Usii.9 ppt

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Usii.9 ppt

  1. 1. American Domestic Issues in the 20th Century<br />SOL USII.9<br />Lisa Pennington<br />Social Studies Instructional Specialist<br />Portsmouth Public Schools<br />
  2. 2. Vocabulary<br />National Defense Student Loan: established in 1958 to help students attend college; a response to the U.S.-Soviet space race.<br />Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965: supplied federal money to city school districts who lost tax revenues when people moved to the suburbs.<br />14th Amendment: guaranteed equal protection under the law and citizenship rights.<br />
  3. 3. Vocabulary<br />15th Amendment: race cannot be used to deny the right to vote.<br />Civil Rights Act of 1964: prohibited employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender, or national origin.<br />Voting Rights Act of 1965: guaranteed African Americans the right to vote by outlawing literacy tests at election polls.<br />24th Amendment: the rights of citizens to vote in federal elections could not be denied because of failure to pay a poll tax.<br />
  4. 4. Vocabulary<br />NOW: National Organization of Women was created in 1966 to end restrictions on women and to secure equal employment opportunities; part of the Women’s Liberation Movement.<br />NAACP: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; formed in 1909 as an advocacy group for African Americans.<br />Montgomery Bus Boycott: took place in 1955 after Rosa Parks was arrested for not giving up her bus seat; Supreme Court ruled Alabama segregation laws were unconstitutional.<br />
  5. 5. Vocabulary<br />March on Washington: people gathered in 1963 to give support to Civil Rights legislation; Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his “I Have a Dream” speech.<br />Equal Rights Amendment: proposed in 1972 to guarantee equal rights for women, but it failed to be adopted. <br />Section 90 (a) of Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972: no person on the basis of gender will be excluded from participating in or denied benefits of or be subject to any discrimination in any program that receives federal financial assistance.<br />
  6. 6. Vocabulary<br />Section 844 of the Education Amendment of 1974: discrimination based on gender was prohibited in intercollegiate athletic activities at institutions that received federal financial aid. <br />
  7. 7. The Civil Rights Movement<br />The Civil Rights Movement resulted in legislation that ensured constitutional rights to all citizens regardless of race. <br />http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=7546&rendTypeId=4<br />
  8. 8. Some Effects of Segregation<br />Separate educational facilities and resources for white and African American students.<br />http://www.vahistory.org/massive.resistance/photos/3/Dp0008.jpg<br />
  9. 9. Some Effects of Segregation<br />Separate public facilities (i.e., restrooms, drinking fountains, restaurants)<br />
  10. 10. Some Effects of Segregation<br />Social isolation of races<br />http://www.sitemason.com/files/fwyiD6/hotelclark.jpg<br />
  11. 11. The Civil Rights Movement<br />Opposition to Plessy v. Ferguson (“separate but equal” was legal)<br />http://supreme.lp.findlaw.com/supreme_court/landmark/landmarkimages/plessy2.gif<br />http://www.stus.com/images/products/con0008.gif<br />
  12. 12. The Civil Rights Movement<br />Brown v. Board of Education (desegregation of schools)<br />The Supreme Court’s decision in Brown v. Board <br />of Education integrated the schools. Here, the first day of<br />desegregation, on Sept. 8, 1954, at Fort Myer Elementary School in <br />Fort Myer, Va. <br />http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/10/weekinreview/10liptak.html<br />
  13. 13. The Civil Rights Movement<br />Martin Luther King, Jr. and his use of passive resistance against segregated facilities; “I have a dream…” speech.<br />http://www.medaloffreedom.com/MartinLutherKingHaveaDream.jpg<br />
  14. 14. The Civil Rights Movement<br />Rosa Parks and the Montgomery bus boycott.<br />http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/brown/images/br0119s.jpg<br />Rosa Parks being fingerprinted after her<br />arrest for refusing to give up her seat on the bus.<br />
  15. 15. The Civil Rights Movement<br />Organized protests, Freedom Riders (helped African Americans vote and work for civil rights, sit-ins, marches.)<br />http://img.groundspeak.com/waymarking/display/d31694f7-01d5-43a7-89dc-db608be87c0e.jpg<br />Sign reads: On Mother’s Day, May 14, 1961, a group of black and white CORE<br />youth on a “Freedom Ride” from Washington, D.C. to New Orleans arrived by bus at<br />the Birmingham Greyhound terminal. They were riding through the deep south to test <br />a court case “Boynton vs. Virginia,” declaring segregation in bus terminals <br />unconstitutional. Here they were met and attacked by a mob of Klansmen. The riders<br />were severely assaulted while the police watched, yet the youth stood their ground.<br />
  16. 16. The Civil Rights Movement<br />Expansion of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)<br />http://www.albany.edu/~naacp/images/naacp-logo.gif<br />
  17. 17. The Civil Rights Movement<br />Civil Rights Act of 1964.<br />What did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 do? <br />It prohibited employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender, or national origin. <br />http://www.governor.state.az.us/eop/images/CivilRights.jpg<br />President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the <br />Civil Rights Act of 1964. Notice Martin <br />Luther King, Jr. in the background.<br />
  18. 18. The Civil Rights Movement<br />Voting Rights Act of 1965.<br />What did the Voting Rights Act of 1965 do? <br />It guaranteed African Americans the right to vote by outlawing literacy test at election polls.<br />
  19. 19. Women’s Rights<br />Women activists were inspired by the achievements of the Civil Rights Movement and took action to gain equality for themselves, particularly in the workplace. <br />
  20. 20. Workplace Disadvantages<br />Discrimination in hiring practices against women.<br />http://www.robrogers.com/gallery/old_favorites/images/best_93/050293%20Glass%20Ceiling.gif<br />
  21. 21. Workplace Disadvantages<br />Lower wages for women than for men doing the same job. <br />What do you think the term “glass ceiling” refers to?<br />http://www.ofmdfmni.gov.uk/image8-2.gif<br />
  22. 22. http://www.smh.com.au/ffximage/2007/05/17/wages18507_narrowweb__300x318,0.jpg<br />How does this chart illustrate the “glass ceiling” concept? <br />
  23. 23. Improved Conditions<br />National Organization for Women (NOW)<br />http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/6/6b/Logo-sign2.gif<br />
  24. 24. Improved Conditions<br />Federal legislation to force colleges to give women equal athletic opportunities. <br />
  25. 25. Improved Conditions<br />The Equal Rights Amendment despite its failure, and a focus on equal opportunity employment, created a wider range of options and advancement for women in business and public service. <br />http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=27002&rendTypeId=4<br />
  26. 26. New Technologies<br />After the war, Americans turned their energies to the development of peacetime technologies. <br />
  27. 27. Industries Benefiting From New Technologies<br />Airline industry: jets. <br />
  28. 28. Industries Benefiting From New Technologies<br />Automobile industry and interstate highway system.<br />
  29. 29. Industries Benefiting From New Technologies<br />Entertainment and new media.<br />
  30. 30. Industries Benefiting From New Technologies<br />Exploration of space. <br />http://www.hashemian.com/blog/images/space-exploration.jpg<br />
  31. 31. Industries Benefiting From New Technologies<br />Computer industry.<br />
  32. 32. Industries Benefiting From New Technologies<br />Satellite system: telecommunications (pagers, cell phones, television.)<br />
  33. 33. Industries Benefiting From New Technologies<br />Internet.<br />
  34. 34. Impact of New Technologies on American Life<br />Increased domestic and international travel for business and pleasure.<br />
  35. 35. Impact of New Technologies on American Life<br />Greater access to news and other information.<br />
  36. 36. Impact of New Technologies on American Life<br />Cheaper and more convenient means of communication.<br />
  37. 37. Impact of New Technologies on American Life<br />Greater access to heating and air conditioning improved the quality of life and encouraged population growth in certain areas of the country. <br />http://www.acunit.com/images/heat-pump.jpg<br />
  38. 38. Impact of New Technologies on American Life<br />Decreased regional variation, resulting from nationwide access to entertainment and information provided by national television and radio programming, Internet Services, and computer games. <br />
  39. 39. Influence of Individual Citizens<br />Individual citizens have influenced America scientifically, culturally, academically, and economically. <br />
  40. 40. Science<br />Charles Drew-plasma<br />J. Robert Oppenheimer-physics (Manhattan Team Project)<br />http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e0/Nagasakibomb.jpg/300px-Nagasakibomb.jpg<br />
  41. 41. Culture<br />Frank Lloyd Wright-architecture<br />Martha Graham-dance<br />http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dd/Frank_Lloyd_Wright_-_Robie_House_2.JPG<br />
  42. 42. Academic<br />Henry Louis Gates-historian<br />Maya Angelou-literature<br />"These yet to be the United States"<br /> <br /> Tremors of your network<br />cause kings to disappear.<br />Your open mouth in anger<br />makes nations bow in fear.<br />Your bombs can change the seasons,<br />obliterate the spring.<br />What more do you long for?<br />Why are you suffering?<br />You control the human lives<br />in Rome and Timbuktu.<br />Lonely nomads wandering<br />owe Telstar to you.<br />Seas shift at your bidding<br />your mushrooms fill the sky<br />Why are you unhappy?<br />Why do your children cry?<br />They kneel alone in terror<br />with dread in every glance.<br />Their rights are threatened daily<br />by a grim inheritance.<br />You dwell in whitened castles<br />with deep and poisoned moats<br />and cannot hear the curses<br />which fill your children's throats.<br />-Maya Angelou<br /> <br />
  43. 43. Economics<br />Bill Gates-computer technology<br />Ray Kroc-franchising<br />http://www.union.umd.edu/food/images/mcdonalds.jpg<br />
  44. 44. Emerging Issues in America<br />American foreign policy, immigration policies, energy policies, and environmental policies affect both people in the United States and in other countries. <br />
  45. 45. Foreign Policy<br />Increase in terrorist activities.<br />Incidents of Terrorism Worldwide, 2005<br />Incidents of terrorism worldwide: 11,111<br />Incidents resulting in death, injury, or kidnapping of at least one individual: 8,016<br />Incidents resulting in the death of at least one individual: 5,131<br />Incidents resulting in the death of zero individuals: 5,980<br />Incidents resulting in the death of only one individual: 2,884<br />Incidents resulting in the death of at least 10 individuals: 226<br />Incidents resulting in the injury of at least one individual: 3,827<br />Incidents resulting in the kidnapping of at least one individual: 1,145<br />http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/65489.pdf<br />
  46. 46. Foreign Policy<br />Conflicts in the Middle East.<br />Changing relationships with nations. <br />http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2007/11/07/world/07kurds.xlarge1.jpg<br />
  47. 47. Immigration<br />Changing immigration patterns (i.e., Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans.)<br />More people want to immigrate to the United States than are allowed by law.<br />http://www.urban.org/publications/PublicationImages/305184/setfig1.jpg<br />
  48. 48. Global Environment<br />Policies to protect the environment.<br />Global climate change.<br />Conservation of water and other natural resources. <br />http://nsidc.org/quickfacts/images/iceberg_03.jpg<br />
  49. 49. Other Issues<br />World health issues (global pandemics)<br />http://media.economist.com/images/na/2009w18/Swine-01-05-09.gif<br />

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