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BASIC
CONCEPTS
of
MANAGEMENT
Why study Management?
Introduction:-
Management is an important element in every organization. It is the element that
coordinates currents organizational activities and plans for the future.
The management adapts the organization to its environment and shapes the
organization to make it more suitable to the organization.
Management is the process of reaching organizational goals by working with and
through people and other organizational resources.
Management has the following 3 characteristics:
It is a process or series of continuing and related activities.
It involves and concentrates on reaching organizational goals.
It reaches these goals by working with and through people and other
organizational resources
Definition
– “Management is the art of “knowing what you want to do” and
then seeing that it is done in the best and cheapest way.
……
F.W.Taylor
Meaning :- Management brings together all Six Ms i.e. Men and
Women, Money, Machines, Materials, Methods and Markets.
They use these resources for achieving the objectives of the
organisation such as high sales, maximum profits, business
expansion, etc.
Management as a process “consisting of planning, organizing,
actuating and controlling, performed to determine and
accomplish the objective by the use of people and resources.”
……George R. Terry
In this definition,
• Planning means Plan in advance.
• Organizing means coordination between human resources and
material resources.
• Actuating means motivation and giving direction to subordinate.
• Controlling means to ensure about implementation of plan
without deviation.
• Thus this definition tells that management is act of achieving the
organization objectives.
IMPORTANCE OF MANGEMENT
– It helps in Achieving Group Goals - It arranges the factors of production, assembles and
organizes the resources, integrates the resources in effective manner to achieve goals. It directs
group efforts towards achievement of pre-determined goals. By defining objective of
organization clearly there would be no wastage of time, money and effort. Management
converts disorganized resources of men, machines, money etc. into useful enterprise. These
resources are coordinated, directed and controlled in such a manner that enterprise work
towards attainment of goals.
– Optimum Utilization of Resources - Management utilizes all the physical & human resources
productively. This leads to efficacy in management. Management provides maximum utilization
of scarce resources by selecting its best possible alternate use in industry from out of various
uses. It makes use of experts, professional and these services leads to use of their skills,
knowledge, and proper utilization and avoids wastage. If employees and machines are
producing its maximum there is no under employment of any resources.
– Reduces Costs - It gets maximum results through minimum input by proper planning and by
using minimum input & getting maximum output. Management uses physical, human and
financial resources in such a manner which results in best combination. This helps in cost
reduction.
– Creating employment opportunities which generate income in hands. Organization comes with
new products and researches beneficial for society.
– Establishes Sound Organization - No overlapping of efforts (smooth and
coordinated functions). To establish sound organizational structure is one of
the objective of management which is in tune with objective of organization
and for fulfillment of this, it establishes effective authority & responsibility
relationship i.e. who is accountable to whom, who can give instructions to
whom, who are superiors & who are subordinates. Management fills up various
positions with right persons, having right skills, training and qualification. All
jobs should be cleared to everyone.
– Establishes Equilibrium - It enables the organization to survive in changing
environment. It keeps in touch with the changing environment. With the
change is external environment, the initial co-ordination of organization must
be changed. So it adapts organization to changing demand of market /
changing needs of societies. It is responsible for growth and survival of
organization.
– Essentials for Prosperity of Society - Efficient management leads to better
economical production which helps in turn to increase the welfare of people.
Good management makes a difficult task easier by avoiding wastage of scarce
resource. It improves standard of living. It increases the profit which is
beneficial to business and society will get maximum output at minimum cost by
Who Are Managers?
Manager
Someone who works with and through other people by coordinating and integrating their
work activities in order to accomplish organizational goals.
Classification
1.First-line Managers
Are at the lowest level of management and manage the work of non-managerial
employees.
1.Middle Managers
Manage the work of first-line managers.
1.Top Managers
Are responsible for making organization-wide decisions and establishing plans and goals
that affect the entire organization.
What do Managers do ?
Efficiency
– “Doing things right”
– Getting the most output for the least
inputs.
Effectiveness
– “Doing the right things”
– Attaining organizational goals
LEVELS OF MANAGEMENT
– LOWER LEVEL (FIRST LINE):
FOREMEN & WHITE COLLAR
SUPERVISOR
– MIDDLE MANAGEMENT: SALES
MANAGERS, PERSONNEL
MANAGERS, OTHER
DEPARTMENTAL HEADS
– TOP MANAGEMENT: COMPANY
PRESIDENTS, EXECUTIVES, VICE
PRESIDENTS
MANAGERIAL SKILLS
Conceptual
Skills
Human
Relation Skill
Technical
Skills
Top
Management
Middle
Management
Supervisory
Level
Evolution of Management Thought
– The need to study management arose with the
industrial revolution in Europe (more specifically,
England).
– The industrial revolution and the systematic study of
management are the result of a remarkable
confluence of ideas and events.
– Management and organizations are products of their
historical and social times and places.
Management & Administration
Concepts of Management

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Concepts of Management

  • 3. Introduction:- Management is an important element in every organization. It is the element that coordinates currents organizational activities and plans for the future. The management adapts the organization to its environment and shapes the organization to make it more suitable to the organization. Management is the process of reaching organizational goals by working with and through people and other organizational resources. Management has the following 3 characteristics: It is a process or series of continuing and related activities. It involves and concentrates on reaching organizational goals. It reaches these goals by working with and through people and other organizational resources
  • 4. Definition – “Management is the art of “knowing what you want to do” and then seeing that it is done in the best and cheapest way. …… F.W.Taylor Meaning :- Management brings together all Six Ms i.e. Men and Women, Money, Machines, Materials, Methods and Markets. They use these resources for achieving the objectives of the organisation such as high sales, maximum profits, business expansion, etc.
  • 5. Management as a process “consisting of planning, organizing, actuating and controlling, performed to determine and accomplish the objective by the use of people and resources.” ……George R. Terry In this definition, • Planning means Plan in advance. • Organizing means coordination between human resources and material resources. • Actuating means motivation and giving direction to subordinate. • Controlling means to ensure about implementation of plan without deviation. • Thus this definition tells that management is act of achieving the organization objectives.
  • 6.
  • 7. IMPORTANCE OF MANGEMENT – It helps in Achieving Group Goals - It arranges the factors of production, assembles and organizes the resources, integrates the resources in effective manner to achieve goals. It directs group efforts towards achievement of pre-determined goals. By defining objective of organization clearly there would be no wastage of time, money and effort. Management converts disorganized resources of men, machines, money etc. into useful enterprise. These resources are coordinated, directed and controlled in such a manner that enterprise work towards attainment of goals. – Optimum Utilization of Resources - Management utilizes all the physical & human resources productively. This leads to efficacy in management. Management provides maximum utilization of scarce resources by selecting its best possible alternate use in industry from out of various uses. It makes use of experts, professional and these services leads to use of their skills, knowledge, and proper utilization and avoids wastage. If employees and machines are producing its maximum there is no under employment of any resources. – Reduces Costs - It gets maximum results through minimum input by proper planning and by using minimum input & getting maximum output. Management uses physical, human and financial resources in such a manner which results in best combination. This helps in cost reduction. – Creating employment opportunities which generate income in hands. Organization comes with new products and researches beneficial for society.
  • 8. – Establishes Sound Organization - No overlapping of efforts (smooth and coordinated functions). To establish sound organizational structure is one of the objective of management which is in tune with objective of organization and for fulfillment of this, it establishes effective authority & responsibility relationship i.e. who is accountable to whom, who can give instructions to whom, who are superiors & who are subordinates. Management fills up various positions with right persons, having right skills, training and qualification. All jobs should be cleared to everyone. – Establishes Equilibrium - It enables the organization to survive in changing environment. It keeps in touch with the changing environment. With the change is external environment, the initial co-ordination of organization must be changed. So it adapts organization to changing demand of market / changing needs of societies. It is responsible for growth and survival of organization. – Essentials for Prosperity of Society - Efficient management leads to better economical production which helps in turn to increase the welfare of people. Good management makes a difficult task easier by avoiding wastage of scarce resource. It improves standard of living. It increases the profit which is beneficial to business and society will get maximum output at minimum cost by
  • 9.
  • 10. Who Are Managers? Manager Someone who works with and through other people by coordinating and integrating their work activities in order to accomplish organizational goals. Classification 1.First-line Managers Are at the lowest level of management and manage the work of non-managerial employees. 1.Middle Managers Manage the work of first-line managers. 1.Top Managers Are responsible for making organization-wide decisions and establishing plans and goals that affect the entire organization.
  • 11. What do Managers do ? Efficiency – “Doing things right” – Getting the most output for the least inputs. Effectiveness – “Doing the right things” – Attaining organizational goals
  • 12. LEVELS OF MANAGEMENT – LOWER LEVEL (FIRST LINE): FOREMEN & WHITE COLLAR SUPERVISOR – MIDDLE MANAGEMENT: SALES MANAGERS, PERSONNEL MANAGERS, OTHER DEPARTMENTAL HEADS – TOP MANAGEMENT: COMPANY PRESIDENTS, EXECUTIVES, VICE PRESIDENTS
  • 14. Evolution of Management Thought – The need to study management arose with the industrial revolution in Europe (more specifically, England). – The industrial revolution and the systematic study of management are the result of a remarkable confluence of ideas and events. – Management and organizations are products of their historical and social times and places.