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THE ROOTS OF THE
  REVOLUTION
THE OLD REGIME
First Estate - Clergy    Second Estate   Third Estate




                         1%
                          2%




                        97%
DISCONTENT IN THE MID 1700S

                      - changing economic conditions
   First Estate
                     - political power in hands of king

                       - changing economic conditions
  Second Estate
                     - desire to protect their privileges

                                    - taxes
   Bourgeoisie
                          - lack of political power

   Third Estate                 - high prices
except bourgeoisie                 - taxes
TYPICAL TAXES FOR PEASANTS

TITHE


RENT FEES FOR THE UPKEEP OF THE
LORD’S PIGEONS


FEES FOR THE USE OF THE MANORIAL
MILL AND BAKERY


TOLLS


DUTIES WHEN CROSSING PROVINCIAL
AND TERRITORIAL BOUNDARIES


POLL TAX


INCOME TAX


TAXES ON GOOD SUCH AS SALT,
WINE, PLAYING CARDS, AND SOAP
FINANCIAL PROBLEMS

   Louis XIV                Louis XV                Louis XVI

- engaged in wars       - increased debt by      - increased debt by
                          borrowing from           giving aid to the
- building Versailles         bankers               colonists in the
                                                American Revolution
 - increased taxes      - did not economize

                         - expensive habits

                        - It will survive for
                        my time. After me,
                             the deluge
MORE PROBLEMS OF LOUIS XVI

  - HIS MARRIAGE TO
MARIE-ANTOINETTE WAS
      UNPOPULAR

 - BANKS REFUSED THE
LEND ANY MORE MONEY

 - HE NEEDED TO CALL
THE ESTATES GENERAL
TO APPROVE NEW TAXES
MEETING OF THE ESTATES
            GENERAL
MAY 5 1789 - LOUIS XVI
 CALLED THE THREE
 ESTATES TOGETHER
  THIRD ESTATE
REFUSED TO VOTE
   AS ONE VOTE
THIRD ESTATE GETS
    LOCKED OUT
 CALLS ITSELF THE
     NATIONAL
    ASSEMBLY
Roots of revolution

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Roots of revolution

  • 1. THE ROOTS OF THE REVOLUTION
  • 2. THE OLD REGIME First Estate - Clergy Second Estate Third Estate 1% 2% 97%
  • 3. DISCONTENT IN THE MID 1700S - changing economic conditions First Estate - political power in hands of king - changing economic conditions Second Estate - desire to protect their privileges - taxes Bourgeoisie - lack of political power Third Estate - high prices except bourgeoisie - taxes
  • 4. TYPICAL TAXES FOR PEASANTS TITHE RENT FEES FOR THE UPKEEP OF THE LORD’S PIGEONS FEES FOR THE USE OF THE MANORIAL MILL AND BAKERY TOLLS DUTIES WHEN CROSSING PROVINCIAL AND TERRITORIAL BOUNDARIES POLL TAX INCOME TAX TAXES ON GOOD SUCH AS SALT, WINE, PLAYING CARDS, AND SOAP
  • 5. FINANCIAL PROBLEMS Louis XIV Louis XV Louis XVI - engaged in wars - increased debt by - increased debt by borrowing from giving aid to the - building Versailles bankers colonists in the American Revolution - increased taxes - did not economize - expensive habits - It will survive for my time. After me, the deluge
  • 6. MORE PROBLEMS OF LOUIS XVI - HIS MARRIAGE TO MARIE-ANTOINETTE WAS UNPOPULAR - BANKS REFUSED THE LEND ANY MORE MONEY - HE NEEDED TO CALL THE ESTATES GENERAL TO APPROVE NEW TAXES
  • 7. MEETING OF THE ESTATES GENERAL MAY 5 1789 - LOUIS XVI CALLED THE THREE ESTATES TOGETHER THIRD ESTATE REFUSED TO VOTE AS ONE VOTE THIRD ESTATE GETS LOCKED OUT CALLS ITSELF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY

Editor's Notes