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The
Holocaust
Journal
I will show you a series of images.
Try to remember what
they look like.
!
Remember as many details of this
place as you can.
Journal
Imagine the government has
forced you to live in this place. In
at least one paragraph, describe
what it is like to live here. Use “5
senses” writing: what do you see,
hear, feel, smell, and taste?
Rise
of the
Nazis
Rise of the Nazis
Germany and its
allies lost World War
One in 1918. They
were blamed for the
destruction, and were
forced to sign a treaty
that made them pay
22 billion eros. The
debt destroyed the
German economy.
The government in
place after the war
was weak.
Rise of the Nazis
People needed a cause to bring them together
again, and they needed to rebuild the country.
WWI had united them against a common enemy…
maybe all they needed was a new enemy.
Rise of the Nazis
The Nazi party started to gain
popularity because it promised
to create a socialist society free
of undesirable people that
would make Germany weak. It
promised to make Germany a
great world power again.
Rise of the Nazis
Beliefs of Nazi Party Members:
• Germany should be the greatest nation in the
world (German Nationalism).
• The Aryan Race (light skin, blue-eyed, blonde-
haired people of German decent) is superior.
• Single-party socialist government: the
government controls much of the private
industry in the country, but unlike communism,
everything is not distributed equally.
Nazis hated:
Jews
Nazis hated:
Gypsies
Nazis hated:
Black People
Nazis hated:
Disabled
Nazis hated:
Communists
Eugenics
Eugenics is the study of
humans in order to
improve the human race
by selecting desired
traits to breed, or
undesirable traits to
eliminate from the gene
pool. It is an early type
of science that is now
considered illegitimate.
Eugenics
Based on Charles Darwin’s
theory of natural selection,
Eugenics was founded on
the belief that certain ethnic
groups of humans had
evolved to be genetically
superior to others.
Eugenics
Eugenics
Scientists of the late
1800s and early 1900s
studied racial traits, and
declared themselves to
have evolved into superior
humans. The Nazi party
supported the idea that
racial undesirables should
be removed, and Germans
should only marry other
Germans in order to keep
the race pure.
Rise of Hitler
In 1933, the Nazi party was elected into power, and
having eliminated all rival parties, took total control.
Hitler was the leader of the Nazi party at the time,
and was elected “Chancellor of Germany.” Although he
was elected, he soon held all the powers of a dictator.
Hitler Youth
Hitler maintained support
by winning the hearts of
young people in Germany.
Because young people are
the most easily influenced
by propaganda, many
adopted Nazi beliefs.
!
The Hitler Youth program
was cool to be part of: it
was restricted to those who
had pure German ancestry.
Hitler Youth
The Hitler Youth program
was fun - kind of like an
after-school camp. It
taught boys and girls to
love Germany, to hate
racially inferior people,
and to be physically fit.
Once boys got older, it
trained them how to fight.
But no one knew what
exactly they would be
fighting for next.
World War II
In 1939, Hitler ordered an invasion of Poland.
Germany wanted Lebenstraum (“living space”),
and Poland was a source of farmland for food. The
imperialist expansion of Germany had begun.
Final Solution
Nazi Germany's plan
during World War II
to systematically
exterminate the
Jewish population
in Nazi occupied
Europe through
genocide. The Nazis
planned to capture
and murder every
Jew they could find.
Ghettos
First, the Nazi police
would identify the
homes Jews and other
undesirables. They
would force these
people to move to
ghettos - fenced in
areas where only Jews
were permitted to live.
These areas were very poor and restrictive.
Concentration Camps
Jews were transported
from ghettos and towns
to concentration camps.
The Nazi referred to
them as “work camps.”
People were told they
would work there
temporarily. When they
arrived at the camps they
were usually separated
from their families.
Concentration Camps
Soon, the Jews found out
that these camps were
actually “death camps.” If
they were not worked to
death or starved to death,
they were often executed.
When Hitler gave the order for
the execution of Jews, some
concentration camps officially
became “extermination camps.”
Extermination
Bodies both living and dead were cremated (burned)
in ovens. The bodies were buried in large ditches
outside the camps.
Extermination
People were told to enter a shower when they arrived
to the camps. The shower heads released poisonous
gas that choked them all to death.
Concentration Camps
Concentration Camps
Concentration Camps
The Holocaust
11 million people were killed in the genocide of
the holocaust. 6 million of these were Jews.
The Holocaust
At the end of the war, Allied forces liberated
prisoners the concentration camps they
discovered. (1943-45).
We are the shoes. We are the last witnesses.
We are shoes from grandchildren and grandfathers
From Prague, Paris, and Amsterdam
And because we are only made of fabric and leather
And not of blood and flesh,
Each one of us avoided the hellfire.
- Moses Schulstein
When the holocaust happened, European people thought
they lived in a modernized society - an advanced
civilization - where horrible things didn’t happen. They
thought genocide only happened in poor, developing
nations far away from them.
!
Survivors of the holocaust want the world to know that
horrible things can happen anywhere. They can happen
to anyone when we fail to recognize intolerance.
“There may be times when we
are powerless to prevent
injustice, but there must never
be a time when we fail to
protest. The Talmud [Jewish
Holy Text] tells us that by
saving a single human being,
man can save the world.
…None of us is in a position to
eliminate war, but it is our
obligation to denounce it and
expose it in all its
hideousness.”
- Elie Wiezel

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Holocaust Preview

  • 2. Journal I will show you a series of images. Try to remember what they look like. ! Remember as many details of this place as you can.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7. Journal Imagine the government has forced you to live in this place. In at least one paragraph, describe what it is like to live here. Use “5 senses” writing: what do you see, hear, feel, smell, and taste?
  • 9. Rise of the Nazis Germany and its allies lost World War One in 1918. They were blamed for the destruction, and were forced to sign a treaty that made them pay 22 billion eros. The debt destroyed the German economy. The government in place after the war was weak.
  • 10. Rise of the Nazis People needed a cause to bring them together again, and they needed to rebuild the country. WWI had united them against a common enemy… maybe all they needed was a new enemy.
  • 11. Rise of the Nazis The Nazi party started to gain popularity because it promised to create a socialist society free of undesirable people that would make Germany weak. It promised to make Germany a great world power again.
  • 12. Rise of the Nazis Beliefs of Nazi Party Members: • Germany should be the greatest nation in the world (German Nationalism). • The Aryan Race (light skin, blue-eyed, blonde- haired people of German decent) is superior. • Single-party socialist government: the government controls much of the private industry in the country, but unlike communism, everything is not distributed equally.
  • 18. Eugenics Eugenics is the study of humans in order to improve the human race by selecting desired traits to breed, or undesirable traits to eliminate from the gene pool. It is an early type of science that is now considered illegitimate.
  • 19. Eugenics Based on Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection, Eugenics was founded on the belief that certain ethnic groups of humans had evolved to be genetically superior to others.
  • 21. Eugenics Scientists of the late 1800s and early 1900s studied racial traits, and declared themselves to have evolved into superior humans. The Nazi party supported the idea that racial undesirables should be removed, and Germans should only marry other Germans in order to keep the race pure.
  • 22.
  • 23. Rise of Hitler In 1933, the Nazi party was elected into power, and having eliminated all rival parties, took total control. Hitler was the leader of the Nazi party at the time, and was elected “Chancellor of Germany.” Although he was elected, he soon held all the powers of a dictator.
  • 24. Hitler Youth Hitler maintained support by winning the hearts of young people in Germany. Because young people are the most easily influenced by propaganda, many adopted Nazi beliefs. ! The Hitler Youth program was cool to be part of: it was restricted to those who had pure German ancestry.
  • 25. Hitler Youth The Hitler Youth program was fun - kind of like an after-school camp. It taught boys and girls to love Germany, to hate racially inferior people, and to be physically fit. Once boys got older, it trained them how to fight. But no one knew what exactly they would be fighting for next.
  • 26.
  • 27. World War II In 1939, Hitler ordered an invasion of Poland. Germany wanted Lebenstraum (“living space”), and Poland was a source of farmland for food. The imperialist expansion of Germany had begun.
  • 28. Final Solution Nazi Germany's plan during World War II to systematically exterminate the Jewish population in Nazi occupied Europe through genocide. The Nazis planned to capture and murder every Jew they could find.
  • 29. Ghettos First, the Nazi police would identify the homes Jews and other undesirables. They would force these people to move to ghettos - fenced in areas where only Jews were permitted to live. These areas were very poor and restrictive.
  • 30. Concentration Camps Jews were transported from ghettos and towns to concentration camps. The Nazi referred to them as “work camps.” People were told they would work there temporarily. When they arrived at the camps they were usually separated from their families.
  • 31. Concentration Camps Soon, the Jews found out that these camps were actually “death camps.” If they were not worked to death or starved to death, they were often executed. When Hitler gave the order for the execution of Jews, some concentration camps officially became “extermination camps.”
  • 32. Extermination Bodies both living and dead were cremated (burned) in ovens. The bodies were buried in large ditches outside the camps.
  • 33. Extermination People were told to enter a shower when they arrived to the camps. The shower heads released poisonous gas that choked them all to death.
  • 37. The Holocaust 11 million people were killed in the genocide of the holocaust. 6 million of these were Jews.
  • 38. The Holocaust At the end of the war, Allied forces liberated prisoners the concentration camps they discovered. (1943-45).
  • 39.
  • 40. We are the shoes. We are the last witnesses. We are shoes from grandchildren and grandfathers From Prague, Paris, and Amsterdam And because we are only made of fabric and leather And not of blood and flesh, Each one of us avoided the hellfire. - Moses Schulstein
  • 41. When the holocaust happened, European people thought they lived in a modernized society - an advanced civilization - where horrible things didn’t happen. They thought genocide only happened in poor, developing nations far away from them. ! Survivors of the holocaust want the world to know that horrible things can happen anywhere. They can happen to anyone when we fail to recognize intolerance.
  • 42. “There may be times when we are powerless to prevent injustice, but there must never be a time when we fail to protest. The Talmud [Jewish Holy Text] tells us that by saving a single human being, man can save the world. …None of us is in a position to eliminate war, but it is our obligation to denounce it and expose it in all its hideousness.” - Elie Wiezel