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TRANSIT-ORIENTED
DEVELOPMENT ZONING
STUDY
BEST PRACTICES + MODEL ZONING
6/5/2024
WELCOME & INTRODUCTIONS
PROJECT TEAM
Cuyahoga County Planning Commission
Mary Cierebiej, AICP, Executive Director
Patrick Hewitt, AICP, Planning Manager
Alex Long, AICP, Principal Planner
Daniel Meaney, GISP, Manager, Information & Research
Kevin Leeson, Planner
Liam Leveto, GIS Technician
Laura Mendez Ortiz, AICP, Planner
Luke Ols, Cleveland Foundation Fellow
Maureen Riley, Planner
Micah Stryker, AICP, Senior Planner
Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority
Maribeth Feke, AICP, Directory of Programming & Planning
Mandy Metcalf, AICP, Senior Planner
Nicholas Miller, AICP, Planner III
City of Cleveland
Matthew Moss, Manager, Strategic Initiatives
City of Shaker Heights
Joyce Braverman, Director of Planning
Daniel Feinstein, Senior Planner
City of Fairview Park
Megan Otter, Community Development Planner
City of Cleveland Heights
Eric Zamft, AICP, Director of Planning & Development
Karen Knittel, Assistant Planning Director
Cuyahoga County
Annie Pease, AICP, Senior Advisor for Transportation
TODAY
• What is Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)
• The TOD Zoning Study
• Development Trends: 2024 Edition
• Empowering Communities
• TOD Zoning Best Practices
• TOD Model Zoning Overlay + Annotated Guide
• TOD Projects Viewer
• Moving Forward + Workshop
• Next Steps
• Questions + Activity
Please fill out the sign-
in sheet that is located
at each of your tables
PLEASE SIGN IN!
WHAT IS TOD?
WHAT IS TOD
Transit-oriented development includes a mix of commercial, residential,
office, and entertainment centered around or located near a transit station.
Dense, walkable, mixed-use development near transit attracts people and
adds to vibrant, connected communities.
"
"
-- Federal Transit Administration
• Proximity to transit
(train or frequent bus service)
• Mix of uses
• Higher density
• Close to the street
• Limited parking
Image: Google Earth
Image: La Collina Cleveland
Front Parking
Deep Setback
One-Story
Single-Use
Rear Parking
No Setback
Multi-Story
Mixed-Use
Image: Google Earth
Image: La Collina Cleveland
Van Aken District (Shaker Heights) Top of the Hill (Cleveland Heights)
Harbor 44 (Cleveland)
Centric (Cleveland)
Image: Cleveland.com
Image: City of Cleveland Heights
Image: City of Shaker Heights
• Uncoordinated development types
across community borders
• Zoning requiring transit-unfriendly
development
Image: Google Earth
Transit-Oriented Development Study Working Group Meeting
THE TOD ZONING STUDY
GOAL
Project Goal
To improve zoning regulations
and governmental policies in
order to attract more transit-
oriented development to key
corridors in Cuyahoga County.
TOD ZONING STUDY
State of TOD in
Cuyahoga County
Analysis of TOD
Zoning
Best Practices +
Model TOD Zoning
TOD Financing
Strategies
Define TOD and
identify/quantify
TOD locally
Why TOD?
Analyze whether
existing zoning
along transit lines
allows TOD and
identify target
areas
Develop best
practices and
model zoning for
TOD that can be
adopted by
individual
municipalities
Identifying TOD
financing
mechanisms and
incentives used
in other
communities
TOD ZONING STUDY
State of TOD in
Cuyahoga County
Analysis of TOD
Zoning
Best Practices +
Model TOD Zoning
TOD Financing
Strategies
Define TOD and
identify/quantify
TOD locally
Why TOD?
Analyze whether
existing zoning
along transit lines
allows TOD and
identify target
areas
Develop best
practices and
model zoning for
TOD that can be
adopted by
individual
municipalities
Identifying TOD
financing
mechanisms and
incentives used
in other
communities
MAIN PUBLICATIONS
1 2 3 4
TOD CORRIDORS &
WALKSHEDS
22 TOD Corridors
26 Communities
Land Use
Land Cover
Single-Family Residential: 42.4%
Parking & Other Paved: 25.3%
3
2
1
5
Height
Setbacks
Mixed-
Use
Parking
4 Lot Coverage
OVERALL SUPPORTIVENESS
Summary Score
• Most Supportive: 4.5 or More
• Somewhat Supportive: 3.5
• Least Supportive: 3 or Less
• Excluded: Single-Family and Two-
Family
ZONING ANALYSIS
Summary Score
• Most Supportive: 4.5 or More
• Somewhat Supportive: 3.5
• Least Supportive: 3 or Less
• Excluded: Single-Family and Two-
Family
KEY FINDINGS
• A total of 455 zoning districts
• Single-family and two-family zoning is the most common zoning
within our TOD walksheds, accounting for 55.5% of zoned land
• A few communities have adopted mixed-use zoning, but it is not
necessarily transit-oriented—it may still be an auto-oriented and insular
• Only 5.5% of land within TOD walksheds has zoning that is classified as
‘most supportive’
DEVELOPMENT TRENDS
2024 EDITION
DEVELOPMENT TRENDS
The Development Trends on TOD Corridors documents identify
major projects that added more than $1 million in building value
over a one-year period along 22 TOD corridors in Cuyahoga
County.
• 2024 Report (NEW)
• Includes data from 2014 to 2023
• 2022 Report
• Includes data from 2012 to 2021
OVERALL INVESTMENTS 2014–2023
Outside
TOD Walksheds
$2,533,185,600
(45%)
Inside
TOD Walksheds
$3,052,012,800
(55%)
Cuyahoga
County Overall
$5,685,198,400
ADDED BUILDING VALUE OF MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS WITHIN & OUTSIDE TOD WALKSHEDS, 2014-
2023
ADDED BUILDING VALUE OF
MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS, 2014-2023
2014-2023 Major
Developments:
• Within TOD Walksheds
(Excluding Downtown)
• Within TOD Walksheds
(in Downtown Cleveland)
• Outside of TOD
Walksheds
• TOD Walksheds
ADDED BUILDING VALUE OF
MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS, 2014-2023
2014-2023 Major
Developments:
• Within TOD Walksheds
(Excluding Downtown)
• Within TOD Walksheds
(in Downtown Cleveland)
• Outside of TOD
Walksheds
• TOD Walksheds
INVESTMENTS WITHIN TOD WALKSHEDS
$394
$279 $254
$375 $326
$391
$160 $161
$246
$465
$-
$100
$200
$300
$400
$500
$600
$700
$800
$900
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Millions
ADDED BUILDING VALUE OF MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS WITHIN TOD WALKSHEDS, 2014-2023
Within TOD Walksheds COVID-19 National Emergency
OVERALL INVESTMENTS
$394
$279 $254
$375 $326
$391
$160 $161
$246
$465
$204
$221 $261
$310
$200
$375
$252 $205
$214
$291
$-
$100
$200
$300
$400
$500
$600
$700
$800
$900
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Millions
COVID-19 National Emergency
Within TOD Walksheds
Outside TOD Walksheds
ADDED BUILDING VALUE OF MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS WITHIN TOD WALKSHEDS, 2014-2023
INVESTMENTS BY COMMUNITY
$2,370,967,900
$332,445,900
$101,030,200
$206,666,400
$40,902,400
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
ADDED BUILDING VALUE OF MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS WITHIN TOD
WALKSHEDS BY COMMUNITY, 2014-2023
• 78% of
investments
occurred in
Cleveland,
followed by
11% in the
Inner
Ring East
Communities Cleveland Inner Ring East
Outer Ring East
Inner Ring West
Outer Ring West
77.7%
10.9%
3.3% 1.3%
6.8%
INVESTMENTS BY NEIGHBORHOOD
ADDED BUILDING VALUE OF MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS WITHIN TOD
WALKSHEDS BY CLEVELAND NEIGHBORHOOD, 2014-2023
• 42% of
investments
occurred in
Downtown
Cleveland,
followed by
24% in the
East
neighborhoods
$998,821,300 $557,815,000 $402,168,300 $412,163,300
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
Downtown East West
University Circle
42.1% 23.5% 17.0% 17.4%
DEVELOPMENTS WITHIN TOD
WALKSHEDS
• Not all
developments
within TOD
Walksheds
conform to TOD
Principles
TOD Principles The
Ascent
Harbor
Chase
UH Ahuja
Center
Greater
Cleveland
Food Bank
Close to the Street
Multiple Stories
Substantial Lot
Coverage
Mix of Uses
Minimum Parking/
De-emphasized
Parking
DEVELOPMENTS WITHIN TOD
WALKSHEDS
The Ascent
1. Close to the Street
2. Multiple Stories
3. Substantial Lot
Coverage
4. Mix of Uses
5. De-emphasized
Parking
3
5
2
1 4
EMPOWERING COMMUNITIES
RESOURCES FOR COMMUNITIES
BEST PRACTICES
How do we achieve
more transit-oriented
development?
BEST PRACTICES
How do we achieve
more transit-oriented
development?
Get parking right Provide safe
connections
Design for
walkability
Foster vibrant
public spaces
Mix uses
appropriately
Allow for
increased density
Prioritize housing
affordability
Transit-Oriented Development Study Working Group Meeting
Transit-Oriented Development Study Working Group Meeting
MODEL TOD ZONING OVERLAY
APPLYING THE TOD OVERLAY
• Example: Existing Gas
Station
KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY
• Allows only TOD-supportive
uses
KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY
• Eliminates minimum lot area
and width
KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY
• Requires density
• 60% minimum lot
coverage
• 100% maximum lot
coverage
KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY
• Moves buildings closer to the
street
• 0 ft minimum front
setback
• 15 ft maximum front
setback
KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY
• Requires buildings have a
significant presence on the
street
• 60% build-to-zone
KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY
• Requires height
• 22 ft minimum height
• 75 ft maximum height
KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY
• Improves parking
requirements
• Eliminates parking
minimums
• Establishes parking
maximums
• Locates parking to the
side or rear
• Requires access from
side streets
KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY
• Requires parking lot
screening
KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY
• Requires TOD-friendly design
• 50% ground floor
transparency
GOALS OF TOD OVERLAY
GOALS OF TOD OVERLAY
MIXED-USE TOD
• 8,400 sq ft of commercial
space
• 16,800 sq ft of residential
space
• Commercial and residential
use
• 67% impervious
ORIGINAL GAS STATION
• 3,200 sq ft of commercial
space
• Commercial use only
• 77% impervious
CALIBRATING ZONING REGULATIONS
MODEL TOD CODE
• Main street corridors with
frequent bus lines
• Mix of neighborhood and
regional scale retail
• Some tall buildings,
moderate existing
density
LESS ROBUST
TOD
• Areas in which lower
densities are preferred
by the community
• Neighborhood scale/
limited retail
MORE ROBUST
TOD
• Key nodes or business
districts served by multiple
bus lines
• Community Downtowns and
areas near rail stations
• Regional scale retail and
regional destinations
CALIBRATING ZONING REGULATIONS
MODEL TOD CODE
• Main street corridors with
frequent bus lines
• Mix of neighborhood and
regional scale retail
• Some tall buildings, moderate
existing density
LESS ROBUST
TOD
• Areas in which lower
densities are preferred
by the community
• Neighborhood scale/
limited retail
MORE ROBUST
TOD
• Key nodes or business
districts served by multiple
bus lines
• Community Downtowns and
areas near rail stations
• Regional scale retail and
regional destinations
CALIBRATING ZONING REGULATIONS
MODEL TOD CODE
• Main street corridors with
frequent bus lines
• Mix of neighborhood and
regional scale retail
• Some tall buildings, moderate
existing density
MORE ROBUST TOD
• Key nodes or business
districts served by multiple
bus lines
• Community Downtowns and
areas near rail stations
• Regional scale retail and
regional destinations
LESS ROBUST
TOD
• Areas in which lower
densities are preferred
by the community
• Neighborhood scale/
limited retail
CALIBRATING ZONING REGULATIONS
PARKING MODEL TOD CODE
Minimum • None
Maximum • 125%
Location • Only side, rear or
underground
CALIBRATING ZONING REGULATIONS
PARKING LESS ROBUST TOD
Minimum • Reduced + Shared Parking
Maximum • NONE
Location • Same as the Model Code
CALIBRATING ZONING REGULATIONS
PARKING MORE ROBUST TOD
Minimum • Transportation Demand
Management Plan
Maximum • 100 to 125%
Location • Only rear or underground +
Limit surface parking size
OR
• Only structured parking at
rear or underground
CALIBRATING ZONING REGULATIONS
CALIBRATING ZONING REGULATIONS
RESOURCES FOR COMMUNITIES
Available at www.CountyPlanning.us/TOD
MOVING FORWARD
MOVING FORWARD
State of TOD
Analysis of TOD Zoning
Model TOD Zoning
Financing TOD
ASSISTANCE AVAILABLE
1. Present to Local Communities
2. Letter of Support (For Zoning Updates or Projects)
3. Assist on Zoning Updates
TOD ONLINE VIEWER
WORKSHOP
1. PROJECTS: What projects—developments,
infrastructure, zoning updates—are planned that we
do not have highlighted?
2. SITES: What sites have potential for future TOD
development?
3. ZONING: What areas in your community should be
considered for TOD zoning?
TOD UPDATES
Visit us for updates on the project:
www.CountyPlanning.us/TOD
Please email us with any questions:
phewitt@cuyahogacounty.us
SCAN ME!
THANK YOU TO OUR REFERENCE &
PEER COMMUNITIES
• Cleveland, Ohio
• Shaker Heights, Ohio
• Cleveland Heights, Ohio
• Columbus, Ohio
• Austin, Texas
• Babylon, New York
• Buffalo, New York
• Albany, New York
• Indianapolis, Indiana
• Massachusetts
• Chicago, Illinois
• Montgomery Co.,
Pennsylvania
• Raleigh, North Carolina
• South Miami, Florida
• APA Zoning Practices
THANK YOU + QUESTIONS
WORKSHOP
1. PROJECTS: What projects—developments,
infrastructure, zoning updates—are planned that we
do not have highlighted?
2. SITES: What sites have potential for future TOD
development?
3. ZONING: What areas in your community should be
considered for TOD zoning?

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Transit-Oriented Development Study Working Group Meeting

  • 3. PROJECT TEAM Cuyahoga County Planning Commission Mary Cierebiej, AICP, Executive Director Patrick Hewitt, AICP, Planning Manager Alex Long, AICP, Principal Planner Daniel Meaney, GISP, Manager, Information & Research Kevin Leeson, Planner Liam Leveto, GIS Technician Laura Mendez Ortiz, AICP, Planner Luke Ols, Cleveland Foundation Fellow Maureen Riley, Planner Micah Stryker, AICP, Senior Planner Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority Maribeth Feke, AICP, Directory of Programming & Planning Mandy Metcalf, AICP, Senior Planner Nicholas Miller, AICP, Planner III City of Cleveland Matthew Moss, Manager, Strategic Initiatives City of Shaker Heights Joyce Braverman, Director of Planning Daniel Feinstein, Senior Planner City of Fairview Park Megan Otter, Community Development Planner City of Cleveland Heights Eric Zamft, AICP, Director of Planning & Development Karen Knittel, Assistant Planning Director Cuyahoga County Annie Pease, AICP, Senior Advisor for Transportation
  • 4. TODAY • What is Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) • The TOD Zoning Study • Development Trends: 2024 Edition • Empowering Communities • TOD Zoning Best Practices • TOD Model Zoning Overlay + Annotated Guide • TOD Projects Viewer • Moving Forward + Workshop • Next Steps • Questions + Activity
  • 5. Please fill out the sign- in sheet that is located at each of your tables PLEASE SIGN IN!
  • 7. WHAT IS TOD Transit-oriented development includes a mix of commercial, residential, office, and entertainment centered around or located near a transit station. Dense, walkable, mixed-use development near transit attracts people and adds to vibrant, connected communities. " " -- Federal Transit Administration
  • 8. • Proximity to transit (train or frequent bus service) • Mix of uses • Higher density • Close to the street • Limited parking
  • 9. Image: Google Earth Image: La Collina Cleveland
  • 10. Front Parking Deep Setback One-Story Single-Use Rear Parking No Setback Multi-Story Mixed-Use Image: Google Earth Image: La Collina Cleveland
  • 11. Van Aken District (Shaker Heights) Top of the Hill (Cleveland Heights) Harbor 44 (Cleveland) Centric (Cleveland) Image: Cleveland.com Image: City of Cleveland Heights Image: City of Shaker Heights
  • 12. • Uncoordinated development types across community borders • Zoning requiring transit-unfriendly development Image: Google Earth
  • 14. THE TOD ZONING STUDY
  • 15. GOAL Project Goal To improve zoning regulations and governmental policies in order to attract more transit- oriented development to key corridors in Cuyahoga County.
  • 16. TOD ZONING STUDY State of TOD in Cuyahoga County Analysis of TOD Zoning Best Practices + Model TOD Zoning TOD Financing Strategies Define TOD and identify/quantify TOD locally Why TOD? Analyze whether existing zoning along transit lines allows TOD and identify target areas Develop best practices and model zoning for TOD that can be adopted by individual municipalities Identifying TOD financing mechanisms and incentives used in other communities
  • 17. TOD ZONING STUDY State of TOD in Cuyahoga County Analysis of TOD Zoning Best Practices + Model TOD Zoning TOD Financing Strategies Define TOD and identify/quantify TOD locally Why TOD? Analyze whether existing zoning along transit lines allows TOD and identify target areas Develop best practices and model zoning for TOD that can be adopted by individual municipalities Identifying TOD financing mechanisms and incentives used in other communities
  • 19. TOD CORRIDORS & WALKSHEDS 22 TOD Corridors 26 Communities
  • 20. Land Use Land Cover Single-Family Residential: 42.4% Parking & Other Paved: 25.3%
  • 22. OVERALL SUPPORTIVENESS Summary Score • Most Supportive: 4.5 or More • Somewhat Supportive: 3.5 • Least Supportive: 3 or Less • Excluded: Single-Family and Two- Family
  • 23. ZONING ANALYSIS Summary Score • Most Supportive: 4.5 or More • Somewhat Supportive: 3.5 • Least Supportive: 3 or Less • Excluded: Single-Family and Two- Family
  • 24. KEY FINDINGS • A total of 455 zoning districts • Single-family and two-family zoning is the most common zoning within our TOD walksheds, accounting for 55.5% of zoned land • A few communities have adopted mixed-use zoning, but it is not necessarily transit-oriented—it may still be an auto-oriented and insular • Only 5.5% of land within TOD walksheds has zoning that is classified as ‘most supportive’
  • 26. DEVELOPMENT TRENDS The Development Trends on TOD Corridors documents identify major projects that added more than $1 million in building value over a one-year period along 22 TOD corridors in Cuyahoga County. • 2024 Report (NEW) • Includes data from 2014 to 2023 • 2022 Report • Includes data from 2012 to 2021
  • 27. OVERALL INVESTMENTS 2014–2023 Outside TOD Walksheds $2,533,185,600 (45%) Inside TOD Walksheds $3,052,012,800 (55%) Cuyahoga County Overall $5,685,198,400 ADDED BUILDING VALUE OF MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS WITHIN & OUTSIDE TOD WALKSHEDS, 2014- 2023
  • 28. ADDED BUILDING VALUE OF MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS, 2014-2023 2014-2023 Major Developments: • Within TOD Walksheds (Excluding Downtown) • Within TOD Walksheds (in Downtown Cleveland) • Outside of TOD Walksheds • TOD Walksheds
  • 29. ADDED BUILDING VALUE OF MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS, 2014-2023 2014-2023 Major Developments: • Within TOD Walksheds (Excluding Downtown) • Within TOD Walksheds (in Downtown Cleveland) • Outside of TOD Walksheds • TOD Walksheds
  • 30. INVESTMENTS WITHIN TOD WALKSHEDS $394 $279 $254 $375 $326 $391 $160 $161 $246 $465 $- $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 Millions ADDED BUILDING VALUE OF MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS WITHIN TOD WALKSHEDS, 2014-2023 Within TOD Walksheds COVID-19 National Emergency
  • 31. OVERALL INVESTMENTS $394 $279 $254 $375 $326 $391 $160 $161 $246 $465 $204 $221 $261 $310 $200 $375 $252 $205 $214 $291 $- $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 Millions COVID-19 National Emergency Within TOD Walksheds Outside TOD Walksheds ADDED BUILDING VALUE OF MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS WITHIN TOD WALKSHEDS, 2014-2023
  • 32. INVESTMENTS BY COMMUNITY $2,370,967,900 $332,445,900 $101,030,200 $206,666,400 $40,902,400 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ADDED BUILDING VALUE OF MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS WITHIN TOD WALKSHEDS BY COMMUNITY, 2014-2023 • 78% of investments occurred in Cleveland, followed by 11% in the Inner Ring East Communities Cleveland Inner Ring East Outer Ring East Inner Ring West Outer Ring West 77.7% 10.9% 3.3% 1.3% 6.8%
  • 33. INVESTMENTS BY NEIGHBORHOOD ADDED BUILDING VALUE OF MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS WITHIN TOD WALKSHEDS BY CLEVELAND NEIGHBORHOOD, 2014-2023 • 42% of investments occurred in Downtown Cleveland, followed by 24% in the East neighborhoods $998,821,300 $557,815,000 $402,168,300 $412,163,300 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Downtown East West University Circle 42.1% 23.5% 17.0% 17.4%
  • 34. DEVELOPMENTS WITHIN TOD WALKSHEDS • Not all developments within TOD Walksheds conform to TOD Principles TOD Principles The Ascent Harbor Chase UH Ahuja Center Greater Cleveland Food Bank Close to the Street Multiple Stories Substantial Lot Coverage Mix of Uses Minimum Parking/ De-emphasized Parking
  • 35. DEVELOPMENTS WITHIN TOD WALKSHEDS The Ascent 1. Close to the Street 2. Multiple Stories 3. Substantial Lot Coverage 4. Mix of Uses 5. De-emphasized Parking 3 5 2 1 4
  • 38. BEST PRACTICES How do we achieve more transit-oriented development?
  • 39. BEST PRACTICES How do we achieve more transit-oriented development? Get parking right Provide safe connections Design for walkability Foster vibrant public spaces Mix uses appropriately Allow for increased density Prioritize housing affordability
  • 42. MODEL TOD ZONING OVERLAY
  • 43. APPLYING THE TOD OVERLAY • Example: Existing Gas Station
  • 44. KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY • Allows only TOD-supportive uses
  • 45. KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY • Eliminates minimum lot area and width
  • 46. KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY • Requires density • 60% minimum lot coverage • 100% maximum lot coverage
  • 47. KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY • Moves buildings closer to the street • 0 ft minimum front setback • 15 ft maximum front setback
  • 48. KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY • Requires buildings have a significant presence on the street • 60% build-to-zone
  • 49. KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY • Requires height • 22 ft minimum height • 75 ft maximum height
  • 50. KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY • Improves parking requirements • Eliminates parking minimums • Establishes parking maximums • Locates parking to the side or rear • Requires access from side streets
  • 51. KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY • Requires parking lot screening
  • 52. KEY COMPONENTS OF TOD OVERLAY • Requires TOD-friendly design • 50% ground floor transparency
  • 53. GOALS OF TOD OVERLAY
  • 54. GOALS OF TOD OVERLAY MIXED-USE TOD • 8,400 sq ft of commercial space • 16,800 sq ft of residential space • Commercial and residential use • 67% impervious ORIGINAL GAS STATION • 3,200 sq ft of commercial space • Commercial use only • 77% impervious
  • 55. CALIBRATING ZONING REGULATIONS MODEL TOD CODE • Main street corridors with frequent bus lines • Mix of neighborhood and regional scale retail • Some tall buildings, moderate existing density LESS ROBUST TOD • Areas in which lower densities are preferred by the community • Neighborhood scale/ limited retail MORE ROBUST TOD • Key nodes or business districts served by multiple bus lines • Community Downtowns and areas near rail stations • Regional scale retail and regional destinations
  • 56. CALIBRATING ZONING REGULATIONS MODEL TOD CODE • Main street corridors with frequent bus lines • Mix of neighborhood and regional scale retail • Some tall buildings, moderate existing density LESS ROBUST TOD • Areas in which lower densities are preferred by the community • Neighborhood scale/ limited retail MORE ROBUST TOD • Key nodes or business districts served by multiple bus lines • Community Downtowns and areas near rail stations • Regional scale retail and regional destinations
  • 57. CALIBRATING ZONING REGULATIONS MODEL TOD CODE • Main street corridors with frequent bus lines • Mix of neighborhood and regional scale retail • Some tall buildings, moderate existing density MORE ROBUST TOD • Key nodes or business districts served by multiple bus lines • Community Downtowns and areas near rail stations • Regional scale retail and regional destinations LESS ROBUST TOD • Areas in which lower densities are preferred by the community • Neighborhood scale/ limited retail
  • 58. CALIBRATING ZONING REGULATIONS PARKING MODEL TOD CODE Minimum • None Maximum • 125% Location • Only side, rear or underground
  • 59. CALIBRATING ZONING REGULATIONS PARKING LESS ROBUST TOD Minimum • Reduced + Shared Parking Maximum • NONE Location • Same as the Model Code
  • 60. CALIBRATING ZONING REGULATIONS PARKING MORE ROBUST TOD Minimum • Transportation Demand Management Plan Maximum • 100 to 125% Location • Only rear or underground + Limit surface parking size OR • Only structured parking at rear or underground
  • 63. RESOURCES FOR COMMUNITIES Available at www.CountyPlanning.us/TOD
  • 65. MOVING FORWARD State of TOD Analysis of TOD Zoning Model TOD Zoning Financing TOD
  • 66. ASSISTANCE AVAILABLE 1. Present to Local Communities 2. Letter of Support (For Zoning Updates or Projects) 3. Assist on Zoning Updates
  • 68. WORKSHOP 1. PROJECTS: What projects—developments, infrastructure, zoning updates—are planned that we do not have highlighted? 2. SITES: What sites have potential for future TOD development? 3. ZONING: What areas in your community should be considered for TOD zoning?
  • 69. TOD UPDATES Visit us for updates on the project: www.CountyPlanning.us/TOD Please email us with any questions: phewitt@cuyahogacounty.us SCAN ME!
  • 70. THANK YOU TO OUR REFERENCE & PEER COMMUNITIES • Cleveland, Ohio • Shaker Heights, Ohio • Cleveland Heights, Ohio • Columbus, Ohio • Austin, Texas • Babylon, New York • Buffalo, New York • Albany, New York • Indianapolis, Indiana • Massachusetts • Chicago, Illinois • Montgomery Co., Pennsylvania • Raleigh, North Carolina • South Miami, Florida • APA Zoning Practices
  • 71. THANK YOU + QUESTIONS
  • 72. WORKSHOP 1. PROJECTS: What projects—developments, infrastructure, zoning updates—are planned that we do not have highlighted? 2. SITES: What sites have potential for future TOD development? 3. ZONING: What areas in your community should be considered for TOD zoning?

Editor's Notes

  1. Top of the Hill Intro Cedar Lee
  2. Top of the Hill Intro Cedar Lee
  3. Top of the Hill Intro Cedar Lee
  4. Top of the Hill Intro Cedar Lee
  5. TOD is a key strategy for increasing ridership and supporting transit. However, the benefits of TOD go beyond transit. Transit Oriented Development (TOD)’s compact, walkable, and connected design provides several benefits to local economies, its residents, and the overall environment. TOD Stimulates Local Economies, for example: Attracts new investments and new residents and visitors by creating vibrant environments to live, work and visit Reduces household transportation costs and increases disposable household incomes by providing other reliable and more affordable transportation options besides a vehicle, which is typically the second highest household cost. Reduces parking costs as TOD requires less parking which is often a large development cost. This allows for more productive use of space and more desired development Increases access to opportunities such as to jobs, services, grocery stores, education and shopping by locating housing and destinations closer together TOD Improves Public Health, for example: Encourages active lifestyles by creating comfortable walking and biking environments that incorporate pedestrian and cycling amenities Improves public safety by making streets livelier and filled with people throughout the day which provides more eyes on the street and encourages more interaction among people Reduces accidents by incorporating safety features and infrastructure that prioritize the safety of pedestrians and cyclists and that help reduce car speeds. It balances the needs of all street users TOD Promotes Sustainability, for example: Expands mobility options by making it easier and more convenient to walk, bike and use transit to a destination and thus reducing the reliance on personal vehicles Reduces sprawl and preserves undeveloped land and natural environments through compact development. Lowers car emissions and thus improving air quality by lowering Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT)  
  6. Warrensville Ridership
  7. Warrensville Ridership
  8. UPDATED DOCUMENT ONLINE AT www.CountyPlanning.us/TOD
  9. Outside of TOD Walksheds: Reached a peak of $375 million in 2019, Reached lowest investment $205 million in 2021 Within TOD Walksheds: Reached its highest investment of $465 million in 2023 (surpassed pre-Covid numbers) Reached lowest investment of $160 million in 2020
  10. Outside of TOD Walksheds: Reached a peak of $375 million in 2019, Reached lowest investment $205 million in 2021 Within TOD Walksheds: Reached its highest investment of $465 million in 2023 (surpassed pre-Covid numbers) Reached lowest investment of $160 million in 2020
  11. Outside of TOD Walksheds: Reached a peak of $375 million in 2019, Reached lowest investment $205 million in 2021 Within TOD Walksheds: Reached its highest investment of $465 million in 2023 (surpassed pre-Covid numbers) Reached lowest investment of $160 million in 2020
  12. Outside of TOD Walksheds: Reached a peak of $375 million in 2019, Reached lowest investment $205 million in 2021 Within TOD Walksheds: Reached its highest investment of $465 million in 2023 (surpassed pre-Covid numbers) Reached lowest investment of $160 million in 2020
  13. Provides options for enhancing TOD Zoning regulations to fit your needs
  14. Provides options for enhancing TOD Zoning regulations to fit your needs
  15. Provides options for enhancing TOD Zoning regulations to fit your needs
  16. Provides options for enhancing TOD Zoning regulations to fit your needs Examples: Increasing setbacks Allowing greater height Adding some parking requirements
  17. Provides options for enhancing TOD Zoning regulations to fit your needs Examples: Increasing setbacks Allowing greater height Adding some parking requirements
  18. Provides options for enhancing TOD Zoning regulations to fit your needs Examples: Increasing setbacks Allowing greater height Adding some parking requirements
  19. Provides options for enhancing TOD Zoning regulations to fit your needs Examples: Increasing setbacks Allowing greater height Adding some parking requirements
  20. Provides options for enhancing TOD Zoning regulations to fit your needs Examples: Increasing setbacks Allowing greater height Adding some parking requirements
  21. State of TOD Report Report on TOD Investment Summary of Peer Community Conversations
  22. Several zoning codes, model codes and resources from communities around the country were used to develop the Model Code.