                                                                                crude 2D text-box.
                                                                                crude 2D text-box.
(Note: This is not                                                              In a 3D “world” - rich in video, audio
                                                                                In a 3D “world” - rich in video, audio
about “text box                                                                 and texture - it can be expressed by
rectangles”…)
                                                                                and texture - it can be expressed by
                                                                                other traits: e.g. volume etc.
                                                                                other traits: e.g. volume etc.

                                               user typed text appears here
                                               about three lines worth
                                               or so….
            lists    layers   tags   actions
                                                user enters text here
                                                                                                                  T
Trait #2: Orientation of Attention (viewing angle) affects Priority (two slides)

                                                                                Our second neglected trait is
                                                                                attention angle. It should do more
                                                                                than just turn an avatar’s viewpoint.



                                                                          Joe



                                                                                        Mary




                                                                                    Try clicking back to the previous slide, then this one,
                                                                                    back and forth a few times!




                                                                                  Here, priority affects the size of a
                                                                                  Here, priority affects the size of a
                                                                                  crude 2D text-box.
                                                                                  crude 2D text-box.
(Note: This is not                                                                In a 3D “world” - rich in video, audio
                                                                                  In a 3D “world” - rich in video, audio
about “text box                                                                   and texture - it can be expressed by
rectangles”…)
                                                                                  and texture - it can be expressed by
                                                                                  other traits: e.g, volume etc.
                                                                                  other traits: e.g, volume etc.

                                                 user typed text appears here
                                                 about three lines worth
                                                 or so….
            lists      layers   tags   actions
                                                  user enters text here
                                                                                                                     T
Trait #3: Proximity to the user affects Priority….
                                                                         Third neglected trait: proximity.
                                                                         Important in real life.

                                                                         (Click ahead and see one person
                                                                         ‘grow’ in priority as she nears.)




                                          user typed text appears here                    user name selected
                                          about three lines worth
                                          or so….
zoom   lists   layers   tags    actions
                                           user enters text here
                                                                                                  T
PROXIMITY in action
                                                                        Third neglected trait: proximity.
                                                                        Important in real life.

                                                                        (Click ahead and see one person
                                                                        ‘grow’ in priority as she nears.)




                                         user typed text appears here                    user name selected
                                         about three lines worth
                                         or so….
zoom   lists   layers   tags   actions
                                          user enters text here
                                                                                                 T
PROXIMITY in action
                                                                        Third neglected trait: proximity.
                                                                        Important in real life.

                                                                        This trait not only emulates real
                                                                        attention, it mixes well with others.




                                         user typed text appears here                     user name selected
                                         about three lines worth
                                         or so….
zoom   lists   layers   tags   actions
                                          user enters text here
                                                                                                  T
Trait #4: Timestamp: Recent speakers are prioritized --- lurkers shrink

Getting sophisticated: we also
prioritize according to the span of
time since a person last spoke.                            07:15:35
                                                                                                08:15:35




                                   08:15:35
           07:01:00                                                    08:15:36                                         08:14:56




    08:00:00
                                  07:15:35



                                                                                     05:15:15       A lurker - or residual artifact -
                                                                                                    A lurker - or residual artifact -
                                                                                                    fades in priority, even if it is nearby.
                                                                                                    fades in priority,
                       08:15:35                                                                     Saves valuable screen space.
                                                                                                    Saves valuable screen space.

                                                                                                    Also solved by “natural forces.”
                                                                                                    Also                    forces.”
                                                                                  08:13:35


                                                                                                                       08:15:35
                                              08:15:50




                                                    Pop quiz: Do you think all of this is about rectangular text boxes on a 2D screen?
                                                     Pop quiz: Do you think all of this is about rectangular text boxes on a 2D screen?
Trait #5: REPUTATION affects priority - global (scored by host or peers) or user choice.

 Potential solution
 to online antisocial
 behavior…




                                                                                                           This person is farther away
                                                                                                           but high in both reputation
                                                                                                           scores. Priority enhanced.




Personal score is high                                       Low rep irritant “yapper”
(adjusted by slider)                                         /hooligan easy to ignore.
                                                             (Dozens of possible effects
                                                             including transparency and
                                                             “natural forces.)



                                   Global rep is low


 Reputation systems are of hot interest (e.g. Netflix ratings contest) and huge commercial value. Systems that smoothly pass
 rep data back and forth from personal to global will be far more subtle and effective than look-down or opt-in methods.

 Hosts can either let users see reps or keep hidden.     Third party pseudonymity can allow mask-personas to have high rep.

 Users might even apply instant rep-style feedback to particular statements or products or adverts in real time.
 Reputation scores can also affect discourse geometries, e.g. automatic arenas, and distance sensitivity of keyword alerts.

      Hosts should be free to creatively mix/max traits and attributes, competing for user attention.
Trait #6: Priority by semantic content, tags, keywords or topic…

Here verbiage is deliberately shown spilling
out of the text box, illustrating the scrolling
                                                                                               Can a system help detect what’s
problem. How to maintain the “gist” of what
                                                                                               urgent, take gist notes, sift noise?
other people say, when older statements
                                                                                               Even in faraway speech?
rapidly vanish out the top? Can online                                                                                                               I hear that
discourse track earlier statements?                                 why is october                                                                   John Smith
                                                                                                                                                    was looking
                                                                    always such a
                                                                                                                                                    for his sister
                                                                    crazy month                                                                       who was
Separating each speaker                                             weather wise in                                                                    missing
                                                                    ohio? I’ve only                                                   Good of you to
only partly solves the                                                                                                                drop by weather
“dilemma of “chat.” We                                              lived here five                                                   watchers.
                                      I head out to the             years, so I’m
must also provide tools for                                                                 thank god I live
                                      bar later and the             still not used to
smart transcripting.                                                                        within the
                                      news mentions                 it.
                                      something about                                       beltway. I was
                                      high winds in                                         thinking of a
                                                                                            drive out to                     Are you folks
                                      Westerville & an
                                                                                            pick olives for                    discussing
                                      "upper Albany" so I
                                                                                            an omlette.                       the strange
                                      guess I got a little
                                                                                            With butter.                       weather? I
                                      scared
                                                                                            Have you ever                    hear there’s
                                                                                            tried                              a tornado
                                              *Yup- thanks for thinking          there is a tornado                             watch in
     I weep for thee,                         of me...                           warning for the                              grove city.
     and yet no cause I                        I was downtown when all                                                         My cousin
     have;                                                                       Franks County area
                                              the sirens started last                                                        has a house
     For why thou left'st
                                              night, but all I heard was
                                                                                 ‘til 7:30.
     me nothing in thy                                                                                                            there.
     will:                                    that it was happening in           *Yeah, Columbus
     And yet thou left'st                     grove city … I don’t know          parts the weather like
     me more than I did
     crave;
                                              anybody there                      the red sea. But what
     For why I craved n                                                          do we do if services
     othing of thee still:
     •yes, dear friend, I         How to appreciate & “memorize”
                                                                                 fail?.
     •pardon crave of
     •thee,                       useful info, while remaining compact?
     Thy discontent thou
     didst bequeath to me.
     -- Wm Shakespeare


                                                       We solve all of these problems in real life conversation!
                                                        We solve all of these problems in real life conversation!
                                                       Shouldn’t online conversation spaces aid discourse, as well?
                                                        Shouldn’t online conversation spaces aid discourse, as well?
Semantic content, text, gisting & services emulate the power of real brains…

                                                                                                                 Semantic alert: someone far away
Let’s solve the problems from the previous screen.                                                               (even in another world?) is discussing
 Let’s solve the problems from the previous screen.                                                              something important to you!



                                                                            oct = crazy month                                                                      John Smith
                                                                            weather wise n OH?…                                                                     …sister
      Transcript zone                                                       lm not used 2 it.
                                                                                                                                                 Good of you to
                                                                                                                                                                     missing
      also notepads etc                                                                                                                          drop by weather
                                                                                                                                                 watchers.



                                     I head 2 the bar later &   the paper                          …blah…blah…
                                     news … re Westerville &                                       omlette…
                                     an "upper albany"
                                     development…got
Simple gisting: font ageing,         scared …
remove low-pri words
                                                                                                                                         tornado
                                                                                    - a tornado warning for                              watch in
                                                                                   franklin county ‘til 7:30.                            grove city
                                              Yup- thx 4 thinking of me. I was
                                              downtown when sirens                 -CMH parts the weather
                                              started last nite,                   like red sea.
                                              but … I heard …it was                -But what 2 do if
                                              grove city ….                        services fail?.
          “I weep for thee”
             (poem link)
          W.Shakespeare                                                                                                    Shouldn’t you be able to go BACK and
                                                                                                                           recall what someone said earlier?
                                                                                                                           Memory assistance services are
                    Smart services notice a quotation. Many other services.                                                represented here by a simple scroller.



                                                                                                                                      User’s own words. Issue of
                                                                                                                                      whether they should use up
                                                   Has anyone heard bout power outages? This lightning is crazy. Lots of              screen space in center…
                                                   multiple flashes.
                                                   Ironically I’m near downtown and it’s already clearing up.
By Looking at Real Life, We Come Up With Many Additional Services …
   “Bricki” project whiteboarding:                                            I agree with you …                                 Hey!
   Both synchronous meeting and
   asynchronous collaboration.

                                                                              …but not with you!
                                                                                            you!               courtesy: attention cues
       flow chart addendum Xz1
         flow chart addendum Xz1


                                      Action cell
                                       Action cell
   Action cell
   Action cell
                                       Suggest this
                                        Suggest this
                                       alteration
                                        alteration
                                               Iteration #12
   Action cell
   Action cell                                   Iteration #12
    Find and
    Find and
     correct
     correct
   problem 17
            17


                                                                                                                                  Privacy/deflection
                                                       Smart-Transcript encompasses only
                                                       chosen members: many gisting styles.



         Exchange files/items

                  file                                           Helpful “natural forces”




                                                                                                   kiosks
Also: VOIP, video, analytic tools, self-
                                                                                                   World services
cloning, teleportation…                                                                                                  Service Kiosk
                                                                                                   Web or Phone
                                                                                                   Search
…all the way to new-style game methods,
                                                                                                   Game-play
environments, formalisms…                                                                          (kiosks do exist on
                                                                                                   some avatar worlds)
…and rapid Augmented Reality overlays.
Is this all about rectangular text boxes on a 2D grid?
Not! These represent general properties of conversation.
Humans already organize, prioritize, remember/forget, approach/avoid, and so on…
Humans already organize, prioritize, remember/forget,
in the outer world where there are no rectangular text boxes.
       outer world where there are
We use body language, vocal tone, face recognition, memory, attention and our own
versions of gisting, alerts, reputation, and sifting for meaning.

This is not about rectangular text boxes on a 2D grid!
                      Once again. What is it we are contemplating?


Traits that affect priority                        Attributes affected by priority
•Orientation                                       • Volume/intensity or size
•Proximity                                         • Rendering
•Time                                              • Gisting of contents
•Reputation                                        • Semantic Services
•Topic/syntax
                                                   • Info & action availability.

     Can we ALSO do all of these things in lavish 3D, texture-rich avatar worlds? Why not?
All right, forget rectangular text boxes!
All right, forget rectangular text boxes!                                 Pause to envision…
                                                            Avatar-rich worlds that have every feature seen at
                                                            “There” or “Second Life” - (e.g. hosted realms, sexy
                                                            mod-bods, flirting) - but that also let users…
                                                            • prioritize by parameters similar to real life.


           Cindy
                                                            • access info about others as easily as recognizing                            Zack
                                                                                                                                    I believe in a
                                                              faces in real life.                                                   better world.
                                                                                                                                    ………………..
                                                                                                                                    ………………..
                                                                                                                                    Cindy: That
                                                                                                                                    Cindy:
                                                                                                                                    depends on
                                                                                                                                    assumptions.
                                                            • express complex thoughts to specific people.                          <Here> is what
                                                                                                                                      Here>
                                                                                                                                    I think of the
                                                            • use varied conversation modes, file exchange,                         problem.
                               Qu ick Time™ an d a
                                 d eco mp resso r
                     are n eed ed to see th is p ictu re.




                                                              profiles, business cards.
                                                            • use collaboration spaces for actual work                                       Share objects,
                                                                                                                                             assert actions
                                                              - kiosks, whiteboards, conferences.
                                                            • self-police annoyances by reputation. Choose to
                                                              see (or not see) object/person classes.
                                                            • voluntary pseudonymous accountability… etc…
                                                                                                                        REP                        Profile


                                                            Key point. Hosts are the customer.
                                                                                                                      Note about this example: text
                                                            Empower paying hosts with an almost infinite palette      could be VOIP, avatars could be
                                                                                                                      video, “scrolls” could be
                                                            of experiences to lure guests, users, clients, to their   condensed IM or dynamically
                                                                                                                      gisted. Variations are limitless.
                                                            distinctive worlds -- ranging from realistic, to
                                                            “godlike,” to product-centered.                           What matters is empowering users
                                                                                                                      with a vast array of tools to focus
                                                                                                                      their limited attention and establish
                                                            Let ten thousand hosted worlds compete!                   priorities. in a world where info
                                                                                                                      comes as if from a fire hose!
How do we know these things never made it online?
Proof these traits, properties, services and methods never made it online…
No significant “prior art.” These gaps in online discourse are real.


United States Patent Application 20030001890                          United States Patent No: 7,124,372
January 2,States Patent Application 20030001890
  United 2003 - Filed: June 12, 2002                                  Date of Issuance:Patent No: 7,124,372
                                                                        United States October 17, 2006
  January 2, 2003 - Filed: June 12, 2002                                Date of Issuance: October 17, 2006
                       Interactive communication between a plurality of users
                         Interactive communication between a plurality of users
                                        Inventor: Brin, G. David
                                                   Inventor: Brin, G. David
                                                        Abstract
                                                          Abstract
A novel system, method, and computer program for interactive communication among a plurality of users. The
   A novel system, method, and computer program for interactive communication among a plurality of users. The
invention, called Holocene Conversation Mode ("HCM"), takes advantage of the observation that human beings have
developed orcalled Holocene Conversation Mode ("HCM"),to participate in, perceive, control, and glean subtleties from
   invention, utilize a number of real-world characteristics takes advantage of the observation that human beings have
conversations. These characteristics real-world characteristics to participate listener to other speakers,glean subtleties from
   developed or utilize a number of include proximity and orientation of a in, perceive, control, and memory ageing,
emphasis by a speaker, characteristics include proximity to a listener, reputation of a speaker, and the unique human
   conversations. These relative importance of a speaker and orientation of a listener to other speakers, memory ageing,
ability to "filter" words of special interest to a listener from to a listener, reputation ofHCM includes a suite of techniques,
   emphasis by a speaker, relative importance of a speaker overheard conversations. a speaker, and the unique human
includingto "filter" words of special interestas a functionfrom overheard conversations. HCM includes a suite of techniques,
   ability spatial and content compression to a listener of some of such characteristics, that can be implemented in
various combinations in content compression as a function of some of such user interaction, such as allowing a user in
   including spatial and computer software. HCM supports other forms of characteristics, that can be implemented to
give or send an object toin computer software. HCM supports other forms of user interaction, such as allowing a user to
   various combinations another user, or to allow a user to take an object from another user. In addition, HCM supports
"kiosks", in which users can another with non human a user to takethe context of a another user. environment.
   give or send an object to interact user, or to allow resources in an object from host-defined In addition, HCM supports
   "kiosks", in which users can interact with non human resources in the context of a host-defined environment.
Inventors:      Brin, Glen David; (Encinitas, CA)
CorrespondenceBrin, Glen David; (Encinitas, CA)
   Inventors:       Name and Address:
   Correspondence Name and Address:
  FISH & RICHARDSON, PC
  4350 LA& RICHARDSON, DRIVE
      FISH JOLLA VILLAGE PC
  SUITE 500 JOLLA VILLAGE DRIVE
      4350 LA
      SUITE 500
  SAN DIEGO, CA 92122 US
      SAN DIEGO, CA 92122 US
                                                                        126 claims. covering a vast range of potential onscreen
                                                                          126 claims. covering a vast range of potential onscreen
                                                                        representation and communication methodologies.
                                                                          representation and communication methodologies.
Simple 2-D example: a Community Action Network
   DARPA asked for a simple working demo. Nothing fancy. Just an easy, low bandwidth way for neighbors to
   self-organize in a crisis. First-ever some of these concepts and tools were ever used online!




 Prototype shows effects
 of distance, angle, time
 reputation & syntax.
 Avatars etc. are easy to
 add later! But these new
 services are patented!




                                                                   Even using primitive here to exitboxes”
                                                                    Even using primitive“text chatspace
                                                                                         Press
                                                                                                  “text boxes”
                                                                   this rudimentary prototype lets
                                                                    this rudimentary prototype lets
                                                                                    Toggle transcript log on/off
                                                                   users prioritize, track, move,
                                                                    users prioritize, track, move,
                                                                               Bird’s eye view on/off
                                                                   remember & evaluate better than
                                                                    remember & evaluate better than
                                                                   anywhere else online.
                                                                    anywhere else online.

Also implemented: User profiles, attention alert, kiosks. Next: full “gisting,” topic alerts, global reputation.
Already implemented (in a crude “text box” demo)
       Holocene                                  View profiles of others
                                                 Exchange files or data
 More Services                                   Scroll/view the gist of earlier remarks in multiple ways
                                                 Adjust priority/importance of other users by ‘reputation’ or whim
   to Users:                                     All at incredibly low bandwidth & high throughput.


       Adapt screenview by ‘reputation’
       - either global or user-choice.
       Slider lets you ‘reduce’ annoying people!                                        Beyond chat! Swap files,
                                                                                        data, business cards,
                                                                                        at touch of a button.


                                                                       ?




     Personalize background. Iconic faces & symbols,
     voice-to-text. Eventually video. No high-end limits!

                                      Scroll-check earlier statements.
                                      Or use group transcripts.




Check profile, interests, or web site of another person. “Shoulder-
tap” for attention. Also: kiosks, teleportation, “pinning,” remote topic                               ?

alerts… all in the earliest demo.

                                                                      Again, this is NOT about “text boxes”! Think services!
                                                                      Applicable to avatars, social sites, all interactions.
And in the future…
                                          3-D Panopticon
     VR overlays on real locales. (In this case for security. But countless applications.)




                                                                                   Locale services like guide-
                                                                                   navigation or help locating
                                                                                   People, events, agencies,
                                                                                   exhibitors, services.
AI alerts range from security data & friend lists to
system guesses at common interests.
Zoom to individuals or local POV.




Ability to survey occupants can be limited to officials (e.g. security) or else offered laterally
to all visitors, members or subscribers. (Horizontal vs. vertical transparency.) Range of
accessible attributes and/or data can depend upon locale, event, consensus.
                                                               * Possible 3-D animated demo rendering to come from E-Spaces…
Map a real locale or event onto a Holocene Space!
       • Real event viewable even on cell phones & tablets.
       • Locate others by arrangement or by topic or interest matching .
       • Leave virtual objects and notes in 3D space: as messages or to draw
       interest.
                                                                                 Person with shared interest or
                                                                                 on your seek list.

Example sites:
Example sites:                                                                   Virtual object, note or kiosk
                                                                                 related to this point in space.
Convention Ctr
Convention Ctr
Hotel
Hotel                                                                            Virtual object of interest, but
Downtown                                                                         click for permission.
Downtown
City
City                                                                             Private (closed) conversation
Corporate
Corporate                                                                        zone.
Zones
Zones
                                                                                  Event speaker: click to tune-in
Nation
Nation                                                                            or get transcript.
Planet
Planet
                                                                                  Attending but ‘docked’ - locale
Imaginary world
Imaginary world                                                                   not specified.
                                                                                      specified

                                                                                  Display/booth, click for info.




Participants set virtual presence by WiFi, GPS, RFID etc. Track/find, message, swap files
Participants set virtual presence by WiFi, GPS, RFID etc. Track/find, message, swap files
 or leave virtual objects while free to move around. Scale from city to building to room!
  or leave virtual objects while free to move around. Scale from city to building to room!
                  ‘Post-it’ location- or person-specific notes. Augmented reality now!
                   ‘Post-it’ location- or person-specific notes. Augmented reality now!
                                First adopters? High tech trade shows.
                                First adopters? High tech trade shows.
         ZOOM TO CREATE A HOLOCENE CONVERSATION AREA WITH ACTIVE SPEECH DISPLAYS.
          ZOOM TO CREATE A HOLOCENE CONVERSATION AREA WITH ACTIVE SPEECH DISPLAYS.
                                         Rapid implementation!
                                         Rapid implementation!
Holocene

                                 Review
                                 Review
Traits of natural spoken conversation finally come online.
Traits of natural spoken conversation finally come online.
Displays respond to proximity, orientation, time, context, reputation.
Displays respond to proximity, orientation, time, context, reputation.
       Attention and focus respond to user’s listener priorities.
       Attention and focus respond to user’s listener priorities.
       All of these traits astonishingly patentable under very broad IP.
       All of these traits astonishingly patentable under very broad IP.
Make synchronous communication useful to adults.
Make synchronous communication useful to adults.
       Beyond the shallow: enjoyable and effective real-time exchange.
       Beyond the shallow: enjoyable and effective real-time exchange.
‘Gisting’ and information assistance
 ‘Gisting’ and information assistance
       Sift & compress (but retain) content. Help users achieve goals!
       Sift & compress (but retain) content. Help users achieve goals!
Local and global perception modes
Local and global perception modes
       Transform IM/presence: millions become empowered.
       Transform IM/presence: millions become empowered.
       Adaptable views link virtual & real worlds.
       Adaptable views link virtual & real worlds.
       Find others, share spaces/interests, leave messages.
       Find others, share spaces/interests, leave messages.
       Get organized, hold meetings, scale from city to room.
       Get organized, hold meetings, scale from city to room.
World building... and futuristic powers
World building... and futuristic powers
       Kiosks --object exchange --geometries --AI services --transcripts --game worlds
        Kiosks object exchange geometries AI services transcripts game worlds
Holocene


           Potential high-profit product lines.
           Potential high-profit product lines.
••   Renders all current “chat” systems obsolete (e.g. MySpace).
     Renders all current “chat” systems obsolete (e.g. MySpace).
••   Sell a far better interface to hosted sites (e.g. “There” & “Second Life”).
     Sell a far better interface to hosted sites (e.g. “There” & “Second Life”).
••   Meeting-ware and collaboration-ware to enhance work, at low cost.
     Meeting-ware and collaboration-ware to enhance work, at low cost.
••   Empower self-organized Citizen Action Networks. (Defense applications.)
     Empower self-organized Citizen Action Networks. (Defense applications.)
••   Enhance IM and Presence -- link millions, add services.
     Enhance IM and Presence link millions, add services.
••   Correlate VR worlds with real locales.
     Correlate VR worlds with real locales.
•• Possible applications in both gaming and mass media.
   Possible applications in both gaming and mass media.
       - all with existing markets but weak competition.
                      (See presentation #2 on the current state-of-the-art.)

       - minimal technical challenges
                      (See presentation #3 on the present working 2-D demo-prototype.)

       - all product lines can achieve profitability within 1-2 years.

       All with the accompanying advantage of far-reaching patented IP protection.
WWW.HOLOCENECHAT.COM
         WWW.HOLOCENECHAT.COM



              Send inquiries to:



    david.brin@gmail.com


Also see:
 Also see:
Presentation #2 re: Surveying the competition.
 Presentation #2 re: Surveying the competition.
Presentation #3 re: Our working prototype. .
 Presentation #3 re: Our working prototype

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Holocene intro1

  • 1. David Brin’s Holocene/Epocene Interaction Interface Real-time Conversation Spaces Real-time Conversation Spaces Useful Virtual Worlds Useful Virtual Worlds Information Services Information Services Collaboration & Meeting-ware Collaboration & Meeting-ware Presentation#2: More Details Presentation#2: More Details Moving online conversation Moving online conversation from the 60’s to the 21st Century from the 60’s to the 21st Century
  • 2. Holocene Overview of a Patented Breakthrough Overview of a Patented Breakthrough In Real Time Communications In Real Time Communications In This Presentation We Will Cover -- In This Presentation We Will Cover • •The real “digital divide”: Useful asynchronous communication vs. synchronous silliness. The real “digital divide”: Useful asynchronous communication vs. synchronous silliness. • •The Problem: Today’s real time interfaces dumb-down thought and conversation. The Problem: Today’s real time interfaces dumb-down thought and conversation. • •The Clue: Sophisticated conversation tools that we humans all use in real life. None ever made it online! The Clue: Sophisticated conversation tools that we humans all use in real life. None ever made it online! • •The Solution: Holocene’s broad range of patented and fundamental tools can revolutionize online The Solution: Holocene’s broad range of patented and fundamental tools can revolutionize online communication, letting hosts offer new, attractive services to visitors, users, clients, collaborators. communication, letting hosts offer new, attractive services to visitors, users, clients, collaborators. • •Immediate Market Opportunities: Only IP-protected Holocene can replace or transform online chat, Immediate Market Opportunities: Only IP-protected Holocene can replace or transform online chat, Instant Messaging (IM), avatar worlds, meeting-ware, collaboration-ware, user-generated gaming and Instant Messaging (IM), avatar worlds, meeting-ware, collaboration-ware, user-generated gaming and “augmented reality” overlays upon real world locales. “augmented reality” overlays upon real world locales. Other Presentations -- Other Presentations • •The Dismal Competition: Tour today’s state-of-the-art in “chat,” avatar worlds, VR, “myWorld” sites, The Dismal Competition: Tour today’s state-of-the-art in “chat,” avatar worlds, VR, “myWorld” sites, meeting-ware, collaboration-ware… fields where “competitors” are making billions with inferior products. meeting-ware, collaboration-ware… fields where “competitors” are making billions with inferior products. • •Our Prototype: Glimpse the early proof-of-concept - already functional! And sign up for a demo. Our Prototype: Glimpse the early proof-of-concept - already functional! And sign up for a demo.
  • 3. The Real Digital Divide The Real Digital Divide Asynchronous Realm Asynchronous Realm Synchronous Realm Synchronous Realm web browsing web browsing Chat & Instant Messaging Chat & Instant Messaging email email interactive gaming interactive gaming file sharing //downloads file sharing downloads virtual worlds virtual worlds search, research, collaboration search, research, collaboration avataring avataring weblogs weblogs telepresence telepresence Content provider and recipient not present Content provider and recipient not present Content provider and recipient are present Content provider and recipient are present at the same time. at the same time. at the same time. at the same time. Advanced interfaces assist information Advanced interfaces assist information Primitive interfaces dumb-down discourse to Primitive interfaces dumb-down discourse to flow, expression of complex thoughts. flow, expression of complex thoughts. the level of flirting, grunts, mayhem… the level of flirting, grunts, mayhem… Useful to grownups! Useful to grownups! Almost useless to serious people! Almost useless to serious people! Holocene improves this realm. This realm needs utter transformation! This realm needs utter transformation! Holocene improves this realm. Notes: • Despite overlap, these realms involve different expectations, customers, discourse. • Both realms should benefit from advances in social networking. • Some interactions, like instant Messaging have both synchronous and asynchronous traits. Crippled by worst combination. • High-end collaboration & “meeting-ware”point to a future when synchronous presence will be attractive to adults. • Just because high-quality is “allowed” doesn’t guarantee it happens. Still, shouldn’t quality be possible?
  • 4. Summary: The dismal competition… Summary: The dismal competition… Millions of teens on Facebook type billions of words! Immense market! But shallow… hopeless for grownup conversation, work or collaboration. Yes, some like it shallow. But must shallowness be a law of cyberspace? Contemporary “chat” --dreadful! “Avatar Worlds” like There and Second Life are worse! “Avatar Worlds” like There and Second Life are worse! Contemporary “chat” dreadful! Limit interaction to grunt flirtation, violence and “ROFL.” Still uses 1960s format! Still uses 1960s format! Limit interaction to grunt flirtation, violence and “ROFL.” Billions are spent on fine rendering. Billions are spent on fine rendering. Cool stuff! Cool stuff! But meanwhile, tools to usefully But meanwhile, tools to usefully exchange thoughts and information exchange thoughts and information have languished, undeveloped. have languished, undeveloped. Can we do better? Can we do better? (Also see presentation #2: “the state-of the-art.”) (Also see presentation #2: “the state-of the-art.”)
  • 5. A Close-up Look: Second Life - a company worth billions - sells “realms” to businesses, to link with employees, partners, customers. Only where is the communication and creative exchange that businesses (and sober users) want? Down here, in the lower left. See it? The same scroll/interrupting "chat” used on teletypes back in the 1970s. Thoughts limited to one sentence, at best. Yet, nobody considered this part - actual information exchange - to be worth improving. Till now.
  • 6. The exception: The exception: “Meeting-ware” delivers sophisticated real-time “Meeting-ware” delivers sophisticated real-time (synchronous) interaction… at a price… (synchronous) interaction… at a price… Advantages: • Some advanced teleconferences allow file exchange/comparison. • Collaboration assistance. • information services and some analytic tools in real time. • Mid-price systems like Groove can connect adults in useful ways. Yet there are countless faults / deficiencies • Emphasis on elites ignores the trend toward small screens, mobility. • Even high end products ignore lessons from real life / human nature. • Vast market for real time conversation/collaboration goes un-tapped. Even stationary meetings Even stationary meetings need efficient tools, to use need efficient tools, to use scarce resources: time, scarce resources: time, screen space & human screen space & human attention. attention. Shall we take a hint from Shall we take a hint from real life? real life?
  • 7. Discourse & Conversation - Cro-Magnon Style! How far back do discourse talents go? To ancient folk who argued, chatted How far back do discourse talents go? To ancient folk who argued, chatted and planned, learning skills to get the most out of face-to-face interaction… and planned, learning skills to get the most out of face-to-face interaction… The “attention economy” The “attention economy” isn’t new! Our ancestors isn’t new! Our ancestors practiced selective focus by - - practiced selective focus by - -adjusting distance adjusting distance - -turning to or away from others turning to or away from others - -heeding reputation heeding reputation - -favoring what’s interesting favoring what’s interesting - -remembering what’s important remembering what’s important - -adopting rules of courtesy adopting rules of courtesy - -keeping a train of thought Discourse depends on attention, keeping a train of thought - -staying alert for surprise. selective focus, prioritization, staying alert for surprise. and countless mental skills we take for granted.
  • 8. We still do all of those things! We track the “gist” of conversation, Time has effects, but doesn’t lobotomize! but can also make careful notes. Casual talk doesn’t have to be shallow. We adjust attention by criteria - We divide attention, shift tracks, adapt topic, time, reputation new priorities. (global /personal), direction, distance. High priority attention goes Least attention paid to those to people you chose to face who are away/behind. or get close to. Yet, you notice if folks mention your name - or other hot words Rules of courtesy matter . There are - even far away! consequences to reputation! And this is just a cocktail party! Inborn attention-agility skyrockets when matters seem important. Few of these basic skills have usefully arrived onscreen. Few of these basic skills have usefully arrived onscreen. Even “social network” designers ignore basics. Even “social network” designers ignore basics.
  • 9. Holocene Why Have Designers Neglected all this? Fads and “honey pot” concepts draw attention &investment. Fads and “honey pot” concepts draw attention &investment. Gaudy virtual worlds Gaudy virtual worlds Avatars Avatars Social networking Social networking Games Games Web exhibitionism Web exhibitionism Flirtation Flirtation These are fine! But designers assume that synchronous users will never want more. In fact, some real-time users may want to work or converse at a higher level than “ROFL.”
  • 10. A Wish List of services to boost Online Discourse A Wish List of services to boost Online Discourse In life, we assign scarce attention by priority. Traits that affect priority Attributes affected by priority •Orientation (attention-facing) • Volume or size of speech •Proximity • Rendering (of avatars, video etc.) •Time • Gisting of contents:(font, size, sift- retain hi-impact words/meanings…) •Reputation • Semantic Services (alerts, smart- transcripts, omni-search.) •Topic/syntax • Info & action availability. Let’s Illustrate These Wishes As Simply As Possible. (Using “rectangles on a screen…”)
  • 11. Basics of our demo Actually quite intuitive once you try it!
  • 12. Trait #1: Separation of attention among other individuals Another way… The “Chat” Mode since 1967… Joe: …alternating-interrupting upward-scrolling snippets of text. Used on Carol: “Second Life” QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Alice: NO correlation with the way that humans actually talk to one another. No chance of expressing whole thoughts. Heed people as distinct individuals! Avatars with speech balloons. The human way of dividing attention. Let each person finish a sentence, even whole thoughts! Note: This separation is EXACTLY what folks now do (crudely) in IM (instant messaging)! Used on It is the reason why serious people prefer IM for “There” their rapid exchanges. Only why not do this separation inside real-time virtual worlds? Yes, this open many further problems... …not much of an improvement. …but because it is the human way, there are Still limits conversation to broken snippets! also solutions at hand…
  • 13. Trait #2: Orientation of Attention (viewing angle) affects prioritization (two slides) Our second neglected trait is attention angle. It should do more than just turn an avatar’s viewpoint. Joe Mary Try clicking to the next slide, then back to this one, back and forth a few times! Here, priority affects the size of a Here, priority affects the size of a crude 2D text-box. crude 2D text-box. (Note: This is not In a 3D “world” - rich in video, audio In a 3D “world” - rich in video, audio about “text box and texture - it can be expressed by rectangles”…) and texture - it can be expressed by other traits: e.g. volume etc. other traits: e.g. volume etc. user typed text appears here about three lines worth or so…. lists layers tags actions user enters text here T
  • 14. Trait #2: Orientation of Attention (viewing angle) affects Priority (two slides) Our second neglected trait is attention angle. It should do more than just turn an avatar’s viewpoint. Joe Mary Try clicking back to the previous slide, then this one, back and forth a few times! Here, priority affects the size of a Here, priority affects the size of a crude 2D text-box. crude 2D text-box. (Note: This is not In a 3D “world” - rich in video, audio In a 3D “world” - rich in video, audio about “text box and texture - it can be expressed by rectangles”…) and texture - it can be expressed by other traits: e.g, volume etc. other traits: e.g, volume etc. user typed text appears here about three lines worth or so…. lists layers tags actions user enters text here T
  • 15. Trait #3: Proximity to the user affects Priority…. Third neglected trait: proximity. Important in real life. (Click ahead and see one person ‘grow’ in priority as she nears.) user typed text appears here user name selected about three lines worth or so…. zoom lists layers tags actions user enters text here T
  • 16. PROXIMITY in action Third neglected trait: proximity. Important in real life. (Click ahead and see one person ‘grow’ in priority as she nears.) user typed text appears here user name selected about three lines worth or so…. zoom lists layers tags actions user enters text here T
  • 17. PROXIMITY in action Third neglected trait: proximity. Important in real life. This trait not only emulates real attention, it mixes well with others. user typed text appears here user name selected about three lines worth or so…. zoom lists layers tags actions user enters text here T
  • 18. Trait #4: Timestamp: Recent speakers are prioritized --- lurkers shrink Getting sophisticated: we also prioritize according to the span of time since a person last spoke. 07:15:35 08:15:35 08:15:35 07:01:00 08:15:36 08:14:56 08:00:00 07:15:35 05:15:15 A lurker - or residual artifact - A lurker - or residual artifact - fades in priority, even if it is nearby. fades in priority, 08:15:35 Saves valuable screen space. Saves valuable screen space. Also solved by “natural forces.” Also forces.” 08:13:35 08:15:35 08:15:50 Pop quiz: Do you think all of this is about rectangular text boxes on a 2D screen? Pop quiz: Do you think all of this is about rectangular text boxes on a 2D screen?
  • 19. Trait #5: REPUTATION affects priority - global (scored by host or peers) or user choice. Potential solution to online antisocial behavior… This person is farther away but high in both reputation scores. Priority enhanced. Personal score is high Low rep irritant “yapper” (adjusted by slider) /hooligan easy to ignore. (Dozens of possible effects including transparency and “natural forces.) Global rep is low Reputation systems are of hot interest (e.g. Netflix ratings contest) and huge commercial value. Systems that smoothly pass rep data back and forth from personal to global will be far more subtle and effective than look-down or opt-in methods. Hosts can either let users see reps or keep hidden. Third party pseudonymity can allow mask-personas to have high rep. Users might even apply instant rep-style feedback to particular statements or products or adverts in real time. Reputation scores can also affect discourse geometries, e.g. automatic arenas, and distance sensitivity of keyword alerts. Hosts should be free to creatively mix/max traits and attributes, competing for user attention.
  • 20. Trait #6: Priority by semantic content, tags, keywords or topic… Here verbiage is deliberately shown spilling out of the text box, illustrating the scrolling Can a system help detect what’s problem. How to maintain the “gist” of what urgent, take gist notes, sift noise? other people say, when older statements Even in faraway speech? rapidly vanish out the top? Can online I hear that discourse track earlier statements? why is october John Smith was looking always such a for his sister crazy month who was Separating each speaker weather wise in missing ohio? I’ve only Good of you to only partly solves the drop by weather “dilemma of “chat.” We lived here five watchers. I head out to the years, so I’m must also provide tools for thank god I live bar later and the still not used to smart transcripting. within the news mentions it. something about beltway. I was high winds in thinking of a drive out to Are you folks Westerville & an pick olives for discussing "upper Albany" so I an omlette. the strange guess I got a little With butter. weather? I scared Have you ever hear there’s tried a tornado *Yup- thanks for thinking there is a tornado watch in I weep for thee, of me... warning for the grove city. and yet no cause I I was downtown when all My cousin have; Franks County area the sirens started last has a house For why thou left'st night, but all I heard was ‘til 7:30. me nothing in thy there. will: that it was happening in *Yeah, Columbus And yet thou left'st grove city … I don’t know parts the weather like me more than I did crave; anybody there the red sea. But what For why I craved n do we do if services othing of thee still: •yes, dear friend, I How to appreciate & “memorize” fail?. •pardon crave of •thee, useful info, while remaining compact? Thy discontent thou didst bequeath to me. -- Wm Shakespeare We solve all of these problems in real life conversation! We solve all of these problems in real life conversation! Shouldn’t online conversation spaces aid discourse, as well? Shouldn’t online conversation spaces aid discourse, as well?
  • 21. Semantic content, text, gisting & services emulate the power of real brains… Semantic alert: someone far away Let’s solve the problems from the previous screen. (even in another world?) is discussing Let’s solve the problems from the previous screen. something important to you! oct = crazy month John Smith weather wise n OH?… …sister Transcript zone lm not used 2 it. Good of you to missing also notepads etc drop by weather watchers. I head 2 the bar later & the paper …blah…blah… news … re Westerville & omlette… an "upper albany" development…got Simple gisting: font ageing, scared … remove low-pri words tornado - a tornado warning for watch in franklin county ‘til 7:30. grove city Yup- thx 4 thinking of me. I was downtown when sirens -CMH parts the weather started last nite, like red sea. but … I heard …it was -But what 2 do if grove city …. services fail?. “I weep for thee” (poem link) W.Shakespeare Shouldn’t you be able to go BACK and recall what someone said earlier? Memory assistance services are Smart services notice a quotation. Many other services. represented here by a simple scroller. User’s own words. Issue of whether they should use up Has anyone heard bout power outages? This lightning is crazy. Lots of screen space in center… multiple flashes. Ironically I’m near downtown and it’s already clearing up.
  • 22. By Looking at Real Life, We Come Up With Many Additional Services … “Bricki” project whiteboarding: I agree with you … Hey! Both synchronous meeting and asynchronous collaboration. …but not with you! you! courtesy: attention cues flow chart addendum Xz1 flow chart addendum Xz1 Action cell Action cell Action cell Action cell Suggest this Suggest this alteration alteration Iteration #12 Action cell Action cell Iteration #12 Find and Find and correct correct problem 17 17 Privacy/deflection Smart-Transcript encompasses only chosen members: many gisting styles. Exchange files/items file Helpful “natural forces” kiosks Also: VOIP, video, analytic tools, self- World services cloning, teleportation… Service Kiosk Web or Phone Search …all the way to new-style game methods, Game-play environments, formalisms… (kiosks do exist on some avatar worlds) …and rapid Augmented Reality overlays.
  • 23. Is this all about rectangular text boxes on a 2D grid? Not! These represent general properties of conversation. Humans already organize, prioritize, remember/forget, approach/avoid, and so on… Humans already organize, prioritize, remember/forget, in the outer world where there are no rectangular text boxes. outer world where there are We use body language, vocal tone, face recognition, memory, attention and our own versions of gisting, alerts, reputation, and sifting for meaning. This is not about rectangular text boxes on a 2D grid! Once again. What is it we are contemplating? Traits that affect priority Attributes affected by priority •Orientation • Volume/intensity or size •Proximity • Rendering •Time • Gisting of contents •Reputation • Semantic Services •Topic/syntax • Info & action availability. Can we ALSO do all of these things in lavish 3D, texture-rich avatar worlds? Why not?
  • 24. All right, forget rectangular text boxes! All right, forget rectangular text boxes! Pause to envision… Avatar-rich worlds that have every feature seen at “There” or “Second Life” - (e.g. hosted realms, sexy mod-bods, flirting) - but that also let users… • prioritize by parameters similar to real life. Cindy • access info about others as easily as recognizing Zack I believe in a faces in real life. better world. ……………….. ……………….. Cindy: That Cindy: depends on assumptions. • express complex thoughts to specific people. <Here> is what Here> I think of the • use varied conversation modes, file exchange, problem. Qu ick Time™ an d a d eco mp resso r are n eed ed to see th is p ictu re. profiles, business cards. • use collaboration spaces for actual work Share objects, assert actions - kiosks, whiteboards, conferences. • self-police annoyances by reputation. Choose to see (or not see) object/person classes. • voluntary pseudonymous accountability… etc… REP Profile Key point. Hosts are the customer. Note about this example: text Empower paying hosts with an almost infinite palette could be VOIP, avatars could be video, “scrolls” could be of experiences to lure guests, users, clients, to their condensed IM or dynamically gisted. Variations are limitless. distinctive worlds -- ranging from realistic, to “godlike,” to product-centered. What matters is empowering users with a vast array of tools to focus their limited attention and establish Let ten thousand hosted worlds compete! priorities. in a world where info comes as if from a fire hose!
  • 25. How do we know these things never made it online?
  • 26. Proof these traits, properties, services and methods never made it online… No significant “prior art.” These gaps in online discourse are real. United States Patent Application 20030001890 United States Patent No: 7,124,372 January 2,States Patent Application 20030001890 United 2003 - Filed: June 12, 2002 Date of Issuance:Patent No: 7,124,372 United States October 17, 2006 January 2, 2003 - Filed: June 12, 2002 Date of Issuance: October 17, 2006 Interactive communication between a plurality of users Interactive communication between a plurality of users Inventor: Brin, G. David Inventor: Brin, G. David Abstract Abstract A novel system, method, and computer program for interactive communication among a plurality of users. The A novel system, method, and computer program for interactive communication among a plurality of users. The invention, called Holocene Conversation Mode ("HCM"), takes advantage of the observation that human beings have developed orcalled Holocene Conversation Mode ("HCM"),to participate in, perceive, control, and glean subtleties from invention, utilize a number of real-world characteristics takes advantage of the observation that human beings have conversations. These characteristics real-world characteristics to participate listener to other speakers,glean subtleties from developed or utilize a number of include proximity and orientation of a in, perceive, control, and memory ageing, emphasis by a speaker, characteristics include proximity to a listener, reputation of a speaker, and the unique human conversations. These relative importance of a speaker and orientation of a listener to other speakers, memory ageing, ability to "filter" words of special interest to a listener from to a listener, reputation ofHCM includes a suite of techniques, emphasis by a speaker, relative importance of a speaker overheard conversations. a speaker, and the unique human includingto "filter" words of special interestas a functionfrom overheard conversations. HCM includes a suite of techniques, ability spatial and content compression to a listener of some of such characteristics, that can be implemented in various combinations in content compression as a function of some of such user interaction, such as allowing a user in including spatial and computer software. HCM supports other forms of characteristics, that can be implemented to give or send an object toin computer software. HCM supports other forms of user interaction, such as allowing a user to various combinations another user, or to allow a user to take an object from another user. In addition, HCM supports "kiosks", in which users can another with non human a user to takethe context of a another user. environment. give or send an object to interact user, or to allow resources in an object from host-defined In addition, HCM supports "kiosks", in which users can interact with non human resources in the context of a host-defined environment. Inventors: Brin, Glen David; (Encinitas, CA) CorrespondenceBrin, Glen David; (Encinitas, CA) Inventors: Name and Address: Correspondence Name and Address: FISH & RICHARDSON, PC 4350 LA& RICHARDSON, DRIVE FISH JOLLA VILLAGE PC SUITE 500 JOLLA VILLAGE DRIVE 4350 LA SUITE 500 SAN DIEGO, CA 92122 US SAN DIEGO, CA 92122 US 126 claims. covering a vast range of potential onscreen 126 claims. covering a vast range of potential onscreen representation and communication methodologies. representation and communication methodologies.
  • 27. Simple 2-D example: a Community Action Network DARPA asked for a simple working demo. Nothing fancy. Just an easy, low bandwidth way for neighbors to self-organize in a crisis. First-ever some of these concepts and tools were ever used online! Prototype shows effects of distance, angle, time reputation & syntax. Avatars etc. are easy to add later! But these new services are patented! Even using primitive here to exitboxes” Even using primitive“text chatspace Press “text boxes” this rudimentary prototype lets this rudimentary prototype lets Toggle transcript log on/off users prioritize, track, move, users prioritize, track, move, Bird’s eye view on/off remember & evaluate better than remember & evaluate better than anywhere else online. anywhere else online. Also implemented: User profiles, attention alert, kiosks. Next: full “gisting,” topic alerts, global reputation.
  • 28. Already implemented (in a crude “text box” demo) Holocene View profiles of others Exchange files or data More Services Scroll/view the gist of earlier remarks in multiple ways Adjust priority/importance of other users by ‘reputation’ or whim to Users: All at incredibly low bandwidth & high throughput. Adapt screenview by ‘reputation’ - either global or user-choice. Slider lets you ‘reduce’ annoying people! Beyond chat! Swap files, data, business cards, at touch of a button. ? Personalize background. Iconic faces & symbols, voice-to-text. Eventually video. No high-end limits! Scroll-check earlier statements. Or use group transcripts. Check profile, interests, or web site of another person. “Shoulder- tap” for attention. Also: kiosks, teleportation, “pinning,” remote topic ? alerts… all in the earliest demo. Again, this is NOT about “text boxes”! Think services! Applicable to avatars, social sites, all interactions.
  • 29. And in the future… 3-D Panopticon VR overlays on real locales. (In this case for security. But countless applications.) Locale services like guide- navigation or help locating People, events, agencies, exhibitors, services. AI alerts range from security data & friend lists to system guesses at common interests. Zoom to individuals or local POV. Ability to survey occupants can be limited to officials (e.g. security) or else offered laterally to all visitors, members or subscribers. (Horizontal vs. vertical transparency.) Range of accessible attributes and/or data can depend upon locale, event, consensus. * Possible 3-D animated demo rendering to come from E-Spaces…
  • 30. Map a real locale or event onto a Holocene Space! • Real event viewable even on cell phones & tablets. • Locate others by arrangement or by topic or interest matching . • Leave virtual objects and notes in 3D space: as messages or to draw interest. Person with shared interest or on your seek list. Example sites: Example sites: Virtual object, note or kiosk related to this point in space. Convention Ctr Convention Ctr Hotel Hotel Virtual object of interest, but Downtown click for permission. Downtown City City Private (closed) conversation Corporate Corporate zone. Zones Zones Event speaker: click to tune-in Nation Nation or get transcript. Planet Planet Attending but ‘docked’ - locale Imaginary world Imaginary world not specified. specified Display/booth, click for info. Participants set virtual presence by WiFi, GPS, RFID etc. Track/find, message, swap files Participants set virtual presence by WiFi, GPS, RFID etc. Track/find, message, swap files or leave virtual objects while free to move around. Scale from city to building to room! or leave virtual objects while free to move around. Scale from city to building to room! ‘Post-it’ location- or person-specific notes. Augmented reality now! ‘Post-it’ location- or person-specific notes. Augmented reality now! First adopters? High tech trade shows. First adopters? High tech trade shows. ZOOM TO CREATE A HOLOCENE CONVERSATION AREA WITH ACTIVE SPEECH DISPLAYS. ZOOM TO CREATE A HOLOCENE CONVERSATION AREA WITH ACTIVE SPEECH DISPLAYS. Rapid implementation! Rapid implementation!
  • 31. Holocene Review Review Traits of natural spoken conversation finally come online. Traits of natural spoken conversation finally come online. Displays respond to proximity, orientation, time, context, reputation. Displays respond to proximity, orientation, time, context, reputation. Attention and focus respond to user’s listener priorities. Attention and focus respond to user’s listener priorities. All of these traits astonishingly patentable under very broad IP. All of these traits astonishingly patentable under very broad IP. Make synchronous communication useful to adults. Make synchronous communication useful to adults. Beyond the shallow: enjoyable and effective real-time exchange. Beyond the shallow: enjoyable and effective real-time exchange. ‘Gisting’ and information assistance ‘Gisting’ and information assistance Sift & compress (but retain) content. Help users achieve goals! Sift & compress (but retain) content. Help users achieve goals! Local and global perception modes Local and global perception modes Transform IM/presence: millions become empowered. Transform IM/presence: millions become empowered. Adaptable views link virtual & real worlds. Adaptable views link virtual & real worlds. Find others, share spaces/interests, leave messages. Find others, share spaces/interests, leave messages. Get organized, hold meetings, scale from city to room. Get organized, hold meetings, scale from city to room. World building... and futuristic powers World building... and futuristic powers Kiosks --object exchange --geometries --AI services --transcripts --game worlds Kiosks object exchange geometries AI services transcripts game worlds
  • 32. Holocene Potential high-profit product lines. Potential high-profit product lines. •• Renders all current “chat” systems obsolete (e.g. MySpace). Renders all current “chat” systems obsolete (e.g. MySpace). •• Sell a far better interface to hosted sites (e.g. “There” & “Second Life”). Sell a far better interface to hosted sites (e.g. “There” & “Second Life”). •• Meeting-ware and collaboration-ware to enhance work, at low cost. Meeting-ware and collaboration-ware to enhance work, at low cost. •• Empower self-organized Citizen Action Networks. (Defense applications.) Empower self-organized Citizen Action Networks. (Defense applications.) •• Enhance IM and Presence -- link millions, add services. Enhance IM and Presence link millions, add services. •• Correlate VR worlds with real locales. Correlate VR worlds with real locales. •• Possible applications in both gaming and mass media. Possible applications in both gaming and mass media. - all with existing markets but weak competition. (See presentation #2 on the current state-of-the-art.) - minimal technical challenges (See presentation #3 on the present working 2-D demo-prototype.) - all product lines can achieve profitability within 1-2 years. All with the accompanying advantage of far-reaching patented IP protection.
  • 33. WWW.HOLOCENECHAT.COM WWW.HOLOCENECHAT.COM Send inquiries to: david.brin@gmail.com Also see: Also see: Presentation #2 re: Surveying the competition. Presentation #2 re: Surveying the competition. Presentation #3 re: Our working prototype. . Presentation #3 re: Our working prototype