SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Alvar Aalto
agenda
discuss midterm
3 questions were manually graded.
"pilotis" question: everyone got 2 points
"publication" question: everyone got 10 points
short answer: between 6 and 8 points depending upon the
quality of your response
BIG, Danish National Maritime Museum, completed 2013
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
compare: an
historical predecessor
at the Villa Savoye
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
how do architects draw from the past?
consider the case of Shigeru Ban and Alvar Aalto
Shigeru BAN, model for UPM pavilion, Milan Furniture Fair, 2007
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
waste material, label-making, UPM
Ban on "weak materials"
"I'm very interested in using weak materials. ...engineers
wish to make weak materials stronger and stronger.
I believe that the material doesn't need to be strong to
be used to build a strong structure.
The strength of the structure has nothing to do with the
strength
of the material.
We can make a building which withstands an earthquake
made of paper, as I did.
So the structural strength of the building has nothing to
do with the strength of the material."
can this material compete
with your cardboard tubes?
"Well, it's a matter of the criteria, what you're looking for
from the structure. Actually this material is naturally
waterproof and the paper tube we have to make waterproof,
we have to add chemicals to it. So it's different.
also the great advantage of this material is that you can
make different profiles.
Here we have a 'L' profile and also behind you there are
circular profiles. UPM can make any profile, the paper
tube I use is the round or square. it's more difficult to make a
different profile out of paper...
So this material is more flexible to make the different profiles
you would need. That's a great advantage."
on decorative materials
"Well, the nature of my architecture is ... I'm not interested in
decorative material.
I think if we designed a beautiful structure, the structure itself
is already ‘decoration’. We’re bringing natural light and
shadow inside the pavilion, that's the best decoration in
architecture /
in the history of architecture movement.
So any additional decoration is really not necessary!"
"Alvar Aalto through the
Eyes of Shigeru Ban"
2007 exhibition at the Barbican in
London
so, why did Ban get
interested in Aalto?
"The ultimate goal of architecture is
to create a paradise… every house,
every product of
architecture…should be a fruit of our
endeavour to build an earthly
paradise for people."
—Alvar Aalto, 1957
"God
created
paper for the
purpose of
drawing
architecture
on it..."
—Alvar Aalto
Alvar Aalto (1898-1976)
map showing
Finland in red
"International style": Mexico, Brazil, Finland
young Aalto
Finland became an independent republic in 1919, following
the turmoil of the Russian Revolution and a civil war.
Aalto graduated from Helsinki Institute of Technology (later
Helsinki University of Technology and now part of the Aalto
University).
1921 set up his first architectural practice in Jyväskylä,
Finland.
Traveled frequently to Europe with his wife and frequent
collaborator Aino Marsio, also an architect.
early commissions in
Finland
• Tapani Building (1929)
• Paimio Sanatorium (1932)
• co-founded Artek (furniture manufacturer still in business)
in 1935
• Aalto House and Studio (1936)
• created interior decor and glassware for Helsinki cafe
called the Savoy in 1937.
• Villa Mairea (1939)
Alvar AALTO
Tapani Building
Turku, Finland
1929
Tapani Building (1929)
• Commissioned 1927 by the Tapani construction
firm, which manufactured the standard precast
concrete units needed to build this apartment
block.
• Beams of standard width and wall units one foot
thick were all hollow in order to facilitate
installation of pipes, air ducts and electricity
wires.
• Variety of floorplans and living rooms with flexible
layouts.
• Aalto furnished some of the apartments with his
furniture. Some was made by the Thonet
Artek (1935)
founded by Aino and Alvar Aalto to manufacture textiles,
glassware and furniture from their designs
Alvar and Aino Aalto House,
Helsinki, Finland (1936)
In 1934, Aino and Alvar Aalto bought a piece of land in
Helsinki's Munkkiniemi neighborhood (Riihitie 20). Family
home and office completed in 1936.
Aalto's primary residence until his death in 1976
His second wife, Elissa, lived there until her death in 1994.
In 1998 ownership passed to the Alvar Aalto Foundation.
The home reopened as a museum in 2002.
Alvar and Aino Aalto House
Helsinki, Finland
1936
Family home and office space.
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
Visit the Aalto House
http://www.alvaraalto.fi/aaltohouse.htm
Savoy Restaurant
Helsinki, Finland (1937)
Fpr a new restaurant opening in Helsinki, Alvar Aalto together with his wife Aino
designed custom furnishings and fixtures. The restaurant was located on the top floor
of the new Industrial Palace building.
ARCH417AlvarAalto
Savoy Vase
Vases were placed on
every table and allowed
flowers to be arranged in
unusual, more individual
ways.
Villa Mairea (1939)
Noormarkku, Finland
• "an experimental house" commissioned by Aalto's
business partners in Artek, Harry and Maire Gullichsen.
• Aalto was given very free rein and a large budget.
• located in Noormarkku, Finland: a rural retreat for the
owners
• after foundation was poured, Aalto profoundly altered the
design to create a single, flowing open space for living,
entertaining, and display of art.
wooded, rural site
house among the pines
site plan showing
house, pool and
sauna
front facade
front facade with entrance portico
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
entrance,
detail of stonework
and bamboo posts
custom front door
with cast-bronze pull
interior, entrance with staircase
staircase detail
staircase detail
staircase elevation
entry with view into living space
interior with hearth
visible in background
detail of hearth
elevation and plan of fireplace
ARCH417AlvarAalto
more living room
interior library
interior dining area with hearth and built-ins
detail kitchen hearth
Maire Gullichsen's
studio on the first floor
interior office space
ARCH417AlvarAalto
sitting room
interior garden room
detail of garden room
east wing facade
courtyard facade
courtyard with pool and sauna
entrance to sauna
interior of sauna
exterior
landscaping with
gate
why the luxury house
matters
"The general idea seems to be that there is a distinct
contrast between small-scale mass-produced housing
on the one hand and residential buildings designed
according to the needs of the individual, on the other.
Special one-off houses have thus, in a way, been left
outside the trend which has made the production of
small dwellings the main social issue. ...One-off
architectural commissions can be used as experimental
laboratories where things can be done which are not
possible with today’s methods of mass production, but
which will gradually spread further and become
available to one and all as production methods
advance."
—Aino and Alvar Aalto, writing in Arkkitehti
gaining international
recognition
• Finnish Pavilion, Paris World's Fair, Paris, France, 1937
• "Aalto: Architecture and Furniture" exhibition at MoMA,
1938
• Finnish Pavilion, New York World’s Fair, NY, USA, 1939
• This building in particular gave Aalto an international
reputation.
Finnish Pavilion, 1935
Paris, France
The building was designed on the theme of "forest."
This highlighted a major industry in Finland.
Visual elements:
• enormous photographs of forest landscapes
• tree trunks, assembled to form screens or scattered
around the pavilion as accents
Alvar AALTO, Finnish Pavilion, Paris World's Fair, 1937, Paris, France
Aalto, Finnish Pavilion, 1935, section showing irregular terrain of the site
Aalto, Finnish Pavilion, 1935, axonometric
Aalto, Finnish Pavilion, 1935, plan for pavilion and landscaping
Aalto, Finnish Pavilion, 1935, plan for upper storey
Aalto, Finnish Pavilion, 1935, interior garden
interior with displays of architectural photos and products
Forest motif at the Finnish Pavilion, Paris, 1937
exhibition "Aalto: Architecture and
Furniture," at MoMA, NYC, 1938
Alvar AALTO
Finnish Pavilion, New York
World's Fair, NYC
1939
Shigeru Ban studio, conceptual model of Aalto's Finnish Pavilion for NY World's Fair
drawing of
Finnish Pavilion
Finnish Pavilion
viewed in the other direction
Finnish Pavilion, with projection
booth for multimedia displays
display of propellers mounted
to ceiling
and cafe/restaurant
Aalto installing
product displays at the
Finnish Pavilion, NYC
crafting the product
displays
"An exhibition should be what in the early days it used
to be, a general store: in which all possible objects are
grouped together in a dense display—whether it be fish,
cloth or cheese. Therefore in this pavilion I have
attempted to provide the densest possible concentration
of display, a space filled with wares, next to and above
and beneath each other, agricultural and industrial
products often just a few inches apart. It was no easy
work—composing the individual elements into one
symphony."
—Alvar Aalto, quoted in Karl Fleig, Alvar Aalto, 130
ARCH417AlvarAalto
late works
Baker House (1948)
Maison Carré (1959)
Neue Vahr, Bremen, Germany (1962)
Baker House (1948)
MIT, Cambridge, MA
dormitory for MIT students
unusual layout to maximize river views
considered an unusually good example of student housing
ground floor plan
typical upper floor plan
Aalto, Baker House, MIT, aerial view
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto
dorm room with furnishings
Maison Carré (1959)
located in Bazoches-sur-Guyonne, France
for French art dealer Louis Carré and his wife, who wished
to build an important villa on a large plot Carré had
acquired near the village of Bazoches, with a view of the
nearby Forêt de Rambouillet.
Aalto designed the house, furnishings, and landscaping of
entire property
Aalto, general view, Maison Carré, Bazoches-sur-Guyonne, France, 1
Aalto, general view, Maison Carré, Bazoches-sur-Guyonne, France, 1959
Aalto, living room toward entry hall
Maison Carré, Bazoches-sur-Guyonne, France, 1959
Neue Vahr Apartment
Building Bremen, Germany
(1962)
1962 Bremen, Germany.
22-story apartment building consists of one- and two-room
apartments all wedge-shaped, collected together in a fan
oriented westwards. Ground floor was office space
connected to a small commercial area.
Aalto on scale
"One of the most difficult architectural problems is the
shaping of the building's surroundings to the human scale. In
modern architecture where the rationality of the structural
frame and the building masses threaten to dominate, there is
often an architectural vacuum in the leftover portions of the
site. It would be good if, instead of filling up this vacuum with
decorative gardens, the organic movement of people could
be incorporated in the shaping of the site in order to create
an intimate relationsip between Man and Architecture."
plan of the Neue Vahr building
ARCH417AlvarAalto
ARCH417AlvarAalto

More Related Content

What's hot

alvar aalto,villa mairea
alvar aalto,villa maireaalvar aalto,villa mairea
alvar aalto,villa mairea
Nithin Thomas Alex
 
Alvar aalto
Alvar aaltoAlvar aalto
Alvar aalto
Indrajit Koner
 
Alvar Aalto
Alvar AaltoAlvar Aalto
Alvar Aalto
Ankur Saxena
 
Ar. Richard Rogers
Ar. Richard RogersAr. Richard Rogers
Ar. Richard Rogers
Mehul Laddha
 
industrial revolution Eiffel Tower
industrial revolution  Eiffel Tower industrial revolution  Eiffel Tower
industrial revolution Eiffel Tower
MADHUKANT SINGH
 
Norman foster
Norman fosterNorman foster
Norman foster
Rumi Tamakhu
 
Mario botta
Mario bottaMario botta
Mario botta
Jigar Gabani
 
a short presentation on architect Alvar aalto
a short presentation on architect Alvar aaltoa short presentation on architect Alvar aalto
a short presentation on architect Alvar aalto
আবিদ রহমান জয়
 
Mario botta
Mario botta Mario botta
Mario botta
POOJAAM
 
history of contemporary architecture - 11. Expressionism.ppt
history of contemporary architecture - 11. Expressionism.ppthistory of contemporary architecture - 11. Expressionism.ppt
history of contemporary architecture - 11. Expressionism.ppt
Dania Abdel-aziz
 
Church of light- A Case study
Church of light-  A Case studyChurch of light-  A Case study
Church of light- A Case study
Dhanya Pravin
 
Alvar Aalto
Alvar AaltoAlvar Aalto
Alvar Aalto
Architecture Z
 
Mies van der rohe
Mies van der roheMies van der rohe
Mies van der rohe
Saaim08
 
VILLA MAIREA - ALVAR AALTO
VILLA MAIREA - ALVAR AALTOVILLA MAIREA - ALVAR AALTO
VILLA MAIREA - ALVAR AALTO
Hafizie Van De Merwe
 
Richard meier and john hejduk
Richard meier and john hejdukRichard meier and john hejduk
Richard meier and john hejduk
vikashsaini78
 
Ludwig Mies van der rohe
Ludwig Mies van der roheLudwig Mies van der rohe
Ludwig Mies van der rohe
Syeda Samiya Mariyam
 
Villa Mairea
Villa MaireaVilla Mairea
Villa Mairea
Adibah Awang
 
CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE (1910 1920)globally ex
CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE (1910 1920)globally exCONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE (1910 1920)globally ex
CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE (1910 1920)globally ex
Rizwan ul Abidin
 
Architecture of Peter Zumthor
Architecture of Peter ZumthorArchitecture of Peter Zumthor
Architecture of Peter Zumthor
Ronny Fauzi
 
Fumihiko maki.pps
Fumihiko maki.ppsFumihiko maki.pps
Fumihiko maki.pps
aziz khan
 

What's hot (20)

alvar aalto,villa mairea
alvar aalto,villa maireaalvar aalto,villa mairea
alvar aalto,villa mairea
 
Alvar aalto
Alvar aaltoAlvar aalto
Alvar aalto
 
Alvar Aalto
Alvar AaltoAlvar Aalto
Alvar Aalto
 
Ar. Richard Rogers
Ar. Richard RogersAr. Richard Rogers
Ar. Richard Rogers
 
industrial revolution Eiffel Tower
industrial revolution  Eiffel Tower industrial revolution  Eiffel Tower
industrial revolution Eiffel Tower
 
Norman foster
Norman fosterNorman foster
Norman foster
 
Mario botta
Mario bottaMario botta
Mario botta
 
a short presentation on architect Alvar aalto
a short presentation on architect Alvar aaltoa short presentation on architect Alvar aalto
a short presentation on architect Alvar aalto
 
Mario botta
Mario botta Mario botta
Mario botta
 
history of contemporary architecture - 11. Expressionism.ppt
history of contemporary architecture - 11. Expressionism.ppthistory of contemporary architecture - 11. Expressionism.ppt
history of contemporary architecture - 11. Expressionism.ppt
 
Church of light- A Case study
Church of light-  A Case studyChurch of light-  A Case study
Church of light- A Case study
 
Alvar Aalto
Alvar AaltoAlvar Aalto
Alvar Aalto
 
Mies van der rohe
Mies van der roheMies van der rohe
Mies van der rohe
 
VILLA MAIREA - ALVAR AALTO
VILLA MAIREA - ALVAR AALTOVILLA MAIREA - ALVAR AALTO
VILLA MAIREA - ALVAR AALTO
 
Richard meier and john hejduk
Richard meier and john hejdukRichard meier and john hejduk
Richard meier and john hejduk
 
Ludwig Mies van der rohe
Ludwig Mies van der roheLudwig Mies van der rohe
Ludwig Mies van der rohe
 
Villa Mairea
Villa MaireaVilla Mairea
Villa Mairea
 
CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE (1910 1920)globally ex
CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE (1910 1920)globally exCONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE (1910 1920)globally ex
CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE (1910 1920)globally ex
 
Architecture of Peter Zumthor
Architecture of Peter ZumthorArchitecture of Peter Zumthor
Architecture of Peter Zumthor
 
Fumihiko maki.pps
Fumihiko maki.ppsFumihiko maki.pps
Fumihiko maki.pps
 

Viewers also liked

Alvar aalto
Alvar aaltoAlvar aalto
Alvar aalto
roy avendano
 
Works of Alvar Aalto
Works of Alvar AaltoWorks of Alvar Aalto
Works of Alvar Aalto
Varsha Mallya
 
Michael Thonet vs.Alvar Aalto (Part III)
Michael Thonet vs.Alvar Aalto (Part III)Michael Thonet vs.Alvar Aalto (Part III)
Michael Thonet vs.Alvar Aalto (Part III)
Siniša Prvanov
 
Michael Thonet vs. Alvar Aalto (Part I)
Michael Thonet vs. Alvar Aalto (Part I)Michael Thonet vs. Alvar Aalto (Part I)
Michael Thonet vs. Alvar Aalto (Part I)
Siniša Prvanov
 
Philosophies of f l wright
Philosophies of f l wright Philosophies of f l wright
Philosophies of f l wright
Manish Jain Luhadia
 
ARCHITECT ALVAR ALTO AND HIS WORKS
ARCHITECT ALVAR ALTO AND HIS WORKSARCHITECT ALVAR ALTO AND HIS WORKS
ARCHITECT ALVAR ALTO AND HIS WORKS
Aashna Arora
 
YARA_GAMAL_PROTFOLIO
YARA_GAMAL_PROTFOLIOYARA_GAMAL_PROTFOLIO
YARA_GAMAL_PROTFOLIO
Yara Gamal
 
Alto Museo
Alto MuseoAlto Museo
Alto Museo
Areeb Khan
 
Influencia en la arquitectura de Alvar Aalto y Kenzo Tange
Influencia en la arquitectura de Alvar Aalto y Kenzo TangeInfluencia en la arquitectura de Alvar Aalto y Kenzo Tange
Influencia en la arquitectura de Alvar Aalto y Kenzo Tange
Isabella Barberi
 
Steven Holl Art School Extension
Steven Holl Art School ExtensionSteven Holl Art School Extension
Steven Holl Art School Extension
guestb8926d
 
Dubai Street Furniture 2007
Dubai Street Furniture 2007Dubai Street Furniture 2007
Dubai Street Furniture 2007
Anup Jalan
 
Alupro facade and fenestration presentation
Alupro   facade and fenestration presentationAlupro   facade and fenestration presentation
Alupro facade and fenestration presentation
alupro
 
Port Of Rotterdam - Pierewaaien In De Stadshavens
Port Of Rotterdam - Pierewaaien In De StadshavensPort Of Rotterdam - Pierewaaien In De Stadshavens
Port Of Rotterdam - Pierewaaien In De Stadshavens
Martijn Waldram
 
02 lara smits the breathing green pavilion
02 lara smits   the breathing green pavilion02 lara smits   the breathing green pavilion
02 lara smits the breathing green pavilion
koenkegel
 
Alvaro Alto-Viipuri library
Alvaro Alto-Viipuri libraryAlvaro Alto-Viipuri library
Alvaro Alto-Viipuri library
Preyan Mehta
 
150316 principles of solar oriented design
150316 principles of solar oriented design150316 principles of solar oriented design
150316 principles of solar oriented design
Tieng Wei
 
Alvar alto & eero saarinen
Alvar alto & eero saarinenAlvar alto & eero saarinen
Alvar alto & eero saarinen
benazirmohamedkhan
 
Adolf loos pre-modern architectural interventionist
Adolf loos pre-modern architectural interventionistAdolf loos pre-modern architectural interventionist
Adolf loos pre-modern architectural interventionist
JUNITOarch
 
Kenzo tange y alvar aalto
Kenzo tange y alvar aaltoKenzo tange y alvar aalto
Kenzo tange y alvar aalto
I.U.P. Santiago Mariño
 

Viewers also liked (19)

Alvar aalto
Alvar aaltoAlvar aalto
Alvar aalto
 
Works of Alvar Aalto
Works of Alvar AaltoWorks of Alvar Aalto
Works of Alvar Aalto
 
Michael Thonet vs.Alvar Aalto (Part III)
Michael Thonet vs.Alvar Aalto (Part III)Michael Thonet vs.Alvar Aalto (Part III)
Michael Thonet vs.Alvar Aalto (Part III)
 
Michael Thonet vs. Alvar Aalto (Part I)
Michael Thonet vs. Alvar Aalto (Part I)Michael Thonet vs. Alvar Aalto (Part I)
Michael Thonet vs. Alvar Aalto (Part I)
 
Philosophies of f l wright
Philosophies of f l wright Philosophies of f l wright
Philosophies of f l wright
 
ARCHITECT ALVAR ALTO AND HIS WORKS
ARCHITECT ALVAR ALTO AND HIS WORKSARCHITECT ALVAR ALTO AND HIS WORKS
ARCHITECT ALVAR ALTO AND HIS WORKS
 
YARA_GAMAL_PROTFOLIO
YARA_GAMAL_PROTFOLIOYARA_GAMAL_PROTFOLIO
YARA_GAMAL_PROTFOLIO
 
Alto Museo
Alto MuseoAlto Museo
Alto Museo
 
Influencia en la arquitectura de Alvar Aalto y Kenzo Tange
Influencia en la arquitectura de Alvar Aalto y Kenzo TangeInfluencia en la arquitectura de Alvar Aalto y Kenzo Tange
Influencia en la arquitectura de Alvar Aalto y Kenzo Tange
 
Steven Holl Art School Extension
Steven Holl Art School ExtensionSteven Holl Art School Extension
Steven Holl Art School Extension
 
Dubai Street Furniture 2007
Dubai Street Furniture 2007Dubai Street Furniture 2007
Dubai Street Furniture 2007
 
Alupro facade and fenestration presentation
Alupro   facade and fenestration presentationAlupro   facade and fenestration presentation
Alupro facade and fenestration presentation
 
Port Of Rotterdam - Pierewaaien In De Stadshavens
Port Of Rotterdam - Pierewaaien In De StadshavensPort Of Rotterdam - Pierewaaien In De Stadshavens
Port Of Rotterdam - Pierewaaien In De Stadshavens
 
02 lara smits the breathing green pavilion
02 lara smits   the breathing green pavilion02 lara smits   the breathing green pavilion
02 lara smits the breathing green pavilion
 
Alvaro Alto-Viipuri library
Alvaro Alto-Viipuri libraryAlvaro Alto-Viipuri library
Alvaro Alto-Viipuri library
 
150316 principles of solar oriented design
150316 principles of solar oriented design150316 principles of solar oriented design
150316 principles of solar oriented design
 
Alvar alto & eero saarinen
Alvar alto & eero saarinenAlvar alto & eero saarinen
Alvar alto & eero saarinen
 
Adolf loos pre-modern architectural interventionist
Adolf loos pre-modern architectural interventionistAdolf loos pre-modern architectural interventionist
Adolf loos pre-modern architectural interventionist
 
Kenzo tange y alvar aalto
Kenzo tange y alvar aaltoKenzo tange y alvar aalto
Kenzo tange y alvar aalto
 

Similar to ARCH417AlvarAalto

Alvar Aalto
Alvar AaltoAlvar Aalto
Modern and Postmodern Architecture
Modern and Postmodern ArchitectureModern and Postmodern Architecture
Modern and Postmodern Architecture
Surya Ramesh
 
Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto.pptx
Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto.pptxHugo Alvar Henrik Aalto.pptx
Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto.pptx
Nandhininagarajan15
 
Nordic glass
Nordic glassNordic glass
Nordic glass
Adela Bianca Han
 
Le Corbusier.pptx
Le Corbusier.pptxLe Corbusier.pptx
Le Corbusier.pptx
goreshsaini2
 
Alvar alto
Alvar altoAlvar alto
Alvar alto
GEORGE SEBASTIAN
 
Karuselli 50years_Booklet-N
Karuselli 50years_Booklet-NKaruselli 50years_Booklet-N
Karuselli 50years_Booklet-N
Tamin Tanzil
 
Art Nouveau; Furniture, Interiors and accessories
Art Nouveau; Furniture, Interiors and accessoriesArt Nouveau; Furniture, Interiors and accessories
Art Nouveau; Furniture, Interiors and accessories
Hanady14
 
Master Designers - Iconic Pieces - Atelier collection
Master Designers - Iconic Pieces - Atelier collectionMaster Designers - Iconic Pieces - Atelier collection
Master Designers - Iconic Pieces - Atelier collection
MisuraEmme S.p.A.
 
ARCH417Class07
ARCH417Class07ARCH417Class07
ARCH417Class07
Jennifer Burns
 
Open and Participatory Museums
Open and Participatory MuseumsOpen and Participatory Museums
Open and Participatory Museums
Mariana Salgado
 
Édouard Colonna 
Édouard Colonna Édouard Colonna 
Édouard Colonna 
Maryam Jalali
 
Organic design
Organic designOrganic design
Organic design
Senistr0
 
Art nouveau furniture .pdf
Art nouveau furniture .pdfArt nouveau furniture .pdf
Art nouveau furniture .pdf
TikshaMahajan1
 
Expo70 project presentation
Expo70 project presentationExpo70 project presentation
Expo70 project presentation
Amna Dhaheri
 
Designers of the modern era
Designers of the modern eraDesigners of the modern era
Designers of the modern era
FayazMohemed1
 
Jorn utzon
Jorn utzonJorn utzon
Jorn utzon
Shivani Saxena
 
Art Nouveau Moment
Art Nouveau MomentArt Nouveau Moment
Art Nouveau Moment
Andhra University
 
CV english
CV englishCV english
CV english
Jonathan Daifuku
 
The Signature Facade: The Construct of Contemporary “Chineseness” in the Cros...
The Signature Facade: The Construct of Contemporary “Chineseness” in the Cros...The Signature Facade: The Construct of Contemporary “Chineseness” in the Cros...
The Signature Facade: The Construct of Contemporary “Chineseness” in the Cros...
Visual Resources Association
 

Similar to ARCH417AlvarAalto (20)

Alvar Aalto
Alvar AaltoAlvar Aalto
Alvar Aalto
 
Modern and Postmodern Architecture
Modern and Postmodern ArchitectureModern and Postmodern Architecture
Modern and Postmodern Architecture
 
Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto.pptx
Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto.pptxHugo Alvar Henrik Aalto.pptx
Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto.pptx
 
Nordic glass
Nordic glassNordic glass
Nordic glass
 
Le Corbusier.pptx
Le Corbusier.pptxLe Corbusier.pptx
Le Corbusier.pptx
 
Alvar alto
Alvar altoAlvar alto
Alvar alto
 
Karuselli 50years_Booklet-N
Karuselli 50years_Booklet-NKaruselli 50years_Booklet-N
Karuselli 50years_Booklet-N
 
Art Nouveau; Furniture, Interiors and accessories
Art Nouveau; Furniture, Interiors and accessoriesArt Nouveau; Furniture, Interiors and accessories
Art Nouveau; Furniture, Interiors and accessories
 
Master Designers - Iconic Pieces - Atelier collection
Master Designers - Iconic Pieces - Atelier collectionMaster Designers - Iconic Pieces - Atelier collection
Master Designers - Iconic Pieces - Atelier collection
 
ARCH417Class07
ARCH417Class07ARCH417Class07
ARCH417Class07
 
Open and Participatory Museums
Open and Participatory MuseumsOpen and Participatory Museums
Open and Participatory Museums
 
Édouard Colonna 
Édouard Colonna Édouard Colonna 
Édouard Colonna 
 
Organic design
Organic designOrganic design
Organic design
 
Art nouveau furniture .pdf
Art nouveau furniture .pdfArt nouveau furniture .pdf
Art nouveau furniture .pdf
 
Expo70 project presentation
Expo70 project presentationExpo70 project presentation
Expo70 project presentation
 
Designers of the modern era
Designers of the modern eraDesigners of the modern era
Designers of the modern era
 
Jorn utzon
Jorn utzonJorn utzon
Jorn utzon
 
Art Nouveau Moment
Art Nouveau MomentArt Nouveau Moment
Art Nouveau Moment
 
CV english
CV englishCV english
CV english
 
The Signature Facade: The Construct of Contemporary “Chineseness” in the Cros...
The Signature Facade: The Construct of Contemporary “Chineseness” in the Cros...The Signature Facade: The Construct of Contemporary “Chineseness” in the Cros...
The Signature Facade: The Construct of Contemporary “Chineseness” in the Cros...
 

More from Jennifer Burns

Art100 sp17 class14.1_riseofcommercialculture
Art100 sp17 class14.1_riseofcommercialcultureArt100 sp17 class14.1_riseofcommercialculture
Art100 sp17 class14.1_riseofcommercialculture
Jennifer Burns
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class15.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class15.1ART100_Fall2016_Class15.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class15.1
Jennifer Burns
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class14.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class14.2ART100_Fall2016_Class14.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class14.2
Jennifer Burns
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class14.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class14.1ART100_Fall2016_Class14.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class14.1
Jennifer Burns
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class13.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class13.2ART100_Fall2016_Class13.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class13.2
Jennifer Burns
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class13.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class13.1ART100_Fall2016_Class13.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class13.1
Jennifer Burns
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class12.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class12.2ART100_Fall2016_Class12.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class12.2
Jennifer Burns
 
UVC100_Fall16_Class12.1
UVC100_Fall16_Class12.1UVC100_Fall16_Class12.1
UVC100_Fall16_Class12.1
Jennifer Burns
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class11.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class11.2ART100_Fall2016_Class11.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class11.2
Jennifer Burns
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class11.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class11.1ART100_Fall2016_Class11.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class11.1
Jennifer Burns
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class10.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class10.2ART100_Fall2016_Class10.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class10.2
Jennifer Burns
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class10.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class10.1ART100_Fall2016_Class10.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class10.1
Jennifer Burns
 
Art100 fall2016 class9.2_paperworkshop
Art100 fall2016 class9.2_paperworkshopArt100 fall2016 class9.2_paperworkshop
Art100 fall2016 class9.2_paperworkshop
Jennifer Burns
 
Uvc100 fall2016 class8.2
Uvc100 fall2016 class8.2Uvc100 fall2016 class8.2
Uvc100 fall2016 class8.2
Jennifer Burns
 
Uvc100 fall2016 class8.1
Uvc100 fall2016 class8.1Uvc100 fall2016 class8.1
Uvc100 fall2016 class8.1
Jennifer Burns
 
UVC100_Fall16_Class7.1
UVC100_Fall16_Class7.1UVC100_Fall16_Class7.1
UVC100_Fall16_Class7.1
Jennifer Burns
 
Uvc100 fall2016 class6.2_semiotics_pt2
Uvc100 fall2016 class6.2_semiotics_pt2Uvc100 fall2016 class6.2_semiotics_pt2
Uvc100 fall2016 class6.2_semiotics_pt2
Jennifer Burns
 
Uvc100 fall2016 class6.1_intro_semiotics
Uvc100 fall2016 class6.1_intro_semioticsUvc100 fall2016 class6.1_intro_semiotics
Uvc100 fall2016 class6.1_intro_semiotics
Jennifer Burns
 
Art100 fall2016 class5.2_putting_italltogether
Art100 fall2016 class5.2_putting_italltogetherArt100 fall2016 class5.2_putting_italltogether
Art100 fall2016 class5.2_putting_italltogether
Jennifer Burns
 
Art100 fall2016 class5.1_formal_analysisstepbystep
Art100 fall2016 class5.1_formal_analysisstepbystepArt100 fall2016 class5.1_formal_analysisstepbystep
Art100 fall2016 class5.1_formal_analysisstepbystep
Jennifer Burns
 

More from Jennifer Burns (20)

Art100 sp17 class14.1_riseofcommercialculture
Art100 sp17 class14.1_riseofcommercialcultureArt100 sp17 class14.1_riseofcommercialculture
Art100 sp17 class14.1_riseofcommercialculture
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class15.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class15.1ART100_Fall2016_Class15.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class15.1
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class14.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class14.2ART100_Fall2016_Class14.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class14.2
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class14.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class14.1ART100_Fall2016_Class14.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class14.1
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class13.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class13.2ART100_Fall2016_Class13.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class13.2
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class13.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class13.1ART100_Fall2016_Class13.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class13.1
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class12.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class12.2ART100_Fall2016_Class12.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class12.2
 
UVC100_Fall16_Class12.1
UVC100_Fall16_Class12.1UVC100_Fall16_Class12.1
UVC100_Fall16_Class12.1
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class11.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class11.2ART100_Fall2016_Class11.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class11.2
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class11.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class11.1ART100_Fall2016_Class11.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class11.1
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class10.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class10.2ART100_Fall2016_Class10.2
ART100_Fall2016_Class10.2
 
ART100_Fall2016_Class10.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class10.1ART100_Fall2016_Class10.1
ART100_Fall2016_Class10.1
 
Art100 fall2016 class9.2_paperworkshop
Art100 fall2016 class9.2_paperworkshopArt100 fall2016 class9.2_paperworkshop
Art100 fall2016 class9.2_paperworkshop
 
Uvc100 fall2016 class8.2
Uvc100 fall2016 class8.2Uvc100 fall2016 class8.2
Uvc100 fall2016 class8.2
 
Uvc100 fall2016 class8.1
Uvc100 fall2016 class8.1Uvc100 fall2016 class8.1
Uvc100 fall2016 class8.1
 
UVC100_Fall16_Class7.1
UVC100_Fall16_Class7.1UVC100_Fall16_Class7.1
UVC100_Fall16_Class7.1
 
Uvc100 fall2016 class6.2_semiotics_pt2
Uvc100 fall2016 class6.2_semiotics_pt2Uvc100 fall2016 class6.2_semiotics_pt2
Uvc100 fall2016 class6.2_semiotics_pt2
 
Uvc100 fall2016 class6.1_intro_semiotics
Uvc100 fall2016 class6.1_intro_semioticsUvc100 fall2016 class6.1_intro_semiotics
Uvc100 fall2016 class6.1_intro_semiotics
 
Art100 fall2016 class5.2_putting_italltogether
Art100 fall2016 class5.2_putting_italltogetherArt100 fall2016 class5.2_putting_italltogether
Art100 fall2016 class5.2_putting_italltogether
 
Art100 fall2016 class5.1_formal_analysisstepbystep
Art100 fall2016 class5.1_formal_analysisstepbystepArt100 fall2016 class5.1_formal_analysisstepbystep
Art100 fall2016 class5.1_formal_analysisstepbystep
 

Recently uploaded

NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource Book
NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource BookNAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource Book
NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource Book
lakitawilson
 
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.docBài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
PhngThLmHnh
 
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
Celine George
 
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequenceSEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
Murugan Solaiyappan
 
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On FacebookOdoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Celine George
 
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal HygieneEdukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
MJDuyan
 
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Murugan Solaiyappan
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptxBRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
kambal1234567890
 
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergartenmatatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
SarahAlie1
 
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 DashboardYear-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Celine George
 
Principles of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptx
Principles of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptxPrinciples of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptx
Principles of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptx
ibtesaam huma
 
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
NurFitriah45
 
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ..."DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
thanhluan21
 
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline PartnershipNC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
Mebane Rash
 
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDFCTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
hammadmughal76316
 
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 SlidesNew Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 SlidesHow to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
KlettWorldLanguages
 

Recently uploaded (20)

NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource Book
NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource BookNAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource Book
NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource Book
 
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.docBài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
 
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
 
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequenceSEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
 
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
 
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On FacebookOdoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
 
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal HygieneEdukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
 
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptxBRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
 
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergartenmatatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
 
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
 
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 DashboardYear-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
 
Principles of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptx
Principles of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptxPrinciples of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptx
Principles of Roods Approach!!!!!!!.pptx
 
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
 
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ..."DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
 
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline PartnershipNC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
 
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDFCTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
 
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 SlidesNew Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
 
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 SlidesHow to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
 
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
 

ARCH417AlvarAalto

  • 2. agenda discuss midterm 3 questions were manually graded. "pilotis" question: everyone got 2 points "publication" question: everyone got 10 points short answer: between 6 and 8 points depending upon the quality of your response
  • 3. BIG, Danish National Maritime Museum, completed 2013
  • 17. how do architects draw from the past? consider the case of Shigeru Ban and Alvar Aalto
  • 18. Shigeru BAN, model for UPM pavilion, Milan Furniture Fair, 2007
  • 25. Ban on "weak materials" "I'm very interested in using weak materials. ...engineers wish to make weak materials stronger and stronger. I believe that the material doesn't need to be strong to be used to build a strong structure. The strength of the structure has nothing to do with the strength of the material. We can make a building which withstands an earthquake made of paper, as I did. So the structural strength of the building has nothing to do with the strength of the material."
  • 26. can this material compete with your cardboard tubes? "Well, it's a matter of the criteria, what you're looking for from the structure. Actually this material is naturally waterproof and the paper tube we have to make waterproof, we have to add chemicals to it. So it's different. also the great advantage of this material is that you can make different profiles. Here we have a 'L' profile and also behind you there are circular profiles. UPM can make any profile, the paper tube I use is the round or square. it's more difficult to make a different profile out of paper... So this material is more flexible to make the different profiles you would need. That's a great advantage."
  • 27. on decorative materials "Well, the nature of my architecture is ... I'm not interested in decorative material. I think if we designed a beautiful structure, the structure itself is already ‘decoration’. We’re bringing natural light and shadow inside the pavilion, that's the best decoration in architecture / in the history of architecture movement. So any additional decoration is really not necessary!"
  • 28. "Alvar Aalto through the Eyes of Shigeru Ban" 2007 exhibition at the Barbican in London
  • 29. so, why did Ban get interested in Aalto? "The ultimate goal of architecture is to create a paradise… every house, every product of architecture…should be a fruit of our endeavour to build an earthly paradise for people." —Alvar Aalto, 1957
  • 30. "God created paper for the purpose of drawing architecture on it..." —Alvar Aalto
  • 34. young Aalto Finland became an independent republic in 1919, following the turmoil of the Russian Revolution and a civil war. Aalto graduated from Helsinki Institute of Technology (later Helsinki University of Technology and now part of the Aalto University). 1921 set up his first architectural practice in Jyväskylä, Finland. Traveled frequently to Europe with his wife and frequent collaborator Aino Marsio, also an architect.
  • 35. early commissions in Finland • Tapani Building (1929) • Paimio Sanatorium (1932) • co-founded Artek (furniture manufacturer still in business) in 1935 • Aalto House and Studio (1936) • created interior decor and glassware for Helsinki cafe called the Savoy in 1937. • Villa Mairea (1939)
  • 37. Tapani Building (1929) • Commissioned 1927 by the Tapani construction firm, which manufactured the standard precast concrete units needed to build this apartment block. • Beams of standard width and wall units one foot thick were all hollow in order to facilitate installation of pipes, air ducts and electricity wires. • Variety of floorplans and living rooms with flexible layouts. • Aalto furnished some of the apartments with his furniture. Some was made by the Thonet
  • 38. Artek (1935) founded by Aino and Alvar Aalto to manufacture textiles, glassware and furniture from their designs
  • 39. Alvar and Aino Aalto House, Helsinki, Finland (1936) In 1934, Aino and Alvar Aalto bought a piece of land in Helsinki's Munkkiniemi neighborhood (Riihitie 20). Family home and office completed in 1936. Aalto's primary residence until his death in 1976 His second wife, Elissa, lived there until her death in 1994. In 1998 ownership passed to the Alvar Aalto Foundation. The home reopened as a museum in 2002.
  • 40. Alvar and Aino Aalto House Helsinki, Finland 1936 Family home and office space.
  • 57. Visit the Aalto House http://www.alvaraalto.fi/aaltohouse.htm
  • 59. Fpr a new restaurant opening in Helsinki, Alvar Aalto together with his wife Aino designed custom furnishings and fixtures. The restaurant was located on the top floor of the new Industrial Palace building.
  • 61. Savoy Vase Vases were placed on every table and allowed flowers to be arranged in unusual, more individual ways.
  • 62. Villa Mairea (1939) Noormarkku, Finland • "an experimental house" commissioned by Aalto's business partners in Artek, Harry and Maire Gullichsen. • Aalto was given very free rein and a large budget. • located in Noormarkku, Finland: a rural retreat for the owners • after foundation was poured, Aalto profoundly altered the design to create a single, flowing open space for living, entertaining, and display of art.
  • 65. site plan showing house, pool and sauna
  • 67. front facade with entrance portico
  • 71. custom front door with cast-bronze pull
  • 76. entry with view into living space
  • 79. elevation and plan of fireplace
  • 83. interior dining area with hearth and built-ins
  • 85. Maire Gullichsen's studio on the first floor
  • 93. courtyard with pool and sauna
  • 97. why the luxury house matters "The general idea seems to be that there is a distinct contrast between small-scale mass-produced housing on the one hand and residential buildings designed according to the needs of the individual, on the other. Special one-off houses have thus, in a way, been left outside the trend which has made the production of small dwellings the main social issue. ...One-off architectural commissions can be used as experimental laboratories where things can be done which are not possible with today’s methods of mass production, but which will gradually spread further and become available to one and all as production methods advance." —Aino and Alvar Aalto, writing in Arkkitehti
  • 98. gaining international recognition • Finnish Pavilion, Paris World's Fair, Paris, France, 1937 • "Aalto: Architecture and Furniture" exhibition at MoMA, 1938 • Finnish Pavilion, New York World’s Fair, NY, USA, 1939 • This building in particular gave Aalto an international reputation.
  • 99. Finnish Pavilion, 1935 Paris, France The building was designed on the theme of "forest." This highlighted a major industry in Finland. Visual elements: • enormous photographs of forest landscapes • tree trunks, assembled to form screens or scattered around the pavilion as accents
  • 100. Alvar AALTO, Finnish Pavilion, Paris World's Fair, 1937, Paris, France
  • 101. Aalto, Finnish Pavilion, 1935, section showing irregular terrain of the site
  • 102. Aalto, Finnish Pavilion, 1935, axonometric
  • 103. Aalto, Finnish Pavilion, 1935, plan for pavilion and landscaping
  • 104. Aalto, Finnish Pavilion, 1935, plan for upper storey
  • 105. Aalto, Finnish Pavilion, 1935, interior garden
  • 106. interior with displays of architectural photos and products
  • 107. Forest motif at the Finnish Pavilion, Paris, 1937
  • 108. exhibition "Aalto: Architecture and Furniture," at MoMA, NYC, 1938
  • 109. Alvar AALTO Finnish Pavilion, New York World's Fair, NYC 1939
  • 110. Shigeru Ban studio, conceptual model of Aalto's Finnish Pavilion for NY World's Fair
  • 112. Finnish Pavilion viewed in the other direction
  • 113. Finnish Pavilion, with projection booth for multimedia displays display of propellers mounted to ceiling and cafe/restaurant
  • 114. Aalto installing product displays at the Finnish Pavilion, NYC
  • 115. crafting the product displays "An exhibition should be what in the early days it used to be, a general store: in which all possible objects are grouped together in a dense display—whether it be fish, cloth or cheese. Therefore in this pavilion I have attempted to provide the densest possible concentration of display, a space filled with wares, next to and above and beneath each other, agricultural and industrial products often just a few inches apart. It was no easy work—composing the individual elements into one symphony." —Alvar Aalto, quoted in Karl Fleig, Alvar Aalto, 130
  • 117. late works Baker House (1948) Maison Carré (1959) Neue Vahr, Bremen, Germany (1962)
  • 118. Baker House (1948) MIT, Cambridge, MA dormitory for MIT students unusual layout to maximize river views considered an unusually good example of student housing
  • 119. ground floor plan typical upper floor plan
  • 120. Aalto, Baker House, MIT, aerial view
  • 123. dorm room with furnishings
  • 124. Maison Carré (1959) located in Bazoches-sur-Guyonne, France for French art dealer Louis Carré and his wife, who wished to build an important villa on a large plot Carré had acquired near the village of Bazoches, with a view of the nearby Forêt de Rambouillet. Aalto designed the house, furnishings, and landscaping of entire property
  • 125. Aalto, general view, Maison Carré, Bazoches-sur-Guyonne, France, 1
  • 126. Aalto, general view, Maison Carré, Bazoches-sur-Guyonne, France, 1959
  • 127. Aalto, living room toward entry hall Maison Carré, Bazoches-sur-Guyonne, France, 1959
  • 128. Neue Vahr Apartment Building Bremen, Germany (1962) 1962 Bremen, Germany. 22-story apartment building consists of one- and two-room apartments all wedge-shaped, collected together in a fan oriented westwards. Ground floor was office space connected to a small commercial area.
  • 129. Aalto on scale "One of the most difficult architectural problems is the shaping of the building's surroundings to the human scale. In modern architecture where the rationality of the structural frame and the building masses threaten to dominate, there is often an architectural vacuum in the leftover portions of the site. It would be good if, instead of filling up this vacuum with decorative gardens, the organic movement of people could be incorporated in the shaping of the site in order to create an intimate relationsip between Man and Architecture."
  • 130. plan of the Neue Vahr building

Editor's Notes

  1. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: site view Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V1 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  2. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: exterior, site view Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V15 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  3. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Date: 1937-1939 Date: Image: between 1945 and 1971 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Photographer: Wayne Andrews Collection: Wayne Andrews: Architecture (Esto) ID Number: WA3141 Source: Image provided by Wayne Andrews Archive (Esto) and original data provided by Estate of Wayne Andrews Source: http://www.esto.com Rights: © Wayne Andrews/Esto. All rights reserved. Rights: For commercial use or publication, see www.esto.com or www.estostock; or email esto@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  4. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: Entrance Date: 1937-1939 Date: Image: between 1945 and 1971 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Photographer: Wayne Andrews Collection: Wayne Andrews: Architecture (Esto) ID Number: WA3138 Source: Image provided by Wayne Andrews Archive (Esto) and original data provided by Estate of Wayne Andrews Source: http://www.esto.com Rights: © Wayne Andrews/Esto. All rights reserved. Rights: For commercial use or publication, see www.esto.com or www.estostock; or email esto@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  5. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: exterior, facade, corner detail Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V7 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  6. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: exterior, entrance Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V34C Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  7. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: exterior, entrance stonework, detail Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V6 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  8. Creator: Aalto, Alvar Title: Villa Mairea Date: 1938-1939 Location: Noormarkku, Satakunta, Finland Description: The singular, sculptured, cast-bronze pull of the front door Related Item: Alvar Aalto - Villa Mairea, Kristian Gullichsen, Goran Schildt, Juhani Pallasmaa, Renja Suominen-Kokkonen; ed. Juhani Pallasmaa; pg. 67; fig. 153 Related Item: http://builtworksregistry.org/items/show/356049 Collection: Avery/GSAPP Architectural Plans and Sections (Columbia University) ID Number: BWR3790524 Source: <A HREF="http://library.columbia.edu/locations/avery.html" TARGET="_new">Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.arch.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation (VRC)</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Columbia University in the City of New York</A> Rights: © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / KUVASTO, Helsinki Rights: If this image is under copyright, you may need to contact copyright owners for uses not permitted under the Artstor Digital Library Terms or applicable law. Artstor cannot guarantee that contact information for rights holders is accurate or that there are no additional rights holders. Determining whether additional permissions are necessary for your particular use, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility. Rights:
  9. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: interior, entryway, staircase Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V17 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  10. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: interior, staircase Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V18 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  11. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: interior, staircase Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V19 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  12. Creator: Aalto, Alvar Title: Villa Mairea Date: 1938-1939 Location: Noormarkku, Satakunta, Finland Description: Staircase elevation, Side Elevation A-A Related Item: Alvar Aalto - Villa Mairea, Kristian Gullichsen, Goran Schildt, Juhani Pallasmaa, Renja Suominen-Kokkonen; ed. Juhani Pallasmaa; pg. 154 Related Item: http://builtworksregistry.org/items/show/356049 Collection: Avery/GSAPP Architectural Plans and Sections (Columbia University) ID Number: BWR3790524 Source: <A HREF="http://library.columbia.edu/locations/avery.html" TARGET="_new">Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.arch.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation (VRC)</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Columbia University in the City of New York</A> Rights: © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / KUVASTO, Helsinki Rights: If this image is under copyright, you may need to contact copyright owners for uses not permitted under the Artstor Digital Library Terms or applicable law. Artstor cannot guarantee that contact information for rights holders is accurate or that there are no additional rights holders. Determining whether additional permissions are necessary for your particular use, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility. Rights:
  13. Creator: Aalto, Alvar, 1898-1976 Title: Noormarkku: Villa Mairea: Ext.: balcony Date: 1937-9 Location: Noormarkku (Finland) Description: built for Harry and Maire Gullichsen Subject: Noormarkku (Finland)--Villa Mairea Subject: Architecture:Artist--Finland--20th C. A.D Subject: Dwellings Subject: Houses Subject: balconies Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  14. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: interior, fireplace Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V20 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  15. Creator: Aalto, Alvar Title: Villa Mairea Date: 1938-1939 Location: Noormarkku, Satakunta, Finland Description: Elevation and plan of fireplace Related Item: Villa Mairea: Alvar Aalto, Richard Weston Related Item: http://builtworksregistry.org/items/show/356049 Collection: Avery/GSAPP Architectural Plans and Sections (Columbia University) ID Number: BWR3790524 Source: <A HREF="http://library.columbia.edu/locations/avery.html" TARGET="_new">Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.arch.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation (VRC)</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Columbia University in the City of New York</A> Rights: © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / KUVASTO, Helsinki Rights: If this image is under copyright, you may need to contact copyright owners for uses not permitted under the Artstor Digital Library Terms or applicable law. Artstor cannot guarantee that contact information for rights holders is accurate or that there are no additional rights holders. Determining whether additional permissions are necessary for your particular use, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility. Rights:
  16. Creator: Aalto, Alvar Title: Villa Mairea Date: 1938-1939 Location: Noormarkku, Satakunta, Finland Description: Furniture by the fireplace in the early 1940s when the study wall was still open at the top Related Item: Alvar Aalto - Villa Mairea, Kristian Gullichsen, Goran Schildt, Juhani Pallasmaa, Renja Suominen-Kokkonen; ed. Juhani Pallasmaa; pg. 128; fig. 293 Related Item: http://builtworksregistry.org/items/show/356049 Collection: Avery/GSAPP Architectural Plans and Sections (Columbia University) ID Number: BWR3790524 Source: <A HREF="http://library.columbia.edu/locations/avery.html" TARGET="_new">Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.arch.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation (VRC)</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Columbia University in the City of New York</A> Rights: © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / KUVASTO, Helsinki Rights: If this image is under copyright, you may need to contact copyright owners for uses not permitted under the Artstor Digital Library Terms or applicable law. Artstor cannot guarantee that contact information for rights holders is accurate or that there are no additional rights holders. Determining whether additional permissions are necessary for your particular use, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility. Rights:
  17. Creator: Aalto, Alvar Title: Villa Mairea Date: 1938-1939 Location: Noormarkku, Satakunta, Finland Description: View towards the main staircase and entrance; the glazed slot above the library bookcase on the right suggests a horizontal slice of forest. Related Item: Villa Mairea: Alvar Aalto, Richard Weston Related Item: http://builtworksregistry.org/items/show/356049 Collection: Avery/GSAPP Architectural Plans and Sections (Columbia University) ID Number: BWR3790524 Source: <A HREF="http://library.columbia.edu/locations/avery.html" TARGET="_new">Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.arch.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation (VRC)</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Columbia University in the City of New York</A> Rights: © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / KUVASTO, Helsinki Rights: If this image is under copyright, you may need to contact copyright owners for uses not permitted under the Artstor Digital Library Terms or applicable law. Artstor cannot guarantee that contact information for rights holders is accurate or that there are no additional rights holders. Determining whether additional permissions are necessary for your particular use, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility. Rights:
  18. Creator: Aalto, Alvar Title: Villa Mairea Date: 1938-1939 Location: Noormarkku, Satakunta, Finland Description: The library Related Item: Alvar Aalto - Villa Mairea, Kristian Gullichsen, Goran Schildt, Juhani Pallasmaa, Renja Suominen-Kokkonen; ed. Juhani Pallasmaa; pg. 128; fig. 294 Related Item: http://builtworksregistry.org/items/show/356049 Collection: Avery/GSAPP Architectural Plans and Sections (Columbia University) ID Number: BWR3790524 Source: <A HREF="http://library.columbia.edu/locations/avery.html" TARGET="_new">Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.arch.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation (VRC)</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Columbia University in the City of New York</A> Rights: © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / KUVASTO, Helsinki Rights: If this image is under copyright, you may need to contact copyright owners for uses not permitted under the Artstor Digital Library Terms or applicable law. Artstor cannot guarantee that contact information for rights holders is accurate or that there are no additional rights holders. Determining whether additional permissions are necessary for your particular use, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility. Rights:
  19. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: interior, living/dining area Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V23 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  20. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: interior, kitchen hearth Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V24 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  21. Creator: Aalto, Alvar Title: Villa Mairea Date: 1938-1939 Location: Noormarkku, Satakunta, Finland Description: Interior of Maire Gullichsen’s first floor studio Related Item: Villa Mairea: Alvar Aalto, Richard Weston Related Item: http://builtworksregistry.org/items/show/356049 Collection: Avery/GSAPP Architectural Plans and Sections (Columbia University) ID Number: BWR3790524 Source: <A HREF="http://library.columbia.edu/locations/avery.html" TARGET="_new">Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.arch.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation (VRC)</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Columbia University in the City of New York</A> Rights: © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / KUVASTO, Helsinki Rights: If this image is under copyright, you may need to contact copyright owners for uses not permitted under the Artstor Digital Library Terms or applicable law. Artstor cannot guarantee that contact information for rights holders is accurate or that there are no additional rights holders. Determining whether additional permissions are necessary for your particular use, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility. Rights:
  22. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: interior, work area Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V33 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  23. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: interior, view to exterior Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V32 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  24. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: interior, living area Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V22 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  25. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: interior, living area Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V27 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  26. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: East wing Date: 1937-1939 Date: Image: between 1945 and 1971 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Photographer: Wayne Andrews Collection: Wayne Andrews: Architecture (Esto) ID Number: WA3139 Source: Image provided by Wayne Andrews Archive (Esto) and original data provided by Estate of Wayne Andrews Source: http://www.esto.com Rights: © Wayne Andrews/Esto. All rights reserved. Rights: For commercial use or publication, see www.esto.com or www.estostock; or email esto@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  27. Creator: Aalto, Alvar Title: Villa Mairea Date: 1938-1939 Location: Noormarkku, Satakunta, Finland Description: Courtyard facade. Related Item: Alvar Aalto in Seven Buildings: Interpretations of an architect’s work, Norri, Marja-Rititta; pg. 62; fig. 1 Related Item: http://builtworksregistry.org/items/show/356049 Collection: Avery/GSAPP Architectural Plans and Sections (Columbia University) ID Number: BWR3790524 Source: <A HREF="http://library.columbia.edu/locations/avery.html" TARGET="_new">Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.arch.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation (VRC)</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Columbia University in the City of New York</A> Rights: © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / KUVASTO, Helsinki Rights: If this image is under copyright, you may need to contact copyright owners for uses not permitted under the Artstor Digital Library Terms or applicable law. Artstor cannot guarantee that contact information for rights holders is accurate or that there are no additional rights holders. Determining whether additional permissions are necessary for your particular use, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility. Rights:
  28. Creator: Aalto, Alvar (Finnish architect and designer, 1898-1976) Culture: Finnish Title: Villa Mairea Title: general view Title: view of a pool Work Type: gardens Date: creation Date: 1937-1939 Location: site Location: Villa Mairea (Noormarkku, Finland) Style Period: Modern Subject: forests; pools; gardens; flowers Collection: Landscape Architecture from the Bob Riley Collection Rights: Rights: This image has been selected and made available by an institutional user of the ARTstor Digital Library using ARTstor's software tools. ARTstor has not pre-screened or selected this image, and therefore disclaims any liability for any use of this image. Should you have any legal objection to the use of this image, please notify ARTstor's Contact for Legal Notices.
  29. Creator: Aalto, Alvar Title: Villa Mairea Date: 1938-1939 Location: Noormarkku, Satakunta, Finland Description: Entrance to the sauna Related Item: Alvar Aalto - Villa Mairea, Kristian Gullichsen, Goran Schildt, Juhani Pallasmaa, Renja Suominen-Kokkonen; ed. Juhani Pallasmaa; pg. 54; fig. 121 Related Item: http://builtworksregistry.org/items/show/356049 Collection: Avery/GSAPP Architectural Plans and Sections (Columbia University) ID Number: BWR3790524 Source: <A HREF="http://library.columbia.edu/locations/avery.html" TARGET="_new">Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.arch.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation (VRC)</A> Source: <A HREF="http://www.columbia.edu/" TARGET="_new">Columbia University in the City of New York</A> Rights: © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / KUVASTO, Helsinki Rights: If this image is under copyright, you may need to contact copyright owners for uses not permitted under the Artstor Digital Library Terms or applicable law. Artstor cannot guarantee that contact information for rights holders is accurate or that there are no additional rights holders. Determining whether additional permissions are necessary for your particular use, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility. Rights:
  30. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: interior, sauna Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V9 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  31. Creator: Alvar Aalto Title: Villa Mairea Title: exterior, landscaping, garden walk Work Type: architecture Date: designed 1937-1938, built 1938-1939 Date: Image: 1960 Location: Noormarkku, Finland Description: Built for Marie and Harry Gullichsen. Description: Photographer: Ezra Stoller Collection: Ezra Stoller Archive (Esto) ID Number: 52V5 Source: Image and original data provided by Esto Source: http://www.estostock.com Rights: Ezra Stoller © Esto Rights: For commercial use or publication, please contact Esto, 222 Valley Place, Marmaroneck, NY 10543, Email: sales@esto.com Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.