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CINAHL:
Effective Searching

      An Online Tutorial
         brought to you by
       Pilgrim Library
Watch this tutorial if you:

   Have any
questions about
using CINAHL

 Need to locate
specific articles,
 journals, etc.

 Want to learn
how to better use
  this database
Advanced search is
the default homepage
for CINAHL. It gives
    you plenty of
   amazing ways of
 limiting your search.
Sample article record:
Not every record will look the same, but this is a good example.

                   Links to access the full text of this article are here.
                 These links will change depending on who is making
                 the article available online. You could also see a logo
                                        for the EJC:




                Complete citation information
                   is given, though it is not
                 formatted with MLA or any
                      other citation style.
Let’s explore these options!

   Check this to only
   search for articles
   that are available
   full-text online at
     the click of a      Check this to retrieve
         button.          only peer reviewed
                          articles from your
   Check this to only          searches.
    retrieve research
   articles from your
        searches.
These options are helpful if you
are looking for a specific article
   (already have the citation)
Scroll through these search limit
options! They pertain specifically
 to nursing information and can
  help you focus your searches.
The Search Box




     When you used the advanced search, the database
automatically checks this little box. If you try to search and
the box is still checked, the database is going to act like you
entered a search under CINAHL headings. This means that
 your search will not bring up actual articles – it will try to
  match your keywords to the keywords the database uses.
Most of the time, you will want to UNCHECK THIS BOX
                       before searching!
Whether you‟re using the basic or advanced search, you can
create better searches for information and articles by using a
                      few simple tricks.
   The rest of this tutorial is devoted to these search tips.
  Remember that these are not limited to CINAHL – most
search engines or databases will allow you to use these nifty
    little tricks, and they can save you substantial time!
    So we recommend that you follow these steps when
     searching CINAHL or in most other databases…
#1: Know what you want to find
                                    Books? Articles?
                                    Primary sources?



         Determine what types of
       sources would be most helpful

          Determine what specific
           information would be
                most useful


          Quotations? Facts?
          Opinions? Statistics?
          Experimental data?
                                                 Start
                                              Searching
                                            with Purpose!
#2: Select good keywords
   Pull the „key‟ words from your thesis or topic. These
    are the ones that really capture the essence of your
                           subject.
                               Sample thesis:
Hands-on experience is the most crucially important aspect of nursing education.


“hands-on experience”                                           “nursing education”

                                 Sample thesis 2:
    All levels of staff must cooperate for a health institution to run effectively.


         “staff”         “cooperation” “health institution”
Take your „key‟ words and come up with possible alternative keywords. Think of:
                                    Synonyms
                              Broader subject terms
                    Ways in which your term could be narrowed.

          in-hospital                                                                     Teaching nursing
                      on-site experience                                Nursing classes
 internship
                                               skill application                                               BSN
rounds                                                               RN          “nursing education”
             “hands-on experience”
                                                                     health education
practicum                                      clinical hours                                   nursing programs
                on-the-job experience
                                                                                          aid
             institution                                                  collaboration
                                                                                                    organizational
                              administration                       efficiency                       communication
doctors        “staff”
                               hospital                         teamwork         “cooperation”
company                                                                                              support
                           nurses                                      sharing      department
     organization                                                                                  effectiveness
                                                                                    coordination
What if you have key PHRASES instead of key WORDS?

When you put a phrase into a database or search engine, normally it is searching
for those words anywhere in the article – the search engine does not realize that
          those words are an item or that they are meant to be together.

  For example, when I search for nursing student, I want articles about nursing
students – not articles about kindergarten students from the Pediatric Journal of
Nursing. The database doesn‟t understand that I meant nursing student to be one
               search term, so it searches for the words separately.

                                The solution? Quotation marks!
                 Put quotation marks around your key phrases to tell the database that you
               want it to search for the words as one entity. Remember, though, that you are
               telling the database to search for what is in the quotation marks EXACTLY…
                so if you put “nursing resources”, you’re not going to get back an article that
                              talks about a nursing resource or nurse resources.

                                 This little trick works almost everywhere – even in Google!
#3: Make good search strings
Combine your keywords and make “search strings”




  and         = narrower search
                with fewer results

               = wider search with
    or           more results
So let‟s say you run a search for:
                   “community health nursing”

                 You would get back all that is in the
                 purple circle. If you don‟t like what
                  that search brought back, you have
                some easy ways to refine the search to
 All that has      get back what you really wanted.
been written
    about
“community
    health
  nursing”
If you got back too many results, or if your results were not
specific enough --- add another keyword and connect your two
                keywords with the word AND

                                                           and



                                            “community health
     “leadership”                                   nursing”


   If you search with AND, you‟re telling the search engine that there are two
 criteria that must be met in a source. This means you‟ll get back fewer results
  and all of the results should mention BOTH keywords. You‟ll only get back
              the articles that fall in the middle of the venn diagram.
If you got back too few results, or if your subject is frequently
called by multiple names --- add another keyword and connect
            your two keywords with the word OR


                                 or



                                         “community health
    “leadership”                                 nursing”


  If you search with OR, you‟re telling the search engine that either one OR
    the other term has to be present in a source. That gives the search more
  possibilities and will bring back more results for you. You would get back
           ALL of the venn diagram if you put in the connector OR.
Examples of good search strings:
     “nursing education” or “nursing program”
      This search will bring back articles that talk about EITHER nursing education OR nursing program or both.


“nursing education” and standards
   This search will bring back articles that talk about nursing education AND standards.


               JFK or “John F. Kennedy”
                  This search will bring back articles that talk about JFK OR John F. Kennedy.


“Butch Cassidy” and “Sundance Kid”
   This search will bring back articles that talk about Butch Cassidy AND the Sundance Kid.


       Try coming up with some search strings on your own! Run them
   through a quick google or database search – first as a single keyword and
             then as a string. You‟ll see the difference in results!
Congratulations!
You successfully finished the library tutorial
   CINAHL: Effective Searching


    If you have any questions about this tutorial,
     please get in touch with Pilgrim Library or
           email adearmond@defiance.edu.
Click below to check out Pilgrim Library on:




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side.html&usg=__iFbpPsY6BLjRmwM7tUJNIR19kOk=&h=345&w=487&sz=21&hl=en&start=0&sig2=GZgOzPgZ1jSdBbfHnnMvmA&tbnid=dI7uwE0TkZ9HwM:&tbnh=139&tbnw=229&ei=q_lGTPnhPInFnAf89rmFBA&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dyoutube%2Blogo%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1280%26bih%3D860%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:10,100&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=149&vpy=267&dur=883&hovh=189&hovw=267&tx=184&ty=67&page=1&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:0&biw=1280&bih=860;
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CINAHL Effective Searching

  • 1. CINAHL: Effective Searching An Online Tutorial brought to you by Pilgrim Library
  • 2. Watch this tutorial if you: Have any questions about using CINAHL Need to locate specific articles, journals, etc. Want to learn how to better use this database
  • 3. Advanced search is the default homepage for CINAHL. It gives you plenty of amazing ways of limiting your search.
  • 4. Sample article record: Not every record will look the same, but this is a good example. Links to access the full text of this article are here. These links will change depending on who is making the article available online. You could also see a logo for the EJC: Complete citation information is given, though it is not formatted with MLA or any other citation style.
  • 5. Let’s explore these options! Check this to only search for articles that are available full-text online at the click of a Check this to retrieve button. only peer reviewed articles from your Check this to only searches. retrieve research articles from your searches.
  • 6. These options are helpful if you are looking for a specific article (already have the citation)
  • 7. Scroll through these search limit options! They pertain specifically to nursing information and can help you focus your searches.
  • 8. The Search Box When you used the advanced search, the database automatically checks this little box. If you try to search and the box is still checked, the database is going to act like you entered a search under CINAHL headings. This means that your search will not bring up actual articles – it will try to match your keywords to the keywords the database uses. Most of the time, you will want to UNCHECK THIS BOX before searching!
  • 9. Whether you‟re using the basic or advanced search, you can create better searches for information and articles by using a few simple tricks. The rest of this tutorial is devoted to these search tips. Remember that these are not limited to CINAHL – most search engines or databases will allow you to use these nifty little tricks, and they can save you substantial time! So we recommend that you follow these steps when searching CINAHL or in most other databases…
  • 10. #1: Know what you want to find Books? Articles? Primary sources? Determine what types of sources would be most helpful Determine what specific information would be most useful Quotations? Facts? Opinions? Statistics? Experimental data? Start Searching with Purpose!
  • 11. #2: Select good keywords Pull the „key‟ words from your thesis or topic. These are the ones that really capture the essence of your subject. Sample thesis: Hands-on experience is the most crucially important aspect of nursing education. “hands-on experience” “nursing education” Sample thesis 2: All levels of staff must cooperate for a health institution to run effectively. “staff” “cooperation” “health institution”
  • 12. Take your „key‟ words and come up with possible alternative keywords. Think of: Synonyms Broader subject terms Ways in which your term could be narrowed. in-hospital Teaching nursing on-site experience Nursing classes internship skill application BSN rounds RN “nursing education” “hands-on experience” health education practicum clinical hours nursing programs on-the-job experience aid institution collaboration organizational administration efficiency communication doctors “staff” hospital teamwork “cooperation” company support nurses sharing department organization effectiveness coordination
  • 13. What if you have key PHRASES instead of key WORDS? When you put a phrase into a database or search engine, normally it is searching for those words anywhere in the article – the search engine does not realize that those words are an item or that they are meant to be together. For example, when I search for nursing student, I want articles about nursing students – not articles about kindergarten students from the Pediatric Journal of Nursing. The database doesn‟t understand that I meant nursing student to be one search term, so it searches for the words separately. The solution? Quotation marks! Put quotation marks around your key phrases to tell the database that you want it to search for the words as one entity. Remember, though, that you are telling the database to search for what is in the quotation marks EXACTLY… so if you put “nursing resources”, you’re not going to get back an article that talks about a nursing resource or nurse resources. This little trick works almost everywhere – even in Google!
  • 14. #3: Make good search strings Combine your keywords and make “search strings” and = narrower search with fewer results = wider search with or more results
  • 15. So let‟s say you run a search for: “community health nursing” You would get back all that is in the purple circle. If you don‟t like what that search brought back, you have some easy ways to refine the search to All that has get back what you really wanted. been written about “community health nursing”
  • 16. If you got back too many results, or if your results were not specific enough --- add another keyword and connect your two keywords with the word AND and “community health “leadership” nursing” If you search with AND, you‟re telling the search engine that there are two criteria that must be met in a source. This means you‟ll get back fewer results and all of the results should mention BOTH keywords. You‟ll only get back the articles that fall in the middle of the venn diagram.
  • 17. If you got back too few results, or if your subject is frequently called by multiple names --- add another keyword and connect your two keywords with the word OR or “community health “leadership” nursing” If you search with OR, you‟re telling the search engine that either one OR the other term has to be present in a source. That gives the search more possibilities and will bring back more results for you. You would get back ALL of the venn diagram if you put in the connector OR.
  • 18. Examples of good search strings: “nursing education” or “nursing program” This search will bring back articles that talk about EITHER nursing education OR nursing program or both. “nursing education” and standards This search will bring back articles that talk about nursing education AND standards. JFK or “John F. Kennedy” This search will bring back articles that talk about JFK OR John F. Kennedy. “Butch Cassidy” and “Sundance Kid” This search will bring back articles that talk about Butch Cassidy AND the Sundance Kid. Try coming up with some search strings on your own! Run them through a quick google or database search – first as a single keyword and then as a string. You‟ll see the difference in results!
  • 19. Congratulations! You successfully finished the library tutorial CINAHL: Effective Searching If you have any questions about this tutorial, please get in touch with Pilgrim Library or email adearmond@defiance.edu.
  • 20. Click below to check out Pilgrim Library on: http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://scrapetv.com/News/News%2520Pages/Technology/images/youtube-logo-2.jpg&imgrefurl=http://scrapetv.com/News/News%2520Pages/main%2520pages/Technology-page-2-Scrape-TV-The-World-on-your- side.html&usg=__iFbpPsY6BLjRmwM7tUJNIR19kOk=&h=345&w=487&sz=21&hl=en&start=0&sig2=GZgOzPgZ1jSdBbfHnnMvmA&tbnid=dI7uwE0TkZ9HwM:&tbnh=139&tbnw=229&ei=q_lGTPnhPInFnAf89rmFBA&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dyoutube%2Blogo%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1280%26bih%3D860%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:10,100&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=149&vpy=267&dur=883&hovh=189&hovw=267&tx=184&ty=67&page=1&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:0&biw=1280&bih=860; http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www3.babson.edu/Students/Graduate/Organizations/life_sciences/images/logo_facebook_1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www3.babson.edu/Students/Graduate/Organizations/life_sciences/&usg=__hyF70ge_X96dB54VRikm59yuWg4=&h=385&w=1024&sz=25&hl=en&start=0&sig2=PD0GBAZdS78Cei3HxNx- 7A&tbnid=LTkRB8ED8k4OcM:&tbnh=99&tbnw=258&ei=ePtGTOP5O9LtnQfiion2CQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfacebook%2Blogo%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26biw%3D1280%26bih%3D860%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=382&vpy=124&dur=5460&hovh=137&hovw=366&tx=266&ty=75&page=1&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0&biw=1280&bih=860