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Supporting water sanitation
and hygiene services for life
Catarina Fonseca
04.12.2018
Blended finance for
beginners: a simplified
framework
Three characteristics that define
blended finance mechanisms
(OECD, 2015)
Leverage: Development finance, public
and philanthropic funds are used to
attract private capital.
Impact: Investments aim to achieve
social, environmental and/or economic
outcomes.
Returns: Private investments expect to
have financial returns which match with
market expectations.
My simplified definition of blended finance
Blended finance is about….
….. using public money to de-risk investments and make
them more attractive to private money.
A simplified framework for discussing
blended finance
Source: Gietema, van Oppenraaij and Fonseca (2017) for the 2017 International Amsterdam Water Week
Emerging themes for discussion
1. Bottom-up blended finance for
poor/informal areas? A new area for NGOs
to lead and/or initiate?
2. “Softening” microfinance? Scaling up from
HHs to service providers? What blends are
possible?
Some numbers
Financial gap of USD 144 billion per year only for CapEX (Hutton and Varughese, 2016)
Share of W&S in blended finance 1.9% roughly equivalent to US$ 1.5 billion
(OECD, 2018)
Share of W&S in impact investing 4% (GIIN, 2018) roughly equivalent to US$ 9.2
billion of AUM
Share of (public) guarantees in W&S to mobilise private capital, unknown
Share of all of these in least developed countries, unknown
ODA flows to WASH in 2015 to LDC = USD 13 billion (OECD-DAC)
Visiting address
Bezuidenhoutseweg 2
2594 AV The Hague
The Netherlands
Postal address
P.O. BOX 82327
2508 EH The Hague
The Netherlands
T +31 70 3044000
info@ircwash.org
www.ircwash.org
Supporting water sanitation
and hygiene services for life

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Blended finance for beginners : a simplified framework

  • 1. Supporting water sanitation and hygiene services for life Catarina Fonseca 04.12.2018 Blended finance for beginners: a simplified framework
  • 2. Three characteristics that define blended finance mechanisms (OECD, 2015) Leverage: Development finance, public and philanthropic funds are used to attract private capital. Impact: Investments aim to achieve social, environmental and/or economic outcomes. Returns: Private investments expect to have financial returns which match with market expectations.
  • 3. My simplified definition of blended finance Blended finance is about…. ….. using public money to de-risk investments and make them more attractive to private money.
  • 4. A simplified framework for discussing blended finance Source: Gietema, van Oppenraaij and Fonseca (2017) for the 2017 International Amsterdam Water Week
  • 5. Emerging themes for discussion 1. Bottom-up blended finance for poor/informal areas? A new area for NGOs to lead and/or initiate? 2. “Softening” microfinance? Scaling up from HHs to service providers? What blends are possible?
  • 6. Some numbers Financial gap of USD 144 billion per year only for CapEX (Hutton and Varughese, 2016) Share of W&S in blended finance 1.9% roughly equivalent to US$ 1.5 billion (OECD, 2018) Share of W&S in impact investing 4% (GIIN, 2018) roughly equivalent to US$ 9.2 billion of AUM Share of (public) guarantees in W&S to mobilise private capital, unknown Share of all of these in least developed countries, unknown ODA flows to WASH in 2015 to LDC = USD 13 billion (OECD-DAC)
  • 7. Visiting address Bezuidenhoutseweg 2 2594 AV The Hague The Netherlands Postal address P.O. BOX 82327 2508 EH The Hague The Netherlands T +31 70 3044000 info@ircwash.org www.ircwash.org Supporting water sanitation and hygiene services for life

Editor's Notes

  1. Notes: We know there are many constrains preventing private investments in low income countries and anything below a double B credit rating Yet most mechanisms and instruments for the sector are designed to address that market We need more innovation in the instruments and mechanisms that are designed to reach the right side of the diagramme IRC has been collecting and sharing what the mechanisms on the right side look like and that is part of the session today We know from previous sessions on blended finance that if private finance is to be “crowded in” to the poorer countries, a sizeable part of what is invested, will need to go to strengthening the enabling environment: people, skills and performance of those that demand finance but also those that provide finance. This is what we will hear today, there is a board like this outside and you will have post its to discuss and illustrate other mechanism your organisations are involved in. Please type your org, name and email and place them on the board. You can discuss them over the drinks and we will follow up with you as well to possibly document the cases.