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DISSEMINATED INTRAVASCULAR COAGULATION(DIC) AMAN MAURYA ROLL NO- 1O
DIC It is an acute, subacute, or chronic thrombohemorrrhagicdisorder. It occurs as secondary complication of various diseases. An acquired syndrome characterized by systemicintravascularcoagulation Coagulation is always the initial event. WWW. Coumadin.com
DIC SYSTEMIC ACTIVATION OF COAGULATION Most morbidity and mortality depends on extent of intravascular thrombosis Intravascular deposition of fibrin Depletion of platelets and coagulation factors Thrombosis of small and midsize vessels Bleeding DEATH Organ failure
D. I. C. Causes
Clinical  Manifestations of DIC Ischemic Findings are earliest! Bleeding is the most  obvious  clinical finding
Clinical Manifestations of DIC
Laboratory diagnosis Thrombocytopenia platelet count <100,000 or rapidly declining Prolonged clotting times (PT, APTT) Presence of Fibrin degradation products or positive D-dimer Low levels of coagulation inhibitors AT III, protein C Low levels of coagulation factors Factors V,VIII,X,XIII Fibrinogen levels not useful diagnostically
Treatment of DIC Stop the triggering process . The only proven treatment! Supportive therapy No specific treatments Plasma and platelet substitution therapy Anticoagulants Physiologic coagulation inhibitors
Summary DIC is a syndrome characterized systemic intravascular coagulation. Coagulation is the initial event and the extent of intravascular thrombosis has  the greatest impact on morbidity and mortality. Important link between inflammation and coagulation.  Morbidity and mortality remain high. The only proven treatment is reversal or controlof the underlying cause.

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Disseminated intravascular coagulation (dic)

  • 2. DIC It is an acute, subacute, or chronic thrombohemorrrhagicdisorder. It occurs as secondary complication of various diseases. An acquired syndrome characterized by systemicintravascularcoagulation Coagulation is always the initial event. WWW. Coumadin.com
  • 3. DIC SYSTEMIC ACTIVATION OF COAGULATION Most morbidity and mortality depends on extent of intravascular thrombosis Intravascular deposition of fibrin Depletion of platelets and coagulation factors Thrombosis of small and midsize vessels Bleeding DEATH Organ failure
  • 4. D. I. C. Causes
  • 5. Clinical Manifestations of DIC Ischemic Findings are earliest! Bleeding is the most obvious clinical finding
  • 7. Laboratory diagnosis Thrombocytopenia platelet count <100,000 or rapidly declining Prolonged clotting times (PT, APTT) Presence of Fibrin degradation products or positive D-dimer Low levels of coagulation inhibitors AT III, protein C Low levels of coagulation factors Factors V,VIII,X,XIII Fibrinogen levels not useful diagnostically
  • 8. Treatment of DIC Stop the triggering process . The only proven treatment! Supportive therapy No specific treatments Plasma and platelet substitution therapy Anticoagulants Physiologic coagulation inhibitors
  • 9. Summary DIC is a syndrome characterized systemic intravascular coagulation. Coagulation is the initial event and the extent of intravascular thrombosis has the greatest impact on morbidity and mortality. Important link between inflammation and coagulation. Morbidity and mortality remain high. The only proven treatment is reversal or controlof the underlying cause.
  • 10. n CHAUHAN