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Alarming Sex Ratio in India
Dr Nilima Sonawane
Principal
Institute of Nursing Education, Mumbai, India
What is Sex Ratio
• Sex ratio, defined, as the number of
females per thousand males, is
an important social indicator to
measure the extent of prevailing
equality between males and females
in a society at a given point of time.
Child Sex Ratio
• The Child Sex Ratio is defined as the number
of females per 1000 males in the age group 0–
6 years. In the census 2001 the child sex ratio
of India was 927 which declined to 919 in the
census 2011.
• The sex ratio is a measure that compares the
number of women and men in a particular
population group.
Sex ratio in India
Decline in child ratio from 962 in
1981 to 914 in 2011 has
somewhat activated to
political, legal and administrative
set up of the country.
However the Census findings
should now be converted into a
tangible action plan to help the
cause of the girl child.
Sex ratio trends in India
Child sex ratio in Maharashtra
Reasons of such declination
• Female Foeticide
• Son Preference & Daughter
Aversion
• Post Birth Sex Selection
• Social Attitude & Perceptions
• Lack of education & Awareness
• Demographic
• Commercial
• Logical
SON PREFERENCE AND DAUGHTER AVERSION
• Economic progress has not necessarily
changed the
• traditions of gender discrimination
• - dowry
• - family name
• - property
• - last rites
• - old-age support
• • Balance between
• home chores & office
• Work.
SOCIAL
ATTITUDES
WHAT IS FEMALE FETICIDE?
• It is defined as aborting a female
foetus after sex determination test.
• Ultra-sonography and Foetoscopy
helps determine abnormalities in the
fetus. But it is misused to find out
sex of the fetus and abortion is done
if it is a girl.
CAUSES OF FEMALE FETICIDE
• Obsession for Son.
• Fear of dowry by many poor class families.
• Girls are considered as financial obligation
by many parents.
• Advancement in technology , nowadays
parent determines the sex of a child
before birth.
• Some of the doctors do this heinous act to
fulfill their money desire.
Causes for female foeticide and
infanticide
Poverty
Gender discrimination
Lack of education
Traditional practices
Future speculation education , marriage and
dowry
Women's are views as a liability
SPERM SORTING
Amniocentesis
Chorionic Villus Biopsy
Why
to Save
A Girl Child
- Importance?
Prevention
Empower
Girl
Child to
Reduce
Social
Prejudices
Say "YES"
to Girl Child
Stop
Prenatal Sex
determination
Test
Please Don't KILL me......
STOP_KILLing female fetus
• You Really
• Don't
• Know,
• How
• Important
• Girl
• is?
One thing is clear - the imbalance that
has set at the early age - group is
difficult to be remove and would
remain to haunt the population for a
long time to come.
Badly skewed sex ratio forces Gurjjars
of Rajasthan to share wife in the family
Consequences of female foeticide
• Decrease in the female population.
• Adverse effect on women's health
physically , mentally and
emotionally.
• Women are abused and sexually
exploited.
• Leads to women trafficking . Women
are kidnapped , bought and sold for
marriage.
• Suicide rates in women will increase .
Our daughter
is the knot
that ties
the family
Together
A
Daughter
is one of
the most
Beautiful
Gifts
this world has
to give
Legal Initiative
• The Prenatal Diagnostic Test Act
(PNDT Act)
• The Medical Termination Of
Pregnancy Act
• The Dowry Prohibition Ac
•Ranking The World's 100
•Most Powerful Women
•2013
Conclusion
 After three decades of Women in Development
and Gender and Development policies the
work of redressing gender inequalities has only
just begun.
 Attitudes of people towards a girl child should
be changed.
 Furthermore, it will help to create the balance
in the population / Society
 One thing is clear- the imbalance that has set
at the early age-group is difficult to be
removed and would remain to haunt the
population for a long
Declining sex ratio in india

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Declining sex ratio in india

  • 1. Alarming Sex Ratio in India Dr Nilima Sonawane Principal Institute of Nursing Education, Mumbai, India
  • 2. What is Sex Ratio • Sex ratio, defined, as the number of females per thousand males, is an important social indicator to measure the extent of prevailing equality between males and females in a society at a given point of time.
  • 3. Child Sex Ratio • The Child Sex Ratio is defined as the number of females per 1000 males in the age group 0– 6 years. In the census 2001 the child sex ratio of India was 927 which declined to 919 in the census 2011. • The sex ratio is a measure that compares the number of women and men in a particular population group.
  • 4.
  • 5. Sex ratio in India Decline in child ratio from 962 in 1981 to 914 in 2011 has somewhat activated to political, legal and administrative set up of the country. However the Census findings should now be converted into a tangible action plan to help the cause of the girl child.
  • 6.
  • 7. Sex ratio trends in India
  • 8.
  • 9. Child sex ratio in Maharashtra
  • 10.
  • 11. Reasons of such declination • Female Foeticide • Son Preference & Daughter Aversion • Post Birth Sex Selection • Social Attitude & Perceptions • Lack of education & Awareness • Demographic • Commercial • Logical
  • 12. SON PREFERENCE AND DAUGHTER AVERSION • Economic progress has not necessarily changed the • traditions of gender discrimination • - dowry • - family name • - property • - last rites • - old-age support • • Balance between • home chores & office • Work.
  • 14. WHAT IS FEMALE FETICIDE? • It is defined as aborting a female foetus after sex determination test. • Ultra-sonography and Foetoscopy helps determine abnormalities in the fetus. But it is misused to find out sex of the fetus and abortion is done if it is a girl.
  • 15. CAUSES OF FEMALE FETICIDE • Obsession for Son. • Fear of dowry by many poor class families. • Girls are considered as financial obligation by many parents. • Advancement in technology , nowadays parent determines the sex of a child before birth. • Some of the doctors do this heinous act to fulfill their money desire.
  • 16. Causes for female foeticide and infanticide Poverty Gender discrimination Lack of education Traditional practices Future speculation education , marriage and dowry Women's are views as a liability
  • 20. Why to Save A Girl Child - Importance?
  • 24. Please Don't KILL me...... STOP_KILLing female fetus
  • 25. • You Really • Don't • Know, • How • Important • Girl • is?
  • 26. One thing is clear - the imbalance that has set at the early age - group is difficult to be remove and would remain to haunt the population for a long time to come.
  • 27. Badly skewed sex ratio forces Gurjjars of Rajasthan to share wife in the family
  • 28. Consequences of female foeticide • Decrease in the female population. • Adverse effect on women's health physically , mentally and emotionally. • Women are abused and sexually exploited. • Leads to women trafficking . Women are kidnapped , bought and sold for marriage. • Suicide rates in women will increase .
  • 29. Our daughter is the knot that ties the family Together
  • 30. A Daughter is one of the most Beautiful Gifts this world has to give
  • 31. Legal Initiative • The Prenatal Diagnostic Test Act (PNDT Act) • The Medical Termination Of Pregnancy Act • The Dowry Prohibition Ac
  • 32. •Ranking The World's 100 •Most Powerful Women •2013
  • 33.
  • 34. Conclusion  After three decades of Women in Development and Gender and Development policies the work of redressing gender inequalities has only just begun.  Attitudes of people towards a girl child should be changed.  Furthermore, it will help to create the balance in the population / Society  One thing is clear- the imbalance that has set at the early age-group is difficult to be removed and would remain to haunt the population for a long