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Cloud Computing
Business Models
Karri Huhtanen
16th of November 2010
Positioning the Players
Infrastructure as a
Service
Platform as a Service Software as a Service
Amazon Web Services
OpenStack
Eucalyptus
VMWare
Oracle
RackSpace
HP
IBM
Facebook
Google App Engine
SalesForceForce.Com
Dropbox
Animoto
Cloud
Technology
Providers
Microsoft Azure
Zynga
Cordys
Techila Arch Red
Cloud Technology Providers
• Hardware, software and services for building private and public
clouds
• Products based on the components needed for example for large-
scale virtualisation, data storage, databases etc.
• Some of the products based on the in-house solutions for building
clouds before the cloud was called cloud (Rackspace =>
OpenStack)
• Some deliberately designed for this purpose (Eucalyptus), business
model open source with commercial support services, OEM
branding (HP)
• Grid computing platform (Techila)
• Also complete (private) cloud implementations offered as a
infrastructure service (HP, IBM, Rackspace)
Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
• At the simplest only data center or virtualisation services
rebranded.
• Competitive advantage usually based on the more efficient
utilisation of existing infrastructure and position (excess capacity,
datacenters, economies of scale (software, hardware, Internet etc.))
• Products and services developed from the infrastructure building
and management solutions (for example Amazon Web Services
(IaaS provider)  Amazon.com (customer))
• Packaged to be easy to buy, utilise and deploy
• Charging based on the resources and services used (time,
bandwidth, transactions, storage etc.) Custom units and different
measure methods make the comparison of the provider prices
harder.
Platform as a Service (PaaS)
• Adds a layer of abstraction over actual infrastructure (key asset of
the PaaS provider)
• Sandboxed, more locked-in access to interfaces and resources – but
also more tasks handled by provider (automation, load balancing,
billing etc.)
• Services build on the platform promoted in the PaaS providers
store (e.g. Google Apps Marketplace) => PaaS revenue from both
providing resources and helping to bill/sell services
• More data to be analysed or mined (Facebook, Google, if not all)
• PaaS customers can be also sources of innovation and targets for
acquirement => it is easy to integrate services, which already utilise
the same platform
• Some PaaS (Force.com) developed also from the SaaS
(SalesForce.com) using the already build datacenters and
infrastructure.
Software as a Service (SaaS)
• The utilisers of IaaS and PaaS
• As many business models as there are companies
• Even more reasons to utilise: scaling, costs, robustness,
reliability, latency, promotion, distribution, economies of
scale, marketing, exit strategy etc.
• Pricing model depends on the service: subscriptions,
pay-per-use, pay-per-seat, freemium model etc.
• Customer value (and charging) > Service production
costs
• Customer charges must cover the risks of service
disruption and possible service level agreement (SLA)
compensations.
Additional Models
• Building management systems, for example
Canonical Landscape, Ubuntu Enterprise Cloud
• Cloud Management Platform, for example
Rightscale, scaling, deploying and connecting cloud
services
• Integrating existing software to ready-to-use cloud
images, charging for subscription or support
• Developing cloud services or migrating services to
cloud: e.g. Codento, Vincit, Arch Red etc.
Summary
Infrastructure as a
Service
Platform as a Service Software as a Service
Amazon Web Services
OpenStack
Eucalyptus
VMWare
Oracle
RackSpace
HP
IBM
Facebook
Google App Engine
SalesForceForce.Com
Dropbox
Animoto
Cloud
Technology
Providers
Microsoft Azure
Zynga
Cordys
Techila
Arch Red
Canonical Landscape
Rightscale
Vendor lock-in tightens, but opportunities for innovation, business
models and market entry increase, need for venture capital decrease
Market entry costs and capital investment needs increase,
need for venture capital increases
Author’s
recommendation for
market entry

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Cloud Computing Business Models

  • 1. Cloud Computing Business Models Karri Huhtanen 16th of November 2010
  • 2. Positioning the Players Infrastructure as a Service Platform as a Service Software as a Service Amazon Web Services OpenStack Eucalyptus VMWare Oracle RackSpace HP IBM Facebook Google App Engine SalesForceForce.Com Dropbox Animoto Cloud Technology Providers Microsoft Azure Zynga Cordys Techila Arch Red
  • 3. Cloud Technology Providers • Hardware, software and services for building private and public clouds • Products based on the components needed for example for large- scale virtualisation, data storage, databases etc. • Some of the products based on the in-house solutions for building clouds before the cloud was called cloud (Rackspace => OpenStack) • Some deliberately designed for this purpose (Eucalyptus), business model open source with commercial support services, OEM branding (HP) • Grid computing platform (Techila) • Also complete (private) cloud implementations offered as a infrastructure service (HP, IBM, Rackspace)
  • 4. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) • At the simplest only data center or virtualisation services rebranded. • Competitive advantage usually based on the more efficient utilisation of existing infrastructure and position (excess capacity, datacenters, economies of scale (software, hardware, Internet etc.)) • Products and services developed from the infrastructure building and management solutions (for example Amazon Web Services (IaaS provider)  Amazon.com (customer)) • Packaged to be easy to buy, utilise and deploy • Charging based on the resources and services used (time, bandwidth, transactions, storage etc.) Custom units and different measure methods make the comparison of the provider prices harder.
  • 5. Platform as a Service (PaaS) • Adds a layer of abstraction over actual infrastructure (key asset of the PaaS provider) • Sandboxed, more locked-in access to interfaces and resources – but also more tasks handled by provider (automation, load balancing, billing etc.) • Services build on the platform promoted in the PaaS providers store (e.g. Google Apps Marketplace) => PaaS revenue from both providing resources and helping to bill/sell services • More data to be analysed or mined (Facebook, Google, if not all) • PaaS customers can be also sources of innovation and targets for acquirement => it is easy to integrate services, which already utilise the same platform • Some PaaS (Force.com) developed also from the SaaS (SalesForce.com) using the already build datacenters and infrastructure.
  • 6. Software as a Service (SaaS) • The utilisers of IaaS and PaaS • As many business models as there are companies • Even more reasons to utilise: scaling, costs, robustness, reliability, latency, promotion, distribution, economies of scale, marketing, exit strategy etc. • Pricing model depends on the service: subscriptions, pay-per-use, pay-per-seat, freemium model etc. • Customer value (and charging) > Service production costs • Customer charges must cover the risks of service disruption and possible service level agreement (SLA) compensations.
  • 7. Additional Models • Building management systems, for example Canonical Landscape, Ubuntu Enterprise Cloud • Cloud Management Platform, for example Rightscale, scaling, deploying and connecting cloud services • Integrating existing software to ready-to-use cloud images, charging for subscription or support • Developing cloud services or migrating services to cloud: e.g. Codento, Vincit, Arch Red etc.
  • 8. Summary Infrastructure as a Service Platform as a Service Software as a Service Amazon Web Services OpenStack Eucalyptus VMWare Oracle RackSpace HP IBM Facebook Google App Engine SalesForceForce.Com Dropbox Animoto Cloud Technology Providers Microsoft Azure Zynga Cordys Techila Arch Red Canonical Landscape Rightscale Vendor lock-in tightens, but opportunities for innovation, business models and market entry increase, need for venture capital decrease Market entry costs and capital investment needs increase, need for venture capital increases Author’s recommendation for market entry