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Usii.5 notes

Covers the information in VA SOL USII.5.

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Usii.5 notes

  1. 1. USII.5: Late 19 th Century to World War I Lisa Pennington Social Studies Instructional Specialist Portsmouth Public Schools
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Yellow journalism : publishing of exaggerated and/or made up news stories to attract readers and influence their ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Imperialism : practice of establishing and controlling colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>Dollar Diplomacy : U.S. policy in the early 1900’s of investing money in Latin American countries in the hopes that more stable governments would develop. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vocabulary <ul><li>Gunboat Diplomacy : policy of making a show of force to prevent both Latin American instability and European interference in the Western Hemisphere. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Spanish American War <ul><li>The United States emerged as a world power as a result of victory over Spain in the Spanish American War. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Spanish American War <ul><li>Economic interests and public opinion often influence U.S. involvement in international affairs. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reasons for the Spanish American War <ul><li>Protection of American business interests in Cuba. </li></ul><ul><li>What kinds of businesses was the U.S. trying to protect? </li></ul><ul><li>(coffee and sugar) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reasons for the Spanish American War <ul><li>American support of Cuban rebels to gain independence from Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think Americans supported the Cuban rebels? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reasons for the Spanish American War <ul><li>&quot;WARSHIP MAINE WAS BLOWN UP . . . HAVANA . . . FEB. 15 . ..&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>16 February 1898, State Journal </li></ul><ul><li>Rising tensions as a result of the sinking of the U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reasons for the Spanish American War <ul><li>Exaggerated news reports of events (yellow journalism) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Results of the Spanish American War <ul><li>The United States emerged as a world power. </li></ul><ul><li>How did the United States emerge as a world power? Who did they defeat? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Results of the Spanish American War <ul><li>Cuba gained independence from Spain. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Results of the Spanish American War <ul><li>The United States gained possession of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Results of the Spanish American War
  14. 14. Results of the Spanish American War Cuba Puerto Rico Philippines Guam
  15. 15. Vocabulary <ul><li>Roosevelt Corollary : policy that extended the Monroe Doctrine and said the U.S. had the right to force countries in the Western Hemisphere to pay their debts in order to prevent European interference. </li></ul><ul><li>Rough Riders : a group of cowhands, college students, and African American soldiers who fought with Teddy Roosevelt in the Spanish American War, who charged San Juan Hill. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Vocabulary <ul><li>Big Stick Diplomacy : Teddy Roosevelt’s belief that if you show that you are strong, no one will pick on you. “Big Stick” equaled a big navy. </li></ul><ul><li>Monroe Doctrine : President Monroe’s U.S. policy that no future European colonization could take place in North or South America. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine <ul><li>Asserted the United States right to interfere in economic matters of nations in the Americas. </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed the United States right to exercise international police power. </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine <ul><li>Advocated Big Stick Diplomacy (building the Panama Canal) </li></ul><ul><li>How is the Roosevelt Corollary an example of the United States’ new position as a world power? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Vocabulary <ul><li>Nationalism : feelings of loyalty and pride people have for their country. </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance : group of countries that share allegiance to each other through treaties. </li></ul><ul><li>Imperialism : nations built colonies in varied areas of the world which created resentment in other nations. </li></ul><ul><li>Lusitania : British passenger ship sunk by German u-boats in 1915. Americans were among the 1,200 who died. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Vocabulary <ul><li>Balance of power : groups of countries that have equal power. </li></ul><ul><li>U-boats : German submarines. </li></ul><ul><li>Zimmerman note : document that showed that Germany was trying to make an alliance with Mexico in 1917. </li></ul><ul><li>Sussex Pledge : promise by Germany during WWI not to sink passenger or merchant ships. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Vocabulary <ul><li>Treaty of Versailles : 1919; ended WWI. </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations : peace keeping plan developed by Woodrow Wilson in 1920. It was point 14 of the 1918 Fourteen Points speech to Congress. It consisted of a General Assembly of representatives of countries who were required to protect one another’s territories against attack. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Vocabulary <ul><li>Isolationism : the U.S. should not become involved in foreign affairs, nor should the U.S. allow other countries to become involved in our affairs. </li></ul><ul><li>Self-determination : people should decide for themselves what nation they belong to. </li></ul><ul><li>Reparations : money paid by defeated nations as payment for wrongs, damages, or injuries suffered by other nations during a war. </li></ul>
  23. 23. U.S. Involvement in World War I <ul><li>The United States involvement in World War I ended a long tradition of avoiding involvement in European conflicts and set the stage for the United States to emerge as a global superpower later in the 20 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>There were disagreements about the extent to which the United States should isolate/separate itself from world affairs. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Reasons for U.S. involvement in war <ul><li>Inability to remain neutral. (1917) </li></ul><ul><li>German submarine warfare: the sinking of the Lusitania . (1915) </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. political and economic ties to Great Britain. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Reasons for U.S. Involvement in war <ul><li>The Zimmerman Telegram </li></ul><ul><li>This document showed that Germany was trying to make an alliance with Mexico in 1917. </li></ul><ul><li>Why was the telegram a threat to the U.S.? How is that threat depicted in the cartoon? </li></ul>
  26. 26. Major Allied Powers <ul><li>Great Britain </li></ul>
  27. 27. Major Allied Powers <ul><li>France </li></ul>
  28. 28. Major Allied Powers <ul><li>Russia </li></ul>
  29. 29. Major Allied Powers <ul><li>Serbia </li></ul>
  30. 30. Major Allied Powers <ul><li>Belgium </li></ul>
  31. 31. Central Powers <ul><li>Germany </li></ul>
  32. 32. Central Powers <ul><li>Austria-Hungary </li></ul>
  33. 33. Central Powers <ul><li>Bulgaria </li></ul>
  34. 34. Central Powers <ul><li>Ottoman Empire </li></ul>
  35. 35. Allied Powers vs. Central Powers /~worldwarone/WWI/TheGeographyOfTheGreatWar/images/Figure19-Page22-sm.jpg
  36. 36. U.S. Leadership as the War Ended <ul><li>At the end of World War I, President Woodrow Wilson prepared a peace plan known as the Fourteen Points that called for the formation of the League of Nations, a peace-keeping organization. </li></ul>
  37. 37. U.S. Leadership as the War Ended <ul><li>The United States decided not to join the League of Nations. </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the U.S. decide not to join the League of Nations? Who did join? Is it really a peacekeeping organization if not all nations have joined? </li></ul> The opening session of the League of Nations.