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C, OBJECTIVE-C & C++
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE LANGUAGES
By
Mr. V. VEERANAN
M.Sc. Computer Science., Dip. in Yoga.,
Government Arts College, Melur – 625 106.
History of C
The initial development of C occurred at AT&T Bell
Labs between 1969 and 1973, according to Ritchile, the
most creative period occurred in 1972.
It was named “C” because its features were derived
from an earlier language called “B”, which according to
Ken Thompson was a stipped-down version of BCPL
programming language.
K&R C
Mr. V.Veeranan, M.Sc. Computer Science, Dip. in Yoga
History of C
In 1978, Brian Kernighan and Dennis Ritchie
published the first edition of The C programming
Language. This book, known to C programmers as
“K&R”, served for many years as an informal
specification of the language.
The version of C that it describes is commonly
referred to as K&R C. The second edition of the book
covers the later ANSI C standard.
K&R introduced several language feactures:
1. standard I/O library
2. long int data type
3. unsigned int data type
Mr. V.Veeranan, M.Sc. Computer Science, Dip. in Yoga
History of Objective-C
Objective-C was created primarily by Brad Cox and
Tom Love in the early 1980s at their company Stepstone.
Both had been introduced to Smalltalk while at ITT
Corporation’s Programming Technology Center in 1981.
Cox was intrigued by problems of true reusability in
software design and programming. He realized that a
language like Smalltalk would be invaluable in building
development environments for system developers at ITT.
However, he and Tom Love also recognized that
backward compatibility with C was critically important in
ITT’s telecom engineering milieu.
Mr. V.Veeranan, M.Sc. Computer Science, Dip. in Yoga
History of Objective-C
Cox began writing a pre-processor for C to add some
of the capabilities of Smalltalk. He soon had a working
implementation of an object-oriented extension to the C
language, which he called “OOPC” for Object-Oriendted
Pre-Compiler.
Love and Cox eventually formed a new venture,
Productivity Products International (PPI), to commercialize
their product, which coupled an Objective-C compiler with
class libraries. In 1986, Cox published the main
description of Objective-C in its original form in the book
Object-Oriented Programming, An Evolutionary Approach.
Mr. V.Veeranan, M.Sc. Computer Science, Dip. in Yoga
History of C++
Stroustrup found that Simula had features that were
very helpful for large software development, but the
language was too slow for practical use, while BCPL was
fast but too low-level to be suitable for large software
development.
When Stounturp started working in AT&T Bell Labs,
he had the problem of analyzing the UNIX kernal with
respect to distributed computing. Remembering his Ph.D.
experience, Stroustrup set our to enhance the C language
with Simula-like features. C was chosen because it was
general-purpose, fast, Portable and widely used.
Mr. V.Veeranan, M.Sc. Computer Science, Dip. in Yoga
History of C++
Besides C and Simula, some other languages that
inspired him were ALGOL 68, Ada, CLU and ML.
In 1983, the name of the language was changed
from C with Classes to C++ (++ being the increment
operator in C). New features were added including
virtual, function name and operator overloading,
reference, constants, user-controlled free-store memory
control, improved type checking, and BCPL style single-
line comments with two forward slashes(//).
Mr. V.Veeranan, M.Sc. Computer Science, Dip. in Yoga
Mr. V.Veeranan, M.Sc. Computer Science, Dip. in Yoga

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C, Objective C & C++ History

  • 1. C, OBJECTIVE-C & C++ COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE LANGUAGES By Mr. V. VEERANAN M.Sc. Computer Science., Dip. in Yoga., Government Arts College, Melur – 625 106.
  • 2. History of C The initial development of C occurred at AT&T Bell Labs between 1969 and 1973, according to Ritchile, the most creative period occurred in 1972. It was named “C” because its features were derived from an earlier language called “B”, which according to Ken Thompson was a stipped-down version of BCPL programming language. K&R C Mr. V.Veeranan, M.Sc. Computer Science, Dip. in Yoga
  • 3. History of C In 1978, Brian Kernighan and Dennis Ritchie published the first edition of The C programming Language. This book, known to C programmers as “K&R”, served for many years as an informal specification of the language. The version of C that it describes is commonly referred to as K&R C. The second edition of the book covers the later ANSI C standard. K&R introduced several language feactures: 1. standard I/O library 2. long int data type 3. unsigned int data type Mr. V.Veeranan, M.Sc. Computer Science, Dip. in Yoga
  • 4. History of Objective-C Objective-C was created primarily by Brad Cox and Tom Love in the early 1980s at their company Stepstone. Both had been introduced to Smalltalk while at ITT Corporation’s Programming Technology Center in 1981. Cox was intrigued by problems of true reusability in software design and programming. He realized that a language like Smalltalk would be invaluable in building development environments for system developers at ITT. However, he and Tom Love also recognized that backward compatibility with C was critically important in ITT’s telecom engineering milieu. Mr. V.Veeranan, M.Sc. Computer Science, Dip. in Yoga
  • 5. History of Objective-C Cox began writing a pre-processor for C to add some of the capabilities of Smalltalk. He soon had a working implementation of an object-oriented extension to the C language, which he called “OOPC” for Object-Oriendted Pre-Compiler. Love and Cox eventually formed a new venture, Productivity Products International (PPI), to commercialize their product, which coupled an Objective-C compiler with class libraries. In 1986, Cox published the main description of Objective-C in its original form in the book Object-Oriented Programming, An Evolutionary Approach. Mr. V.Veeranan, M.Sc. Computer Science, Dip. in Yoga
  • 6. History of C++ Stroustrup found that Simula had features that were very helpful for large software development, but the language was too slow for practical use, while BCPL was fast but too low-level to be suitable for large software development. When Stounturp started working in AT&T Bell Labs, he had the problem of analyzing the UNIX kernal with respect to distributed computing. Remembering his Ph.D. experience, Stroustrup set our to enhance the C language with Simula-like features. C was chosen because it was general-purpose, fast, Portable and widely used. Mr. V.Veeranan, M.Sc. Computer Science, Dip. in Yoga
  • 7. History of C++ Besides C and Simula, some other languages that inspired him were ALGOL 68, Ada, CLU and ML. In 1983, the name of the language was changed from C with Classes to C++ (++ being the increment operator in C). New features were added including virtual, function name and operator overloading, reference, constants, user-controlled free-store memory control, improved type checking, and BCPL style single- line comments with two forward slashes(//). Mr. V.Veeranan, M.Sc. Computer Science, Dip. in Yoga
  • 8. Mr. V.Veeranan, M.Sc. Computer Science, Dip. in Yoga