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The document describes sensitivity analysis simulations performed using a land surface model to analyze the effects of slope, vegetation properties, and initial conditions on the surface energy balance. It summarizes the objectives, input parameters, and key results from simulations examining the sensitivity to factors like aspect, canopy fraction, roughness length, soil thermal properties, air temperature, and land cover and soil parameters. Figures generated from the simulations illustrate the effects on surface fluxes, temperature, and energy partitioning.

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Design Proposal for a Single and Double Span Bridge using Cost Analysis

Design Proposal for a Single and Double Span Bridge using Cost Analysis

T liner simulation parametric study of a thermal-liner by Julio c. banks, MSM...

T liner simulation parametric study of a thermal-liner by Julio c. banks, MSM...

Signals and systems analysis using transform methods and matlab 3rd edition r...

Signals and systems analysis using transform methods and matlab 3rd edition r...

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Design Proposal for a Single and Double Span Bridge using Cost Analysis

The document describes a design proposal for single and double span bridges using cost analysis. The objectives are to design one-span and two-span bridges using pre-stressed concrete and steel alternatives, and perform a cost analysis of each option. The document outlines the design process, which includes analyzing loads, designing bridge components like girders, piers, footings, and abutments according to design standards. A cost analysis is presented comparing the single span steel bridge, single span concrete bridge, and double span steel bridge options.

T liner simulation parametric study of a thermal-liner by Julio c. banks, MSM...

This study predicts the steady state temperature of a turbine wall using heat transfer film coefficients.

Signals and systems analysis using transform methods and matlab 3rd edition r...

Download at: https://goo.gl/Xfpsa2
Signals and Systems
J. Roberts
M J Roberts 2003 Solutions Manual
Analysis Using Transform
Analysis Using Transform Methods & MATLAB
Signals and Systems Analysis Using Transform
Signals and Systems 2nd Edition Solutions Manual
Solutions Manual

Fuzzy logic based mrac for a second order system

The document summarizes a study on applying fuzzy logic to model reference adaptive control (MRAC) for a second order system in the presence of noise. It first describes the basic principles of MRAC using the MIT rule. It then presents the mathematical modeling of applying MRAC using the MIT rule to a second order plant with first and second order bounded disturbances and unmodeled dynamics. Finally, it discusses simulating the fuzzy logic approach for MRAC for the second order system with disturbances and comparing the results with and without fuzzy logic control.

Fuzzy logic based mrac for a second order system

This document discusses:
1) A fuzzy logic approach for model reference adaptive control (MRAC) using the MIT rule for a second order system in the presence of first and second order noise.
2) The mathematical modeling of an MRAC scheme for the MIT rule in the presence of first and second order noise applied to a second order system.
3) The simulation results showing that the system remains stable for varying adaptation gain values with and without noise.

4 5920118410397615496

The document discusses interpreting soil parameters from cone penetration tests (CPTs) in fine-grained soils. It provides correlations to estimate parameters like soil behavior type, undrained shear strength, overconsolidation ratio, constrained modulus, permeability, and flow characteristics. The interpretations are based on theoretical solutions and empirical correlations. Factors like geology, stratigraphy, sample quality, and soil type can affect the reliability of CPT interpretations. The document emphasizes interpreting CPT data within a geological context.

Estudio hidrologico_samegua.pdf

The document contains maps and diagrams related to a flood risk assessment and proposed flood defense measures for an area along the Yunguyo river in Peru. Sections of the river were modeled hydraulically to determine flood levels for different storm events. Engineering drawings show plans and cross-sections for a proposed 250m long flood protection dike, with specifications for construction materials and methods. Graphs at various river cross-sections present water surface profiles for a 100-year flood scenario.

577hw2s

This document provides the homework assignment for CEE 577 Fall 2017. It lists 10 problems from the course textbook by Chapra for students to complete. The problems are worth 1 point each, for a total of 10 points. It provides the problem statements and blank space for students to show their work and provide the solutions.

2009 TRB Workshop

The document summarizes a resilient modulus model developed for unbound pavement layers that accounts for the effects of moisture, stress state, and freezing/thawing. Key aspects include:
- A "universal" resilient modulus model relates MR to confining pressure, deviator stress, and moisture.
- MR decreases nonlinearly with increased moisture content according to sigmoid curves developed for coarse-grained and fine-grained materials.
- Freezing/thawing is modeled using adjustment factors based on material type and season to account for very high or reduced modulus.
- The model is implemented in the Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide to predict seasonal variations in MR at the node and layer

Performance analysis of a second order system using mrac

The document analyzes the performance of a second-order system using model reference adaptive control (MRAC) with two different adaptation rules - MIT rule and Lyapunov rule. It first describes the MRAC scheme and the two adaptation rules. It then models a second-order underdamped plant and a critically damped reference model. Lastly, it applies the MIT rule to the system and derives the adaptation laws to minimize the error between the plant and reference model outputs. The analysis aims to improve the dynamic performance of the underdamped plant using MRAC.

Performance analysis of a second order system using mrac

The document analyzes the performance of a second-order system using model reference adaptive control (MRAC) with two different adaptation rules - MIT rule and Lyapunov rule. Simulation results in MATLAB show that:
1) Using MRAC with the MIT rule reduces the overshoot and undershoot of the second-order system to zero and improves settling time, provided the adaptation gain is within a suitable range.
2) Both MIT rule and Lyapunov rule derive similar parameter update laws for the adaptive controller, with the main difference being an additional filter for the reference model in the MIT rule.
3) Simulation for different adaptation gains shows the system performance is optimal within a certain range,

Solucionario_Felder.pdf

This document contains summaries of 14 problems from a chapter on engineering statistics. The problems cover topics such as unit conversions, velocity and acceleration calculations, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, energy usage, and statistical process control. For each problem, the key calculations and/or reasoning are presented concisely in 1-3 sentences. Tables and diagrams are included where helpful for clarifying the summary.

Me307 machine elements formula sheet Erdi Karaçal Mechanical Engineer Univers...

1. The document discusses various topics related to stress analysis including moment of inertias, stresses from different load cases, principal stresses, stress states, stresses in cylinders, and deflection analysis using Castigliano's theorem.
2. Design considerations for static strength are covered for both ductile and brittle materials using theories such as maximum normal stress and distortion energy.
3. Fatigue strength design includes determining the endurance limit based on material properties and adjusting it using factors for surface finish, size, and loading conditions.

Second Draw

This document contains a diagram of an electrical control system with various components like transformers, contactors, relays, and switches labeled with identification numbers and locations. It provides specifications for the components and wiring diagrams showing how the components are connected. The purpose of the system is to control an air conditioning unit and it includes safety features like emergency stop and fire controls.

PORTIQUE CMU

This document describes the structural model and analysis of a concrete masonry unit (CMU) structure. It includes details of the model such as 24 nodes defined by their coordinates, 22 beam elements defined by their connecting nodes and cross-sectional properties, material properties defined for steel, and various load cases applied including self-weight, a concentrated vertical force on one beam, and wind loads applied as trapezoidal distributions to different beam elements. The document provides the input data for performing structural analysis of the CMU structure using the Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis software.

Formul me-3074683 Erdi Karaçal Mechanical Engineer University of Gaziantep

1. The document discusses various topics related to stress analysis and design including moment of inertias, stresses, deflection analysis, design for static strength, fatigue design, tolerances and fits, power screws, and bolted joints.
2. Formulas are provided for calculating stresses and strains under different loading conditions as well as determining critical loads, deflections, endurance limits, and stresses in various mechanical elements.
3. Design considerations for different materials, loading types, and failure theories are outlined for static and fatigue strength analysis. Guidelines for screw thread stresses, efficiency, and joint stiffness are also summarized.

Composite_AirFrame_Structures_LeeCatherineRamsay_1103072R

The document presents a study on laminated fibre-reinforced composite materials. It investigates the behaviour of laminate configurations with different ply orientations. It examines the concept of an equivalent isotropic laminate for material selection. Strength design is considered by analyzing through-thickness stress distribution, σx, of laminates with isotropic stiffness properties and stress variation with angle ply orientation. Mechanical and thermal behaviours under load are also analyzed.

Problem and solution i ph o 31

The document describes several theoretical physics problems involving mechanics, thermodynamics, and radioactivity dating.
Problem 1 describes a bungee jumper attached to an elastic rope, deriving expressions for the distance dropped before coming to rest, maximum speed, and time taken.
Problem B involves a heat engine operating between two bodies at different temperatures, deriving an expression for the final temperature if maximum work is extracted, and using this to find the maximum work.
Problem C uses radioactive decay of uranium isotopes to date the age of the Earth, deriving equations relating isotope ratios to time and obtaining an approximate age of 5.38 billion years.

185817220 7e chapter5sm-final-newfrank-white-fluid-mechanics-7th-ed-ch-5-solu...

This document summarizes the solutions to several problems involving dimensional analysis. Some key points:
- Problem 5.1 calculates the volume flow rate needed for transition to turbulence in a pipe based on given parameters.
- Problem 5.2 uses dimensional analysis to determine the prototype velocity matched by a scale model wind tunnel test.
- Problem 5.6 calculates the expected drag force on a scale model parachute based on full-scale test data, showing the forces are exactly the same due to dynamic similarity.

Drift flux

The drift flux model is applicable to two-phase flows like gas-liquid flows and fluidized beds. It accounts for the relative velocity between phases using the concept of drift flux. The model equations can be solved graphically or numerically to obtain void fraction and drift velocity for different flow regimes like cocurrent, countercurrent flows. Correlations are provided to estimate drift velocity and void profile parameter based on flow conditions.

Design Proposal for a Single and Double Span Bridge using Cost Analysis

Design Proposal for a Single and Double Span Bridge using Cost Analysis

T liner simulation parametric study of a thermal-liner by Julio c. banks, MSM...

T liner simulation parametric study of a thermal-liner by Julio c. banks, MSM...

Signals and systems analysis using transform methods and matlab 3rd edition r...

Signals and systems analysis using transform methods and matlab 3rd edition r...

Fuzzy logic based mrac for a second order system

Fuzzy logic based mrac for a second order system

Fuzzy logic based mrac for a second order system

Fuzzy logic based mrac for a second order system

4 5920118410397615496

4 5920118410397615496

Estudio hidrologico_samegua.pdf

Estudio hidrologico_samegua.pdf

577hw2s

577hw2s

2009 TRB Workshop

2009 TRB Workshop

Performance analysis of a second order system using mrac

Performance analysis of a second order system using mrac

Performance analysis of a second order system using mrac

Performance analysis of a second order system using mrac

Solucionario_Felder.pdf

Solucionario_Felder.pdf

Me307 machine elements formula sheet Erdi Karaçal Mechanical Engineer Univers...

Me307 machine elements formula sheet Erdi Karaçal Mechanical Engineer Univers...

Second Draw

Second Draw

PORTIQUE CMU

PORTIQUE CMU

Formul me-3074683 Erdi Karaçal Mechanical Engineer University of Gaziantep

Formul me-3074683 Erdi Karaçal Mechanical Engineer University of Gaziantep

Composite_AirFrame_Structures_LeeCatherineRamsay_1103072R

Composite_AirFrame_Structures_LeeCatherineRamsay_1103072R

Problem and solution i ph o 31

Problem and solution i ph o 31

185817220 7e chapter5sm-final-newfrank-white-fluid-mechanics-7th-ed-ch-5-solu...

185817220 7e chapter5sm-final-newfrank-white-fluid-mechanics-7th-ed-ch-5-solu...

Drift flux

Drift flux

Models for hazards mapping

This is a short introduction to understand just a little how hydrological models and some hydraulics works. Much relies on the oral presentation. Unfortunately this is is Italian

A short introduction to some hydrological extreme phenomena

For high School teachers. Kept at MUSE on October 20th 2017. It covers the typology of some phenomena giving a little of explanation of the diverse dynamics. Is a product of LIFE FRANCA EU project

EvaporAzione

This is the presentation given for the admission to his second year of Ph.D. studies by Michele Bottazzi. Besides sumamrizing the work done during the first year, Michele traces his pathways into the second year with an abrupt change of direction towards simulating and discussion transpiration from plants.

Francesco Serafin

This is the presentation for his admission to the third year of his Ph.D.. It talks about the several direction his work had taken and look forward to the conclusion of some task in form of code release and published papers.

Meledrio

This contains a summary of the data available for torrente Meledrio. We are using it for the project SteepsStreams, and we want to estimate its water and sediment budgets.

Lisbon talk for SteepStreams

This contains the talk given at the 2017 meeting of the SteepStream ERANET project. It is assumed to talk about the hydrological cycle of the Noce river in Val di Sole valley (Trentino, Italy). It is a preliminary view of what we are going to do in the project.

Grids implementation

This contains some hints and discussions about how to implement Grids in a Object Oriented language. Specifically the discussion is made with Java in mind, but obviosly, not limited to it.

Grids

How to implement unstructured grids in Java (or BTW in another OO language). First start from understanding what grids are and how they are described in algebraic topology. Mathematics first, can be a good idea. No explicit implementation here, but concept and literature to study and start from..

Some photos from the field

Anna Cestari depicts some situations she finds in developing countries regarding water management along her works with the World Bank.

Virtual water fem 07032017

Virtual water refers to the water used in the production of agricultural and industrial products. Large amounts of water are required to produce many goods - for example, 1kg of beef requires 16,000kg of water. Countries import virtual water when they import water-intensive goods produced elsewhere. This is important for water-stressed countries. For example, in Southern Africa the average annual runoff in South Africa is 45.2km3/year, while Lesotho contributes an additional 5.2km3/year through water transfers. Several countries in the region are already experiencing water stress according to common definitions. The document provides statistics on water availability and usage in several Southern African countries.

Dalton Prize Lecture 2017 by Dani Or

John Dalton established quantitative hydrology in 1799 by creating a water balance for England and Wales using rainfall and river flow data. He attributed the origin of springs to rainfall, rejecting long-held myths and laying the foundation for the modern understanding of the hydrological cycle. Recent work has focused on understanding soil evaporation dynamics at the pore scale, finding that as the soil surface dries, the spacing between pores increases, leading to higher evaporative flux per pore that can maintain an overall constant evaporation rate despite a decreasing surface area. This pore-scale model provides insights into evaporation rates, surface resistance, and energy partitioning during drying.

Projecting Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources in Regions of Complex To...

The title describes it all. Jeremy Pal's student Brianna Pagàn and coworkers put an impressive set of tools to estimate the impacts of land use and climate change on water resources of south California.

The modern flood forecasting

The document discusses modern approaches to flood forecasting. It begins by noting the importance of data collection and organization for hydrological modeling and forecasting. Key tools mentioned for hydrological modeling include HEC-HMS, SWAT, and SWMM. The document also discusses the importance of using multiple linked models to account for hydrological and hydraulic processes. Examples provided include systems used by ARPAE in Italy and the state of Iowa in the US. These contemporary approaches are characterized as using high-resolution data, multi-objective multi-process models, and cyberinfrastructure to run complex distributed hydrological models. However, the document notes that while such sophisticated systems provide valuable information, there are still open questions around verification at small scales

La moderna previsione delle piene

This describe how post-modern, contemporary and post-contemporary systems for flood forecasting work.

Hydrological Extremes and Human societies

This is the talk given by Giuliano di Baldassarre at the Summer School on Hydrological Modeling kept in Cagliari this here. The topic is very up-to-date and important. He presented an analysis of a few case studies and suggested some literature.

The Science of Water Transport and Floods from Theory to Relevant Application...

This is the presentation given by Ricardo Mantilla at University of Iowa in 2017. It talks about the system implemented in Iowa for flood forecasting in real time

The Science of Water Transport and Floods from Theory to Relevant Applications

This is the presentation given by Riccardo Mantilla at Univerisity of Illinois and about the System for forecasting floods in Iowa.

Climaware at the end

This is one (Riccardo Rigon's) contribution to the CLIMAWARE project. It contains a few paper on major journals and some research path to follow.

Hymod model for catchments

This describe how the Hymod (Moore 1985) model works. It is used as an example of catchment model which includes runoff production.

Egu2017 pico

These are the slides presented at EGU 2017 General Meeting, the Pico session was entlited: Monitoring and modelling flow paths, supply and quality in a changing mountain cryosphere

Models for hazards mapping

Models for hazards mapping

A short introduction to some hydrological extreme phenomena

A short introduction to some hydrological extreme phenomena

EvaporAzione

EvaporAzione

Francesco Serafin

Francesco Serafin

Meledrio

Meledrio

Lisbon talk for SteepStreams

Lisbon talk for SteepStreams

Grids implementation

Grids implementation

Grids

Grids

Some photos from the field

Some photos from the field

Virtual water fem 07032017

Virtual water fem 07032017

Dalton Prize Lecture 2017 by Dani Or

Dalton Prize Lecture 2017 by Dani Or

Projecting Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources in Regions of Complex To...

Projecting Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources in Regions of Complex To...

The modern flood forecasting

The modern flood forecasting

La moderna previsione delle piene

La moderna previsione delle piene

Hydrological Extremes and Human societies

Hydrological Extremes and Human societies

The Science of Water Transport and Floods from Theory to Relevant Application...

The Science of Water Transport and Floods from Theory to Relevant Application...

The Science of Water Transport and Floods from Theory to Relevant Applications

The Science of Water Transport and Floods from Theory to Relevant Applications

Climaware at the end

Climaware at the end

Hymod model for catchments

Hymod model for catchments

Egu2017 pico

Egu2017 pico

C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf

C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat

(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening

(𝐓𝐋𝐄 𝟏𝟎𝟎) (𝐋𝐞𝐬𝐬𝐨𝐧 𝟏.𝟎)-𝐅𝐢𝐧𝐚𝐥𝐬
Lesson Outcome:
-Students will understand the basics of gardening, including the importance of soil, water, and sunlight for plant growth. They will learn to identify and use essential gardening tools, plant seeds, and seedlings properly, and manage common garden pests using eco-friendly methods.

NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource Book

NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Book

matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten

for educational purposes only

formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V

Formative Evaluation Cognitive skill

How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17

Models are the basic building block of Odoo. Generally we use models to store the data in the database in the form of table. Transient models are particularly used for handling data that needs to be stored temporarily.

How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides

In this slide, we will learn how to add filters in Odoo 17. Filters are a powerful tool that allows us to narrow down our search results and find the specific information we need. We will go over on how to create custom filters. By the end of this slide, we will be able to easily filter our data in Odoo 17.

Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene

(𝐓𝐋𝐄 𝟏𝟎𝟎) (𝐋𝐞𝐬𝐬𝐨𝐧 𝟏.𝟏)-𝐅𝐢𝐧𝐚𝐥𝐬
Lesson Outcome:
-Students will recognize the importance of personal hygiene, such as washing hands before and after gardening, using gloves, proper care of any cuts or scrapes to prevent infections and etc

"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...

"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY NĂM 2024
KHỐI NGÀNH NGOÀI SƯ PHẠM"

How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS

Scroll bar is actually a graphical element mainly seen on computer screens. It is mainly used to optimize the touch screens and improve the visibility. In POS there is an option for large scroll bars to navigate to the list of items. This slide will show how to manage large scroll bars in Odoo 17.

What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides

In this slide, we will discuss the rescue session feature in Odoo 17 Point of Sale (POS). Odoo POS allows us to manage our sales both online and offline. The rescue session helps us recover data in case of internet connectivity issues or accidental session closure.

DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...

DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY NĂM 2024
KHỐI NGÀNH NGOÀI SƯ PHẠM

How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS

This slide will cover the management of line discounts in Odoo 17 POS. Using the Line discount approach, we can apply discount for individual product lines.

Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17

In Odoo 17, we can securely configure an email server to send and receive emails within the application. This is useful for features like sending quotations, invoices, and notifications via email. If our email service provider (e.g., Gmail, Outlook) supports app passwords, we can use them to authenticate our Odoo instance with the email server.

C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf

C# Interview Questions PDF

Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx

An Individual Development Plan sample for teachers. Focus on strengths and weaknesses that provide action plan

View Inheritance in Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides

Odoo is a customizable ERP software. In odoo we can do different customizations on functionalities or appearance. There are different view types in odoo like form, tree, kanban and search. It is also possible to change an existing view in odoo; it is called view inheritance. This slide will show how to inherit an existing view in Odoo 17.

Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt

Bank – Banking – Banking System in India – Origin of Bank-Classification of Banks –Types of Customers RBI Functions- Commercial Banks – Functions

modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 24/254

modul ajar kelas x, 2024-2025

C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf

C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf

(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening

(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening

NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource Book

NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource Book

matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten

matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten

formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V

formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V

How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17

How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17

How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides

How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides

Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene

Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene

"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...

"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...

How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS

How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS

What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides

What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides

DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...

DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...

How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS

How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS

Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17

Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17

C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf

C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf

Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx

Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx

View Inheritance in Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides

View Inheritance in Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides

Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc

Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc

Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt

Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt

modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 24/254

modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 24/254

- 1. Tab 1 SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS stb_stn Objective: We choose here an inclined or flat plane domain to perform plot scale simulations, to check the sensitivity of the energy balance partition to slope, vegetation properties, initial conditions. Simulations name: stb_stn Results folders: - Results elaborations in: /Users/giacomo/EURAC/Stubai/Results/stb_stn/stb_stn.ppt - Figures saved in: /Users/giacomo/EURAC/Stubai/Results/stb_stn/Figures/ - Matlab elaborations in: /Users/giacomo/GeoMatlab/Mfiles_points/ load_sensitivity.m plot_sensitivity.m - Input inclined DTM in: /Users/giacomo/EURAC/Stubai/Inputs/Piano.xls - Parameters settings in: /Users/giacomo/EURAC/Stubai/Inputs/Inpts_stb_stn004.xls - Simulations index in: /Users/giacomo/EURAC/Stubai/Simulations/sim_stb_stn.txt Simulation assumptions: - Flat (or inclined) 11x11 dtm - Forcing as stb_tot simulations (Clear sky days in September 1999) - Reference simulation with intermediate parameters (stb_stn004f) zo=0.1 m; do=0.66 m fc=0.5 (for all parameters see 'sensitivity' in Inpts_stb_stn004.xls) - Saturated initial conditions, 10 days spin up. - Soil parameters as in Neustift station soil (very organic soil at the surface).
- 2. Fig 1 Reference simulation stb_stn004f Flat, fc=05, zo=0.1 m
- 3. Fig 3 Sensitivity to aspect stb_stn004f-004s-004n Flat 30 o S 30 o N
- 4. Fig 4 Sensitivity to canopy fraction fc stb_stn007-008 fc=1 fc=0.5 fc=0
- 5. Fig 5 Sensitivity to roughness length zo stb_stn007-008 zo=0.001 m zo=0.1 m zo=1 m
- 6. Fig 9 Sensitivity to soil thermal properties effect on surface fluxes stb_stn013-015 k_solid = 8.5 W/(m K) c_solid = 2.16 E6 J/(m^3 K) k_solid = 0.5 W/(m K) c_solid = 2.16 E6 J/(m^3 K) k_solid = 0.5 W/(m K) c_solid = 1 E6 J/(m^3 K) k_solid = 8.5 W/(m K) c_solid = 1 E6 J/(m^3 K) Very little effect on surface fluxes
- 7. Fig 10 Sensitivity to soil thermal properties effect on surface temperature stb_stn013-015 k_solid = 8.5 W/(m K) c_solid = 2.16 E6 J/(m^3 K) k_solid = 0.5 W/(m K) c_solid = 2.16 E6 J/(m^3 K) k_solid = 0.5 W/(m K) c_solid = 1 E6 J/(m^3 K) k_solid = 8.5 W/(m K) c_solid = 1 E6 J/(m^3 K) Strong effect of soil conductivity on surface temperature , especially the night ones (low soils with low conductivity, as limestone and organic ones (or dry grass) have very low nocturnal skin temperatures and higher daily ones)
- 8. Fig 11 Sensitivity to air temperature stb_stn016-017 BASE - see Table in inpts-stb_stn004.xls - a change in Ta simply translates Ts very little change in fluxes (less than 2 W/m2 ); Ts quickly adapts itself to the new Ta - if Ta increase very slight decrease of LE and G, decrease of H - very simplistic conclusion: if only Ta changes, does no change the energy forcing,what does it change is - the frozen / unfrozen threshold and the consequent phenology - the competitive advantage among species TA + 2C TA - 2C
- 9. Getop land cover parameterization - a sensitivity analysis Study area: Neustift Date of simulation: September 1999 run 10 days LU parameters Soil parameters r/c 1 forest r/c 1 grass 5 1 Zo ow min 5 zo 0,02 6 10 hc m 6 0,2 hc m 7 10 hc/zo 7 10 hc/zo 9 1 fc 9 1 fc 10 250 root mm 10 150 root mm 11 6 LAI 11 5 LAI 12 0,2 albedo 12 0,2 albedo 14 50 sigma K 14 30 sigma K 15 20 h_sup 15 10 h_sup r/c 1 bare soil r/c 1 rocks 1 7 lu 1 8 lu 2 1 rough 2 1 rough 3 1 zo rough 3 10 zo rough 4 10 zo snow 4 10 zo snow 12 0,2 albedo 12 0,2 albedo 13 1 C_m 13 1 C_m 14 1 sigma K 14 1 sigma K 15 1 h_sup 15 1 h_sup r/c 1 forest r/c 1 grass 1 1 ClasseSoil 1 2 ClasseSoil 2 1,00-02 Kh_sat 2 1,00E-03 Kh_sat 3 0,15 teta_r 3 0,05 teta_r 4 0,5 teta_sat 4 0,4 teta_sat 7 0,74 k_solid 7 1 k_solid 8 2,16E-06 c_solid 8 2,16E+06 c_solid 9 0,2 teta_wp 9 0,15 teta_wp 10 0,3 teta_fc 10 0,3 teta_fc r/c 1 bare soil r/c 1 rocks 1 7 ClasseSoil 1 8 ClasseSoil 2 1,00E-04 Kh_sat 2 1,00E-06 Kh_sat 3 0,1 teta_r 3 0,02 teta_r 4 0,4 teta_sat 4 0,025 teta_sat 7 1,5 k_solid 7 4 k_solid 8 2,16E+06 c_solid 8 2,16E+06 c_solid 9 0,15 teta_wp 9 0,03 teta_wp 10 0,2 teta_fc 10 0,08 teta_fc
- 11. Inputs: Soil water content
- 12. Forest Rocks Bare Soil Grass
- 13. Forest Rocks Bare Soil Grass
- 14. Tair Tsurface Forest Rocks Bare Soil Grass
- 15. Forest Rocks Bare Soil Grass
- 16. Forest Rocks Bare Soil Grass
- 17. Forest Rocks Bare Soil Grass
- 18. Forest Rocks Bare Soil Grass