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Prepared by: Donna Flor A. Gerpacio and Erlinda Lopez
Discuss and understand
the function of placement
wherein the objective is
to find the right person
to the right job.
The people who work
for a particular
company or
organization
Promotion =Upward
Transfers = Same Level
Demotions = Downward
Layoff
Resignation
Separation = Exit
Retirement
Termination
 The reassignment of an
employee to a higher job
position.
1. Personal characteristic
2. Nepotism- showing of
favoritism or patronage to
relatives
3. Social factors/ friendship
1. Closed promotion system
- the responsibility of the
supervisor to identify promotable
employees for the job to be filled.
2. Open promotion system
- also known as job posting-
enhance participation and the
achievement of equal opportunity
goals.
1. Seniority- length of service
a. Straight seniority- the length of service of
an employee is the sole basis for determining
who gets the promotion.
b. Qualified seniority- the competent
employee as compared to another employee
with longer service will be the one promoted.
2. Current and past performance- promotion
is based on previous job performance and
evaluation
The reassignment of an
employee to a lower
job involving fewer
skills and
responsibilities.
1. Reorganizations, company merger or
business contractions may result in fewer jobs,
forcing some employees to accept lower
positions.
2. Inability of the employees to perform their
jobs according to acceptable standards.
3. As a form of disciplinary action or a way to
handle disciplinary problems, also viewed as a
routine form of punishment for wrongdoing.
4. The tool used to communicate to employees
that they are beginning to be “liabilities” rather
than assets to an organization.
 The reassignment of an
employee to a job with similar
pay, status, duties and
responsibilities or to another
work shift, or from one unit to
another in the same company
just like being an invoice clerk
to a sales clerk.
1. Due to job dissatisfaction
2. In conflict with supervisor or coworkers.
3. For employee’s convenience.
4. Organizational needs may require transfer
due to business expansion, retrenchment
erroneous placement, or to meet
departmental requirements during peak
season.
5. For an employee to be better suited or
adjusted to the job (remedial transfer).
Permanent – made to fill vacancies
requiring the special skills or
abilities of the employee being
transferred.
Temporary – made due to the
temporary absence of an employee,
e.g., in case of sick, leave, vacation
leave, or shifts in the work load
during peak periods.
Art. 279. Security of Tenure
In cases of regular employment,
the employer shall not
terminate the services of an
employee except for a just
cause or authorize cause and
only after due process of law.
a. Serious misconduct or willful disobedience by the
employee of the lawful orders of his employer or
representative in connection with his work;
b. Gross and habitual neglect by the employee of his
duties;
c. Fraud or willful breach by the employee of the
trust reposed in him by his employer or duly
authorized representative;
d. Commission of a crime or offense by the
employee against the person of his employer or any
immediate member of his family or his duly
authorized representatives; and
e. Other causes analogous to the foregoing.
 The employer may also terminate the
employment of any employee due to
the following authorized causes:
a. Installation of labor- saving devices;
b. Redundancy;
c. Retrenchment to prevent losses; and
d. Closure or cessation of business
 a. Freeze hiring
 b. Restrict overtime
 c. Re- train/ redeploy
 d. Switch to job sharing
 e. Use unpaid vacations
 f. Use a shorter workweek
 g. Use pay reductions
 h. Use sabbaticals
 i. Implement early retirement
programs
a. Decline or Crisis in the
firm
b. Technological advances
c. Organizational
restructuring
An employer may terminate the
services of an employee who
has been found to be suffering
from any disease and whose
continued employment is
prohibited by law or is
prejudicial to his health as well
as to the health of his co-
employees.
Without cause:
• If the resignation is without cause,
the employee is required to give a 30-
day advance written notice to the
employer, to enable the employer to
look for a replacement to prevent work
disruption. If the employee fails to give
a written notice, he or she runs the risk
of incurring liability for damages.
 • An employee may terminate,
without just cause, the
employee- employer
relationship by serving a
written notice (resignation
letter) on the employer at least
one month in advance.
• An employee may put an end to the relationship
without serving any notice on the employer for any
of the following causes:
a. Serious insult by the employer or his
representative on the honor and person of the
employee;
b. Inhuman and unbearable treatment accorded
the employee by the employer or his
representative.
c. Commission of a crime or offense by the
employer or his representative against the person
of the employee or any of the immediate members
of his family; and
d. Other causes analogous to any of the foregoing.
 (a) An employee shall be entitled to
termination pay equivalent to at least
one month’s salary for every year of
service, a fraction of at least six (6)
months being considered as one
whole year, in case of termination of
his employment due to the installation
of labor- saving devices or
redundancy.
 Any employee may be retired upon reaching
the retirement age established in the
collective bargaining agreement or other
applicable employment contract.
 (a) An employee who is retired pursuant to a
bona- fide retirement plan or in accordance with
the applicable individual or collective agreement
or established employer policy shall be entitled
to all the retirement benefits provided therein or
to termination pay equivalent to at least one-
half month salary for every year of service,
whichever is higher, a fraction of at least six (6)
months being considered as one whole year.
 For the purpose of computing retirement pay,
“one- half month salary” shall include all of the
following:
 a. Fifteen (15) days salary based on the latest salary
rate;
 b. Cash equivalent of 5 days service incentive leave;
and
 c. One- twelfth (1/12) of the thirteenth- month
pay.
 The computation should be as follows:
 (1/12 x 365/12) = 0.083 x 30.41= 2.52
 Thus, “one- half month salary” is equivalent to
22.5 days.
 Minimum retirement = daily rate x 22.5 days x
number of years in service
 The retirement benefits under R.A. 7641 abd R.A.
8558 are separate and distinct from those granted
by the Social Security System.
 Regular Employment
 is a type of employment where the employee
has been engaged to perform activities which
are usually necessary or desirable in the usual
business or trade.
 Probationary Employment
 refers to the services of an employee who has
been engaged on probationary basis. He/ she
may be terminated only for a just cause or when
authorized by existing laws, or when he/ she
fails to qualify as a regular employee.
 Part- time employment
 refers to workers employed to render work for a
less than the normal eight- hour working day or
those who work less than the normal six working
days in a week. This type of worker often
maintains more than one employer to earn more.
 Commission- paid employmen
 t is when workers are paid depending on the
income they derived for their employer.
 Casual employment
 happens when employees are hired for a
particular period or season. They may be
hired as temporary replacements of on- leave
regular employees or are hired during peak
seasons when more workers are needed.
 Contractual employment
 is the state when workers are employed at
any time but for a definite period not
exceeding six (6) months. This type of
employment is the most commonly used by
the employers in the Philippines today in an
effort to achieve more flexible work force as a
key factor for survival in the situation of
heightened competition.

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Change in Personnel Status

  • 1. Prepared by: Donna Flor A. Gerpacio and Erlinda Lopez
  • 2. Discuss and understand the function of placement wherein the objective is to find the right person to the right job.
  • 3. The people who work for a particular company or organization
  • 4. Promotion =Upward Transfers = Same Level Demotions = Downward Layoff Resignation Separation = Exit Retirement Termination
  • 5.  The reassignment of an employee to a higher job position.
  • 6. 1. Personal characteristic 2. Nepotism- showing of favoritism or patronage to relatives 3. Social factors/ friendship
  • 7. 1. Closed promotion system - the responsibility of the supervisor to identify promotable employees for the job to be filled. 2. Open promotion system - also known as job posting- enhance participation and the achievement of equal opportunity goals.
  • 8. 1. Seniority- length of service a. Straight seniority- the length of service of an employee is the sole basis for determining who gets the promotion. b. Qualified seniority- the competent employee as compared to another employee with longer service will be the one promoted. 2. Current and past performance- promotion is based on previous job performance and evaluation
  • 9. The reassignment of an employee to a lower job involving fewer skills and responsibilities.
  • 10. 1. Reorganizations, company merger or business contractions may result in fewer jobs, forcing some employees to accept lower positions. 2. Inability of the employees to perform their jobs according to acceptable standards. 3. As a form of disciplinary action or a way to handle disciplinary problems, also viewed as a routine form of punishment for wrongdoing. 4. The tool used to communicate to employees that they are beginning to be “liabilities” rather than assets to an organization.
  • 11.  The reassignment of an employee to a job with similar pay, status, duties and responsibilities or to another work shift, or from one unit to another in the same company just like being an invoice clerk to a sales clerk.
  • 12. 1. Due to job dissatisfaction 2. In conflict with supervisor or coworkers. 3. For employee’s convenience. 4. Organizational needs may require transfer due to business expansion, retrenchment erroneous placement, or to meet departmental requirements during peak season. 5. For an employee to be better suited or adjusted to the job (remedial transfer).
  • 13. Permanent – made to fill vacancies requiring the special skills or abilities of the employee being transferred. Temporary – made due to the temporary absence of an employee, e.g., in case of sick, leave, vacation leave, or shifts in the work load during peak periods.
  • 14. Art. 279. Security of Tenure In cases of regular employment, the employer shall not terminate the services of an employee except for a just cause or authorize cause and only after due process of law.
  • 15. a. Serious misconduct or willful disobedience by the employee of the lawful orders of his employer or representative in connection with his work; b. Gross and habitual neglect by the employee of his duties; c. Fraud or willful breach by the employee of the trust reposed in him by his employer or duly authorized representative; d. Commission of a crime or offense by the employee against the person of his employer or any immediate member of his family or his duly authorized representatives; and e. Other causes analogous to the foregoing.
  • 16.  The employer may also terminate the employment of any employee due to the following authorized causes: a. Installation of labor- saving devices; b. Redundancy; c. Retrenchment to prevent losses; and d. Closure or cessation of business
  • 17.  a. Freeze hiring  b. Restrict overtime  c. Re- train/ redeploy  d. Switch to job sharing  e. Use unpaid vacations  f. Use a shorter workweek  g. Use pay reductions  h. Use sabbaticals  i. Implement early retirement programs
  • 18. a. Decline or Crisis in the firm b. Technological advances c. Organizational restructuring
  • 19. An employer may terminate the services of an employee who has been found to be suffering from any disease and whose continued employment is prohibited by law or is prejudicial to his health as well as to the health of his co- employees.
  • 20. Without cause: • If the resignation is without cause, the employee is required to give a 30- day advance written notice to the employer, to enable the employer to look for a replacement to prevent work disruption. If the employee fails to give a written notice, he or she runs the risk of incurring liability for damages.
  • 21.  • An employee may terminate, without just cause, the employee- employer relationship by serving a written notice (resignation letter) on the employer at least one month in advance.
  • 22. • An employee may put an end to the relationship without serving any notice on the employer for any of the following causes: a. Serious insult by the employer or his representative on the honor and person of the employee; b. Inhuman and unbearable treatment accorded the employee by the employer or his representative. c. Commission of a crime or offense by the employer or his representative against the person of the employee or any of the immediate members of his family; and d. Other causes analogous to any of the foregoing.
  • 23.  (a) An employee shall be entitled to termination pay equivalent to at least one month’s salary for every year of service, a fraction of at least six (6) months being considered as one whole year, in case of termination of his employment due to the installation of labor- saving devices or redundancy.
  • 24.  Any employee may be retired upon reaching the retirement age established in the collective bargaining agreement or other applicable employment contract.
  • 25.  (a) An employee who is retired pursuant to a bona- fide retirement plan or in accordance with the applicable individual or collective agreement or established employer policy shall be entitled to all the retirement benefits provided therein or to termination pay equivalent to at least one- half month salary for every year of service, whichever is higher, a fraction of at least six (6) months being considered as one whole year.  For the purpose of computing retirement pay, “one- half month salary” shall include all of the following:
  • 26.  a. Fifteen (15) days salary based on the latest salary rate;  b. Cash equivalent of 5 days service incentive leave; and  c. One- twelfth (1/12) of the thirteenth- month pay.  The computation should be as follows:  (1/12 x 365/12) = 0.083 x 30.41= 2.52  Thus, “one- half month salary” is equivalent to 22.5 days.  Minimum retirement = daily rate x 22.5 days x number of years in service  The retirement benefits under R.A. 7641 abd R.A. 8558 are separate and distinct from those granted by the Social Security System.
  • 27.  Regular Employment  is a type of employment where the employee has been engaged to perform activities which are usually necessary or desirable in the usual business or trade.
  • 28.  Probationary Employment  refers to the services of an employee who has been engaged on probationary basis. He/ she may be terminated only for a just cause or when authorized by existing laws, or when he/ she fails to qualify as a regular employee.  Part- time employment  refers to workers employed to render work for a less than the normal eight- hour working day or those who work less than the normal six working days in a week. This type of worker often maintains more than one employer to earn more.
  • 29.  Commission- paid employmen  t is when workers are paid depending on the income they derived for their employer.  Casual employment  happens when employees are hired for a particular period or season. They may be hired as temporary replacements of on- leave regular employees or are hired during peak seasons when more workers are needed.
  • 30.  Contractual employment  is the state when workers are employed at any time but for a definite period not exceeding six (6) months. This type of employment is the most commonly used by the employers in the Philippines today in an effort to achieve more flexible work force as a key factor for survival in the situation of heightened competition.