SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Presented by-
Mrs. Poonam Nilesh Chougule
Associate Professor
HOD PG Pharmacognosy Dept. AMCP
M. Pharm Pharmacognosy Sem II

Herbal Cosmetics :
1. Physiology and chemistry of skin and
pigmentation, hairs, scalp, lips and nail, Cleansing
cream, Lotions, Face powders, Face packs, Lipsticks,
Bath products, soaps and baby product,
2. Preparation and standardization of the following :
Tonic, Bleaches, Dentifrices and Mouth washes &
Tooth Pastes, Cosmetics for Nails.
Content

 Herbal cosmetics harness the power of natural plant
extracts and bioactive compounds to enhance skin and
hair health. These products are favored for their minimal
side effects and multifaceted benefits, such as
moisturizing, anti-aging, acne treatment, and hair growth
stimulation. Key ingredients like aloe vera, green tea, and
tea tree oil interact with the body's physiology to hydrate,
protect against oxidative stress, reduce inflammation, and
combat microbial infections. By leveraging the therapeutic
properties of herbs, these cosmetics offer a holistic
approach to beauty and wellness, aligning with the
growing preference for natural and sustainable skincare
solutions.
Introduction

 Herbal cosmetics have gained popularity due to their
perceived benefits and minimal side effects compared to
synthetic products. They utilize various plant extracts and
natural ingredients to enhance the skin, hair, and overall
appearance.
 Skin Physiology and Herbal Ingredients
1. Moisturizers:
1. Aloe Vera: Contains vitamins, minerals, enzymes, and amino
acids. It hydrates the skin by increasing water content and
maintaining the epidermal barrier.
2. Shea Butter: Rich in fatty acids and vitamins A and E, it deeply
moisturizes and repairs the skin barrier.
2. Anti-aging Products:
1. Green Tea Extract: Contains polyphenols, which have
antioxidant properties that combat free radicals and reduce the
signs of aging.
2. Ginseng: Known for its anti-aging properties, it improves
collagen synthesis, thereby enhancing skin elasticity.

3. Acne Treatment:
• Tea Tree Oil: Contains terpenoids that exhibit
antimicrobial properties, helping to reduce acne-
causing bacteria.
• Neem: Has antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-
inflammatory properties, making it effective against
acne.
4. Skin Brightening:
• Turmeric: Contains curcumin, which has anti-
inflammatory and antioxidant properties, aiding in
skin brightening and evening out the skin tone.
• Licorice Extract: Contains glabridin, which inhibits
melanin production, thus helping in reducing
hyperpigmentation.

 Hair Physiology and Herbal Ingredients
1. Hair Growth:
1. Bhringraj: Known to improve blood circulation to the scalp
and strengthen hair follicles, promoting hair growth.
2. Amla (Indian Gooseberry): Rich in vitamin C and
antioxidants, it strengthens hair and prevents premature
greying.
2. Dandruff Treatment:
1. Tea Tree Oil: Has antifungal properties that help in reducing
dandruff-causing fungi.
2. Fenugreek: Contains nicotinic acid and proteins, which help in
treating dandruff and promoting a healthy scalp.
3. Conditioners:
1. Coconut Oil: Rich in lauric acid, it penetrates the hair shaft to
provide deep conditioning and reduce protein loss.
2. Hibiscus: Contains amino acids that nourish the hair,
strengthen the roots, and keep the hair smooth and shiny.

Herbal cosmetics work primarily through their bioactive
compounds, which interact with the skin and hair at various
levels:
• Hydration and Moisture Retention: Ingredients like aloe vera
and shea butter help maintain the skin’s moisture balance by
forming a protective barrier that prevents water loss.
• Antioxidant Activity: Many herbs contain antioxidants that
neutralize free radicals, preventing oxidative stress and
damage to skin and hair cells.
• Anti-inflammatory Effects: Compounds like curcumin and
tea tree oil reduce inflammation, which is a common cause of
skin issues like acne and irritation.
• Antimicrobial Properties: Ingredients such as neem and tea
tree oil possess antimicrobial properties that help in treating
infections and maintaining healthy skin and scalp.
Physiological Mechanisms

 The chemistry of skin involves a complex interplay of
various molecules and compounds. The skin is composed
of three main layers: the epidermis, dermis, and
hypodermis. The epidermis, rich in keratinocytes,
provides a protective barrier and contains lipids that
prevent water loss. The dermis houses collagen and
elastin, giving skin its strength and elasticity. Skin
chemistry also involves melanin for pigmentation and
sebaceous glands producing sebum to lubricate the skin.
Additionally, the skin's acid mantle, a thin film of sebum
and sweat, maintains a slightly acidic pH, protecting
against pathogens and maintaining the skin's overall
health.
The Chemistry of Skin

1. Melanin Synthesis:
1. Tyrosine: An amino acid that serves as the starting point for melanin
production.
2. Tyrosinase: An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of tyrosine to DOPA
(dihydroxyphenylalanine) and then to dopaquinone.
3. Dopaquinone: An intermediate that can undergo several pathways to produce
eumelanin (brown/black pigment) or pheomelanin (yellow/red pigment).
2. Melanin:
1. Eumelanin: Provides protection against UV radiation by absorbing light and
dissipating it as heat.
2. Pheomelanin: Less effective at UV protection, but contributes to lighter skin
tones and red hair.
3. Skin Layers and Function:
1. Epidermis: The outermost layer containing melanocytes, which produce
melanin.
2. Dermis: Provides structural support with collagen and elastin.
3. Hypodermis: The deeper subcutaneous tissue.
4. Pigmentation Regulation:
1. Genetics: Determines the amount and type of melanin produced.
2. UV Exposure: Stimulates melanin production as a protective response.
3. Hormones: Such as melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) can increase
melanin synthesis.
5. Melanin Distribution:
1. Keratinocytes: Receive melanin from melanocytes through melanosomes,
distributing pigment across the skin.
Chemistry of Skin and Pigmentation

 Hair is primarily composed of keratin, a fibrous protein
rich in cysteine, which forms strong disulfide bonds
contributing to hair's strength and resilience. The hair
shaft consists of three layers: the cuticle (outer protective
layer), the cortex (middle layer containing melanin for
color and structural proteins), and the medulla
(innermost layer, often absent in fine hair). Hair growth
occurs in the follicle through cycles of anagen (growth),
catagen (transitional), and telogen (resting) phases.
Sebaceous glands secrete sebum, a lipid-rich substance
that conditions the hair and scalp, maintaining hydration
and protecting against environmental damage.
Chemistry of Hairs

 The scalp is a complex structure supporting hair growth and health,
involving both physiological and chemical components.
Physiologically, the scalp consists of multiple layers: the epidermis,
dermis, and subcutaneous tissue. The epidermis contains hair
follicles, sebaceous glands, and sweat glands, while the dermis
provides a rich supply of blood vessels and nerves, essential for
nutrient delivery and sensory functions.
 Chemically, the scalp's health is maintained by various substances.
Sebaceous glands secrete sebum, an oily substance rich in lipids like
triglycerides, wax esters, and squalene, which lubricates and
protects the scalp. The acid mantle, a thin layer of sebum and sweat,
maintains a slightly acidic pH (around 4.5-5.5), crucial for
preventing microbial growth and preserving the scalp's barrier
function. Hair follicles undergo cyclic phases (anagen, catagen,
telogen) influenced by hormonal and genetic factors, dictating hair
growth, shedding, and regeneration. Maintaining a balanced scalp
environment is key to overall hair health and preventing disorders
such as dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis.
Physiology and Chemistry of Scalp

 Physiology: The lips are composed of three main layers: the
outer skin, the vermilion border, and the inner mucous
membrane. The outer skin is similar to the rest of the body but
thinner, lacking sweat glands and hair follicles. The vermilion
border, the pinkish-red part, is rich in capillaries and has a thin
stratum corneum, giving lips their color and making them more
sensitive. The inner mucous membrane is a moist tissue lining
the inside of the lips. Lips are highly innervated and
vascularized, contributing to their sensitivity and ability to aid
in speech, eating, and expressing emotions.
 Chemistry: Lips contain various proteins, including collagen
and elastin, which provide structure and elasticity. They lack
sebaceous glands, making them prone to dryness. The outer
layer has a high turnover of keratinocytes, which are rich in
keratin proteins. Lip skin is less pigmented due to fewer
melanocytes compared to other skin areas. Lip balms often
contain emollients like lanolin and waxes, and humectants like
glycerin to hydrate and protect the delicate lip skin.
Physiology and Chemistry of Lips

 Physiology: Nails are made of keratin, a tough, protective protein.
They grow from the nail matrix, located under the proximal nail
fold, and are composed of the nail plate, nail bed, cuticle, and nail
folds. The matrix produces new cells, which harden and compact
to form the nail plate. The nail bed is rich in blood vessels, giving
nails their pinkish color. Nails protect the distal phalanges and
enhance fine motor skills by providing a rigid backing for
fingertip tissues.
 Chemistry: Nail composition primarily includes keratin, with
high sulfur content from cysteine amino acids forming disulfide
bonds, providing strength and rigidity. Other components
include water, lipids, calcium, and various trace elements. Nail
health can reflect overall health, with deficiencies or diseases
often manifesting in the form of discoloration, brittleness, or
abnormal growth patterns. Nail care products often contain
ingredients like biotin, lanolin, and alpha-hydroxy acids to
strengthen and moisturize nails.
Physiology and Chemistry of Nails

Cleansing Cream: Cleansing creams are designed to remove
makeup, dirt, and excess oil from the skin while providing hydration
and maintaining the skin's natural barrier. They are typically richer
and more emollient than other types of cleansers, making them
suitable for dry or sensitive skin types.
 Composition:
1. Emollients:
1. Mineral Oil: Provides a smooth application and helps dissolve makeup and
impurities.
2. Lanolin: A natural moisturizer derived from sheep’s wool, helps to soften and
smooth the skin.
2. Emulsifiers:
1. Cetyl Alcohol: A fatty alcohol that stabilizes the formulation and provides a
creamy texture.
2. Polysorbates: Help to mix oil and water components, ensuring a consistent blend.
3. Humectants:
1. Glycerin: Attracts moisture to the skin, keeping it hydrated during the cleansing
process.
2. Propylene Glycol: Similar to glycerin, it helps retain moisture.
Cleansing Cream: Overview and
Composition

4. Surfactants:
 Sodium Lauryl Sulfate: Though less common in creams, it can be
included in low concentrations to aid in the removal of dirt and oil.
 Cocamidopropyl Betaine: A mild surfactant derived from coconut
oil, providing gentle cleansing.
5. Thickeners:
 Stearic Acid: A fatty acid that helps to thicken the cream and
stabilize the emulsion.
 Carbomers: Synthetic polymers used to control the viscosity of the
cream.
6. Preservatives:
 Parabens (Methylparaben, Propylparaben): Used to prevent
microbial growth and extend shelf life.
 Phenoxyethanol: A broad-spectrum preservative that prevents
bacterial contamination.
7. Additional Ingredients:
 Fragrance: Adds a pleasant scent to the product.
 Botanical Extracts: Such as chamomile or aloe vera, which can
provide soothing and anti-inflammatory benefits.

How It Works: Cleansing creams function by binding to the oils
and impurities on the skin’s surface. The emollients and
surfactants break down and dissolve makeup, sebum, and dirt,
which can then be wiped away. The hydrating ingredients ensure
that the skin does not become dry or stripped of its natural oils
during the cleansing process.
Application:
1. Apply: A small amount of cleansing cream to dry skin,
massaging gently in circular motions.
2. Remove: Use a damp cloth or cotton pad to wipe away the
cream along with the impurities.
3. Rinse: Optionally, follow with water to ensure all residue is
removed.
Cleansing creams are particularly beneficial for those with dry or
sensitive skin due to their hydrating and gentle properties. They
offer an effective way to cleanse without compromising the skin’s
moisture balance.

 Lotions: Lotions are topical formulations designed to moisturize, protect, and
sometimes treat the skin. They are typically lighter than creams and ointments,
with a higher water content, making them easy to spread and quick to absorb.
 Composition:
1. Water:
1. The primary component, making up 60-80% of the formulation, acts as a solvent for
other ingredients and provides hydration.
2. Emollients:
1. Glycerin: A humectant that attracts moisture to the skin.
2. Mineral Oil: A lightweight oil that forms a barrier on the skin to lock in moisture.
3. Shea Butter: Provides deep moisture and nourishment.
3. Emulsifiers:
1. Cetyl Alcohol: A fatty alcohol that helps to stabilize the emulsion and provide a smooth
texture.
2. Glyceryl Stearate: Ensures that the oil and water components mix well.
4. Humectants:
1. Propylene Glycol: Draws moisture into the skin.
2. Hyaluronic Acid: Holds moisture in the skin, providing long-lasting hydration.
Lotions: Overview and
Composition

5. Thickeners:
• Carbomers: Synthetic polymers that control the viscosity of the
lotion.
• Xanthan Gum: A natural thickener that stabilizes the
formulation.
6. Preservatives:
• Parabens (Methylparaben, Propylparaben): Prevent microbial
growth.
• Phenoxyethanol: Protects against bacterial contamination.
7. Additional Ingredients:
• Fragrances: Add a pleasant scent to the product.
• Botanical Extracts: Such as aloe vera, chamomile, or green tea,
which provide additional soothing and antioxidant benefits.
• Vitamins: Such as vitamin E and C, which offer antioxidant
protection and skin benefits.

How It Works: Lotions work by delivering moisture and other
beneficial ingredients to the skin. The water in the lotion hydrates
the skin while the emollients form a protective barrier that prevents
moisture loss. Humectants draw water into the skin, ensuring it
stays hydrated. Emulsifiers keep the water and oil components
mixed, providing a smooth and consistent application.
Application:
1. Cleanse: Start with clean skin to ensure better absorption of the
lotion.
2. Apply: Dispense a small amount of lotion onto your palms.
3. Massage: Gently massage the lotion into the skin using circular
motions until fully absorbed.
4. Frequency: Use daily or as needed, depending on your skin’s
moisture needs.
Lotions are suitable for all skin types due to their lightweight and
non-greasy texture. They are particularly beneficial for those looking
for quick-absorbing hydration without a heavy or sticky feel. Special
formulations can also address specific skin concerns such as dryness,
irritation, or sensitivity.

Face Powders: Face powders are cosmetic products used to set makeup, control shine, and give
the skin a smooth, matte finish. They come in various forms, including loose, pressed,
translucent, and tinted, catering to different skin tones and types.
 Composition:
1. Base Ingredients:
1. Talc: A natural mineral that provides a smooth texture and helps to absorb moisture.
2. Kaolin Clay: Absorbs oil and helps to control shine.
3. Mica: Adds a slight shimmer and provides a silky texture.
2. Binders:
1. Zinc Stearate: Helps the powder adhere to the skin and improves wear time.
2. Magnesium Stearate: Provides a smooth application and increases the powder’s
longevity.
3. Pigments:
1. Iron Oxides: Provide color and are used to create various shades to match different skin
tones.
2. Titanium Dioxide: Adds coverage and offers sun protection due to its UV-blocking
properties.
Face Powders: Overview and Composition

4. Fillers:
• Silica: Helps to absorb oil and reduce the appearance of pores
and fine lines.
• Cornstarch: A natural absorbent that helps to mattify the
skin.
5. Preservatives:
• Parabens (Methylparaben, Propylparaben): Prevent
microbial growth and extend shelf life.
• Phenoxyethanol: A broad-spectrum preservative that
protects against bacterial contamination.
6. Additional Ingredients:
• Fragrance: Adds a pleasant scent to the product.
• Botanical Extracts: Such as chamomile or green tea, which
provide soothing and antioxidant benefits.
• Vitamins: Such as vitamin E, which offers antioxidant
protection.

How It Works: Face powders work by providing a matte finish to the skin,
controlling oil and shine, and setting liquid or cream makeup to extend its
wear. The absorbent ingredients like talc, kaolin clay, and silica help to
reduce excess oil, while pigments and fillers create an even skin tone and a
smooth texture.
Application:
1. Prepare: Start with a clean and moisturized face. Apply foundation and
concealer as needed.
2. Apply: Use a powder brush or a puff to pick up a small amount of
powder.
3. Set: Gently press or dust the powder onto your face, focusing on areas
that tend to get oily, such as the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin).
4. Blend: Blend well to ensure an even finish. Reapply as needed
throughout the day to control shine.
Face powders are suitable for all skin types, with different formulations
available to address specific concerns. For example, translucent powders are
great for a natural look without adding color, while tinted powders can
provide additional coverage and even out skin tone. Loose powders are
ideal for a lightweight finish, while pressed powders are convenient for
touch-ups on the go.

Face packs are great for pampering your skin! There are various types of face packs
available, ranging from clay masks to sheet masks, gel masks, and cream masks.
Each type serves a different purpose and targets specific skin concerns.
1. Clay Masks:
Composition: Clay masks are usually made with different types of clay, such as
kaolin, bentonite, or French green clay. These clays help absorb excess oil, unclog
pores, and remove impurities from the skin.
Additional Ingredients: Some clay masks also contain ingredients like charcoal,
which further helps draw out impurities, or botanical extracts for added benefits
like soothing or brightening.
2. Sheet Masks:
Composition: Sheet masks consist of a thin fabric sheet soaked in a serum or
essence. The sheet material can vary from cotton to cellulose or hydrogel.
Serum Composition: The serum typically contains ingredients like hyaluronic acid
for hydration, vitamins, antioxidants, and botanical extracts tailored to address
specific skin concerns like brightening, firming, or soothing.
Face pack Overview and Composition

3. Gel Masks:
Composition: Gel masks are formulated with a gel-like consistency, often
containing water, glycerin, or aloe vera as a base. They may also include
ingredients like seaweed extracts or hyaluronic acid.
Benefits: Gel masks are cooling and hydrating, making them suitable for soothing
sensitive or irritated skin, reducing inflammation, and providing a burst of
moisture.
4. Cream Masks:
Composition: Cream masks have a thicker consistency and are rich in moisturizing
ingredients like shea butter, cocoa butter, or oils such as jojoba or avocado oil.
Additional Ingredients: Cream masks may also contain antioxidants, vitamins, and
botanical extracts to nourish the skin, improve elasticity, and promote a healthy
complexion.
5. Peel-off Masks:
Composition: Peel-off masks typically have a gel-like or rubbery texture that dries
after application. They often contain polymers like polyvinyl alcohol or acrylates to
create a peelable film on the skin.
Additional Ingredients: Peel-off masks may include ingredients like charcoal, fruit
enzymes, or salicylic acid to help exfoliate, unclog pores, and improve skin texture.

 Overview: Lipstick is a cosmetic product used to add color, texture, and sometimes protection to
the lips. It's one of the most popular makeup items and comes in various forms, shades, and
finishes to suit different preferences and occasions.
 Composition: Lipstick formulations typically consist of a combination of ingredients carefully
selected to provide color, texture, hydration, and longevity. Here are the primary components
commonly found in lipstick formulations:
1. Waxes:
1. Beeswax: Beeswax is a common ingredient in lipstick that helps give it structure and stability. It also
provides a smooth application and helps the lipstick adhere to the lips.
2. Carnauba Wax: Carnauba wax is another natural wax derived from the leaves of the carnauba palm. It is
often used in lipstick formulations for its hardness and glossy finish.
2. Oils:
1. Castor Oil: Castor oil is a popular emollient in lipstick formulations due to its moisturizing properties. It
helps soften and hydrate the lips, preventing them from drying out.
2. Jojoba Oil: Jojoba oil is a liquid wax derived from the seeds of the jojoba plant. It is prized for its similarity
to the natural oils produced by the skin and its ability to provide long-lasting hydration.
3. Mineral Oil: Mineral oil is a lightweight, odorless oil commonly used in lipstick formulations to enhance
spreadability and provide a smooth texture.
3. Pigments:
1. Colorants: Lipstick pigments are responsible for providing color to the lips. They can be synthetic or derived
from natural sources like minerals, fruits, or insects. Common pigments used in lipstick include titanium
dioxide, iron oxides, and carmine.
2. Dyes: Lipstick dyes are water-soluble colorants used to achieve vibrant or intense hues. They are often
added to lipstick formulations in combination with pigments to create custom shades.
Lipstick: Overview and Composition

1. Emollients and Humectants:
1. Shea Butter: Shea butter is a rich emollient derived from the nuts of the shea
tree. It helps soften and smooth the lips while providing a protective barrier
against moisture loss.
2. Glycerin: Glycerin is a humectant that attracts moisture to the skin, helping to
keep the lips hydrated and supple.
2. Preservatives and Stabilizers:
1. Antioxidants: Antioxidants such as vitamin E or tocopherol are often added to
lipstick formulations to prevent oxidation and extend the product's shelf life.
2. Preservatives: Preservatives like parabens or phenoxyethanol may be included
in lipstick formulations to prevent microbial growth and maintain product
safety.
3. Fragrance and Flavor:
1. Fragrance Oils: Fragrance oils are added to lipstick formulations to impart a
pleasant scent. They can range from floral and fruity to sweet or spicy.
2. Flavoring Agents: Flavoring agents are sometimes added to lipsticks to give
them a desirable taste. Common flavors include vanilla, mint, or fruit extracts.
It's important to note that the specific composition of lipstick can vary
depending on the brand, formulation, and intended use. Some lipsticks may
also contain additional ingredients like sunscreens, botanical extracts, or
plumping agents to enhance their performance and benefits.

1. Bath Products:
a. Body Wash/Gel:
Composition: Body wash or shower gel is a liquid soap formulated specifically for
cleansing the body during a bath or shower. It typically contains surfactants, water,
moisturizing agents, and fragrance.
Surfactants: These are cleansing agents that help to lift dirt and oil from the skin. Common
surfactants used in body wash include sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), sodium laureth sulfate
(SLES), or milder alternatives like coco-glucoside or sodium coco-sulfate.
Moisturizing Agents: Ingredients like glycerin, aloe vera, or shea butter are often added to
body wash formulations to hydrate and nourish the skin, preventing it from drying out.
Fragrance: Body washes may contain synthetic or natural fragrances to provide a pleasant
scent and enhance the bathing experience.
b. Bath Bombs:
Composition: Bath bombs are solid, compressed mixtures of dry ingredients that effervesce
when submerged in water. They typically contain baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and
citric acid as the main components, along with moisturizing oils, fragrances, and colorants.
Moisturizing Oils: Bath bombs often contain oils like coconut oil, sweet almond oil, or
cocoa butter to soften and hydrate the skin.
Fragrances and Colorants: Essential oils, fragrance oils, or botanical extracts are added to
bath bombs to provide aromatherapy benefits and create an enjoyable bathing experience.
Colorants, such as mica or natural pigments, give bath bombs their vibrant hues.
Bath products

2. Soaps:
a. Bar Soap:
Composition: Bar soap is a solid cleansing agent made from a combination of fats or oils, water, and an
alkaline solution (such as sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide). It may also contain additional
ingredients like fragrance, colorants, and exfoliants.
Base Oils: Common oils used in soap-making include coconut oil, olive oil, palm oil, and shea butter.
Each oil contributes unique properties to the soap, such as cleansing, lathering, or moisturizing.
Fragrance and Colorants: Bar soaps may be scented with essential oils, fragrance oils, or natural
botanicals. Colorants, such as mineral pigments or plant-based dyes, are added for aesthetic purposes.
Exfoliants: Some bar soaps contain exfoliating ingredients like oatmeal, coffee grounds, or crushed
walnut shells to slough away dead skin cells and promote smoother, healthier-looking skin.
b. Liquid Hand Soap:
Composition: Liquid hand soap is similar to body wash but is specifically formulated for
handwashing. It typically contains surfactants, water, moisturizing agents, and fragrance.
Surfactants: Liquid hand soaps often contain mild surfactants to effectively cleanse the hands without
stripping away natural oils or causing irritation.
Moisturizing Agents: Ingredients like glycerin, vitamin E, or plant-based oils are added to liquid hand
soaps to hydrate and soothe the skin, leaving hands feeling soft and smooth.
Antibacterial Agents: Some liquid hand soaps may contain antibacterial agents like triclosan or
benzalkonium chloride to help reduce the spread of germs and bacteria.
Soaps

3. Baby Products:
a. Baby Shampoo:
Composition: Baby shampoo is a gentle, tear-free formula designed specifically for
cleansing delicate baby hair and scalp. It typically contains mild surfactants, water,
moisturizing agents, and fragrance.
Surfactants: Baby shampoos use mild surfactants like cocamidopropyl betaine or decyl
glucoside to cleanse the hair without causing irritation or stinging the eyes.
Moisturizing Agents: Ingredients like glycerin, chamomile extract, or oatmeal are often
added to baby shampoo formulations to soothe and hydrate the scalp, preventing dryness
or irritation.
Fragrance: Baby shampoos may be fragrance-free or lightly scented with hypoallergenic
fragrances to minimize the risk of allergic reactions.
b. Baby Lotion:
Composition: Baby lotion is a gentle moisturizer formulated to hydrate and protect
delicate baby skin. It typically contains water, emollients, humectants, and sometimes
fragrance.
Emollients: Baby lotions use gentle emollients like petrolatum, mineral oil, or plant-based
oils (such as coconut oil or jojoba oil) to soften and smooth the skin, locking in moisture.
Humectants: Ingredients like glycerin or hyaluronic acid are added to baby lotion
formulations to attract and retain moisture, keeping the skin hydrated and supple.
Fragrance: Baby lotions may be fragrance-free or lightly scented with hypoallergenic
fragrances to minimize the risk of skin irritation or sensitization.
Baby product

c. Diaper Rash Cream:
Composition: Diaper rash cream is a soothing ointment or cream used
to treat and prevent diaper rash in babies. It typically contains a
combination of skin protectants, emollients, and soothing agents.
Skin Protectants: Ingredients like zinc oxide or petrolatum form a
protective barrier on the skin, shielding it from moisture and irritants
found in urine and feces.
Emollients: Diaper rash creams use gentle emollients like lanolin, shea
butter, or calendula oil to moisturize and soothe irritated skin,
promoting healing and comfort.
Soothing Agents: Ingredients like aloe vera, chamomile extract, or
colloidal oatmeal are added to diaper rash cream formulations to calm
inflammation, reduce redness, and relieve discomfort.
When choosing bath products, soaps, or baby products, it's essential to
consider factors such as skin sensitivity, allergies, and personal
preferences. Opting for products with gentle, hypoallergenic
formulations can help minimize the risk of adverse reactions and ensure
a safe and enjoyable bathing experience for both adults and babies alike.

1. Formulation:
Ingredients:
Water (purified/distilled)
Alcohol (such as vodka or grain alcohol)
Herbs, botanicals, or flavoring agents (e.g., herbs like chamomile, peppermint,
or lavender; fruits like citrus peels; spices like cinnamon or ginger)
Sweetener (optional, like honey or sugar)
Instructions:
1. Choose Herbs and Botanicals: Select herbs, botanicals, or flavoring agents
based on the desired flavor and therapeutic properties of the tonic.
Different herbs offer various health benefits, so choose ingredients that
align with your intended use.
2. Prepare Ingredients: Wash fresh herbs and botanicals thoroughly and dry
them completely. If using dried herbs, ensure they are of high quality and
free from contaminants.
Preparation and standardization
of the following : Tonic

3. Extract the Ingredients:
1. In a clean glass jar or container, combine the herbs and botanicals with alcohol.
The ratio of herbs to alcohol can vary based on personal preference and desired
potency, but a common ratio is around 1:4 (1 part herbs to 4 parts alcohol by
volume).
2. Ensure that the herbs are fully submerged in the alcohol to facilitate extraction.
3. Seal the jar tightly and store it in a cool, dark place for at least 2-4 weeks to allow
for maceration and extraction of the herbal constituents.
4. Strain the Mixture: After the maceration period, strain the mixture
through a fine-mesh sieve, cheesecloth, or coffee filter to remove the
solid plant material. Squeeze out any excess liquid from the herbs to
extract as much of the herbal infusion as possible.
5. Dilute and Sweeten (Optional):
6. If the tonic is too strong or concentrated, dilute it with an equal amount of
purified or distilled water to achieve the desired potency.
7. Add sweetener, if desired, to enhance the flavor of the tonic. Honey, sugar, or
stevia are commonly used sweeteners in herbal tonics. Start with a small amount
and adjust to taste.
8. Bottle and Store: Transfer the strained tonic into clean, sterilized glass
bottles or containers. Label the bottles with the date of preparation and
the ingredients used. Store the tonic in a cool, dark place away from
direct sunlight.

2. Standardization:
Standardization Process:
1. Quality Control: Ensure that all ingredients used in the tonic preparation are
of high quality, free from contaminants, and sourced from reputable suppliers.
This includes herbs, alcohol, water, and sweeteners.
2. Consistency in Formulation: Maintain consistency in the formulation by
using standardized recipes and carefully measuring ingredients. This helps
ensure that each batch of tonic has the same flavor profile, potency, and
therapeutic effects.
3. Testing and Adjustments: Regularly test the potency and quality of the tonic
through sensory evaluation and laboratory analysis, if applicable. Adjust the
formulation as needed to achieve the desired taste, strength, and effectiveness.
4. Documentation: Keep detailed records of the tonic preparation process,
including the ingredients used, batch numbers, dates of preparation, and any
adjustments made during the standardization process. This documentation
helps track the quality and consistency of the tonic over time.
5. Packaging and Labeling: Package the standardized tonic in uniform
containers with clear labeling that includes important information such as the
name of the tonic, ingredients, potency, instructions for use, and any relevant
warnings or precautions.

The preparation and standardization of bleaches, particularly for
household or industrial use, involve careful formulation and
quality control measures to ensure safety, effectiveness, and
consistency. Below is a general guide for preparing and
standardizing bleaches:
1. Formulation:
Ingredients:
Sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) solution: This is the active
ingredient in bleach, responsible for its disinfectant and
whitening properties.
Water: Used as a solvent to dilute the sodium hypochlorite
solution to the desired concentration.
Stabilizers and additives: These may include chemicals like
sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to stabilize the pH of the bleach
solution and prevent degradation of the active ingredient.
Preparation and standardization of
the following : Bleaches

 Instructions:
1. Calculate Concentration: Determine the desired concentration of the
bleach solution based on its intended use. For household bleach,
concentrations typically range from 5% to 8.25% sodium hypochlorite,
while industrial bleaches may have higher concentrations.
2. Measure Ingredients: Using appropriate safety gear (gloves, goggles, etc.),
measure the required amount of sodium hypochlorite solution and water
based on the desired concentration. Carefully follow safety guidelines and
handling instructions for working with sodium hypochlorite, as it is a
strong oxidizing agent and can cause skin and eye irritation.
3. Mixing: In a well-ventilated area, pour the measured amount of sodium
hypochlorite solution into a clean, non-reactive container (such as a plastic
or glass container). Gradually add the calculated amount of water while
stirring continuously to ensure thorough mixing and uniform distribution
of the bleach solution.
4. Stabilization (Optional): If needed, add stabilizers or pH-adjusting agents
like sodium hydroxide to the bleach solution to maintain its stability and
effectiveness over time. Stabilizers help prevent the degradation of the
sodium hypochlorite, prolonging the shelf life of the bleach.
5. Testing: Once the bleach solution is prepared, perform quality control
tests to verify its concentration and effectiveness. Use appropriate testing
methods and equipment to measure the concentration of sodium
hypochlorite (such as titration with standardized reagents) and ensure it
meets the desired specifications.

2. Standardization:
Standardization Process:
1. Quality Control: Ensure that all raw materials used in the preparation of bleach,
including sodium hypochlorite solution and water, meet quality standards and
specifications. Conduct regular inspections and testing of raw materials to detect
any impurities or deviations from quality standards.
2. Consistency in Formulation: Maintain consistency in the formulation of bleach by
following standardized recipes and procedures for preparation. Use calibrated
measuring equipment and precise measurements to ensure accurate mixing of
ingredients and achieve the desired concentration of the bleach solution.
3. Testing and Verification: Implement regular testing and verification procedures to
monitor the quality and effectiveness of the bleach solution. This may include
testing the concentration of sodium hypochlorite, pH levels, stability, and
disinfectant efficacy through laboratory analysis and on-site testing.
4. Documentation: Keep detailed records of the bleach preparation process, including
the formulation, batch numbers, dates of preparation, testing results, and any
corrective actions taken. This documentation helps track the quality and consistency
of the bleach over time and facilitates traceability in case of quality issues or product
recalls.
5. Packaging and Labeling: Package the standardized bleach solution in appropriate
containers that provide protection against light, moisture, and contamination.
Clearly label the containers with important information such as the product name,
concentration of sodium hypochlorite, instructions for use, safety precautions, and
handling instructions.

1. Dentifrices (Toothpaste):
Ingredients:
1. Abrasives: Calcium carbonate, hydrated silica, or baking soda are
commonly used abrasives that help remove plaque and stains from the
teeth.
2. Binders and Thickeners: Glycerin, carboxymethylcellulose, or xanthan
gum are used to give toothpaste its texture and consistency.
3. Fluoride: Sodium fluoride or sodium monofluorophosphate is added
to strengthen tooth enamel and prevent tooth decay.
4. Flavoring Agents: Peppermint, spearmint, or other flavoring agents
are added to give toothpaste a pleasant taste.
5. Sweeteners: Saccharin or sorbitol may be used to sweeten toothpaste.
6. Preservatives: Antimicrobial agents like sodium benzoate or parabens
may be added to prevent microbial growth.
7. Humectants: These help retain moisture in the toothpaste and prevent
it from drying out.
Preparation and standardization of the
following : Dentifrices and Mouthwashes.

 Preparation:
1. Weigh and Mix Ingredients: Measure and mix the dry
ingredients (abrasives, binders, fluoride) in a clean
mixing vessel.
2. Add Liquids: Slowly add the liquid ingredients
(flavoring agents, sweeteners, preservatives) while
stirring continuously to ensure uniform distribution.
3. Adjust Consistency: Adjust the consistency of the
toothpaste by adding more thickener or humectant if
needed.
4. Test pH: Check the pH of the toothpaste to ensure it is
within the acceptable range (usually around 6.5 to 8.5).
5. Package: Fill the toothpaste into clean, sterile tubes or
containers. Seal the containers tightly to prevent
contamination.

 Standardization:
1. Quality Control: Ensure that all raw materials used in the
preparation of toothpaste meet quality standards and
specifications. Perform quality control tests on ingredients to
verify purity and potency.
2. Consistency in Formulation: Follow standardized recipes and
procedures for toothpaste preparation to ensure consistency in
quality and effectiveness.
3. Testing and Verification: Conduct regular testing of the
finished toothpaste for fluoride content, pH, texture, and
flavor to ensure it meets quality standards. Use appropriate
testing methods and equipment.
4. Documentation: Keep detailed records of the toothpaste
preparation process, including formulation, batch numbers,
testing results, and any corrective actions taken.
5. Packaging and Labeling: Package the standardized
toothpaste in appropriate containers and label them with
important information such as the product name, fluoride
content, expiration date, and usage instructions.

2. Mouthwashes:
Ingredients:
1. Antimicrobial Agents: Chlorhexidine, cetylpyridinium
chloride, or essential oils (such as tea tree oil or eucalyptus
oil) are added to kill bacteria and prevent plaque buildup.
2. Flavoring Agents: Menthol, eucalyptol, or other flavoring
agents are used to give mouthwash a pleasant taste.
3. Humectants: Glycerin or sorbitol helps retain moisture in
the mouthwash.
4. Preservatives: Sodium benzoate or methylparaben may be
added to prevent microbial growth.
5. Colorants: Optional colorants may be added for aesthetic
purposes.
6. Water: Used as a solvent to dissolve other ingredients and
form the base of the mouthwash.

Preparation:
1. Dissolve Ingredients: Dissolve antimicrobial
agents, flavoring agents, humectants, and
preservatives in water in a clean mixing vessel.
2. Adjust pH: Check the pH of the mouthwash
and adjust if necessary to ensure it is within the
acceptable range (usually around 4.5 to 7.0).
3. Test Flavor: Taste the mouthwash to ensure it
has the desired flavor and strength.
4. Package: Fill the mouthwash into clean, sterile
bottles or containers. Seal the containers tightly
to prevent contamination.

 Standardization:
1. Quality Control: Ensure that all raw materials used in the
preparation of mouthwash meet quality standards and
specifications. Perform quality control tests on ingredients to verify
purity and potency.
2. Consistency in Formulation: Follow standardized recipes and
procedures for mouthwash preparation to ensure consistency in
quality and effectiveness.
3. Testing and Verification: Conduct regular testing of the finished
mouthwash for antimicrobial efficacy, pH, flavor, and color to
ensure it meets quality standards. Use appropriate testing methods
and equipment.
4. Documentation: Keep detailed records of the mouthwash
preparation process, including formulation, batch numbers, testing
results, and any corrective actions taken.
5. Packaging and Labeling: Package the standardized mouthwash in
appropriate containers and label them with important information
such as the product name, expiration date, usage instructions, and
any warnings or precautions.

1. Nail Polish:
Ingredients:
Nitrocellulose: A film-forming agent that provides the nail polish with its smooth, durable
finish.
Solvents: Ethyl acetate, butyl acetate, or toluene are used as solvents to dissolve the
nitrocellulose and other ingredients and help the polish apply smoothly.
Plasticizers: Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) or camphor may be added to make the nail polish
more flexible and less prone to chipping.
Pigments and Colorants: Various pigments and colorants are used to give the nail polish its
color and opacity.
Resins: Resins like epoxy resins or acrylic resins may be added to improve adhesion and
durability.
Film Formers: Additional film-forming agents may be included to enhance the nail polish's
durability and resistance to chipping.
UV Absorbers: UV absorbers like benzophenone may be added to protect the nail polish
from UV radiation and prevent color fading.
Glossifiers: Glossifiers like mica or silica may be added to give the nail polish a shiny
finish.
Stabilizers and Antioxidants: These are added to prevent oxidation and degradation of the
nail polish ingredients.
Preparation and standardization of the
following : Cosmetics for Nails.

 Preparation:
1. Weigh and Mix Ingredients: Measure and mix the dry ingredients
(nitrocellulose, pigments, resins) in a clean mixing vessel.
2. Dissolve Ingredients: Dissolve the nitrocellulose and other
ingredients in solvents in a separate container.
3. Combine Mixtures: Gradually add the dry mixture to the solvent
mixture while stirring continuously to ensure thorough mixing.
4. Adjust Consistency: Adjust the consistency of the nail polish by
adding more solvents or thickeners if needed.
5. Test Color and Opacity: Test the color and opacity of the nail
polish by applying it to a test surface (such as a nail wheel) and
evaluating the coverage and appearance.
6. Filter: Pass the nail polish mixture through a fine-mesh sieve or
filter to remove any impurities or lumps.
7. Package: Fill the nail polish into clean, sterile bottles or containers.
Seal the containers tightly to prevent evaporation and
contamination.

 Standardization:
1. Quality Control: Ensure that all raw materials used in the
preparation of nail polish meet quality standards and specifications.
Perform quality control tests on ingredients to verify purity and
potency.
2. Consistency in Formulation: Follow standardized recipes and
procedures for nail polish preparation to ensure consistency in
quality and appearance.
3. Testing and Verification: Conduct regular testing of the finished
nail polish for color, opacity, texture, and drying time to ensure it
meets quality standards. Use appropriate testing methods and
equipment.
4. Documentation: Keep detailed records of the nail polish
preparation process, including formulation, batch numbers, testing
results, and any corrective actions taken.
5. Packaging and Labeling: Package the standardized nail polish in
appropriate containers and label them with important information
such as the product name, color, expiration date, usage instructions,
and any warnings or precautions.

Thank You.

More Related Content

What's hot

ADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT2, PCG SEM2 NOTES.pptx
ADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT2, PCG SEM2 NOTES.pptxADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT2, PCG SEM2 NOTES.pptx
ADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT2, PCG SEM2 NOTES.pptx
Prithivirajan Senthilkumar
 
ADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT1, PCG SEM2.pptx
ADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT1, PCG SEM2.pptxADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT1, PCG SEM2.pptx
ADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT1, PCG SEM2.pptx
Prithivirajan Senthilkumar
 
Tkdl, geographical indicaton bill, government bills
Tkdl, geographical indicaton bill, government billsTkdl, geographical indicaton bill, government bills
Tkdl, geographical indicaton bill, government bills
Vishwajeet Upadhye
 
Shelf Life of Indian System of Medicine (ISM).pptx
Shelf Life of Indian System of Medicine (ISM).pptxShelf Life of Indian System of Medicine (ISM).pptx
Shelf Life of Indian System of Medicine (ISM).pptx
Chhavi Singh
 
Herbal Cosmectics- Durgashree Diwakar
Herbal Cosmectics- Durgashree DiwakarHerbal Cosmectics- Durgashree Diwakar
Herbal Cosmectics- Durgashree Diwakar
Durgashree Diwakar
 
Analytical profiling of herbal drugs
Analytical profiling of herbal drugsAnalytical profiling of herbal drugs
Analytical profiling of herbal drugs
Zuli Shingala
 
MEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptx
MEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptxMEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptx
MEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptx
Prithivirajan Senthilkumar
 
COSMECEUTICAL OF HERBAL AND NATURAL ORIGIN
COSMECEUTICAL OF HERBAL AND NATURAL ORIGINCOSMECEUTICAL OF HERBAL AND NATURAL ORIGIN
COSMECEUTICAL OF HERBAL AND NATURAL ORIGIN
Pooja Suridia
 
Diff Tissue Culture Tech- Durgashree Diwakar
Diff Tissue Culture Tech- Durgashree DiwakarDiff Tissue Culture Tech- Durgashree Diwakar
Diff Tissue Culture Tech- Durgashree Diwakar
Durgashree Diwakar
 
Herbal Remedies- Durgashree Diwakar
Herbal Remedies- Durgashree Diwakar Herbal Remedies- Durgashree Diwakar
Herbal Remedies- Durgashree Diwakar
Durgashree Diwakar
 
Ethnobotany & Ethnopharmacology.pptx
Ethnobotany & Ethnopharmacology.pptxEthnobotany & Ethnopharmacology.pptx
Ethnobotany & Ethnopharmacology.pptx
AishwaryaPhutane2
 
HERBAL COSMETICS UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptx
HERBAL COSMETICS UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptxHERBAL COSMETICS UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptx
HERBAL COSMETICS UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptx
Prithivirajan Senthilkumar
 
Regulatory Asspects
 Regulatory Asspects Regulatory Asspects
Analytical profile of medicinal plant by Puja Ghosh
Analytical profile of medicinal plant by Puja GhoshAnalytical profile of medicinal plant by Puja Ghosh
Analytical profile of medicinal plant by Puja Ghosh
Puja Ghosh
 
Structure elucidation phyto .pptx
Structure elucidation phyto .pptxStructure elucidation phyto .pptx
Structure elucidation phyto .pptx
AishwaryaPhutane2
 
Plants drug cultivation(Pharmacognosy)
Plants drug cultivation(Pharmacognosy)Plants drug cultivation(Pharmacognosy)
Plants drug cultivation(Pharmacognosy)
poojabhave3
 
Recent advances in marine drugs
Recent advances in marine drugsRecent advances in marine drugs
Recent advances in marine drugs
VarshaSrivastav
 
Naturopathy, yoga & aromatherapy practices.pptx
Naturopathy, yoga & aromatherapy practices.pptxNaturopathy, yoga & aromatherapy practices.pptx
Naturopathy, yoga & aromatherapy practices.pptx
AishwaryaPhutane2
 
MEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 2, MPG, SEM 2.pptx
MEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 2, MPG, SEM 2.pptxMEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 2, MPG, SEM 2.pptx
MEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 2, MPG, SEM 2.pptx
Prithivirajan Senthilkumar
 
Phytopharmaceuticals- Durgashree Diwakar
Phytopharmaceuticals- Durgashree DiwakarPhytopharmaceuticals- Durgashree Diwakar
Phytopharmaceuticals- Durgashree Diwakar
Durgashree Diwakar
 

What's hot (20)

ADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT2, PCG SEM2 NOTES.pptx
ADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT2, PCG SEM2 NOTES.pptxADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT2, PCG SEM2 NOTES.pptx
ADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT2, PCG SEM2 NOTES.pptx
 
ADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT1, PCG SEM2.pptx
ADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT1, PCG SEM2.pptxADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT1, PCG SEM2.pptx
ADVANCE PHARMACOGNOSY 2, UNIT1, PCG SEM2.pptx
 
Tkdl, geographical indicaton bill, government bills
Tkdl, geographical indicaton bill, government billsTkdl, geographical indicaton bill, government bills
Tkdl, geographical indicaton bill, government bills
 
Shelf Life of Indian System of Medicine (ISM).pptx
Shelf Life of Indian System of Medicine (ISM).pptxShelf Life of Indian System of Medicine (ISM).pptx
Shelf Life of Indian System of Medicine (ISM).pptx
 
Herbal Cosmectics- Durgashree Diwakar
Herbal Cosmectics- Durgashree DiwakarHerbal Cosmectics- Durgashree Diwakar
Herbal Cosmectics- Durgashree Diwakar
 
Analytical profiling of herbal drugs
Analytical profiling of herbal drugsAnalytical profiling of herbal drugs
Analytical profiling of herbal drugs
 
MEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptx
MEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptxMEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptx
MEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptx
 
COSMECEUTICAL OF HERBAL AND NATURAL ORIGIN
COSMECEUTICAL OF HERBAL AND NATURAL ORIGINCOSMECEUTICAL OF HERBAL AND NATURAL ORIGIN
COSMECEUTICAL OF HERBAL AND NATURAL ORIGIN
 
Diff Tissue Culture Tech- Durgashree Diwakar
Diff Tissue Culture Tech- Durgashree DiwakarDiff Tissue Culture Tech- Durgashree Diwakar
Diff Tissue Culture Tech- Durgashree Diwakar
 
Herbal Remedies- Durgashree Diwakar
Herbal Remedies- Durgashree Diwakar Herbal Remedies- Durgashree Diwakar
Herbal Remedies- Durgashree Diwakar
 
Ethnobotany & Ethnopharmacology.pptx
Ethnobotany & Ethnopharmacology.pptxEthnobotany & Ethnopharmacology.pptx
Ethnobotany & Ethnopharmacology.pptx
 
HERBAL COSMETICS UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptx
HERBAL COSMETICS UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptxHERBAL COSMETICS UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptx
HERBAL COSMETICS UNIT 1, PCG SEM 2.pptx
 
Regulatory Asspects
 Regulatory Asspects Regulatory Asspects
Regulatory Asspects
 
Analytical profile of medicinal plant by Puja Ghosh
Analytical profile of medicinal plant by Puja GhoshAnalytical profile of medicinal plant by Puja Ghosh
Analytical profile of medicinal plant by Puja Ghosh
 
Structure elucidation phyto .pptx
Structure elucidation phyto .pptxStructure elucidation phyto .pptx
Structure elucidation phyto .pptx
 
Plants drug cultivation(Pharmacognosy)
Plants drug cultivation(Pharmacognosy)Plants drug cultivation(Pharmacognosy)
Plants drug cultivation(Pharmacognosy)
 
Recent advances in marine drugs
Recent advances in marine drugsRecent advances in marine drugs
Recent advances in marine drugs
 
Naturopathy, yoga & aromatherapy practices.pptx
Naturopathy, yoga & aromatherapy practices.pptxNaturopathy, yoga & aromatherapy practices.pptx
Naturopathy, yoga & aromatherapy practices.pptx
 
MEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 2, MPG, SEM 2.pptx
MEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 2, MPG, SEM 2.pptxMEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 2, MPG, SEM 2.pptx
MEDICINAL PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT 2, MPG, SEM 2.pptx
 
Phytopharmaceuticals- Durgashree Diwakar
Phytopharmaceuticals- Durgashree DiwakarPhytopharmaceuticals- Durgashree Diwakar
Phytopharmaceuticals- Durgashree Diwakar
 

Similar to Types of Herbal Cosmetics its standardization.

Skin
SkinSkin
COSMETICS 1.pptx
COSMETICS 1.pptxCOSMETICS 1.pptx
COSMETICS 1.pptx
SathishKumar252021
 
lecture 3 integument.ppt
lecture 3 integument.pptlecture 3 integument.ppt
lecture 3 integument.ppt
WILLIAMSADU1
 
Biological aspects of skin cosmetics
Biological aspects of skin cosmeticsBiological aspects of skin cosmetics
Biological aspects of skin cosmetics
Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research
 
cosmetics
cosmeticscosmetics
cosmetics
mounrafayel
 
Flax Spa - Rejuvenation of Skin, Hair and Nails
Flax Spa - Rejuvenation of Skin, Hair and Nails Flax Spa - Rejuvenation of Skin, Hair and Nails
Flax Spa - Rejuvenation of Skin, Hair and Nails
Om Verma
 
PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN AND COSMETICS
PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN AND COSMETICS PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN AND COSMETICS
PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN AND COSMETICS
yudhishthir singh
 
Skin .pptx
Skin .pptxSkin .pptx
Skin .pptx
Pavan Jagtap
 
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN.pptx
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN.pptxANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN.pptx
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN.pptx
DINESH SINGH
 
Cosmetic Science- Hair and Skin
Cosmetic Science- Hair and SkinCosmetic Science- Hair and Skin
Cosmetic Science- Hair and Skin
Maruthi.N
 
2. Integumentary system .ppt
2. Integumentary system .ppt2. Integumentary system .ppt
2. Integumentary system .ppt
TigabuAgmas1
 
Anatomy of skin
Anatomy of skinAnatomy of skin
Anatomy of skin
A Y
 
Cosmetics - Biological Aspects.
Cosmetics - Biological Aspects.Cosmetics - Biological Aspects.
Cosmetics - Biological Aspects.
SarangDalvi
 
cosmetics and cosmeticals [department of pharmaceutics]
cosmetics and cosmeticals [department of pharmaceutics]cosmetics and cosmeticals [department of pharmaceutics]
cosmetics and cosmeticals [department of pharmaceutics]
Shikha Popali
 
Integumentary sytem .pdf
Integumentary sytem .pdfIntegumentary sytem .pdf
Integumentary sytem .pdf
Raghda ALKhateeb
 
Dry skin, acne, sun protection address
Dry skin, acne, sun protection addressDry skin, acne, sun protection address
Dry skin, acne, sun protection address
Mohammad Shadab Riyaz
 
dryskinacnesunprotection-180811065611.pdf
dryskinacnesunprotection-180811065611.pdfdryskinacnesunprotection-180811065611.pdf
dryskinacnesunprotection-180811065611.pdf
ssuserb0d07a1
 
Lecture 7 the integumentary system
Lecture 7 the integumentary systemLecture 7 the integumentary system
Lecture 7 the integumentary system
BilalHoushaymi
 
Skin anatomy & physiology for ayush students
Skin anatomy & physiology for ayush studentsSkin anatomy & physiology for ayush students
Skin anatomy & physiology for ayush students
Dr.arun Naragund
 
PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF THE POLY HERBAL ANTI-AGEING CREAM
PREPARATION AND  CHARACTERIZATION OF THE POLY HERBAL  ANTI-AGEING CREAMPREPARATION AND  CHARACTERIZATION OF THE POLY HERBAL  ANTI-AGEING CREAM
PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF THE POLY HERBAL ANTI-AGEING CREAM
Avinash More
 

Similar to Types of Herbal Cosmetics its standardization. (20)

Skin
SkinSkin
Skin
 
COSMETICS 1.pptx
COSMETICS 1.pptxCOSMETICS 1.pptx
COSMETICS 1.pptx
 
lecture 3 integument.ppt
lecture 3 integument.pptlecture 3 integument.ppt
lecture 3 integument.ppt
 
Biological aspects of skin cosmetics
Biological aspects of skin cosmeticsBiological aspects of skin cosmetics
Biological aspects of skin cosmetics
 
cosmetics
cosmeticscosmetics
cosmetics
 
Flax Spa - Rejuvenation of Skin, Hair and Nails
Flax Spa - Rejuvenation of Skin, Hair and Nails Flax Spa - Rejuvenation of Skin, Hair and Nails
Flax Spa - Rejuvenation of Skin, Hair and Nails
 
PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN AND COSMETICS
PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN AND COSMETICS PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN AND COSMETICS
PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN AND COSMETICS
 
Skin .pptx
Skin .pptxSkin .pptx
Skin .pptx
 
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN.pptx
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN.pptxANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN.pptx
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIN.pptx
 
Cosmetic Science- Hair and Skin
Cosmetic Science- Hair and SkinCosmetic Science- Hair and Skin
Cosmetic Science- Hair and Skin
 
2. Integumentary system .ppt
2. Integumentary system .ppt2. Integumentary system .ppt
2. Integumentary system .ppt
 
Anatomy of skin
Anatomy of skinAnatomy of skin
Anatomy of skin
 
Cosmetics - Biological Aspects.
Cosmetics - Biological Aspects.Cosmetics - Biological Aspects.
Cosmetics - Biological Aspects.
 
cosmetics and cosmeticals [department of pharmaceutics]
cosmetics and cosmeticals [department of pharmaceutics]cosmetics and cosmeticals [department of pharmaceutics]
cosmetics and cosmeticals [department of pharmaceutics]
 
Integumentary sytem .pdf
Integumentary sytem .pdfIntegumentary sytem .pdf
Integumentary sytem .pdf
 
Dry skin, acne, sun protection address
Dry skin, acne, sun protection addressDry skin, acne, sun protection address
Dry skin, acne, sun protection address
 
dryskinacnesunprotection-180811065611.pdf
dryskinacnesunprotection-180811065611.pdfdryskinacnesunprotection-180811065611.pdf
dryskinacnesunprotection-180811065611.pdf
 
Lecture 7 the integumentary system
Lecture 7 the integumentary systemLecture 7 the integumentary system
Lecture 7 the integumentary system
 
Skin anatomy & physiology for ayush students
Skin anatomy & physiology for ayush studentsSkin anatomy & physiology for ayush students
Skin anatomy & physiology for ayush students
 
PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF THE POLY HERBAL ANTI-AGEING CREAM
PREPARATION AND  CHARACTERIZATION OF THE POLY HERBAL  ANTI-AGEING CREAMPREPARATION AND  CHARACTERIZATION OF THE POLY HERBAL  ANTI-AGEING CREAM
PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF THE POLY HERBAL ANTI-AGEING CREAM
 

More from Ashokrao Mane college of Pharmacy Peth-Vadgaon

Raw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptx
Raw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptxRaw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptx
Raw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptx
Ashokrao Mane college of Pharmacy Peth-Vadgaon
 
Adulteration and Deterioration, Adulteration/ Substitution of Herbal drugs, C...
Adulteration and Deterioration, Adulteration/ Substitution of Herbal drugs, C...Adulteration and Deterioration, Adulteration/ Substitution of Herbal drugs, C...
Adulteration and Deterioration, Adulteration/ Substitution of Herbal drugs, C...
Ashokrao Mane college of Pharmacy Peth-Vadgaon
 
Plant Metabolites and Introduction to Primary Metabolites and Secondary Meta...
Plant Metabolites and  Introduction to Primary Metabolites and Secondary Meta...Plant Metabolites and  Introduction to Primary Metabolites and Secondary Meta...
Plant Metabolites and Introduction to Primary Metabolites and Secondary Meta...
Ashokrao Mane college of Pharmacy Peth-Vadgaon
 
Herbal Cosmetics , Industries involved in the production of Herbal/natural co...
Herbal Cosmetics , Industries involved in the production of Herbal/natural co...Herbal Cosmetics , Industries involved in the production of Herbal/natural co...
Herbal Cosmetics , Industries involved in the production of Herbal/natural co...
Ashokrao Mane college of Pharmacy Peth-Vadgaon
 
Herbal Remedies : Toxicity and Regulations.
Herbal Remedies : Toxicity and Regulations.Herbal Remedies : Toxicity and Regulations.
Herbal Remedies : Toxicity and Regulations.
Ashokrao Mane college of Pharmacy Peth-Vadgaon
 
Pharmacovigilance of Natural Drugs.
Pharmacovigilance of Natural Drugs.Pharmacovigilance of Natural Drugs.
Pharmacovigilance of Natural Drugs.
Ashokrao Mane college of Pharmacy Peth-Vadgaon
 
Phytopharmaceuticals
PhytopharmaceuticalsPhytopharmaceuticals
Testing of Herbals.
Testing of Herbals.Testing of Herbals.
Patents
PatentsPatents
Monographs of Herbals.
Monographs of Herbals.Monographs of Herbals.
Topic: Nutraceuticals.
 Topic: Nutraceuticals. Topic: Nutraceuticals.
Topic: Herbal Drug Industry
 Topic: Herbal Drug Industry  Topic: Herbal Drug Industry
Topic: Herbal Drug Industry
Ashokrao Mane college of Pharmacy Peth-Vadgaon
 
Marine Pharmacognosy.
Marine Pharmacognosy.Marine Pharmacognosy.
Plant Drug Cultivation
Plant Drug CultivationPlant Drug Cultivation
Estimation and Utilization Phytoconstituents.
 Estimation and Utilization Phytoconstituents. Estimation and Utilization Phytoconstituents.
Estimation and Utilization Phytoconstituents.
Ashokrao Mane college of Pharmacy Peth-Vadgaon
 
Basics of Phytochemistry
Basics of PhytochemistryBasics of Phytochemistry
Isolation and identification, Analysis of Phytoconstituents
Isolation and identification, Analysis of PhytoconstituentsIsolation and identification, Analysis of Phytoconstituents
Isolation and identification, Analysis of Phytoconstituents
Ashokrao Mane college of Pharmacy Peth-Vadgaon
 
Introduction to Secondary Metabolites
Introduction to Secondary MetabolitesIntroduction to Secondary Metabolites
Introduction to Secondary Metabolites
Ashokrao Mane college of Pharmacy Peth-Vadgaon
 
Metabolic Pathways
Metabolic PathwaysMetabolic Pathways
Herbal Drug Technology Unit 5
Herbal Drug Technology Unit 5Herbal Drug Technology Unit 5
Herbal Drug Technology Unit 5
Ashokrao Mane college of Pharmacy Peth-Vadgaon
 

More from Ashokrao Mane college of Pharmacy Peth-Vadgaon (20)

Raw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptx
Raw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptxRaw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptx
Raw materials used in Herbal Cosmetics.pptx
 
Adulteration and Deterioration, Adulteration/ Substitution of Herbal drugs, C...
Adulteration and Deterioration, Adulteration/ Substitution of Herbal drugs, C...Adulteration and Deterioration, Adulteration/ Substitution of Herbal drugs, C...
Adulteration and Deterioration, Adulteration/ Substitution of Herbal drugs, C...
 
Plant Metabolites and Introduction to Primary Metabolites and Secondary Meta...
Plant Metabolites and  Introduction to Primary Metabolites and Secondary Meta...Plant Metabolites and  Introduction to Primary Metabolites and Secondary Meta...
Plant Metabolites and Introduction to Primary Metabolites and Secondary Meta...
 
Herbal Cosmetics , Industries involved in the production of Herbal/natural co...
Herbal Cosmetics , Industries involved in the production of Herbal/natural co...Herbal Cosmetics , Industries involved in the production of Herbal/natural co...
Herbal Cosmetics , Industries involved in the production of Herbal/natural co...
 
Herbal Remedies : Toxicity and Regulations.
Herbal Remedies : Toxicity and Regulations.Herbal Remedies : Toxicity and Regulations.
Herbal Remedies : Toxicity and Regulations.
 
Pharmacovigilance of Natural Drugs.
Pharmacovigilance of Natural Drugs.Pharmacovigilance of Natural Drugs.
Pharmacovigilance of Natural Drugs.
 
Phytopharmaceuticals
PhytopharmaceuticalsPhytopharmaceuticals
Phytopharmaceuticals
 
Testing of Herbals.
Testing of Herbals.Testing of Herbals.
Testing of Herbals.
 
Patents
PatentsPatents
Patents
 
Monographs of Herbals.
Monographs of Herbals.Monographs of Herbals.
Monographs of Herbals.
 
Topic: Nutraceuticals.
 Topic: Nutraceuticals. Topic: Nutraceuticals.
Topic: Nutraceuticals.
 
Topic: Herbal Drug Industry
 Topic: Herbal Drug Industry  Topic: Herbal Drug Industry
Topic: Herbal Drug Industry
 
Marine Pharmacognosy.
Marine Pharmacognosy.Marine Pharmacognosy.
Marine Pharmacognosy.
 
Plant Drug Cultivation
Plant Drug CultivationPlant Drug Cultivation
Plant Drug Cultivation
 
Estimation and Utilization Phytoconstituents.
 Estimation and Utilization Phytoconstituents. Estimation and Utilization Phytoconstituents.
Estimation and Utilization Phytoconstituents.
 
Basics of Phytochemistry
Basics of PhytochemistryBasics of Phytochemistry
Basics of Phytochemistry
 
Isolation and identification, Analysis of Phytoconstituents
Isolation and identification, Analysis of PhytoconstituentsIsolation and identification, Analysis of Phytoconstituents
Isolation and identification, Analysis of Phytoconstituents
 
Introduction to Secondary Metabolites
Introduction to Secondary MetabolitesIntroduction to Secondary Metabolites
Introduction to Secondary Metabolites
 
Metabolic Pathways
Metabolic PathwaysMetabolic Pathways
Metabolic Pathways
 
Herbal Drug Technology Unit 5
Herbal Drug Technology Unit 5Herbal Drug Technology Unit 5
Herbal Drug Technology Unit 5
 

Recently uploaded

Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal HygieneEdukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
MJDuyan
 
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
Celine George
 
Split Shifts From Gantt View in the Odoo 17
Split Shifts From Gantt View in the  Odoo 17Split Shifts From Gantt View in the  Odoo 17
Split Shifts From Gantt View in the Odoo 17
Celine George
 
National Learning Camp Grade 7 ENGLISH 7-LESSON 7.pptx
National Learning Camp Grade 7 ENGLISH 7-LESSON 7.pptxNational Learning Camp Grade 7 ENGLISH 7-LESSON 7.pptx
National Learning Camp Grade 7 ENGLISH 7-LESSON 7.pptx
EdsNatividad
 
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional SkillsWebinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
EduSkills OECD
 
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptxKesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
artenzmartenkai
 
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
NurFitriah45
 
Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?
Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?
Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?
Rakesh Jalan
 
Views in Odoo - Advanced Views - Pivot View in Odoo 17
Views in Odoo - Advanced Views - Pivot View in Odoo 17Views in Odoo - Advanced Views - Pivot View in Odoo 17
Views in Odoo - Advanced Views - Pivot View in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDFCTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
hammadmughal76316
 
Imagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science ResearchImagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science Research
Abhik Roychoudhury
 
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Murugan Solaiyappan
 
OS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptx
OS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptxOS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptx
OS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptx
bipin95
 
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
DrRavindrakshirsagar1
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptxBRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
kambal1234567890
 
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 WebsiteHow to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
Celine George
 
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
KlettWorldLanguages
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal HygieneEdukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
 
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
 
Split Shifts From Gantt View in the Odoo 17
Split Shifts From Gantt View in the  Odoo 17Split Shifts From Gantt View in the  Odoo 17
Split Shifts From Gantt View in the Odoo 17
 
National Learning Camp Grade 7 ENGLISH 7-LESSON 7.pptx
National Learning Camp Grade 7 ENGLISH 7-LESSON 7.pptxNational Learning Camp Grade 7 ENGLISH 7-LESSON 7.pptx
National Learning Camp Grade 7 ENGLISH 7-LESSON 7.pptx
 
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
 
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional SkillsWebinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
 
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptxKesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
 
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
 
Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?
Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?
Is Email Marketing Really Effective In 2024?
 
Views in Odoo - Advanced Views - Pivot View in Odoo 17
Views in Odoo - Advanced Views - Pivot View in Odoo 17Views in Odoo - Advanced Views - Pivot View in Odoo 17
Views in Odoo - Advanced Views - Pivot View in Odoo 17
 
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDFCTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
 
Imagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science ResearchImagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science Research
 
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
 
OS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptx
OS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptxOS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptx
OS ticketing tool: Troubleshooting Guide for DIKSHA’s concern.pptx
 
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
 
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
 
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptxBRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
 
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 WebsiteHow to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
 
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
 

Types of Herbal Cosmetics its standardization.

  • 1. Presented by- Mrs. Poonam Nilesh Chougule Associate Professor HOD PG Pharmacognosy Dept. AMCP M. Pharm Pharmacognosy Sem II
  • 2.  Herbal Cosmetics : 1. Physiology and chemistry of skin and pigmentation, hairs, scalp, lips and nail, Cleansing cream, Lotions, Face powders, Face packs, Lipsticks, Bath products, soaps and baby product, 2. Preparation and standardization of the following : Tonic, Bleaches, Dentifrices and Mouth washes & Tooth Pastes, Cosmetics for Nails. Content
  • 3.   Herbal cosmetics harness the power of natural plant extracts and bioactive compounds to enhance skin and hair health. These products are favored for their minimal side effects and multifaceted benefits, such as moisturizing, anti-aging, acne treatment, and hair growth stimulation. Key ingredients like aloe vera, green tea, and tea tree oil interact with the body's physiology to hydrate, protect against oxidative stress, reduce inflammation, and combat microbial infections. By leveraging the therapeutic properties of herbs, these cosmetics offer a holistic approach to beauty and wellness, aligning with the growing preference for natural and sustainable skincare solutions. Introduction
  • 4.   Herbal cosmetics have gained popularity due to their perceived benefits and minimal side effects compared to synthetic products. They utilize various plant extracts and natural ingredients to enhance the skin, hair, and overall appearance.  Skin Physiology and Herbal Ingredients 1. Moisturizers: 1. Aloe Vera: Contains vitamins, minerals, enzymes, and amino acids. It hydrates the skin by increasing water content and maintaining the epidermal barrier. 2. Shea Butter: Rich in fatty acids and vitamins A and E, it deeply moisturizes and repairs the skin barrier. 2. Anti-aging Products: 1. Green Tea Extract: Contains polyphenols, which have antioxidant properties that combat free radicals and reduce the signs of aging. 2. Ginseng: Known for its anti-aging properties, it improves collagen synthesis, thereby enhancing skin elasticity.
  • 5.  3. Acne Treatment: • Tea Tree Oil: Contains terpenoids that exhibit antimicrobial properties, helping to reduce acne- causing bacteria. • Neem: Has antibacterial, antifungal, and anti- inflammatory properties, making it effective against acne. 4. Skin Brightening: • Turmeric: Contains curcumin, which has anti- inflammatory and antioxidant properties, aiding in skin brightening and evening out the skin tone. • Licorice Extract: Contains glabridin, which inhibits melanin production, thus helping in reducing hyperpigmentation.
  • 6.   Hair Physiology and Herbal Ingredients 1. Hair Growth: 1. Bhringraj: Known to improve blood circulation to the scalp and strengthen hair follicles, promoting hair growth. 2. Amla (Indian Gooseberry): Rich in vitamin C and antioxidants, it strengthens hair and prevents premature greying. 2. Dandruff Treatment: 1. Tea Tree Oil: Has antifungal properties that help in reducing dandruff-causing fungi. 2. Fenugreek: Contains nicotinic acid and proteins, which help in treating dandruff and promoting a healthy scalp. 3. Conditioners: 1. Coconut Oil: Rich in lauric acid, it penetrates the hair shaft to provide deep conditioning and reduce protein loss. 2. Hibiscus: Contains amino acids that nourish the hair, strengthen the roots, and keep the hair smooth and shiny.
  • 7.  Herbal cosmetics work primarily through their bioactive compounds, which interact with the skin and hair at various levels: • Hydration and Moisture Retention: Ingredients like aloe vera and shea butter help maintain the skin’s moisture balance by forming a protective barrier that prevents water loss. • Antioxidant Activity: Many herbs contain antioxidants that neutralize free radicals, preventing oxidative stress and damage to skin and hair cells. • Anti-inflammatory Effects: Compounds like curcumin and tea tree oil reduce inflammation, which is a common cause of skin issues like acne and irritation. • Antimicrobial Properties: Ingredients such as neem and tea tree oil possess antimicrobial properties that help in treating infections and maintaining healthy skin and scalp. Physiological Mechanisms
  • 8.   The chemistry of skin involves a complex interplay of various molecules and compounds. The skin is composed of three main layers: the epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis. The epidermis, rich in keratinocytes, provides a protective barrier and contains lipids that prevent water loss. The dermis houses collagen and elastin, giving skin its strength and elasticity. Skin chemistry also involves melanin for pigmentation and sebaceous glands producing sebum to lubricate the skin. Additionally, the skin's acid mantle, a thin film of sebum and sweat, maintains a slightly acidic pH, protecting against pathogens and maintaining the skin's overall health. The Chemistry of Skin
  • 9.  1. Melanin Synthesis: 1. Tyrosine: An amino acid that serves as the starting point for melanin production. 2. Tyrosinase: An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of tyrosine to DOPA (dihydroxyphenylalanine) and then to dopaquinone. 3. Dopaquinone: An intermediate that can undergo several pathways to produce eumelanin (brown/black pigment) or pheomelanin (yellow/red pigment). 2. Melanin: 1. Eumelanin: Provides protection against UV radiation by absorbing light and dissipating it as heat. 2. Pheomelanin: Less effective at UV protection, but contributes to lighter skin tones and red hair. 3. Skin Layers and Function: 1. Epidermis: The outermost layer containing melanocytes, which produce melanin. 2. Dermis: Provides structural support with collagen and elastin. 3. Hypodermis: The deeper subcutaneous tissue. 4. Pigmentation Regulation: 1. Genetics: Determines the amount and type of melanin produced. 2. UV Exposure: Stimulates melanin production as a protective response. 3. Hormones: Such as melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) can increase melanin synthesis. 5. Melanin Distribution: 1. Keratinocytes: Receive melanin from melanocytes through melanosomes, distributing pigment across the skin. Chemistry of Skin and Pigmentation
  • 10.   Hair is primarily composed of keratin, a fibrous protein rich in cysteine, which forms strong disulfide bonds contributing to hair's strength and resilience. The hair shaft consists of three layers: the cuticle (outer protective layer), the cortex (middle layer containing melanin for color and structural proteins), and the medulla (innermost layer, often absent in fine hair). Hair growth occurs in the follicle through cycles of anagen (growth), catagen (transitional), and telogen (resting) phases. Sebaceous glands secrete sebum, a lipid-rich substance that conditions the hair and scalp, maintaining hydration and protecting against environmental damage. Chemistry of Hairs
  • 11.   The scalp is a complex structure supporting hair growth and health, involving both physiological and chemical components. Physiologically, the scalp consists of multiple layers: the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue. The epidermis contains hair follicles, sebaceous glands, and sweat glands, while the dermis provides a rich supply of blood vessels and nerves, essential for nutrient delivery and sensory functions.  Chemically, the scalp's health is maintained by various substances. Sebaceous glands secrete sebum, an oily substance rich in lipids like triglycerides, wax esters, and squalene, which lubricates and protects the scalp. The acid mantle, a thin layer of sebum and sweat, maintains a slightly acidic pH (around 4.5-5.5), crucial for preventing microbial growth and preserving the scalp's barrier function. Hair follicles undergo cyclic phases (anagen, catagen, telogen) influenced by hormonal and genetic factors, dictating hair growth, shedding, and regeneration. Maintaining a balanced scalp environment is key to overall hair health and preventing disorders such as dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis. Physiology and Chemistry of Scalp
  • 12.   Physiology: The lips are composed of three main layers: the outer skin, the vermilion border, and the inner mucous membrane. The outer skin is similar to the rest of the body but thinner, lacking sweat glands and hair follicles. The vermilion border, the pinkish-red part, is rich in capillaries and has a thin stratum corneum, giving lips their color and making them more sensitive. The inner mucous membrane is a moist tissue lining the inside of the lips. Lips are highly innervated and vascularized, contributing to their sensitivity and ability to aid in speech, eating, and expressing emotions.  Chemistry: Lips contain various proteins, including collagen and elastin, which provide structure and elasticity. They lack sebaceous glands, making them prone to dryness. The outer layer has a high turnover of keratinocytes, which are rich in keratin proteins. Lip skin is less pigmented due to fewer melanocytes compared to other skin areas. Lip balms often contain emollients like lanolin and waxes, and humectants like glycerin to hydrate and protect the delicate lip skin. Physiology and Chemistry of Lips
  • 13.   Physiology: Nails are made of keratin, a tough, protective protein. They grow from the nail matrix, located under the proximal nail fold, and are composed of the nail plate, nail bed, cuticle, and nail folds. The matrix produces new cells, which harden and compact to form the nail plate. The nail bed is rich in blood vessels, giving nails their pinkish color. Nails protect the distal phalanges and enhance fine motor skills by providing a rigid backing for fingertip tissues.  Chemistry: Nail composition primarily includes keratin, with high sulfur content from cysteine amino acids forming disulfide bonds, providing strength and rigidity. Other components include water, lipids, calcium, and various trace elements. Nail health can reflect overall health, with deficiencies or diseases often manifesting in the form of discoloration, brittleness, or abnormal growth patterns. Nail care products often contain ingredients like biotin, lanolin, and alpha-hydroxy acids to strengthen and moisturize nails. Physiology and Chemistry of Nails
  • 14.  Cleansing Cream: Cleansing creams are designed to remove makeup, dirt, and excess oil from the skin while providing hydration and maintaining the skin's natural barrier. They are typically richer and more emollient than other types of cleansers, making them suitable for dry or sensitive skin types.  Composition: 1. Emollients: 1. Mineral Oil: Provides a smooth application and helps dissolve makeup and impurities. 2. Lanolin: A natural moisturizer derived from sheep’s wool, helps to soften and smooth the skin. 2. Emulsifiers: 1. Cetyl Alcohol: A fatty alcohol that stabilizes the formulation and provides a creamy texture. 2. Polysorbates: Help to mix oil and water components, ensuring a consistent blend. 3. Humectants: 1. Glycerin: Attracts moisture to the skin, keeping it hydrated during the cleansing process. 2. Propylene Glycol: Similar to glycerin, it helps retain moisture. Cleansing Cream: Overview and Composition
  • 15.  4. Surfactants:  Sodium Lauryl Sulfate: Though less common in creams, it can be included in low concentrations to aid in the removal of dirt and oil.  Cocamidopropyl Betaine: A mild surfactant derived from coconut oil, providing gentle cleansing. 5. Thickeners:  Stearic Acid: A fatty acid that helps to thicken the cream and stabilize the emulsion.  Carbomers: Synthetic polymers used to control the viscosity of the cream. 6. Preservatives:  Parabens (Methylparaben, Propylparaben): Used to prevent microbial growth and extend shelf life.  Phenoxyethanol: A broad-spectrum preservative that prevents bacterial contamination. 7. Additional Ingredients:  Fragrance: Adds a pleasant scent to the product.  Botanical Extracts: Such as chamomile or aloe vera, which can provide soothing and anti-inflammatory benefits.
  • 16.  How It Works: Cleansing creams function by binding to the oils and impurities on the skin’s surface. The emollients and surfactants break down and dissolve makeup, sebum, and dirt, which can then be wiped away. The hydrating ingredients ensure that the skin does not become dry or stripped of its natural oils during the cleansing process. Application: 1. Apply: A small amount of cleansing cream to dry skin, massaging gently in circular motions. 2. Remove: Use a damp cloth or cotton pad to wipe away the cream along with the impurities. 3. Rinse: Optionally, follow with water to ensure all residue is removed. Cleansing creams are particularly beneficial for those with dry or sensitive skin due to their hydrating and gentle properties. They offer an effective way to cleanse without compromising the skin’s moisture balance.
  • 17.   Lotions: Lotions are topical formulations designed to moisturize, protect, and sometimes treat the skin. They are typically lighter than creams and ointments, with a higher water content, making them easy to spread and quick to absorb.  Composition: 1. Water: 1. The primary component, making up 60-80% of the formulation, acts as a solvent for other ingredients and provides hydration. 2. Emollients: 1. Glycerin: A humectant that attracts moisture to the skin. 2. Mineral Oil: A lightweight oil that forms a barrier on the skin to lock in moisture. 3. Shea Butter: Provides deep moisture and nourishment. 3. Emulsifiers: 1. Cetyl Alcohol: A fatty alcohol that helps to stabilize the emulsion and provide a smooth texture. 2. Glyceryl Stearate: Ensures that the oil and water components mix well. 4. Humectants: 1. Propylene Glycol: Draws moisture into the skin. 2. Hyaluronic Acid: Holds moisture in the skin, providing long-lasting hydration. Lotions: Overview and Composition
  • 18.  5. Thickeners: • Carbomers: Synthetic polymers that control the viscosity of the lotion. • Xanthan Gum: A natural thickener that stabilizes the formulation. 6. Preservatives: • Parabens (Methylparaben, Propylparaben): Prevent microbial growth. • Phenoxyethanol: Protects against bacterial contamination. 7. Additional Ingredients: • Fragrances: Add a pleasant scent to the product. • Botanical Extracts: Such as aloe vera, chamomile, or green tea, which provide additional soothing and antioxidant benefits. • Vitamins: Such as vitamin E and C, which offer antioxidant protection and skin benefits.
  • 19.  How It Works: Lotions work by delivering moisture and other beneficial ingredients to the skin. The water in the lotion hydrates the skin while the emollients form a protective barrier that prevents moisture loss. Humectants draw water into the skin, ensuring it stays hydrated. Emulsifiers keep the water and oil components mixed, providing a smooth and consistent application. Application: 1. Cleanse: Start with clean skin to ensure better absorption of the lotion. 2. Apply: Dispense a small amount of lotion onto your palms. 3. Massage: Gently massage the lotion into the skin using circular motions until fully absorbed. 4. Frequency: Use daily or as needed, depending on your skin’s moisture needs. Lotions are suitable for all skin types due to their lightweight and non-greasy texture. They are particularly beneficial for those looking for quick-absorbing hydration without a heavy or sticky feel. Special formulations can also address specific skin concerns such as dryness, irritation, or sensitivity.
  • 20.  Face Powders: Face powders are cosmetic products used to set makeup, control shine, and give the skin a smooth, matte finish. They come in various forms, including loose, pressed, translucent, and tinted, catering to different skin tones and types.  Composition: 1. Base Ingredients: 1. Talc: A natural mineral that provides a smooth texture and helps to absorb moisture. 2. Kaolin Clay: Absorbs oil and helps to control shine. 3. Mica: Adds a slight shimmer and provides a silky texture. 2. Binders: 1. Zinc Stearate: Helps the powder adhere to the skin and improves wear time. 2. Magnesium Stearate: Provides a smooth application and increases the powder’s longevity. 3. Pigments: 1. Iron Oxides: Provide color and are used to create various shades to match different skin tones. 2. Titanium Dioxide: Adds coverage and offers sun protection due to its UV-blocking properties. Face Powders: Overview and Composition
  • 21.  4. Fillers: • Silica: Helps to absorb oil and reduce the appearance of pores and fine lines. • Cornstarch: A natural absorbent that helps to mattify the skin. 5. Preservatives: • Parabens (Methylparaben, Propylparaben): Prevent microbial growth and extend shelf life. • Phenoxyethanol: A broad-spectrum preservative that protects against bacterial contamination. 6. Additional Ingredients: • Fragrance: Adds a pleasant scent to the product. • Botanical Extracts: Such as chamomile or green tea, which provide soothing and antioxidant benefits. • Vitamins: Such as vitamin E, which offers antioxidant protection.
  • 22.  How It Works: Face powders work by providing a matte finish to the skin, controlling oil and shine, and setting liquid or cream makeup to extend its wear. The absorbent ingredients like talc, kaolin clay, and silica help to reduce excess oil, while pigments and fillers create an even skin tone and a smooth texture. Application: 1. Prepare: Start with a clean and moisturized face. Apply foundation and concealer as needed. 2. Apply: Use a powder brush or a puff to pick up a small amount of powder. 3. Set: Gently press or dust the powder onto your face, focusing on areas that tend to get oily, such as the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin). 4. Blend: Blend well to ensure an even finish. Reapply as needed throughout the day to control shine. Face powders are suitable for all skin types, with different formulations available to address specific concerns. For example, translucent powders are great for a natural look without adding color, while tinted powders can provide additional coverage and even out skin tone. Loose powders are ideal for a lightweight finish, while pressed powders are convenient for touch-ups on the go.
  • 23.  Face packs are great for pampering your skin! There are various types of face packs available, ranging from clay masks to sheet masks, gel masks, and cream masks. Each type serves a different purpose and targets specific skin concerns. 1. Clay Masks: Composition: Clay masks are usually made with different types of clay, such as kaolin, bentonite, or French green clay. These clays help absorb excess oil, unclog pores, and remove impurities from the skin. Additional Ingredients: Some clay masks also contain ingredients like charcoal, which further helps draw out impurities, or botanical extracts for added benefits like soothing or brightening. 2. Sheet Masks: Composition: Sheet masks consist of a thin fabric sheet soaked in a serum or essence. The sheet material can vary from cotton to cellulose or hydrogel. Serum Composition: The serum typically contains ingredients like hyaluronic acid for hydration, vitamins, antioxidants, and botanical extracts tailored to address specific skin concerns like brightening, firming, or soothing. Face pack Overview and Composition
  • 24.  3. Gel Masks: Composition: Gel masks are formulated with a gel-like consistency, often containing water, glycerin, or aloe vera as a base. They may also include ingredients like seaweed extracts or hyaluronic acid. Benefits: Gel masks are cooling and hydrating, making them suitable for soothing sensitive or irritated skin, reducing inflammation, and providing a burst of moisture. 4. Cream Masks: Composition: Cream masks have a thicker consistency and are rich in moisturizing ingredients like shea butter, cocoa butter, or oils such as jojoba or avocado oil. Additional Ingredients: Cream masks may also contain antioxidants, vitamins, and botanical extracts to nourish the skin, improve elasticity, and promote a healthy complexion. 5. Peel-off Masks: Composition: Peel-off masks typically have a gel-like or rubbery texture that dries after application. They often contain polymers like polyvinyl alcohol or acrylates to create a peelable film on the skin. Additional Ingredients: Peel-off masks may include ingredients like charcoal, fruit enzymes, or salicylic acid to help exfoliate, unclog pores, and improve skin texture.
  • 25.   Overview: Lipstick is a cosmetic product used to add color, texture, and sometimes protection to the lips. It's one of the most popular makeup items and comes in various forms, shades, and finishes to suit different preferences and occasions.  Composition: Lipstick formulations typically consist of a combination of ingredients carefully selected to provide color, texture, hydration, and longevity. Here are the primary components commonly found in lipstick formulations: 1. Waxes: 1. Beeswax: Beeswax is a common ingredient in lipstick that helps give it structure and stability. It also provides a smooth application and helps the lipstick adhere to the lips. 2. Carnauba Wax: Carnauba wax is another natural wax derived from the leaves of the carnauba palm. It is often used in lipstick formulations for its hardness and glossy finish. 2. Oils: 1. Castor Oil: Castor oil is a popular emollient in lipstick formulations due to its moisturizing properties. It helps soften and hydrate the lips, preventing them from drying out. 2. Jojoba Oil: Jojoba oil is a liquid wax derived from the seeds of the jojoba plant. It is prized for its similarity to the natural oils produced by the skin and its ability to provide long-lasting hydration. 3. Mineral Oil: Mineral oil is a lightweight, odorless oil commonly used in lipstick formulations to enhance spreadability and provide a smooth texture. 3. Pigments: 1. Colorants: Lipstick pigments are responsible for providing color to the lips. They can be synthetic or derived from natural sources like minerals, fruits, or insects. Common pigments used in lipstick include titanium dioxide, iron oxides, and carmine. 2. Dyes: Lipstick dyes are water-soluble colorants used to achieve vibrant or intense hues. They are often added to lipstick formulations in combination with pigments to create custom shades. Lipstick: Overview and Composition
  • 26.  1. Emollients and Humectants: 1. Shea Butter: Shea butter is a rich emollient derived from the nuts of the shea tree. It helps soften and smooth the lips while providing a protective barrier against moisture loss. 2. Glycerin: Glycerin is a humectant that attracts moisture to the skin, helping to keep the lips hydrated and supple. 2. Preservatives and Stabilizers: 1. Antioxidants: Antioxidants such as vitamin E or tocopherol are often added to lipstick formulations to prevent oxidation and extend the product's shelf life. 2. Preservatives: Preservatives like parabens or phenoxyethanol may be included in lipstick formulations to prevent microbial growth and maintain product safety. 3. Fragrance and Flavor: 1. Fragrance Oils: Fragrance oils are added to lipstick formulations to impart a pleasant scent. They can range from floral and fruity to sweet or spicy. 2. Flavoring Agents: Flavoring agents are sometimes added to lipsticks to give them a desirable taste. Common flavors include vanilla, mint, or fruit extracts. It's important to note that the specific composition of lipstick can vary depending on the brand, formulation, and intended use. Some lipsticks may also contain additional ingredients like sunscreens, botanical extracts, or plumping agents to enhance their performance and benefits.
  • 27.  1. Bath Products: a. Body Wash/Gel: Composition: Body wash or shower gel is a liquid soap formulated specifically for cleansing the body during a bath or shower. It typically contains surfactants, water, moisturizing agents, and fragrance. Surfactants: These are cleansing agents that help to lift dirt and oil from the skin. Common surfactants used in body wash include sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), sodium laureth sulfate (SLES), or milder alternatives like coco-glucoside or sodium coco-sulfate. Moisturizing Agents: Ingredients like glycerin, aloe vera, or shea butter are often added to body wash formulations to hydrate and nourish the skin, preventing it from drying out. Fragrance: Body washes may contain synthetic or natural fragrances to provide a pleasant scent and enhance the bathing experience. b. Bath Bombs: Composition: Bath bombs are solid, compressed mixtures of dry ingredients that effervesce when submerged in water. They typically contain baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and citric acid as the main components, along with moisturizing oils, fragrances, and colorants. Moisturizing Oils: Bath bombs often contain oils like coconut oil, sweet almond oil, or cocoa butter to soften and hydrate the skin. Fragrances and Colorants: Essential oils, fragrance oils, or botanical extracts are added to bath bombs to provide aromatherapy benefits and create an enjoyable bathing experience. Colorants, such as mica or natural pigments, give bath bombs their vibrant hues. Bath products
  • 28.  2. Soaps: a. Bar Soap: Composition: Bar soap is a solid cleansing agent made from a combination of fats or oils, water, and an alkaline solution (such as sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide). It may also contain additional ingredients like fragrance, colorants, and exfoliants. Base Oils: Common oils used in soap-making include coconut oil, olive oil, palm oil, and shea butter. Each oil contributes unique properties to the soap, such as cleansing, lathering, or moisturizing. Fragrance and Colorants: Bar soaps may be scented with essential oils, fragrance oils, or natural botanicals. Colorants, such as mineral pigments or plant-based dyes, are added for aesthetic purposes. Exfoliants: Some bar soaps contain exfoliating ingredients like oatmeal, coffee grounds, or crushed walnut shells to slough away dead skin cells and promote smoother, healthier-looking skin. b. Liquid Hand Soap: Composition: Liquid hand soap is similar to body wash but is specifically formulated for handwashing. It typically contains surfactants, water, moisturizing agents, and fragrance. Surfactants: Liquid hand soaps often contain mild surfactants to effectively cleanse the hands without stripping away natural oils or causing irritation. Moisturizing Agents: Ingredients like glycerin, vitamin E, or plant-based oils are added to liquid hand soaps to hydrate and soothe the skin, leaving hands feeling soft and smooth. Antibacterial Agents: Some liquid hand soaps may contain antibacterial agents like triclosan or benzalkonium chloride to help reduce the spread of germs and bacteria. Soaps
  • 29.  3. Baby Products: a. Baby Shampoo: Composition: Baby shampoo is a gentle, tear-free formula designed specifically for cleansing delicate baby hair and scalp. It typically contains mild surfactants, water, moisturizing agents, and fragrance. Surfactants: Baby shampoos use mild surfactants like cocamidopropyl betaine or decyl glucoside to cleanse the hair without causing irritation or stinging the eyes. Moisturizing Agents: Ingredients like glycerin, chamomile extract, or oatmeal are often added to baby shampoo formulations to soothe and hydrate the scalp, preventing dryness or irritation. Fragrance: Baby shampoos may be fragrance-free or lightly scented with hypoallergenic fragrances to minimize the risk of allergic reactions. b. Baby Lotion: Composition: Baby lotion is a gentle moisturizer formulated to hydrate and protect delicate baby skin. It typically contains water, emollients, humectants, and sometimes fragrance. Emollients: Baby lotions use gentle emollients like petrolatum, mineral oil, or plant-based oils (such as coconut oil or jojoba oil) to soften and smooth the skin, locking in moisture. Humectants: Ingredients like glycerin or hyaluronic acid are added to baby lotion formulations to attract and retain moisture, keeping the skin hydrated and supple. Fragrance: Baby lotions may be fragrance-free or lightly scented with hypoallergenic fragrances to minimize the risk of skin irritation or sensitization. Baby product
  • 30.  c. Diaper Rash Cream: Composition: Diaper rash cream is a soothing ointment or cream used to treat and prevent diaper rash in babies. It typically contains a combination of skin protectants, emollients, and soothing agents. Skin Protectants: Ingredients like zinc oxide or petrolatum form a protective barrier on the skin, shielding it from moisture and irritants found in urine and feces. Emollients: Diaper rash creams use gentle emollients like lanolin, shea butter, or calendula oil to moisturize and soothe irritated skin, promoting healing and comfort. Soothing Agents: Ingredients like aloe vera, chamomile extract, or colloidal oatmeal are added to diaper rash cream formulations to calm inflammation, reduce redness, and relieve discomfort. When choosing bath products, soaps, or baby products, it's essential to consider factors such as skin sensitivity, allergies, and personal preferences. Opting for products with gentle, hypoallergenic formulations can help minimize the risk of adverse reactions and ensure a safe and enjoyable bathing experience for both adults and babies alike.
  • 31.  1. Formulation: Ingredients: Water (purified/distilled) Alcohol (such as vodka or grain alcohol) Herbs, botanicals, or flavoring agents (e.g., herbs like chamomile, peppermint, or lavender; fruits like citrus peels; spices like cinnamon or ginger) Sweetener (optional, like honey or sugar) Instructions: 1. Choose Herbs and Botanicals: Select herbs, botanicals, or flavoring agents based on the desired flavor and therapeutic properties of the tonic. Different herbs offer various health benefits, so choose ingredients that align with your intended use. 2. Prepare Ingredients: Wash fresh herbs and botanicals thoroughly and dry them completely. If using dried herbs, ensure they are of high quality and free from contaminants. Preparation and standardization of the following : Tonic
  • 32.  3. Extract the Ingredients: 1. In a clean glass jar or container, combine the herbs and botanicals with alcohol. The ratio of herbs to alcohol can vary based on personal preference and desired potency, but a common ratio is around 1:4 (1 part herbs to 4 parts alcohol by volume). 2. Ensure that the herbs are fully submerged in the alcohol to facilitate extraction. 3. Seal the jar tightly and store it in a cool, dark place for at least 2-4 weeks to allow for maceration and extraction of the herbal constituents. 4. Strain the Mixture: After the maceration period, strain the mixture through a fine-mesh sieve, cheesecloth, or coffee filter to remove the solid plant material. Squeeze out any excess liquid from the herbs to extract as much of the herbal infusion as possible. 5. Dilute and Sweeten (Optional): 6. If the tonic is too strong or concentrated, dilute it with an equal amount of purified or distilled water to achieve the desired potency. 7. Add sweetener, if desired, to enhance the flavor of the tonic. Honey, sugar, or stevia are commonly used sweeteners in herbal tonics. Start with a small amount and adjust to taste. 8. Bottle and Store: Transfer the strained tonic into clean, sterilized glass bottles or containers. Label the bottles with the date of preparation and the ingredients used. Store the tonic in a cool, dark place away from direct sunlight.
  • 33.  2. Standardization: Standardization Process: 1. Quality Control: Ensure that all ingredients used in the tonic preparation are of high quality, free from contaminants, and sourced from reputable suppliers. This includes herbs, alcohol, water, and sweeteners. 2. Consistency in Formulation: Maintain consistency in the formulation by using standardized recipes and carefully measuring ingredients. This helps ensure that each batch of tonic has the same flavor profile, potency, and therapeutic effects. 3. Testing and Adjustments: Regularly test the potency and quality of the tonic through sensory evaluation and laboratory analysis, if applicable. Adjust the formulation as needed to achieve the desired taste, strength, and effectiveness. 4. Documentation: Keep detailed records of the tonic preparation process, including the ingredients used, batch numbers, dates of preparation, and any adjustments made during the standardization process. This documentation helps track the quality and consistency of the tonic over time. 5. Packaging and Labeling: Package the standardized tonic in uniform containers with clear labeling that includes important information such as the name of the tonic, ingredients, potency, instructions for use, and any relevant warnings or precautions.
  • 34.  The preparation and standardization of bleaches, particularly for household or industrial use, involve careful formulation and quality control measures to ensure safety, effectiveness, and consistency. Below is a general guide for preparing and standardizing bleaches: 1. Formulation: Ingredients: Sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) solution: This is the active ingredient in bleach, responsible for its disinfectant and whitening properties. Water: Used as a solvent to dilute the sodium hypochlorite solution to the desired concentration. Stabilizers and additives: These may include chemicals like sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to stabilize the pH of the bleach solution and prevent degradation of the active ingredient. Preparation and standardization of the following : Bleaches
  • 35.   Instructions: 1. Calculate Concentration: Determine the desired concentration of the bleach solution based on its intended use. For household bleach, concentrations typically range from 5% to 8.25% sodium hypochlorite, while industrial bleaches may have higher concentrations. 2. Measure Ingredients: Using appropriate safety gear (gloves, goggles, etc.), measure the required amount of sodium hypochlorite solution and water based on the desired concentration. Carefully follow safety guidelines and handling instructions for working with sodium hypochlorite, as it is a strong oxidizing agent and can cause skin and eye irritation. 3. Mixing: In a well-ventilated area, pour the measured amount of sodium hypochlorite solution into a clean, non-reactive container (such as a plastic or glass container). Gradually add the calculated amount of water while stirring continuously to ensure thorough mixing and uniform distribution of the bleach solution. 4. Stabilization (Optional): If needed, add stabilizers or pH-adjusting agents like sodium hydroxide to the bleach solution to maintain its stability and effectiveness over time. Stabilizers help prevent the degradation of the sodium hypochlorite, prolonging the shelf life of the bleach. 5. Testing: Once the bleach solution is prepared, perform quality control tests to verify its concentration and effectiveness. Use appropriate testing methods and equipment to measure the concentration of sodium hypochlorite (such as titration with standardized reagents) and ensure it meets the desired specifications.
  • 36.  2. Standardization: Standardization Process: 1. Quality Control: Ensure that all raw materials used in the preparation of bleach, including sodium hypochlorite solution and water, meet quality standards and specifications. Conduct regular inspections and testing of raw materials to detect any impurities or deviations from quality standards. 2. Consistency in Formulation: Maintain consistency in the formulation of bleach by following standardized recipes and procedures for preparation. Use calibrated measuring equipment and precise measurements to ensure accurate mixing of ingredients and achieve the desired concentration of the bleach solution. 3. Testing and Verification: Implement regular testing and verification procedures to monitor the quality and effectiveness of the bleach solution. This may include testing the concentration of sodium hypochlorite, pH levels, stability, and disinfectant efficacy through laboratory analysis and on-site testing. 4. Documentation: Keep detailed records of the bleach preparation process, including the formulation, batch numbers, dates of preparation, testing results, and any corrective actions taken. This documentation helps track the quality and consistency of the bleach over time and facilitates traceability in case of quality issues or product recalls. 5. Packaging and Labeling: Package the standardized bleach solution in appropriate containers that provide protection against light, moisture, and contamination. Clearly label the containers with important information such as the product name, concentration of sodium hypochlorite, instructions for use, safety precautions, and handling instructions.
  • 37.  1. Dentifrices (Toothpaste): Ingredients: 1. Abrasives: Calcium carbonate, hydrated silica, or baking soda are commonly used abrasives that help remove plaque and stains from the teeth. 2. Binders and Thickeners: Glycerin, carboxymethylcellulose, or xanthan gum are used to give toothpaste its texture and consistency. 3. Fluoride: Sodium fluoride or sodium monofluorophosphate is added to strengthen tooth enamel and prevent tooth decay. 4. Flavoring Agents: Peppermint, spearmint, or other flavoring agents are added to give toothpaste a pleasant taste. 5. Sweeteners: Saccharin or sorbitol may be used to sweeten toothpaste. 6. Preservatives: Antimicrobial agents like sodium benzoate or parabens may be added to prevent microbial growth. 7. Humectants: These help retain moisture in the toothpaste and prevent it from drying out. Preparation and standardization of the following : Dentifrices and Mouthwashes.
  • 38.   Preparation: 1. Weigh and Mix Ingredients: Measure and mix the dry ingredients (abrasives, binders, fluoride) in a clean mixing vessel. 2. Add Liquids: Slowly add the liquid ingredients (flavoring agents, sweeteners, preservatives) while stirring continuously to ensure uniform distribution. 3. Adjust Consistency: Adjust the consistency of the toothpaste by adding more thickener or humectant if needed. 4. Test pH: Check the pH of the toothpaste to ensure it is within the acceptable range (usually around 6.5 to 8.5). 5. Package: Fill the toothpaste into clean, sterile tubes or containers. Seal the containers tightly to prevent contamination.
  • 39.   Standardization: 1. Quality Control: Ensure that all raw materials used in the preparation of toothpaste meet quality standards and specifications. Perform quality control tests on ingredients to verify purity and potency. 2. Consistency in Formulation: Follow standardized recipes and procedures for toothpaste preparation to ensure consistency in quality and effectiveness. 3. Testing and Verification: Conduct regular testing of the finished toothpaste for fluoride content, pH, texture, and flavor to ensure it meets quality standards. Use appropriate testing methods and equipment. 4. Documentation: Keep detailed records of the toothpaste preparation process, including formulation, batch numbers, testing results, and any corrective actions taken. 5. Packaging and Labeling: Package the standardized toothpaste in appropriate containers and label them with important information such as the product name, fluoride content, expiration date, and usage instructions.
  • 40.  2. Mouthwashes: Ingredients: 1. Antimicrobial Agents: Chlorhexidine, cetylpyridinium chloride, or essential oils (such as tea tree oil or eucalyptus oil) are added to kill bacteria and prevent plaque buildup. 2. Flavoring Agents: Menthol, eucalyptol, or other flavoring agents are used to give mouthwash a pleasant taste. 3. Humectants: Glycerin or sorbitol helps retain moisture in the mouthwash. 4. Preservatives: Sodium benzoate or methylparaben may be added to prevent microbial growth. 5. Colorants: Optional colorants may be added for aesthetic purposes. 6. Water: Used as a solvent to dissolve other ingredients and form the base of the mouthwash.
  • 41.  Preparation: 1. Dissolve Ingredients: Dissolve antimicrobial agents, flavoring agents, humectants, and preservatives in water in a clean mixing vessel. 2. Adjust pH: Check the pH of the mouthwash and adjust if necessary to ensure it is within the acceptable range (usually around 4.5 to 7.0). 3. Test Flavor: Taste the mouthwash to ensure it has the desired flavor and strength. 4. Package: Fill the mouthwash into clean, sterile bottles or containers. Seal the containers tightly to prevent contamination.
  • 42.   Standardization: 1. Quality Control: Ensure that all raw materials used in the preparation of mouthwash meet quality standards and specifications. Perform quality control tests on ingredients to verify purity and potency. 2. Consistency in Formulation: Follow standardized recipes and procedures for mouthwash preparation to ensure consistency in quality and effectiveness. 3. Testing and Verification: Conduct regular testing of the finished mouthwash for antimicrobial efficacy, pH, flavor, and color to ensure it meets quality standards. Use appropriate testing methods and equipment. 4. Documentation: Keep detailed records of the mouthwash preparation process, including formulation, batch numbers, testing results, and any corrective actions taken. 5. Packaging and Labeling: Package the standardized mouthwash in appropriate containers and label them with important information such as the product name, expiration date, usage instructions, and any warnings or precautions.
  • 43.  1. Nail Polish: Ingredients: Nitrocellulose: A film-forming agent that provides the nail polish with its smooth, durable finish. Solvents: Ethyl acetate, butyl acetate, or toluene are used as solvents to dissolve the nitrocellulose and other ingredients and help the polish apply smoothly. Plasticizers: Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) or camphor may be added to make the nail polish more flexible and less prone to chipping. Pigments and Colorants: Various pigments and colorants are used to give the nail polish its color and opacity. Resins: Resins like epoxy resins or acrylic resins may be added to improve adhesion and durability. Film Formers: Additional film-forming agents may be included to enhance the nail polish's durability and resistance to chipping. UV Absorbers: UV absorbers like benzophenone may be added to protect the nail polish from UV radiation and prevent color fading. Glossifiers: Glossifiers like mica or silica may be added to give the nail polish a shiny finish. Stabilizers and Antioxidants: These are added to prevent oxidation and degradation of the nail polish ingredients. Preparation and standardization of the following : Cosmetics for Nails.
  • 44.   Preparation: 1. Weigh and Mix Ingredients: Measure and mix the dry ingredients (nitrocellulose, pigments, resins) in a clean mixing vessel. 2. Dissolve Ingredients: Dissolve the nitrocellulose and other ingredients in solvents in a separate container. 3. Combine Mixtures: Gradually add the dry mixture to the solvent mixture while stirring continuously to ensure thorough mixing. 4. Adjust Consistency: Adjust the consistency of the nail polish by adding more solvents or thickeners if needed. 5. Test Color and Opacity: Test the color and opacity of the nail polish by applying it to a test surface (such as a nail wheel) and evaluating the coverage and appearance. 6. Filter: Pass the nail polish mixture through a fine-mesh sieve or filter to remove any impurities or lumps. 7. Package: Fill the nail polish into clean, sterile bottles or containers. Seal the containers tightly to prevent evaporation and contamination.
  • 45.   Standardization: 1. Quality Control: Ensure that all raw materials used in the preparation of nail polish meet quality standards and specifications. Perform quality control tests on ingredients to verify purity and potency. 2. Consistency in Formulation: Follow standardized recipes and procedures for nail polish preparation to ensure consistency in quality and appearance. 3. Testing and Verification: Conduct regular testing of the finished nail polish for color, opacity, texture, and drying time to ensure it meets quality standards. Use appropriate testing methods and equipment. 4. Documentation: Keep detailed records of the nail polish preparation process, including formulation, batch numbers, testing results, and any corrective actions taken. 5. Packaging and Labeling: Package the standardized nail polish in appropriate containers and label them with important information such as the product name, color, expiration date, usage instructions, and any warnings or precautions.