Civil War Review SOL US1.9a-f Lisa Pennington Social Studies Instructional Specialist Portsmouth Public Schools
1. Define tariff. Tax on exports from a country
2. What is the cultural issue that divided the nation? The North was an urban society, and the South was an agricultural society.
3. Why was Great Britain important to the South? It was a major buyer of the South’s cotton.
4. Why did the North and South disagree over tariffs? The North needed them to protect factory works and owners. The South didn’t want them because if the price of their cotton went up, England might not buy it.
5. What constitutional issue did the North and South argue over? States’ rights versus a strong central government.
6. What did the South think they could do to any national law? They thought they could declare it illegal.
7. What did the Missouri Compromise of 1820 do? It allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine to enter the Union as a free state.
8. What act gave people popular sovereignty? The Kansas-Nebraska Act.
9. What did the Compromise of 1850 do? It created California as a free state and allowed the Southwest territories to decide about slavery.
10. When did the South secede? In 1860 after Lincoln was elected President.
11. How many states seceded from the Union? 11.
12. What is a border state? Northern slave states that remained in the Union and did not secede.
13. Name the four border states. Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri
14. What happened to Virginia during the Civil War? The western counties refused to secede and broke away to form West Virginia.
15. Who was the President of the Confederate States of America? Jefferson Davis.
16. Why did Robert E. Lee turn down command of the Union forces? He did not want to fight against Virginia.