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The French Republic
National Convention
      Left               Center              Right
    Jacobins        - no definite views     Girondins

- George-Jacques - later favored the       - feared
     Danton       Jacobin position       domination by
   -Maximilien                               Paris
   Robespierre
- Jean-Paul Marat

- republicans who
     favoried
  domination by
       Paris
Actions of the National
Convention
established a republic

wrote a new constitution

ended monarchy

  tried Louis XVI and
  found him guilty

  January 21 1793 -
  beheaded
Threat of Invasion
Foreign Threats

  Defeated Austrian/Prussian forces

  France remained in the Netherlands

  Great Britain, Netherlands,Spain, Austria, and
  Prussia attack France again
Threat of Invasion
Committee of Public
Safety

  directed the army
                             DANTON
  formed the
  “Revolutionary
  Tribunal”

  conscription (draft)   ROBESPIERRE
Counterrevolutionary
opposition to the
committee of public
safety and the Jacobins

“Royal and Catholics”

Jacobins arrested
Girondin delegates

assassination of Marat
Reign of Terror
September 1793 to July 1794

suppression of opposition and revolt

executed “revolutionaries”

fanatic reaction of Robespierre

July 1794 - Robespierre arrested and executed

Jacobins lost power
Accomplishments during
National Convention
committee of public safety

opened new schools

wage and price controls to stop inflation

abolished slavery

religious toleration

metric system

French victories
The Directory
Legislative

  Lower House - 500 members

  Upper House - 250 members (selected the
  executive branch)

Executive - 5 Directors

Voters - male property owners

Length of use -4 years
Problems of Directory
wealthy still had control

army used for unrest

unpopular

weak and open to dictatorship
Napoleon achievements
prior to 1799
suppressed a Paris uprising

demonstrated military genius in battle

forced Sardinians to make peace

defeated Austrians four times and gained control
of northern Italy from them
Napoleon takes power
built his popularity

stages a coup d’etat against an unstable
government (one director)
French republic

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French republic

  • 2. National Convention Left Center Right Jacobins - no definite views Girondins - George-Jacques - later favored the - feared Danton Jacobin position domination by -Maximilien Paris Robespierre - Jean-Paul Marat - republicans who favoried domination by Paris
  • 3. Actions of the National Convention established a republic wrote a new constitution ended monarchy tried Louis XVI and found him guilty January 21 1793 - beheaded
  • 4. Threat of Invasion Foreign Threats Defeated Austrian/Prussian forces France remained in the Netherlands Great Britain, Netherlands,Spain, Austria, and Prussia attack France again
  • 5. Threat of Invasion Committee of Public Safety directed the army DANTON formed the “Revolutionary Tribunal” conscription (draft) ROBESPIERRE
  • 6. Counterrevolutionary opposition to the committee of public safety and the Jacobins “Royal and Catholics” Jacobins arrested Girondin delegates assassination of Marat
  • 7. Reign of Terror September 1793 to July 1794 suppression of opposition and revolt executed “revolutionaries” fanatic reaction of Robespierre July 1794 - Robespierre arrested and executed Jacobins lost power
  • 8. Accomplishments during National Convention committee of public safety opened new schools wage and price controls to stop inflation abolished slavery religious toleration metric system French victories
  • 9. The Directory Legislative Lower House - 500 members Upper House - 250 members (selected the executive branch) Executive - 5 Directors Voters - male property owners Length of use -4 years
  • 10. Problems of Directory wealthy still had control army used for unrest unpopular weak and open to dictatorship
  • 11. Napoleon achievements prior to 1799 suppressed a Paris uprising demonstrated military genius in battle forced Sardinians to make peace defeated Austrians four times and gained control of northern Italy from them
  • 12. Napoleon takes power built his popularity stages a coup d’etat against an unstable government (one director)

Editor's Notes