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Usii.3b notes

Covers the information in VA SOL USII.3b.

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Usii.3b notes

  1. 1. Reconstruction Policies and Problems SOL USII.3b Lisa Pennington Social Studies Instructional Specialist Portsmouth Public Schools
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Black Codes : any code of law that limited the rights of former slaves after the Civil War. </li></ul><ul><li>Freedman's Bureau : a government agency set up during Reconstruction to assist freed slaves in obtaining relief, jobs, fair treatment, and education. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vocabulary <ul><li>Civil Rights Act of 1866 : the most important action by Congress towards protecting the rights of Freedmen during Reconstruction. </li></ul><ul><li>Carpetbagger : a Northerner who came to the South during the Reconstruction period carrying only one “carpetbag” (suitcase) symbolizing a lack of permanent interest I improving the South. </li></ul><ul><li>Scalawag : a white Southerner who helped the North rebuild the South during Reconstruction. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Essential Understandings <ul><li>The Reconstruction policies were harsh and created problems in the South. </li></ul><ul><li>Reconstruction attempted to give meaning to the freedom that the former slaves had achieved. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Reconstruction Policies and Problems <ul><li>Southern military leaders could not hold office. </li></ul><ul><li>Southerners resented northern “carpetbaggers” who took advantage of the South during Reconstruction. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reconstruction Policies and Problems <ul><li>African Americans held public office. </li></ul><ul><li>African Americans gained equal rights as a result of the Civil Rights Act of 1866 which authorized the use of federal troops for its enforcement. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reconstruction Policies and Problems <ul><li>Northern soldiers supervised the South. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reconstruction Policies and Problems <ul><li>The Freedman’s Bureau was established to aid former enslaved African Americans in the South. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The End of Reconstruction <ul><li>Reconstruction ended with the election of 1876. </li></ul><ul><li>Federal troops were removed. </li></ul><ul><li>The rights that African Americans had gained were lost through the Black Codes. </li></ul>