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Usii.4c notes

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Cover the information in VA SOL USII.4c.

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Usii.4c notes

  1. 1. Lisa Pennington<br />Social Studies Instructional Specialist<br />Portsmouth Public Schools<br />SOL USII.4c: Discrimination and Segregation<br />
  2. 2. Essential Understandings<br />Discrimination against African Americans continued after Reconstruction.<br />“Jim Crow” laws institutionalized a system of legal segregations.<br />African Americans differed in their responses to discrimination and “Jim Crow.”<br />
  3. 3. Vocabulary<br />Racial segregation: separation of people based on race.<br />“Jim Crow” laws: an institutional system of legal segregation.<br />Plessy v. Ferguson: 1896 ruling by the Supreme Court that legalized “separate but equal” public facilities for African Americans and thus continued to make discrimination legal. <br />
  4. 4. Vocabulary<br />Poll tax: a tax paid before a person is allowed to vote; similar to a registration fee.<br />Literacy test: to show proof of the ability to read and write as a requirement before voting. <br />
  5. 5. Racial segregation<br />Based on race<br />Directed primarily against African Americans, but other groups were also kept segregated<br />American Indians were not considered citizens until 1924.<br />
  6. 6. “Jim Crow” Laws<br />“Jim Crow” laws were passed to discriminate against African Americans. <br />Made discrimination practices legal in many communities and states.<br />Were characterized by unequal opportunities in housing, work, education, and government. <br />http://literacyrules.com/Black%20History/TheJimCrowLaws-Front.jpg<br />
  7. 7. African American Responses<br />Booker T. Washington<br />Believed equality could be achieved through vocational education; accepted social separation.<br />http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=70963&rendTypeId=4<br />
  8. 8. African American Responses<br />W.E.B. Du Bois<br />Believed in full political, civil, and social rights for African Americans. He believed those rights should be given to African Americans immediately.<br />http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/12/WEB_DuBois_1918.jpg/250px-WEB_DuBois_1918.jpg<br />
  9. 9. Think About It…<br />What is racial segregation?<br />How were African Americans discriminated against?<br />How did African Americans respond to discrimination and “Jim Crow?”<br />

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