The great plains[1]

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Covers the information in VA SOL USII.2.

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  • The great plains[1]

    1. 1. 2008 Standards; S. Duncan & L. Pennington, PPS
    2. 2. The Great Plains <ul><li>Following the Civil War, many people needed a new start </li></ul><ul><li>They headed west, Gold was found in California (1849), but that was running out </li></ul><ul><li>Silver was found in Nevada (1850) but no one was making a lot of money there either </li></ul><ul><li>What to do now? Head west and see what you can find………. </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Great Plains <ul><li>What does it look like? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flatlands that rise gradually from East to West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land eroded by wind and water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LOW rainfall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequent Dust Storms </li></ul></ul>
    4. 9. The Great Plains <ul><li>You have just taken a gamble and you think you have lost….. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a Treeless Wasteland </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing will grow </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing to build with for homes or barns </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think? Go or Stay… </li></ul>
    5. 10. New Inventions Help or Not? <ul><li>Steel Plows </li></ul>
    6. 11. <ul><li>Steel Plows </li></ul><ul><li>HELP!!! You can now break up the land for farming. </li></ul>
    7. 12. <ul><li>Windmills </li></ul>New Inventions Help or Not?
    8. 13. <ul><li>Windmills: HELP </li></ul><ul><li>Can now pump water from underground to be used on the farms and houses. </li></ul>
    9. 14. New Inventions…Help or Not? Dry Farming People using dry farming technology work to reduce water runoff and evaporation, and to increase moisture absorption and retention in the soil. A main technique involves loosening the soil so that water can sink in easily, and then performing regular weeding so that the moisture is better utilized. Also, a dust mulch formed by tilling is renewed after each rainfall and seals water into the ground. This turns the soil into a sponge, where the only place water can go is into plant roots. The mulch also protects the surface from evaporation. Farmers cultivate before and after seeding, perform deep plowing, and leave alternate areas fallow in rotating summers.
    10. 15. Dry Farming: HELP <ul><li>Dry farming in the United States originated in the 1800s as independent farmers experimented with growing crops in locations having low annual rainfall. In the 1850s, California residents, for example, began to raise winter wheat, where the main growing season occurred during the winter rains. By the 1860s, Utah settlers were successfully practicing dry farming, and settlers in the Northwest and the Great Plains were doing so by the 1880s. Dry farming works well with grains and grasses, including not only wheat but alfalfa, barley, corn, oats, and rye, as well as with grasses for hay. </li></ul>
    11. 16. <ul><li>Railroads </li></ul>New Inventions Help or Not?
    12. 18. Railroads <ul><li>Connected the new farms to distribution centers in the East and West </li></ul><ul><li>Helped people move and travel </li></ul><ul><li>Was faster than a wagon trail </li></ul><ul><li>If you wanted the land, the railroad company would give you land, you just had to work it!!! </li></ul><ul><li>There were no time zones until the railroads crossed the continent, it was the first time you needed a central time keeping system!!! </li></ul>
    13. 19. <ul><li>Sod Houses </li></ul>New Inventions Help or Not?
    14. 20. Would you go west yet??? <ul><li>Help! </li></ul><ul><li>People found a way to build a house without lumber, and with the little rain, it was the best they could do!!! </li></ul>
    15. 21. YOU’VE FOUND A WAY TO GET THERE, AND BUILD A HOUSE, BUT HOW ARE YOU GOING TO MAKE A LIVING OR EAT???
    16. 22. BARBED WIRE ~ WHAT DO YOU NEED THAT FOR? <ul><li>To Keep your livestock from roaming ~ cattle, horses, pigs, chickens, etc… </li></ul>
    17. 23. WHEAT FARMING WHY?? <ul><li>Didn’t require much water, found a way to Dry Farm wheat and other grasses and ryes </li></ul><ul><li>How the Great Plains got the nick name, Bread Basket </li></ul>
    18. 24. BEEF CATTLE RAISING ~ WHY?? <ul><li>Cattle could roam, eating any grass that wasn’t fenced in. (barbed wire) </li></ul><ul><li>It was the rise of the “Cowboy”, who would ride and wrangle the cattle from the farm in Texas to places like Montana, Nebraska and Chicago, for shipping to the east for food. </li></ul>
    19. 26. Because of New Technologies, people now saw the Great Plains as a Vast Area to be Settled <ul><li>Steel Plows </li></ul><ul><li>Dry Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Windmills </li></ul><ul><li>Barbed Wire </li></ul><ul><li>Wheat farming </li></ul><ul><li>Beef Cattle Raising </li></ul><ul><li>Railroads </li></ul>

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