SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Anand S. Thokal
Rakesh B. R.
1
Indian Government
(comprised of a coalition of political parties called the UPA)
had announced (Nov 2011):
100 % FDI in single brand retail and 51 %
FDI in multi-brand retail..
2
This decision invoked a hue and cry all
over..
3
• Opposition political parties started
threatening to STALL the Parliament Winter
Session..
4
• Even political leaders within the ruling UPA
government DIVIDED on the issue..
eg. Kerala CM, Ramesh Chennithala & DMK leader Karunanidhi
and others
5
But why is everyone so scared
about it..??
Let’s start with the basics:
6
14
Source: http://www.slideshare.net/rahulogy/the-great-indian-retail-story 7
Indian Retail Scenario
• The Rs 28,673 billion (US$ 470 billion) Indian
retail market is only 3 per cent of Global
retail….
Source: http://www.ibef.org/industry/retail.aspx
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Threats:
• Global giants like WalMart will crush our
unorganized retail sector..
(Which consists of around 12 million kirana
stores in the country )
Source: www.indianretailing.com
21
Because…
Global
22
Dinosaurs
Indian
Retail
WalMart
23
• Hence, if we open up our retail sector, then
our desi retailers and the millions of kirana
stores will go out of business..
• Indians will be drained of all their hard earned
money through consumerism..
• Money will be drained out of our country
24
A recent study by IIM-A and Tata Institute
of Social Sciences says..
Source: Prof. Arbind Sahay (IIM-A) and Prof. Gordhan Saini (TISS)
“Effect of credit and low price guarantee on consumer purchase intention
-A comparative study of kirana store and modern retail store in an
Emerging Market, 2011
25
• ‘While low price guarantee (LPG) is the
attraction of malls, a majority of customers
are ready to go to the kirana stores because of
the credit facilities and the level of
personalized service’
• kirana stores have a very strong “knowledge
intimacy” with their customers
26
Indian Consumer Behavior
• Indian consumer does NOT drive to the outskirts of the city in
her big car at the end of each month to purchase her monthly
groceries…
• She sometimes goes to malls for the thrill and shopping
experience, but her major chunk of purchases are from the
unorganized sector..
27
+ Conditional FDI..
• The current FDI relaxation comes with a
condition: 30% of sourcing of all products
has to be done from Indian suppliers / SMEs..
• This recommendation can create much
needed employment in India
28
Hence we don’t need to have..
29
30
FDI in retail can result into developing “farm-
to-fork” infrastructure consisting of
integrated storage, cold chain and transport
links..
A much needed repair of our grossly leaking
distribution system…
31
And, doesn’t this SITUATION
over liberalization in retail industry
remind us of..
32
déjà vu…?
• The big fuss before 1991 reforms…?
• The big fuss before letting global
telecom players enter Indian Telecom
Industry before 2000…?
33
We know very well that
these have actually
fuelled
The Great India Growth Story*
*Not factoring in the great Indian 2G Scam… :-P
34
• What ultimately matters is :
– Operational efficiencies..
– Best deal to the final customer..
– True globalization…
35
Recent Happenings
• Sept 8, 2014: The Modi Government has decided to disallow foreign direct
investment in multi-brand retail, Commerce and Industry Minister Nirmala
Sitharaman said in New Delhi on Monday.
• Dec 21, 2014: Industry estimates pegged the size of retail sector at $ 560 billion
this year, growing by 10 per cent compared with last year. As per various
estimates, the industry is now expected to reach $ one trillion mark by 2020, while
this target was being eyed much earlier on hopes of FDI.
• Jan 14, 2015: Prime Minister Narendra Modi will consolidate himself and is likely
to open up the multi-brand retail sector to foreign investors in due course, noted
economist and thinker Jagdish Bhagwati said on Tuesday.
36
Top Retailers in India
• Reliance Retail Ltd. (Mumbai, 2006)
• Pantaloons Retail Ltd. (Mumbai, 1997)
• Provogue India Ltd. (Mumbai, 1997)
• Shoppers Stop (Mumbai, 1991)
• ITC (Kolkata, 1910)
37
38

More Related Content

What's hot

FDI in Retail in India
FDI in Retail in IndiaFDI in Retail in India
FDI in Retail in India
Rheetam Mitra
 
FDI in retail in INDIA
FDI in retail in INDIAFDI in retail in INDIA
FDI in retail in INDIA
Saravanan rulez
 
Final fdi in retail ppt
Final fdi in retail  pptFinal fdi in retail  ppt
Final fdi in retail ppt
Inderpreet Singh
 
Fdi in retail
Fdi in retailFdi in retail
Fdi in retail
vinay jha
 
Organized retail industry in india
Organized retail industry in indiaOrganized retail industry in india
Organized retail industry in india
Sreeraj T.S
 
3. march 2013
3. march 20133. march 2013
3. march 2013
marcombuzz
 
Fdi in retail
Fdi in retailFdi in retail
Fdi in retail
Wordpandit
 
4. april 2013
4. april 20134. april 2013
4. april 2013
marcombuzz
 
Retailing in India
Retailing in IndiaRetailing in India
Retailing in India
Babita Khandwal
 
An Overview of Indian Rural Retail Industry
An Overview of Indian Rural Retail IndustryAn Overview of Indian Rural Retail Industry
An Overview of Indian Rural Retail Industry
IRJET Journal
 
Indian Retail Industry
Indian Retail IndustryIndian Retail Industry
Indian Retail Industry
Joshwin Jacob
 
fdi in retail sector in india
fdi in retail sector in indiafdi in retail sector in india
fdi in retail sector in india
saras90
 
Market Research Report on An Exploratory and Descriptive Study of Online, Off...
Market Research Report on An Exploratory and Descriptive Study of Online, Off...Market Research Report on An Exploratory and Descriptive Study of Online, Off...
Market Research Report on An Exploratory and Descriptive Study of Online, Off...
Surbhi Jindal
 
Retail sector
Retail sectorRetail sector
Retail sector
Mandeep Singh
 
Retail
RetailRetail
41 pages19 chapter 8
41 pages19 chapter 841 pages19 chapter 8
41 pages19 chapter 8
Manoj Kumar
 
Retail industry
Retail industryRetail industry
Retail industry
Subin Suresh
 
Report on Impact of FDI in Retail in India
Report on Impact of FDI in Retail in IndiaReport on Impact of FDI in Retail in India
Report on Impact of FDI in Retail in India
Akshay Seth
 
Flaring Retail Sector: Facets and Challenges
Flaring Retail Sector: Facets and ChallengesFlaring Retail Sector: Facets and Challenges
Flaring Retail Sector: Facets and Challenges
deshwal852
 
cashless india
cashless indiacashless india
cashless india
HARSH GUPTA
 

What's hot (20)

FDI in Retail in India
FDI in Retail in IndiaFDI in Retail in India
FDI in Retail in India
 
FDI in retail in INDIA
FDI in retail in INDIAFDI in retail in INDIA
FDI in retail in INDIA
 
Final fdi in retail ppt
Final fdi in retail  pptFinal fdi in retail  ppt
Final fdi in retail ppt
 
Fdi in retail
Fdi in retailFdi in retail
Fdi in retail
 
Organized retail industry in india
Organized retail industry in indiaOrganized retail industry in india
Organized retail industry in india
 
3. march 2013
3. march 20133. march 2013
3. march 2013
 
Fdi in retail
Fdi in retailFdi in retail
Fdi in retail
 
4. april 2013
4. april 20134. april 2013
4. april 2013
 
Retailing in India
Retailing in IndiaRetailing in India
Retailing in India
 
An Overview of Indian Rural Retail Industry
An Overview of Indian Rural Retail IndustryAn Overview of Indian Rural Retail Industry
An Overview of Indian Rural Retail Industry
 
Indian Retail Industry
Indian Retail IndustryIndian Retail Industry
Indian Retail Industry
 
fdi in retail sector in india
fdi in retail sector in indiafdi in retail sector in india
fdi in retail sector in india
 
Market Research Report on An Exploratory and Descriptive Study of Online, Off...
Market Research Report on An Exploratory and Descriptive Study of Online, Off...Market Research Report on An Exploratory and Descriptive Study of Online, Off...
Market Research Report on An Exploratory and Descriptive Study of Online, Off...
 
Retail sector
Retail sectorRetail sector
Retail sector
 
Retail
RetailRetail
Retail
 
41 pages19 chapter 8
41 pages19 chapter 841 pages19 chapter 8
41 pages19 chapter 8
 
Retail industry
Retail industryRetail industry
Retail industry
 
Report on Impact of FDI in Retail in India
Report on Impact of FDI in Retail in IndiaReport on Impact of FDI in Retail in India
Report on Impact of FDI in Retail in India
 
Flaring Retail Sector: Facets and Challenges
Flaring Retail Sector: Facets and ChallengesFlaring Retail Sector: Facets and Challenges
Flaring Retail Sector: Facets and Challenges
 
cashless india
cashless indiacashless india
cashless india
 

Similar to Fdi in indian mbrt

Fdi in retail
Fdi in retailFdi in retail
Fdi in retail
Chakerdhar Chiku
 
Role of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growth
Role of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growthRole of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growth
Role of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growth
prj_publication
 
Role of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growth
Role of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growthRole of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growth
Role of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growth
prjpublications
 
Indian retail report 2012
Indian retail report  2012Indian retail report  2012
Indian retail report 2012
Prayukth K V
 
Fdi
FdiFdi
Overview Of Retail In India
Overview Of Retail In IndiaOverview Of Retail In India
Overview Of Retail In India
RS Khurana
 
Retail In India
Retail In IndiaRetail In India
Retail In India
RS Khurana
 
Role of FDI in Retail Sector
Role of FDI in Retail SectorRole of FDI in Retail Sector
Role of FDI in Retail Sector
Gagan Dharwal
 
Retail fdi in india
Retail fdi in indiaRetail fdi in india
Retail fdi in india
contactmayurmehta
 
Supermarkets Vs Small kirana stores
Supermarkets Vs Small kirana storesSupermarkets Vs Small kirana stores
Supermarkets Vs Small kirana stores
IOSR Journals
 
Mk0012– retail marketing...
Mk0012– retail marketing...Mk0012– retail marketing...
Mk0012– retail marketing...
Rohit Mishra
 
Sector study
Sector studySector study
Sector study
Gourab Das
 
Sector study
Sector studySector study
Sector study
Gourab Das
 
Multi brand-retail
Multi brand-retailMulti brand-retail
Multi brand-retail
Naveen Kathania
 
FDI
FDIFDI
FDI
7406533
 
Retail industry
Retail industryRetail industry
Retail industry
Arpit Sem
 
FDI in Indian Retail
FDI in Indian RetailFDI in Indian Retail
FDI in Indian Retail
GreatindiaBschool
 
FDI in Retail sector in India
FDI in Retail sector in IndiaFDI in Retail sector in India
FDI in Retail sector in India
Paayal Dharmani
 
Benefits of fdi in indain retail sector and customer perception of organized r
Benefits of fdi in indain retail sector and customer perception of organized rBenefits of fdi in indain retail sector and customer perception of organized r
Benefits of fdi in indain retail sector and customer perception of organized r
IAEME Publication
 
In consumer
In consumerIn consumer
In consumer
Hitesh Singla
 

Similar to Fdi in indian mbrt (20)

Fdi in retail
Fdi in retailFdi in retail
Fdi in retail
 
Role of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growth
Role of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growthRole of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growth
Role of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growth
 
Role of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growth
Role of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growthRole of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growth
Role of fdi in india an emerging option for sustainable economic growth
 
Indian retail report 2012
Indian retail report  2012Indian retail report  2012
Indian retail report 2012
 
Fdi
FdiFdi
Fdi
 
Overview Of Retail In India
Overview Of Retail In IndiaOverview Of Retail In India
Overview Of Retail In India
 
Retail In India
Retail In IndiaRetail In India
Retail In India
 
Role of FDI in Retail Sector
Role of FDI in Retail SectorRole of FDI in Retail Sector
Role of FDI in Retail Sector
 
Retail fdi in india
Retail fdi in indiaRetail fdi in india
Retail fdi in india
 
Supermarkets Vs Small kirana stores
Supermarkets Vs Small kirana storesSupermarkets Vs Small kirana stores
Supermarkets Vs Small kirana stores
 
Mk0012– retail marketing...
Mk0012– retail marketing...Mk0012– retail marketing...
Mk0012– retail marketing...
 
Sector study
Sector studySector study
Sector study
 
Sector study
Sector studySector study
Sector study
 
Multi brand-retail
Multi brand-retailMulti brand-retail
Multi brand-retail
 
FDI
FDIFDI
FDI
 
Retail industry
Retail industryRetail industry
Retail industry
 
FDI in Indian Retail
FDI in Indian RetailFDI in Indian Retail
FDI in Indian Retail
 
FDI in Retail sector in India
FDI in Retail sector in IndiaFDI in Retail sector in India
FDI in Retail sector in India
 
Benefits of fdi in indain retail sector and customer perception of organized r
Benefits of fdi in indain retail sector and customer perception of organized rBenefits of fdi in indain retail sector and customer perception of organized r
Benefits of fdi in indain retail sector and customer perception of organized r
 
In consumer
In consumerIn consumer
In consumer
 

More from Anand Thokal

Pulses: India and World
Pulses: India and WorldPulses: India and World
Pulses: India and World
Anand Thokal
 
Pecha Kucha:- Simple ways to be happy
Pecha Kucha:- Simple ways to be happyPecha Kucha:- Simple ways to be happy
Pecha Kucha:- Simple ways to be happy
Anand Thokal
 
Descriptive statistics
Descriptive statisticsDescriptive statistics
Descriptive statistics
Anand Thokal
 
Delegation - the art of managing
Delegation - the art of managingDelegation - the art of managing
Delegation - the art of managing
Anand Thokal
 
TQM
TQMTQM
Sport obermeyer
Sport obermeyerSport obermeyer
Sport obermeyer
Anand Thokal
 
Reebok nfl
Reebok nflReebok nfl
Reebok nfl
Anand Thokal
 
Meditech surgical
Meditech surgicalMeditech surgical
Meditech surgical
Anand Thokal
 
Mumbai Dabawala - SCM
Mumbai Dabawala - SCMMumbai Dabawala - SCM
Mumbai Dabawala - SCM
Anand Thokal
 
Farmer price realization
Farmer price realizationFarmer price realization
Farmer price realization
Anand Thokal
 

More from Anand Thokal (10)

Pulses: India and World
Pulses: India and WorldPulses: India and World
Pulses: India and World
 
Pecha Kucha:- Simple ways to be happy
Pecha Kucha:- Simple ways to be happyPecha Kucha:- Simple ways to be happy
Pecha Kucha:- Simple ways to be happy
 
Descriptive statistics
Descriptive statisticsDescriptive statistics
Descriptive statistics
 
Delegation - the art of managing
Delegation - the art of managingDelegation - the art of managing
Delegation - the art of managing
 
TQM
TQMTQM
TQM
 
Sport obermeyer
Sport obermeyerSport obermeyer
Sport obermeyer
 
Reebok nfl
Reebok nflReebok nfl
Reebok nfl
 
Meditech surgical
Meditech surgicalMeditech surgical
Meditech surgical
 
Mumbai Dabawala - SCM
Mumbai Dabawala - SCMMumbai Dabawala - SCM
Mumbai Dabawala - SCM
 
Farmer price realization
Farmer price realizationFarmer price realization
Farmer price realization
 

Recently uploaded

japanese language course in delhi near me
japanese language course in delhi near mejapanese language course in delhi near me
japanese language course in delhi near me
heyfairies7
 
Revolutionizing Surface Protection Xlcoatings Nano Based Solutions
Revolutionizing Surface Protection Xlcoatings Nano Based SolutionsRevolutionizing Surface Protection Xlcoatings Nano Based Solutions
Revolutionizing Surface Protection Xlcoatings Nano Based Solutions
Excel coatings
 
Adani Group Requests For Additional Land For Its Dharavi Redevelopment Projec...
Adani Group Requests For Additional Land For Its Dharavi Redevelopment Projec...Adani Group Requests For Additional Land For Its Dharavi Redevelopment Projec...
Adani Group Requests For Additional Land For Its Dharavi Redevelopment Projec...
Adani case
 
AI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your Business
AI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your BusinessAI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your Business
AI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your Business
Arijit Dutta
 
Kalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
Kalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka ResultsKalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
Kalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
 
8328958814KALYAN MATKA | MATKA RESULT | KALYAN
8328958814KALYAN MATKA | MATKA RESULT | KALYAN8328958814KALYAN MATKA | MATKA RESULT | KALYAN
8328958814KALYAN MATKA | MATKA RESULT | KALYAN
➑➌➋➑➒➎➑➑➊➍
 
Lukas Rycek - GreenChemForCE - project structure.pptx
Lukas Rycek - GreenChemForCE - project structure.pptxLukas Rycek - GreenChemForCE - project structure.pptx
Lukas Rycek - GreenChemForCE - project structure.pptx
pavelborek
 
Enabling Digital Sustainability by Jutta Eckstein
Enabling Digital Sustainability by Jutta EcksteinEnabling Digital Sustainability by Jutta Eckstein
Enabling Digital Sustainability by Jutta Eckstein
Jutta Eckstein
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
 
Stainless Steel Conveyor Manufacturers Chennai
Stainless Steel Conveyor Manufacturers ChennaiStainless Steel Conveyor Manufacturers Chennai
Stainless Steel Conveyor Manufacturers Chennai
ConveyorSystem
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
 
L'indice de performance des ports à conteneurs de l'année 2023
L'indice de performance des ports à conteneurs de l'année 2023L'indice de performance des ports à conteneurs de l'année 2023
L'indice de performance des ports à conteneurs de l'année 2023
SPATPortToamasina
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
 
IMG_20240615_091110.pdf dpboss guessing
IMG_20240615_091110.pdf dpboss  guessingIMG_20240615_091110.pdf dpboss  guessing
Science Around Us Module 2 Matter Around Us
Science Around Us Module 2 Matter Around UsScience Around Us Module 2 Matter Around Us
Science Around Us Module 2 Matter Around Us
PennapaKeavsiri
 
Cover Story - China's Investment Leader - Dr. Alyce SU
Cover Story - China's Investment Leader - Dr. Alyce SUCover Story - China's Investment Leader - Dr. Alyce SU
Cover Story - China's Investment Leader - Dr. Alyce SU
msthrill
 
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - June 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - June 2024TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - June 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - June 2024
Adnet Communications
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
 
Dpboss Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
Dpboss Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian MatkaDpboss Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
Dpboss Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
Dpboss Matka
 

Recently uploaded (20)

japanese language course in delhi near me
japanese language course in delhi near mejapanese language course in delhi near me
japanese language course in delhi near me
 
Revolutionizing Surface Protection Xlcoatings Nano Based Solutions
Revolutionizing Surface Protection Xlcoatings Nano Based SolutionsRevolutionizing Surface Protection Xlcoatings Nano Based Solutions
Revolutionizing Surface Protection Xlcoatings Nano Based Solutions
 
Adani Group Requests For Additional Land For Its Dharavi Redevelopment Projec...
Adani Group Requests For Additional Land For Its Dharavi Redevelopment Projec...Adani Group Requests For Additional Land For Its Dharavi Redevelopment Projec...
Adani Group Requests For Additional Land For Its Dharavi Redevelopment Projec...
 
AI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your Business
AI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your BusinessAI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your Business
AI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your Business
 
Kalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
Kalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka ResultsKalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
Kalyan Chart Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
 
8328958814KALYAN MATKA | MATKA RESULT | KALYAN
8328958814KALYAN MATKA | MATKA RESULT | KALYAN8328958814KALYAN MATKA | MATKA RESULT | KALYAN
8328958814KALYAN MATKA | MATKA RESULT | KALYAN
 
Lukas Rycek - GreenChemForCE - project structure.pptx
Lukas Rycek - GreenChemForCE - project structure.pptxLukas Rycek - GreenChemForCE - project structure.pptx
Lukas Rycek - GreenChemForCE - project structure.pptx
 
Enabling Digital Sustainability by Jutta Eckstein
Enabling Digital Sustainability by Jutta EcksteinEnabling Digital Sustainability by Jutta Eckstein
Enabling Digital Sustainability by Jutta Eckstein
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
 
Stainless Steel Conveyor Manufacturers Chennai
Stainless Steel Conveyor Manufacturers ChennaiStainless Steel Conveyor Manufacturers Chennai
Stainless Steel Conveyor Manufacturers Chennai
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
 
L'indice de performance des ports à conteneurs de l'année 2023
L'indice de performance des ports à conteneurs de l'année 2023L'indice de performance des ports à conteneurs de l'année 2023
L'indice de performance des ports à conteneurs de l'année 2023
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
 
IMG_20240615_091110.pdf dpboss guessing
IMG_20240615_091110.pdf dpboss  guessingIMG_20240615_091110.pdf dpboss  guessing
IMG_20240615_091110.pdf dpboss guessing
 
Science Around Us Module 2 Matter Around Us
Science Around Us Module 2 Matter Around UsScience Around Us Module 2 Matter Around Us
Science Around Us Module 2 Matter Around Us
 
Cover Story - China's Investment Leader - Dr. Alyce SU
Cover Story - China's Investment Leader - Dr. Alyce SUCover Story - China's Investment Leader - Dr. Alyce SU
Cover Story - China's Investment Leader - Dr. Alyce SU
 
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - June 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - June 2024TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - June 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - June 2024
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
 
Dpboss Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
Dpboss Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian MatkaDpboss Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
Dpboss Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
 

Fdi in indian mbrt

  • 2. Indian Government (comprised of a coalition of political parties called the UPA) had announced (Nov 2011): 100 % FDI in single brand retail and 51 % FDI in multi-brand retail.. 2
  • 3. This decision invoked a hue and cry all over.. 3
  • 4. • Opposition political parties started threatening to STALL the Parliament Winter Session.. 4
  • 5. • Even political leaders within the ruling UPA government DIVIDED on the issue.. eg. Kerala CM, Ramesh Chennithala & DMK leader Karunanidhi and others 5
  • 6. But why is everyone so scared about it..?? Let’s start with the basics: 6
  • 8. Indian Retail Scenario • The Rs 28,673 billion (US$ 470 billion) Indian retail market is only 3 per cent of Global retail…. Source: http://www.ibef.org/industry/retail.aspx 8
  • 9. 9
  • 10. 10
  • 11. 11
  • 12. 12
  • 13. 13
  • 14. 14
  • 15. 15
  • 16. 16
  • 17. 17
  • 18. 18
  • 19. 19
  • 20. 20
  • 21. Threats: • Global giants like WalMart will crush our unorganized retail sector.. (Which consists of around 12 million kirana stores in the country ) Source: www.indianretailing.com 21
  • 24. • Hence, if we open up our retail sector, then our desi retailers and the millions of kirana stores will go out of business.. • Indians will be drained of all their hard earned money through consumerism.. • Money will be drained out of our country 24
  • 25. A recent study by IIM-A and Tata Institute of Social Sciences says.. Source: Prof. Arbind Sahay (IIM-A) and Prof. Gordhan Saini (TISS) “Effect of credit and low price guarantee on consumer purchase intention -A comparative study of kirana store and modern retail store in an Emerging Market, 2011 25
  • 26. • ‘While low price guarantee (LPG) is the attraction of malls, a majority of customers are ready to go to the kirana stores because of the credit facilities and the level of personalized service’ • kirana stores have a very strong “knowledge intimacy” with their customers 26
  • 27. Indian Consumer Behavior • Indian consumer does NOT drive to the outskirts of the city in her big car at the end of each month to purchase her monthly groceries… • She sometimes goes to malls for the thrill and shopping experience, but her major chunk of purchases are from the unorganized sector.. 27
  • 28. + Conditional FDI.. • The current FDI relaxation comes with a condition: 30% of sourcing of all products has to be done from Indian suppliers / SMEs.. • This recommendation can create much needed employment in India 28
  • 29. Hence we don’t need to have.. 29
  • 30. 30
  • 31. FDI in retail can result into developing “farm- to-fork” infrastructure consisting of integrated storage, cold chain and transport links.. A much needed repair of our grossly leaking distribution system… 31
  • 32. And, doesn’t this SITUATION over liberalization in retail industry remind us of.. 32
  • 33. déjà vu…? • The big fuss before 1991 reforms…? • The big fuss before letting global telecom players enter Indian Telecom Industry before 2000…? 33
  • 34. We know very well that these have actually fuelled The Great India Growth Story* *Not factoring in the great Indian 2G Scam… :-P 34
  • 35. • What ultimately matters is : – Operational efficiencies.. – Best deal to the final customer.. – True globalization… 35
  • 36. Recent Happenings • Sept 8, 2014: The Modi Government has decided to disallow foreign direct investment in multi-brand retail, Commerce and Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said in New Delhi on Monday. • Dec 21, 2014: Industry estimates pegged the size of retail sector at $ 560 billion this year, growing by 10 per cent compared with last year. As per various estimates, the industry is now expected to reach $ one trillion mark by 2020, while this target was being eyed much earlier on hopes of FDI. • Jan 14, 2015: Prime Minister Narendra Modi will consolidate himself and is likely to open up the multi-brand retail sector to foreign investors in due course, noted economist and thinker Jagdish Bhagwati said on Tuesday. 36
  • 37. Top Retailers in India • Reliance Retail Ltd. (Mumbai, 2006) • Pantaloons Retail Ltd. (Mumbai, 1997) • Provogue India Ltd. (Mumbai, 1997) • Shoppers Stop (Mumbai, 1991) • ITC (Kolkata, 1910) 37
  • 38. 38