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Endogenic Proccess
• Endogenic processes are geological processes that occur
beneath the surface of the earth.
• It is associated with energy originating in the interior of the
solid earth.
• The ground we live on is moving all the time, the forces
within the earth that cause the ground to move are called
Endogenic process.
Endogenic Processes
• Folding & Faulting
• Heat in the Earth’s Interior
• Magmatism
• Metamorphism
• Volcanism & Plutonism
Folding & Faulting
• Folding- when two forces push towards each other from
opposite sides, the rock layers will bend into folds.
• Faulting- faulting is the fracturing and displacement of
more brittle rock strata along a fault plane either caused
by tension or compression.
Interior Heat
• Primordial Heat- Heat generated during earth’s formation.
Sources:
Accretion Energy- Heat released from collision of planetary
objects during the early formation of planets.
Core Formation Energy- Heat from earth’s core.
Radioactive Heat- Heat generated by long term radioactive
decay.
Magmatism
• It happens when magma generated and develops into
ingneous rocks.
Mid-Oceanic Ridges
• The rising of magma in mantle convection cell brings heat
to the suface, transferring heat to the overlying rocks.
Mid Oceanic Ridges
• The transfer of heat due to the convection is accompanied
by a decrease in pressure or decompression associated
with the spreadibg of the tectonic plates.
Mantle Plumes
• The transfer of heat and the compression result to magma
generation.
Subduction Zone
• Oceanic crustal rocks ate formed along spreading
centers, typically beneath several kilometers of sea water.
Metamorphism
• It is the process of changing materials that make up the
rock, the chemical components and gealogic
characteristics of the rocks change because of exposure
to heat & pressure.
Compression
• Rocks push or squeeze against on another where the
stress produced is directed towards the center.
Tension
• Pulled apart rocks may separate in opposite direction.
Shearing
• Some of the portion of a plate at the edge may break
away in different directions. Eventually makit the plate
smaller inside.
Confining
• The crust become compact. Thus making it look smaller.
Volcanism
Plutonism- is the formation of intrusive igneous rock by
solidification of magma beneath the earth’s surface.
Volcanism- is the phenomenon of eruption of molten rocks
( magma) onto the surface of the earth or a solid suface
planet.
Volcano- a volcano is a vent or opening on planet’s surface
which allows molten rocks called magma, volcanic ash and
gas to escape out onto its surface.
Tectonic Plates- most volcanoes are formed by the
movement of tectonic plates on the suface of the earth.
• The edge of the tectonic plates are the areas where
most volcanoes form.
• Crater- funnel shaped pit at the top of a volcano, it is
formed when materials are blown out of the volcano by
explosion.
• Caldera- whem the volcano collapses due to an empty
magma chamber.
Types of volcano
• Composite volcano
• Cinder cone volcano
• Shield Volcanoes
Composite Volcanoes
• Composite volcanoes often form the largest and tallest
volcanoes, they are the most explosive and dangerous of
the types of volcanoes.
Cinder Cone Volcano
• It is usually smaller than composite volcano amd the
eruptions are smaller also, they form into steep cone
shaped hills.
Gas and Pyroclastic
• Most of the gas released during eruption is water vapor
carbon dioxied, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and
hydrochloric acid, are given off in lesser amount of
surface water introduced into a volcanic system can
greatly increase the explosivity of an eruption.
Types of Volcanic Eruptions.
• Hawaiian Eruption
• Strombolian Eruption
• Volcanian Eruption
• Pinian Eruption
Types of Lava flow
• Pahoehoe
• AA
• Pillow Lava
• Blocky

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ENDOGENIC-PROCESSES.pptx

  • 2. • Endogenic processes are geological processes that occur beneath the surface of the earth. • It is associated with energy originating in the interior of the solid earth. • The ground we live on is moving all the time, the forces within the earth that cause the ground to move are called Endogenic process.
  • 3. Endogenic Processes • Folding & Faulting • Heat in the Earth’s Interior • Magmatism • Metamorphism • Volcanism & Plutonism
  • 4. Folding & Faulting • Folding- when two forces push towards each other from opposite sides, the rock layers will bend into folds. • Faulting- faulting is the fracturing and displacement of more brittle rock strata along a fault plane either caused by tension or compression.
  • 5. Interior Heat • Primordial Heat- Heat generated during earth’s formation. Sources: Accretion Energy- Heat released from collision of planetary objects during the early formation of planets. Core Formation Energy- Heat from earth’s core. Radioactive Heat- Heat generated by long term radioactive decay.
  • 6. Magmatism • It happens when magma generated and develops into ingneous rocks.
  • 7. Mid-Oceanic Ridges • The rising of magma in mantle convection cell brings heat to the suface, transferring heat to the overlying rocks.
  • 8. Mid Oceanic Ridges • The transfer of heat due to the convection is accompanied by a decrease in pressure or decompression associated with the spreadibg of the tectonic plates.
  • 9. Mantle Plumes • The transfer of heat and the compression result to magma generation.
  • 10. Subduction Zone • Oceanic crustal rocks ate formed along spreading centers, typically beneath several kilometers of sea water.
  • 11. Metamorphism • It is the process of changing materials that make up the rock, the chemical components and gealogic characteristics of the rocks change because of exposure to heat & pressure.
  • 12. Compression • Rocks push or squeeze against on another where the stress produced is directed towards the center.
  • 13. Tension • Pulled apart rocks may separate in opposite direction.
  • 14. Shearing • Some of the portion of a plate at the edge may break away in different directions. Eventually makit the plate smaller inside.
  • 15. Confining • The crust become compact. Thus making it look smaller.
  • 16. Volcanism Plutonism- is the formation of intrusive igneous rock by solidification of magma beneath the earth’s surface. Volcanism- is the phenomenon of eruption of molten rocks ( magma) onto the surface of the earth or a solid suface planet. Volcano- a volcano is a vent or opening on planet’s surface which allows molten rocks called magma, volcanic ash and gas to escape out onto its surface. Tectonic Plates- most volcanoes are formed by the movement of tectonic plates on the suface of the earth.
  • 17. • The edge of the tectonic plates are the areas where most volcanoes form. • Crater- funnel shaped pit at the top of a volcano, it is formed when materials are blown out of the volcano by explosion. • Caldera- whem the volcano collapses due to an empty magma chamber.
  • 18. Types of volcano • Composite volcano • Cinder cone volcano • Shield Volcanoes
  • 19. Composite Volcanoes • Composite volcanoes often form the largest and tallest volcanoes, they are the most explosive and dangerous of the types of volcanoes.
  • 20. Cinder Cone Volcano • It is usually smaller than composite volcano amd the eruptions are smaller also, they form into steep cone shaped hills.
  • 21. Gas and Pyroclastic • Most of the gas released during eruption is water vapor carbon dioxied, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and hydrochloric acid, are given off in lesser amount of surface water introduced into a volcanic system can greatly increase the explosivity of an eruption.
  • 22. Types of Volcanic Eruptions. • Hawaiian Eruption • Strombolian Eruption • Volcanian Eruption • Pinian Eruption
  • 23. Types of Lava flow • Pahoehoe • AA • Pillow Lava • Blocky