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Republic of the Philippines
Bulacan State University
LABORATORY HIGH SCHOOL
City of Malolos, Bulacan

A Detailed Lesson Plan in English IV
I.
Objectives
During the 60-minute period, each student with 85% proficiency will:
a. identify the elements of short story from the selection;
b. discuss the elements of short story using the story grammar, and
c. get the significance of the story through group discussion.
II.

Subject Matter
a. Topic: Footnote to Youth by Jose Garcia Villa
b. Concept: Life after marriage is hard; therefore, one should see to it that he is
ready and prepared enough for the bigger responsibilities that a marriage life
demands.
c. References: Serrano, J. B., Lapid, M. G. English Communication Arts and Skills
Through World Literature. Quezon City: Phoenix Publishing House Inc., pp. 159163
d. Materials: handouts, charts, graphic organizer

III.

Learning Tasks
Teacher’s Activity
A. Routine
1. Prayer
Let us pray first. May I ask Ivy to lead
the opening prayer?
Thank you Ivy.
Good morning, class!
Before you take your seats, kindly
check if there are pieces of paper under your
chairs, pick it up and arrange your chairs
properly.

2. Checking of Attendance
Now, let us check the attendance, row
leaders, do we have absentees today?
Row 1.
Row 2.
Row 3.
Row 4.

Students’ Activity

Let us pray. Almighty God… (Student’s
Prayer)
Good morning, ma’am Santos!

(Students pick up the pieces of paper and
arrange their chairs)

I’m glad to report that everybody is present in
our row.
I’m glad to report that everybody is present in
our row.
I’m glad to report that everybody is present in
our row.
I’m glad to report that everybody is present in
our row.

It is nice to hear that all are present
today.
B. Review
Now, let us have a short review about
our topic last time. Who would like to remind
us?

Ma’am, last time we discussed about the short
story The Happiest Boy in the World by NVM
Gonzales.
We were also assigned to read the short story
“Footnote to Youth” written by Jose Garcia
Villa.
That’s right! Do you have any question
or clarification regarding our last topic?

None, ma’am.

If none, then let us proceed to our
lesson for today.
C. Motivation
Few days from now, you will be a
graduate of this institution, and several years
from now, you build your own families.
If you were to get married someday,
what would be the factors that you would want
to consider first before marrying?
FACTORS TO CONSIDER BEFORE
MARRYING

Marriage

D. Vocabularies
Before moving on to our topic, let us
first unlock the difficult words that are present
in the selection.
Read the following sentences and give the
meaning of the underlined words. Circle the
letter of the corresponding definition.
1. The sun was hazy during the cloudy
day.
a. Blurry
b. Clear
c. Uncertain
2. To men, numerous offspring are living
symbols of virility.
a. Emptiness
b. Nobility
c. Manliness
3. The fieldwork begrimed him.
a. Cleaned
b. Soiled
c. Darkened
4. She came home flustered about her
problem.
a. Comfortable
b. Careless
c. Worried
5. There is interminable work to be done
yet.
a. Endless
b. Little
c. Unimportant

What is the answer in item number one?

The answer is letter A, blurry. The context clue
is the word cloudy.

Very good! How about number two?

The answer is letter C, manliness. The context
clue used is the word men.

Nice! How about number three?

The answer is letter B, soiled. The context clue
is the word fieldwork.

Correct! How about number four?

The answer is letter C, worried. The context
clue is the word problem.

Very good! And last?

The answer is letter A, endless. The context
clue that is used is yet.

Very good, class! You are really smart
students!
E. Presentation of Material
Have you read the selection Footnote to
Youth that I assigned you to read last meeting? Yes.
Did you understand it?
Yes.
Very good. But to better understand the story,
we shall answer this following guide questions
for our discussion. Kindly read.
Guide Questions:
1. What is the short story all about?
2. Who are the characters in the story?
3. Describe the setting of the story.
4. What point of view was used in the story?
5. What made Dodong feel that he was no
longer a boy but already a man?
6. What character is revealed by Dodong
when he was got tickled by the worm,
jerked his foot, flinging the worm into air
yet never bothered to look at where it fell?
7. How did Teang find married life?
8. When Dodong asked permission to get
married, his father felt sorry for him. So
did Dodong when Blas asked for
permission to get married. They knew that
life is hard after marriage, why then do you
think that they did not prevent their sons
from experiencing those hardships that
they’ve gone through?
9. Explain the line “Youth must triumph...
now. Love must triumph... now.
Afterwards... it will be life.”
F. Discussion
Now, let us answer question number
one. What is the short story all about?

The short story is about a Dodong who entered
marriage life with Teang at the age of eighteen,
and who later felt remorseful about his
marriage life.

Who are the characters in the story?

The characters in the short story are Dodong,
Teang, Lucio, Blas, Tona, and Dodong’s
mother and father.

Describe the setting of the story.

The setting is in a barrio or in a rural place
where most people work in fields. There were
rice fields all around the place and carabaos,
too. There were streams too where people
bathe after the fieldwork soiled them. There
was no electrical lamps, rather people used
petroleum lamp to light their houses.

What point of view was used in the story?

The omniscient point of view is used in the
story since the narrator was able infiltrate the
thoughts of the characters.

What made Dodong feel that he was no longer
a boy but already a man?

What character is revealed by Dodong when he
was got tickled by the worm, jerked his foot,
flinging the worm into air yet never bothered
to look at where it fell?

How did Teang find married life?

Correct! She was unhappy with their marriage
that she even wondered how life would be if
she had married Lucio, her suitor, instead of
Dodong.
When Dodong asked permission to get
married, his father felt sorry for him. So did

Dodong felt that he was no longer a boy
because he had pimples on his face and his lip
already was darkened. He thought that those
were the evidence of his being a man.

His reaction towards it revealed that from the
very beginning Dodong's character is someone
who is self-obsessed to the point that he doesn't
bother to look at the consequences of his
actions.
Teang found her married life difficult to the
extent that she was unhappy with their
marriage. For six successive years, Dodong
and Teang kept having children. Besides that,
she spent the rest of her life with the
interminable household work – cooking,
laundering, cleaning the house and taking care
of the children. She became shapeless even at
the young age.
Dodong when Blas asked for permission to get
married. They knew that life is hard after
marriage, why then do you think that they did
not prevent their sons from experiencing those
hardships that they’ve gone through?

It is because both fathers married early, they
lacked the experience and the know-how with
regards to raising children: hence the fact that
they were unable to fulfill their responsibility
as parents in guiding their kids down a wiser
path.

Correct! This is particularly due to the fact that
his father never had that wisdom either. Such
wisdom can only be passed on by those people
who greatly influence our lives - which in most
cases are our parents. So when dealing with his
son Blas, Dodong could only do what he knew
like what his father did with him, and that is to
allow Blas to marry early, when he should
have discouraged him instead. The lesson then
becomes universal in the sense that it is not
only for the young ones but to parents as well
that they should have the wisdom on how to
guide their children the proper way.
Explain the line “Youth must triumph... now.
Love must triumph... now. Afterwards... it will
be life.”

This phrase depicts the cycle of life which
means one must experience being young first
before turning into an adult, and then when he
is ready enough that is the time that he may
enter into a marriage life. One must enjoy his
younger years, enjoy being in love, then he
will be ready for the so called life – to live and
to build his own home.

Very good! This phrase refers to the cycle of
life that one must follow and go through.

G. Generalization
What is the significance of this story to you?

H. Application
Now, let us have an activity. Let’s group the
class into four small groups. This will be group
1, this is group 2, group 3, and group 4.
Choose a leader. You are now going to analyze
the short story Footnote to Youth using a story
grammar. And what is a story grammar? A
story grammar is a graphic organizer which

The story serves a warning to us, youth, as the
title itself suggests. It reminds us of the
responsibilities and realities that come with
marriage and the family life. It advises us that
life after marriage is difficult especially when
we are yet incapable of the responsibilities and
challenges that life gives. Therefore, we should
not rush into something that we will be
regretting in the end.
outlines the elements of a story.

Here is how it looks. (see Fig. 2) What you are
going to do is to supply each item. Be sure that
everybody will present.
You are given 5-7 minutes to work on it and 3
minutes for your presentation.

IV.

(Each group presents)

Evaluation

Directions: IDENTIFICATION. Identify the following items based upon the descriptions given.
1. The author of the selection
2.
3.
The main characters
4.
5. Point of view used in the story
6. Teang’s suitor besides Dodong
7. The age of Dodong when he got married
8. The number of children Dodong and Teang have for six successive years
9. The woman whom Blas wanted to marry
10. The exact lines that explain the youth – love – life cycle

V.

Assignment
1. In a one half sheet of paper, discuss the values that the story Footnote to Youth gives
and its impact to you as youth. Limit your answer in 5-7 sentences.
2. Read the selection “Perfect Moment” by Gladys Bell in page 8 of your English Time,
Vol. No. XV, No. 4 and answer activities 18-20 in page 9.

Prepared by:
Rachel Ann V. Santos
Student-teacher

Checked by:
Ms. Hermogena A. Bautista
Cooperating Teacher

Approved by:
Mr. Angel C. Caparas
School Principal
Figure 1.
FACTORS TO CONSIDER BEFORE MARRYING
Directions: Give at least five factors that one should consider before marrying.

Marriage

Figure 2.
STORY GRAMMAR
Directions: Analyze the short story Footnote to Youth by filling out each item.

Title

Author

Characters

Setting

Event 1

Conflict/problem

Lesson

Event 2

Event 3
Title:

Event 1

Author:

Event 2

Event 3

Setting

Characters

Conflict/Problem

Lesson:

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Life Lessons from a Short Story

  • 1. Republic of the Philippines Bulacan State University LABORATORY HIGH SCHOOL City of Malolos, Bulacan A Detailed Lesson Plan in English IV I. Objectives During the 60-minute period, each student with 85% proficiency will: a. identify the elements of short story from the selection; b. discuss the elements of short story using the story grammar, and c. get the significance of the story through group discussion. II. Subject Matter a. Topic: Footnote to Youth by Jose Garcia Villa b. Concept: Life after marriage is hard; therefore, one should see to it that he is ready and prepared enough for the bigger responsibilities that a marriage life demands. c. References: Serrano, J. B., Lapid, M. G. English Communication Arts and Skills Through World Literature. Quezon City: Phoenix Publishing House Inc., pp. 159163 d. Materials: handouts, charts, graphic organizer III. Learning Tasks Teacher’s Activity A. Routine 1. Prayer Let us pray first. May I ask Ivy to lead the opening prayer? Thank you Ivy. Good morning, class! Before you take your seats, kindly check if there are pieces of paper under your chairs, pick it up and arrange your chairs properly. 2. Checking of Attendance Now, let us check the attendance, row leaders, do we have absentees today? Row 1. Row 2. Row 3. Row 4. Students’ Activity Let us pray. Almighty God… (Student’s Prayer) Good morning, ma’am Santos! (Students pick up the pieces of paper and arrange their chairs) I’m glad to report that everybody is present in our row. I’m glad to report that everybody is present in our row. I’m glad to report that everybody is present in our row. I’m glad to report that everybody is present in our row. It is nice to hear that all are present today. B. Review Now, let us have a short review about our topic last time. Who would like to remind us? Ma’am, last time we discussed about the short story The Happiest Boy in the World by NVM
  • 2. Gonzales. We were also assigned to read the short story “Footnote to Youth” written by Jose Garcia Villa. That’s right! Do you have any question or clarification regarding our last topic? None, ma’am. If none, then let us proceed to our lesson for today. C. Motivation Few days from now, you will be a graduate of this institution, and several years from now, you build your own families. If you were to get married someday, what would be the factors that you would want to consider first before marrying? FACTORS TO CONSIDER BEFORE MARRYING Marriage D. Vocabularies Before moving on to our topic, let us first unlock the difficult words that are present in the selection. Read the following sentences and give the meaning of the underlined words. Circle the letter of the corresponding definition. 1. The sun was hazy during the cloudy day. a. Blurry b. Clear c. Uncertain 2. To men, numerous offspring are living symbols of virility. a. Emptiness b. Nobility c. Manliness 3. The fieldwork begrimed him. a. Cleaned b. Soiled c. Darkened
  • 3. 4. She came home flustered about her problem. a. Comfortable b. Careless c. Worried 5. There is interminable work to be done yet. a. Endless b. Little c. Unimportant What is the answer in item number one? The answer is letter A, blurry. The context clue is the word cloudy. Very good! How about number two? The answer is letter C, manliness. The context clue used is the word men. Nice! How about number three? The answer is letter B, soiled. The context clue is the word fieldwork. Correct! How about number four? The answer is letter C, worried. The context clue is the word problem. Very good! And last? The answer is letter A, endless. The context clue that is used is yet. Very good, class! You are really smart students! E. Presentation of Material Have you read the selection Footnote to Youth that I assigned you to read last meeting? Yes. Did you understand it? Yes. Very good. But to better understand the story, we shall answer this following guide questions for our discussion. Kindly read. Guide Questions: 1. What is the short story all about? 2. Who are the characters in the story? 3. Describe the setting of the story. 4. What point of view was used in the story? 5. What made Dodong feel that he was no longer a boy but already a man? 6. What character is revealed by Dodong when he was got tickled by the worm, jerked his foot, flinging the worm into air yet never bothered to look at where it fell? 7. How did Teang find married life? 8. When Dodong asked permission to get married, his father felt sorry for him. So did Dodong when Blas asked for permission to get married. They knew that life is hard after marriage, why then do you think that they did not prevent their sons from experiencing those hardships that they’ve gone through?
  • 4. 9. Explain the line “Youth must triumph... now. Love must triumph... now. Afterwards... it will be life.” F. Discussion Now, let us answer question number one. What is the short story all about? The short story is about a Dodong who entered marriage life with Teang at the age of eighteen, and who later felt remorseful about his marriage life. Who are the characters in the story? The characters in the short story are Dodong, Teang, Lucio, Blas, Tona, and Dodong’s mother and father. Describe the setting of the story. The setting is in a barrio or in a rural place where most people work in fields. There were rice fields all around the place and carabaos, too. There were streams too where people bathe after the fieldwork soiled them. There was no electrical lamps, rather people used petroleum lamp to light their houses. What point of view was used in the story? The omniscient point of view is used in the story since the narrator was able infiltrate the thoughts of the characters. What made Dodong feel that he was no longer a boy but already a man? What character is revealed by Dodong when he was got tickled by the worm, jerked his foot, flinging the worm into air yet never bothered to look at where it fell? How did Teang find married life? Correct! She was unhappy with their marriage that she even wondered how life would be if she had married Lucio, her suitor, instead of Dodong. When Dodong asked permission to get married, his father felt sorry for him. So did Dodong felt that he was no longer a boy because he had pimples on his face and his lip already was darkened. He thought that those were the evidence of his being a man. His reaction towards it revealed that from the very beginning Dodong's character is someone who is self-obsessed to the point that he doesn't bother to look at the consequences of his actions. Teang found her married life difficult to the extent that she was unhappy with their marriage. For six successive years, Dodong and Teang kept having children. Besides that, she spent the rest of her life with the interminable household work – cooking, laundering, cleaning the house and taking care of the children. She became shapeless even at the young age.
  • 5. Dodong when Blas asked for permission to get married. They knew that life is hard after marriage, why then do you think that they did not prevent their sons from experiencing those hardships that they’ve gone through? It is because both fathers married early, they lacked the experience and the know-how with regards to raising children: hence the fact that they were unable to fulfill their responsibility as parents in guiding their kids down a wiser path. Correct! This is particularly due to the fact that his father never had that wisdom either. Such wisdom can only be passed on by those people who greatly influence our lives - which in most cases are our parents. So when dealing with his son Blas, Dodong could only do what he knew like what his father did with him, and that is to allow Blas to marry early, when he should have discouraged him instead. The lesson then becomes universal in the sense that it is not only for the young ones but to parents as well that they should have the wisdom on how to guide their children the proper way. Explain the line “Youth must triumph... now. Love must triumph... now. Afterwards... it will be life.” This phrase depicts the cycle of life which means one must experience being young first before turning into an adult, and then when he is ready enough that is the time that he may enter into a marriage life. One must enjoy his younger years, enjoy being in love, then he will be ready for the so called life – to live and to build his own home. Very good! This phrase refers to the cycle of life that one must follow and go through. G. Generalization What is the significance of this story to you? H. Application Now, let us have an activity. Let’s group the class into four small groups. This will be group 1, this is group 2, group 3, and group 4. Choose a leader. You are now going to analyze the short story Footnote to Youth using a story grammar. And what is a story grammar? A story grammar is a graphic organizer which The story serves a warning to us, youth, as the title itself suggests. It reminds us of the responsibilities and realities that come with marriage and the family life. It advises us that life after marriage is difficult especially when we are yet incapable of the responsibilities and challenges that life gives. Therefore, we should not rush into something that we will be regretting in the end.
  • 6. outlines the elements of a story. Here is how it looks. (see Fig. 2) What you are going to do is to supply each item. Be sure that everybody will present. You are given 5-7 minutes to work on it and 3 minutes for your presentation. IV. (Each group presents) Evaluation Directions: IDENTIFICATION. Identify the following items based upon the descriptions given. 1. The author of the selection 2. 3. The main characters 4. 5. Point of view used in the story 6. Teang’s suitor besides Dodong 7. The age of Dodong when he got married 8. The number of children Dodong and Teang have for six successive years 9. The woman whom Blas wanted to marry 10. The exact lines that explain the youth – love – life cycle V. Assignment 1. In a one half sheet of paper, discuss the values that the story Footnote to Youth gives and its impact to you as youth. Limit your answer in 5-7 sentences. 2. Read the selection “Perfect Moment” by Gladys Bell in page 8 of your English Time, Vol. No. XV, No. 4 and answer activities 18-20 in page 9. Prepared by: Rachel Ann V. Santos Student-teacher Checked by: Ms. Hermogena A. Bautista Cooperating Teacher Approved by: Mr. Angel C. Caparas School Principal
  • 7. Figure 1. FACTORS TO CONSIDER BEFORE MARRYING Directions: Give at least five factors that one should consider before marrying. Marriage Figure 2. STORY GRAMMAR Directions: Analyze the short story Footnote to Youth by filling out each item. Title Author Characters Setting Event 1 Conflict/problem Lesson Event 2 Event 3
  • 8. Title: Event 1 Author: Event 2 Event 3 Setting Characters Conflict/Problem Lesson: